Isidor Straus

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Isidor Straus
Isidor Straus 1903.jpg
Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives
from New York's 15th district
In office
January 30, 1894 March 3, 1895
Preceded by Ashbel P. Fitch
Succeeded by Philip B. Low [1]
Personal details
Born(1845-02-06)February 6, 1845
Otterberg, Palatinate, then ruled by the Kingdom of Bavaria
DiedApril 15, 1912(1912-04-15) (aged 67)
Sinking of the RMS Titanic
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s)
Rosalie Ida Blun (m. 18711912)
Children
  • Jesse Isidor Straus
  • Clarence Elias Straus
  • Percy Selden Straus
  • Sara (Straus) Hess
  • Minnie (Straus) Weil
  • Herbert Nathan Straus
  • Vivian (Straus) Dixon
OccupationCo-owner of Macy's department store

Isidor Straus (February 6, 1845 – April 15, 1912) was a Bavarian-born American Jewish businessman, politician and co-owner of Macy's department store with his brother Nathan. He also served for just over a year as a member of the United States House of Representatives. [2] He died with his wife, Ida, in the sinking of the passenger ship RMS Titanic.

Contents

Early life

Isidor Straus was born into a Jewish family in Otterberg in the former Palatinate, then ruled by the Kingdom of Bavaria. He was the first of five children of Lazarus Straus (1809–1898) and his second wife Sara (1823–1876). His siblings were Hermine (1846–1922), Nathan (1848–1931), Jakob Otto (1849–1851) and Oscar Solomon Straus (1850–1926). In 1854 he and his family immigrated to the United States, following his father, Lazarus, who immigrated two years before. They settled first in Columbus, Georgia, and then lived in Talbotton, Georgia, where their house still exists today. He was preparing to go to the United States Military Academy at West Point when the outbreak of the American Civil War prevented him from doing so. [3] In 1861, he was elected an officer in a Confederate military unit but was not allowed to serve because of his youth; in 1863, he went to England to secure ships for blockade running. [4]

Career

After the Civil War, they moved to New York City, where Lazarus convinced Rowland Hussey Macy, founder of Macy's, to allow L. Straus & Sons to open a crockery department in the basement of his store.

Isidor Straus worked at L. Straus & Sons, which became the glass and china department at Macy's. In 1888, he and Nathan Straus became partners of Macy's. By 1896, Isidor and his brother Nathan had gained full ownership of R. H. Macy & Co. [5]

Marriage and children

In 1871, Isidor Straus married Rosalie Ida Blun (1849–1912). They were parents to seven children (one of whom died in infancy):

His great-great granddaughter is singer King Princess. [10]

Political career

He served as a U.S. Congressman from January 30, 1894, to March 3, 1895, as a Democratic representative of New York's 15th congressional district. He won a special election in January 1894 [11] to complete the term of Ashbel P. Fitch, who had resigned to become New York City Comptroller. Straus did not run for re-election in the general election of November 1894. Also, Straus was president of The Educational Alliance and a prominent worker in charitable and educational movements, very much interested in civil service reform and the general extension of education. He declined the office of Postmaster General which was offered him by U.S. President Grover Cleveland. [12]

When the newly formed Mutual Alliance Trust Company opened for business in New York on the Tuesday after June 29, 1902, there were 13 directors, including Emanuel Lehman, William Rockefeller, Cornelius Vanderbilt, and Straus. [13]

Death on the Titanic

The gravesite of Isidor Straus in Woodlawn Cemetery Gravesite of Isidor Straus.JPG
The gravesite of Isidor Straus in Woodlawn Cemetery

Traveling back from a winter in Europe, mostly spent at Cape Martin in southern France, Isidor and his wife were passengers on the RMS Titanic when, at about 11:40 p.m. on April 14, 1912, it hit an iceberg. Once it was clear the Titanic was sinking, Ida refused to leave Isidor and would not get into a lifeboat without him. According to friend and Titanic survivor Colonel Archibald Gracie IV, when he offered to ask an officer if Isidor could enter a lifeboat with Ida, Isidor refused to be made an exception; Ida is reported to have said, "I will not be separated from my husband. As we have lived, so will we die, together." Ida gave her maid, Ellen Bird, her fur coat and insisted she get into lifeboat #8. Isidor and Ida were last seen on deck arm in arm. Eyewitnesses described the scene as a "most remarkable exhibition of love and devotion".[ attribution needed ] The ship sank at 2:20 am. Isidor's body was recovered by the cable ship Mackay-Bennett and taken to Halifax, Nova Scotia, where it was identified before being shipped to New York. He was first buried in the Straus-Kohns Mausoleum at Beth-El Cemetery in Brooklyn, then moved to the Straus Mausoleum in Woodlawn Cemetery in the Bronx in 1928. Ida's body was never found, so the family collected water from the wreck site and placed it in an urn in the mausoleum. Isidor and Ida are memorialized on a cenotaph outside the mausoleum with a quote from the Song of Solomon (8:7): "Many waters cannot quench love—neither can the floods drown it." [14]

Memorials

Straus Hall, Harvard College Straus.jpg
Straus Hall, Harvard College
Isidor and Ida Straus, victims of the ship Titanic - Yiddish Penny Song Isidore and Ida Strauss, sacrifices of the ship Titanic.jpg
Isidor and Ida Straus, victims of the ship Titanic - Yiddish Penny Song
The Ida and Isidor Straus Memorial Plaque mounted in the Manhattan Macy's Ida and Isidor Straus Memorial Plaque.JPG
The Ida and Isidor Straus Memorial Plaque mounted in the Manhattan Macy's
Isidor and Ida Straus Memorial in Straus Park, on Manhattan's Upper West Side 4.15.12StrausPark100thTitanicAnniversaryByLuigiNovi9.jpg
Isidor and Ida Straus Memorial in Straus Park, on Manhattan's Upper West Side
PS 198, on Third Avenue between East 95th and 96th Streets Isidor & Ida Straus PS 198M 1700 3d Av jeh.jpg
PS 198, on Third Avenue between East 95th and 96th Streets

In addition to the cenotaph at Woodlawn Cemetery, there are three other memorials to Isidor and Ida Straus in their adopted home of New York City:

Straus Hall, one of Harvard's freshman residence halls in Harvard Yard, was given in honor of the Strauses by their three sons. [17]

The couple is portrayed in the 1953 film Titanic, the 1958 film A Night to Remember , and in the musical Titanic, in scenes that are faithful to the accounts described above. In the 1997 film Titanic , the Strauses are briefly depicted kissing and holding each other in their bed as their stateroom floods with water, during a sequence of emotional events while the ship's string quartet plays the hymn "Nearer My God to Thee". A deleted scene shows Isidor (played by Lew Palter) attempting to persuade Ida (played by Elsa Raven) to enter a lifeboat, which she refuses to do.

See also

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References

Notes

  1. "Isidor Straus Biography". History, Art and Archives. Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved December 21, 2016.
  2. "STRAUS, Isidor - Biographical Information". bioguide.congress.gov.
  3. The Encyclopedia Americana: A universal reference library ..., Volume 14 1905
  4. Jewish Encyclopedia Isidor Straus; for details of his brief service see Kurt Stone's "The Jews of Capital Hill.."(p.54)
  5. Straus, Isidor. Autobiography of Isidor Straus. Independently published by the Straus Historical Society, 2011. p. 117-150
  6. "Straus, Percy Selden, 1876-1944". The Frick Collection - Archives Directory for the History of Collecting in America. Retrieved June 4, 2018.
  7. Harvard College Class of 1897 Fourth Report. Forgotten Books. February 6, 2018. p. 197. ISBN   9781334712180.
  8. Vivian Straus Dixon at Find a Grave
  9. Lyons, Richard D. (January 21, 1994). "Stuart Scheftel, 83; Executive Took Part In Many Civic Posts". The New York Times. New York Times.
  10. Newstead, Al (October 19, 2018). "King Princess on reappropriating White Stripes and her "extra as hell" family history". triple j. Retrieved September 4, 2019.
  11. https://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=786090
  12. Wikisource-logo.svg Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Straus, Isidor"  . Encyclopedia Americana .
  13. "Mutual Alliance Trust Co.", The New York Times, New York, p. 35, January 23, 2017, retrieved September 28, 2017
  14. Straus, Isidor. Autobiography of Isidor Straus. Independently published by the Straus Historical Society, 2011. p.168–176
  15. Straus, Isidor. Autobiography of Isidor Straus. Independently published by the Straus Historical Society, 2011. p. 175-176
  16. Thrasher, Steven (February 23, 2010). "Inside a Divided Upper East Side Public School: Whites in the front door, blacks in the back door". The Village Voice . Retrieved March 6, 2010.
  17. "Harvard Gazette: This month in Harvard history".

Further reading

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Ashbel P. Fitch
Member of the  U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 15th congressional district

1894–1895
Succeeded by
Philip B. Low