This article needs additional citations for verification . (October 2011) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Isaías Medina Angarita
|33rd President of Venezuela|
5 May 1941 –18 October 1945
|Preceded by||Eleazar López Contreras|
|Succeeded by||Rómulo Betancourt|
|Born||6 July 1897|
San Cristóbal, Venezuela
|Died||15 September 1953 56) (aged|
|Political party||Venezuelan Democratic Party|
Isaías Medina Angarita (6 July 1897 – 15 September 1953) was a Venezuelan military and political leader, 33rd President of Venezuela from 1941 until 1945, during World War II. He followed the path of his predecessor Eleazar López Contreras, and ruled the country's democratic transition process.
Medina was born in San Cristóbal, Venezuela, and graduated from the Military academy of Venezuela in 1914.He served as War Minister from 1936 to 1941 under López Contreras. In 1943, he founded the Venezuelan Democratic Party. Medina Angarita was the first Venezuelan president who traveled abroad (in active office). First, in 1943 to the Bolivarian countries, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Panama, and in January 1944, the United States invited by Franklin Delano Roosevelt. The visit marked a milestone in the Venezuelan-US relations. Besides being the first time a Venezuelan president (in office) visited the United States, the time was made the journey was understood as an expression of the alliance of Venezuela with the Allies that fought the Axis. During the administration of Medina, Venezuela establishes relations with China in 1943 and the Soviet Union in 1945. Some in the Army considered his presidential regime too liberal while other political enemies accused him of being too conservative, and both sides were involved in a putsch to remove him from power on 18 October 1945. Medina died, aged 56, in Caracas.
|President||Isaías Medina Angarita||1941–1945|
|Home Affairs||Tulio Chiossone||1941–1942|
|Juan Penzini Hernández||1943|
|José Nicomedes Rivas||1943–1945|
|Arturo Uslar Pietri||1945|
|Outer Relations||Caracciolo Parra Pérez||1941–1945|
|Finance||Alfredo Machado Hernández||1941–1943|
|Arturo Uslar Pietri||1943|
|War and Navy||Antonio Chalbaud Cardona||1941–1942|
|Juan de Dios Celis Paredes||1942–1943|
|Development||Enrique Jorge Aguerrevere||1941–1942|
|Juan de Dios Celis Paredes||1945|
|Public Works||Manuel Silveira||1941–1945|
|Work and Communications||Numa Quevedo||1941|
|Ovidio Pérez Ágreda||1941–1942|
|Health and Social Assistance||Félix Lairet||1941–1945|
|Secretary of the Presidency||Arturo Uslar Pietri||1941–1943|
|Arturo Uslar Pietri||1943|
Isaías Medina Angarita was married to Irma Felizola,[ citation needed ] who served as First Lady of Venezuela from 1941–1945.[ citation needed ]
Rafael Antonio Caldera Rodríguez, twice elected President of Venezuela, served for two five-year terms, becoming the longest serving democratically elected leader to govern the country in the twentieth century. His first term marked the end of the first peaceful transfer of power to the opposition in Venezuela's history.
Carlos Andrés Pérez Rodríguez also known as CAP and often referred to as El Gocho, was a Venezuelan politician, President of Venezuela from 12 March 1974 to 12 March 1979 and again from 2 February 1989 to 21 May 1993. His first presidency was known as the Saudi Venezuela due to its economic and social prosperity thanks to enormous income from petroleum exportation. However, his second period saw a continuation of the economic crisis of the 1980s, and saw a series of social crises, a popular revolt and two coup attempts in 1992. In May 1993 he became the first Venezuelan president to be forced out of the office by the Supreme Court, for the embezzlement of 250 million bolívars belonging to a presidential discretionary fund.
Jaime Ramón Lusinchi was a Venezuelan politician who was the President of Venezuela from 1984 to 1989. His term was characterized by an economic crisis, growth of the external debt, populist policies, currency depreciation, inflation and corruption that exacerbated the crisis of the political system established in 1958.
Democratic Action is a Venezuelan social democratic political party established in 1941.
The Communist Party of Venezuela is a communist party and the oldest continuously existing party in Venezuela. It remained the main leftist political party in Venezuela from its foundation in 1931 until it split into rival factions in 1971. Unlike other communist parties, it uses a rooster in its logo.
Victorino Márquez Bustillos, was a Venezuelan lawyer and politician, and was provisional President of Venezuela from 1914 to 1922. Although Bustillos was elected by Congress, General Juan Vicente Gómez remained the real power behind the presidency. Victorino Márquez died in Caracas on 10 January 1941, aged 82.
José Eleazar López Contreras was President of Venezuela between 1935 and 1941. He was an army general and one of Juan Vicente Gómez's collaborators, serving as his War Minister from 1931. In 1939, López Contreras accepted on behalf of Venezuela the ships Koenigstein and Caribia which had fled with Jews from Germany.
Carlos Román Delgado Chalbaud Gómez was a Venezuelan career military officer. He was the President of Venezuela from 1948 to 1950 as leader of a military junta. In 1945, he was one of the high-ranking officers who brought to power the Democratic Action party by a coup d'état. In 1948, as a Minister of Defence, he led another military coup and lingered as the President until his assassination in Caracas.
The Cabinet of Ministers of Venezuela (Spanish: Gabinete de Ministros de Venezuela is one of the bodies that make up the Venezuelan executive in that country's presidential system, alongside the Council of Ministers. The Cabinet is headed by the President of Venezuela, and his corresponding Vice President. The purpose of the ministries is to create, adopt, follow and evaluate policies, strategies, programs and projects in accordance with the constitution and the laws of the Republic.
Eugenio Mendoza Goiticoa was a Venezuelan business tycoon who made important contributions in the modernization of the country during the 20th Century.
Venezuelan Democratic Party was a political party in Venezuela. It was created in September 1943 by President Isaías Medina Angarita to organize supporters of his government. Its dominant role in the political system ended with Rómulo Betancourt's 1945 coup.
Eduardo Mendoza Goiticoa was a Venezuelan scientific researcher and agricultural engineer. He served the government of Romulo Betancourt, becoming the youngest cabinet minister in Venezuelan history at the age of 28. His appointment was problematic due to his young age and required a Constitutional Amendment. Betancourt had insisted on the appointment and vastly expanded the portfolio of the Secretary of Agriculture to include all immigration matters. Mendoza was married to Hilda Coburn Velutini having two daughters.
Carlos Ramírez MacGregor was a Venezuelan lawyer, politician, newspaperman, and diplomat. He obtained a doctorate in law at the University of Madrid, Spain.
El Trienio Adeco was a three-year period in Venezuelan history, from 1945 to 1948, under the government of the popular party Democratic Action. The party gained office via the 1945 Venezuelan coup d'état against President Isaías Medina Angarita, and held the first democratic elections in Venezuelan history, beginning with the 1946 Venezuelan Constituent Assembly election. The 1947 Venezuelan general election saw Democratic Action formally elected to office, but it was removed from office shortly after in the 1948 Venezuelan coup d'état.
Between 1908 and 1958, the Republic of Venezuela saw several changes in leadership, including a coup d'état in 1948. The period also found the country discover its petroleum deposits, which has had a major effect on the economy of Venezuela
The 1945 Venezuelan coup d'état took place on 18 October 1945, when the president Isaías Medina Angarita was overthrown by a combination of a military rebellion and a popular movement led by Democratic Action. The coup led to a three-year period of government known as El Trienio Adeco, which saw the first participatant presidential elections in Venezuelan history, beginning with the 1946 Venezuelan Constituent Assembly election. The 1947 Venezuelan general election saw Democratic Action formally elected to office, but it was removed from office shortly after in the 1948 Venezuelan coup d'état.
The history of Venezuela during World War II is marked by dramatic change to the country's economy, military, and society. At the beginning of World War II in 1939, Venezuela was the world's leading oil exporter, and subsequently one of the main beneficiaries of the American Lend-Lease programs. Economic assistance from the United States, as well a booming oil industry, led Venezuela to become one of the few Latin American countries that was able to finance its own modernization in the post-war era. Furthermore, through skillful diplomacy, Venezuela was able to gain territory, increase its share in oil profits, and also reduce its reliance on foreign oil companies.
The history of Latin America during World War II is important because of the significant economic, political, and military changes that occurred throughout much of the region as a result of the war. The war caused significant panic in Latin America over economics as a large portions of economy of the region depended on the European investment capital, which was shut down. Latin America tried to stay neutral but the warring countries were endangering their neutrality. Most countries used propaganda to turn the neutral countries to their side, while Berlin wanted Latin America neutral. In order to better protect the Panama Canal, combat Axis influence, and optimize the production of goods for the war effort, the United States through Lend-Lease and similar programs greatly expanded its interests in Latin America, resulting in large-scale modernization and a major economic boost for the countries that participated.
Dr. César González Martinez was a Venezuelan lawyer and the Minister of the Interior and Justice.
The 1941 Venezuelan presidential election was held in Venezuela on 28 April 1941, to elect the successor of President of Venezuela Eleazar López Contreras. This presidential election, unlike the elections held since 1947, was indirect, that is, the voters were the deputies and senators of the Congress of Venezuela. The winner on this day was Isaías Medina Angarita with 120 votes, 87.6% of the seats in the Congress.
Eleazar López Contreras
| President of Venezuela |