Islam Qala

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Islam Qala
Islam Qala in Herat Province of Afghanistan-cropped.jpg
Road leading to a small base of the Afghan Armed Forces at Islam Qala
Afghanistan adm location map.svg
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Islam Qala
Location in Afghanistan
Coordinates: 34°40′00″N61°04′00″E / 34.66667°N 61.06667°E / 34.66667; 61.06667 Coordinates: 34°40′00″N61°04′00″E / 34.66667°N 61.06667°E / 34.66667; 61.06667
CountryFlag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan
Province Herat Province
District Kohsan District
Elevation
2,398 ft (731 m)
Time zone UTC+4:30

Islām Qala (Persian/Pashto: اسلام قلعه, also Eslām Qalʿeh), known historically as Kafir Qala, [1] is a border town in the western Herat province of Afghanistan, near the border with Iran. It is the official entry by land from neighboring Taybad, Iran.

Contents

Islam Qala is part of the Kohsan District in Herat Province and is linked to the city of Herat via the Islam Qala-Herat Highway. It plays an important role when it comes to the economy of Afghanistan because a lot of trade between Afghanistan and other other countries passes through this town. AH1 passes through the town, part of the Asian Highway Network leading from Tokyo, Japan to west of Istanbul [2] where it connects to the E80 which reaches to Lisbon.

The town has a population of about 16,408. [3] The Afghan Border Police (ABP) secures the border while the regular Afghan National Police are in charge of all other law enforcement activities. The Afghan Armed Forces also have a small base at Islam Qala.

History

The town was the site of an important victory against the Persians. At 1818 the Afghan Vizier defeated the Persian invasion at the Battle of Kafir Qala.

On February 13, 2021, due to corruption and mismanagement 100s of trucks were burnt after a fire incident at Islam Qala. [4] [5] [6] [7] [8]

Climate

With an influence from the local steppe climate, Islam Qala features a cold semi-arid climate (BSk) under the Köppen climate classification. The average temperature in Islam Qala is 17.3 °C, while the annual precipitation averages 225 mm.

July is the hottest month of the year with an average temperature of 29.5 °C. The coldest month January has an average temperature of 5.5 °C.

Climate data for Islam Qala
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)11.9
(53.4)
14.4
(57.9)
19.0
(66.2)
23.9
(75.0)
30.5
(86.9)
35.9
(96.6)
37.3
(99.1)
36.4
(97.5)
32.2
(90.0)
26.6
(79.9)
18.8
(65.8)
13.5
(56.3)
25.0
(77.1)
Daily mean °C (°F)5.5
(41.9)
7.6
(45.7)
12.1
(53.8)
16.5
(61.7)
22.2
(72.0)
27.4
(81.3)
29.5
(85.1)
28.2
(82.8)
23.5
(74.3)
17.6
(63.7)
10.7
(51.3)
6.6
(43.9)
17.3
(63.1)
Average low °C (°F)−0.9
(30.4)
1.2
(34.2)
5.2
(41.4)
9.2
(48.6)
14.0
(57.2)
19.0
(66.2)
21.8
(71.2)
20.1
(68.2)
14.6
(58.3)
8.6
(47.5)
2.7
(36.9)
−0.3
(31.5)
9.6
(49.3)
Source: Climate-Data.org [9]
Passport checkpoint arriving into Islam Qala. Qala1.JPG
Passport checkpoint arriving into Islam Qala.
Arriving at Islam Qala, entering Afghanistan Qala2.JPG
Arriving at Islam Qala, entering Afghanistan

See also

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The Battle of Kafir Qala was fought in 1818 between the Qajar Dynasty of Iran and the forces of the Durrani Empire of Afghanistan.

References

  1. National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. Geonames database entry. (search) Accessed 2011-05-12.
  2. ESCAP. "Asian Highway Route Map" (PDF). Retrieved March 19, 2017.
  3. "World Gazetteer". Archived from the original on 2013-02-09.
  4. "Illiterate personnel presence led to Islam Qala blaze". Pajhwok Afghan News. March 1, 2021. Retrieved 2021-03-01.
  5. "Oil tankers catch fire, gun shots heard in Islam Qala port in W. Afghanistan". Xinhua. February 13, 2021. Retrieved 2021-03-01.
  6. "Fire 'catastrophe' destroys 100 fuel tankers near Iran border". Arab News. February 15, 2021. Retrieved 2021-03-01.
  7. "Satellite Pics Show 500 Oil Tankers Destroyed On Afghanistan-Iran Border". NDTV. February 18, 2021. Retrieved 2021-03-01.
  8. "500 vehicles in flames after fuel tanker explodes on Afghanistan-Iran border". CNN. February 20, 2021. Retrieved 2021-03-01.
  9. "Climate: Islam Qala - Climate-Data.org" . Retrieved 9 September 2016.