Ishigaki, Okinawa

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Ishigaki

石垣市
Isïgaksï, Ishanagzï
Ishigaki montage.JPG
Top left: Mount Omoto, Top right: Mount Nosoko, 2nd row: Kabira Bay from Kabira Park, lower left: 730 Street in downtown Ishigaki, lower right: Shiraho natural reef, Bottom of left:Hirakubo peninsula from Tamatorizaki, Bottom right: Miyara old residence site
Flag of Ishigaki, Okinawa.svg
Flag
Emblem of Ishigaki, Okinawa.svg
Seal
Ishigaki, Okinawa
IshigakiCityMap.png
Location of Ishigaki in Okinawa Prefecture
Japan location map with side map of the Ryukyu Islands.svg
Red pog.svg
Ishigaki
Coordinates: 24°20′26″N124°9′20″E / 24.34056°N 124.15556°E / 24.34056; 124.15556 Coordinates: 24°20′26″N124°9′20″E / 24.34056°N 124.15556°E / 24.34056; 124.15556
Country Japan
Region Kyushu
Prefecture Okinawa Prefecture
Government
  Mayor Yoshitaka Nakayama
Area
  Total229.00 km2 (88.42 sq mi)
Population
 (October 1, 2016)
  Total47,562
  Density213/km2 (550/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- TreeYaeyama kokutan ( Diospyros ferrea )
- FlowerSakishima tsutsuji ( Rhododendron amanoi, Ohwi)
- Bird Crested serpent eagle
- Butterfly Rice paper butterfly
- FishHamafuefuki ( Lethrinus nebulosus )
- Shell Black-lip oyster ( Pinctada margaritifera )
Phone number0980-82-9911
Address14 Misakichō, Ishigaki-shi 907-8501
Website www.city.ishigaki.okinawa.jp

Ishigaki (石垣市, Ishigaki-shi, Yaeyama: Isïgaksï, Ishanagzï) is a city in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. It includes Ishigaki island and the disputed Senkaku Islands territory. [1] The city is the political, cultural, and economic center of the Yaeyama Islands. [2] New Ishigaki Airport serves the city. As of December 2012, the city has an estimated population of 48,816 and a population density of 213 persons per km2. The total area is 229.00 km2. [3]

Contents

It is also the location of the past-disputed Senkaku Islands (see below in the Geography section).

History

Ishigaki was founded in 1908 as Yaeyama Village, an amalgamation of the Ishigaki, Ōhama, and Miyara magiri. In 1914 it was renamed to Ishigaki Village, and grew to become Ishigaki Town in 1926. Ishigaki was elevated to city status on July 10, 1947.

Geography

The city of Ishigaki covers the entirety of Ishigaki Island (222 km2 (86 sq mi)). [4] The island is surrounded by coral reefs. The highest point on Ishigaki Island is Omotodake (525.5 m (1,724 ft)). [5]

The uninhabited Senkaku Islands are located 150 km (93 mi) north of the Ishigaki Island. The Senkaku Islands cover roughly 6.3 km2 (2.4 sq mi). [6] [7]

Climate

Ishigaki has a tropical rainforest climate (Köppen climate classification Af) with frequent cyclones so not equatorial. "Summers" are hot and "winters" warm. Precipitation is abundant throughout the year; the rainiest months are August and September (due to tropical storm/typhoon) while the driest months are December and July.

Climate data for Ishigaki, Okinawa
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)27.8
(82.0)
29.1
(84.4)
29.4
(84.9)
32.9
(91.2)
33.7
(92.7)
34.6
(94.3)
35.3
(95.5)
35.6
(96.1)
35.4
(95.7)
33.2
(91.8)
30.9
(87.6)
29.0
(84.2)
35.6
(96.1)
Average high °C (°F)21.2
(70.2)
21.6
(70.9)
23.5
(74.3)
25.8
(78.4)
28.3
(82.9)
30.4
(86.7)
32.0
(89.6)
31.8
(89.2)
30.7
(87.3)
28.7
(83.7)
25.8
(78.4)
22.7
(72.9)
26.9
(80.4)
Daily mean °C (°F)18.6
(65.5)
19.1
(66.4)
20.8
(69.4)
23.3
(73.9)
25.7
(78.3)
28.0
(82.4)
29.5
(85.1)
29.2
(84.6)
27.9
(82.2)
25.9
(78.6)
23.2
(73.8)
20.1
(68.2)
24.3
(75.7)
Average low °C (°F)16.5
(61.7)
16.9
(62.4)
18.5
(65.3)
21.2
(70.2)
23.6
(74.5)
26.1
(79.0)
27.6
(81.7)
27.1
(80.8)
25.8
(78.4)
23.7
(74.7)
21.1
(70.0)
18.0
(64.4)
22.2
(71.9)
Record low °C (°F)6.0
(42.8)
5.9
(42.6)
7.2
(45.0)
10.0
(50.0)
11.2
(52.2)
16.5
(61.7)
20.0
(68.0)
17.4
(63.3)
17.2
(63.0)
14.0
(57.2)
7.1
(44.8)
6.6
(43.9)
5.9
(42.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches)130.6
(5.14)
139.4
(5.49)
131.5
(5.18)
155.1
(6.11)
206.6
(8.13)
206.6
(8.13)
130.4
(5.13)
261.6
(10.30)
257.7
(10.15)
204.5
(8.05)
156.5
(6.16)
126.3
(4.97)
2,106.8
(82.94)
Average relative humidity (%)72747678798177777673726975
Mean monthly sunshine hours 85.982.1112.0125.3162.3208.7264.5235.2193.6158.4115.8100.71,844.5
Source: JMA (1981-2010) [8]

Transportation

New Ishigaki Airport and Ishigaki Port serve the city.

Economy

Ishigaki produces sugarcane and pineapples. Tourism is also an important part of the economy of the city. [2]

Sights

The town of Ishigaki has various sights to offer.

Notable people from Ishigaki

Sister cities

In Japan

Overseas

Related Research Articles

Ishigaki Island Island within Ryukyu Islands

Ishigaki Island, also known as Ishigakijima, is a Japanese island south-west of Okinawa Hontō and the second-largest island of the Yaeyama Island group. It is located approximately 411 km (255 mi) south-west of Okinawa Hontō. It is within the City of Ishigaki in Okinawa Prefecture. The city functions as the business and transport center of the archipelago. The island is served by New Ishigaki Airport, the largest airport in the Yaeyamas.

Urasoe, Okinawa City in Kyushu, Japan

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Yonaguni, Okinawa Town in Kyushu, Japan

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Yaeyama Islands Island group within the Ryukyu Islands, Japan

The Yaeyama Islands are an archipelago in the southwest of Okinawa Prefecture, Japan, and cover 591.46 square kilometres (228.36 sq mi). The islands are located southwest of the Miyako Islands, part of the Ryukyu Islands archipelago. The Yaeyama Islands are the remotest part of Japan from the main islands and contain Japan's most southern (Hateruma) and most western (Yonaguni) inhabited islands. The city of Ishigaki serves as the political, cultural, and economic center of the Yaeyama Islands.

Iriomote-Ishigaki National Park

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Taketomi Island Island within Ryukyu Islands

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Okinawa Islands Island group within Ryukyu Islands

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New Ishigaki Airport

New Ishigaki Airport,, also branded as Painushima Ishigaki Airport, is a regional airport located in the Shiraho district of Ishigaki, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. The airport is located near the eastern coast of Ishigaki Island. It connects the island to major cities in Japan as well as destinations throughout Okinawa Prefecture and the Yaeyama Islands. New Ishigaki Airport was built to replace Ishigaki Airport, which with a shorter runway of only 1,500 metres (4,900 ft), could not accommodate larger jets.

Ishigaki Airport 1943-2013 airport in Ishigaki, Japan.

Ishigaki Airport, was a third-class airport located 1 NM from Ishigaki city centre in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. The airport provided flights to major cities on the Japanese mainland as well as destinations throughout Okinawa Prefecture and the Yaeyama Islands. Commercial operations at Ishigaki Airport ceased at midnight on March 6, 2013, and New Ishigaki Airport opened on March 7, 2013. As of mid-2013, the possibility exists that the airport may be turned over fully to the Japanese Self-Defense Forces. As a Type-3 airport, the JSDF was already in theory able to carry out operations from Ishigaki.

Hateruma Island within Ryukyu Islands

Hateruma is an island in the Yaeyama District of Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. Part of the town Taketomi, it is the southernmost inhabited island in Japan at 24°2’25" north latitude, 123°47’16" east longitude. Hateruma is one of the Yaeyama Islands, and is located 24 kilometres (15 mi) south of Iriomote-jima, the largest of the island group.

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Kohama Island Island within Ryukyu Islands

Kohama Island is an island in the Yaeyama Islands group at the southwestern end of the Ryukyu Islands chain, and part of Taketomi, Yaeyama District, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. The island has an area of 7.84 km2 (3.03 sq mi), with a surrounding area of 16.6 km2 (6.4 sq mi). The island is located about 25 minutes by ferry from Ishigaki Island, which is the transportation and business center of the Yaeyama Islands.

Takuji Iwasaki was a Japanese meteorologist, biologist, ethnologist historian. He was a meteorologist at the Ishigaki Weather Station, Ishigaki, Okinawa Prefecture. Initially, when weather forecasting was in its infancy, he had been badly criticized by local people when his forecast of a typhoon was incorrect. Nevertheless, his work as a meteorologist was better understood by locals later in his career, which endeared him to people.

Shiraho Saonetabaru Cave Ruins

Shiraho Saonetabaru Cave Ruins is a paleoanthropological site located on Ishigaki Island of the Yaeyama Islands in Japan. Shiraho Saonetabaru is a limestone cave.

Miyaradunchi

The old residence of Miyaradunchi is located on the island of Ishigaki, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. Erected around 1819 by the local governor, it has been designated an Important Cultural Property as representative of the architecture of the Yaeyama Islands. The gardens are a Place of Scenic Beauty.

<i>Chikaraishi</i>

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The Sakishima Beacons are a network of eighteen observation platforms and beacons dating to the early Edo period and located in the Sakishima Islands, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. Erected in 1644 by the government of the Ryūkyū Kingdom at the instigation of the Satsuma overlords, at a time of international tension during the transition between the Ming and the Qing Dynasties of China, the beacons were responsible for monitoring and reporting on maritime traffic, with a view to restricting foreign vessels in accordance with the Tokugawa policy of sakoku, i.e. national seclusion. After an initial survey by the Council for the Protection of Cultural Properties in 1993, due to uncertainties over land rights and difficulties of coordination between the involved municipalities, it was not until 2007 that they were jointly designated an Historic Site.

Ishigaki City Yaeyama Museum

Ishigaki City Yaeyama Museum opened in 1972 in Ishigaki, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. The collection covers the archaeology, history, art, and folk traditions of Ishigaki and the Yaeyama Islands.

References

  1. "石垣(市)" [Ishigaki]. Nihon Daihyakka Zensho (Nipponika) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC   153301537. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2012-12-14.
  2. 1 2 "Ishigaki". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC   56431036. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2012-12-31.
  3. 石垣市の人口 [Population of Ishigaki] (in Japanese). Ishigaki, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan: City of Ishigaki. 2013. Archived from the original on 2013-01-31. Retrieved 2013-01-28.
  4. "平成27年全国都道府県市区町村別面積調 島面積" (PDF). Geospatial Information Authority of Japan. 2015-10-01. p. 111. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-06-15. Retrieved 2016-04-15.
  5. "Ishigakijima". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC   56431036. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2012-12-14.
  6. "Senkaku". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC   56431036. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2012-12-14.
  7. "尖閣諸島" [Senkaku Islands]. Nihon Rekishi Chimei Taikei (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC   173191044. dlc 2009238904. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2012-12-07.
  8. "Ishigakijima Climate Normals 1981-2010" (in Japanese). Japan Meteorological Agency . Retrieved December 22, 2013.
  9. Chris Taylor: Japan, S. 716. Stefan Loose Verlag. Berlin 1998
  10. Yamakei: Ryukyu Nansei Shoto, p.106. Tokio 2003. ISBN   4-635-01718-4
  11. Yamakei: Ryukyu Nansei Shoto, p.105. Tokio 2003. ISBN   4-635-01718-4