Islamic Coalition Party

Last updated
Islamic Coalition Party
Secretary-General Asadollah Badamchian
Spiritual leader Ruhollah Khomeini (deceased) [1]
Deputy Secretary-General Mohammad-Ali Amani
Head of Central Council Mostafa Mir-Salim
FoundedApril 1963;55 years ago (1963-04) [2]
LegalisedDecember 11, 1990;28 years ago (1990-12-11) [3]
Headquarters Tehran, Iran
Newspaper Shoma [1]
Resalat (1986–1997) [1]
Guild wingUnion of Islamic Associations of Guilds and Bazaaris [4]
Ideology
Political position Right-wing [8]
Religion Shia Islam
National affiliation
Continental affiliation International Conference of Asian Political Parties (ICAPP) [10]
Electoral alliances
Colors     Islamic green
Website
motalefeh.ir

The Islamic Coalition Party [lower-alpha 1] (ICP; Persian : حزب مؤتلفه اسلامی, translit.  ḥezb-e moʾtalefe-ye eslāmi) is a conservative political party in Iran that favors economic liberalism.

Persian language Western Iranian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi, is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. It is primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and some other regions which historically were Persianate societies and considered part of Greater Iran. It is written right to left in the Persian alphabet, a modified variant of the Arabic script, which itself evolved from the Aramaic alphabet.

Romanization of Persian or Latinization of Persian is the representation of the Persian language with the Latin script. Several different romanization schemes exist, each with its own set of rules driven by its own set of ideological goals.

The Principlists also interchangeably known as the Iranian Conservatives and formerly referred to as the Right or Right-wing, are one of two main political camps inside post-revolutionary Iran, the other being Reformists. The term ‘hardliners’ that some western sources use in the Iranian political context, usually refers to the faction, despite the fact it includes also more centrist tendencies.

Contents

The party is the pivotal organization within Front of Followers of the Line of the Imam and the Leader and is considered a lay ally of the influential Combatant Clergy Association. [11] Though still very active and influential, the organization experienced a gradual elimination from political power after rise of new conservative rivals in the 2000s [12] [1] and some analysts dismiss it as something of a dinosaur heading for extinction. [13]

Front of Followers of the Line of the Imam and the Leader

Front of Followers of the Line of the Imam and the Leader, formerly known as Islamic Aligned Organizations is a Coalition of Iranian Principlist political groups. The group which consists of a wide range of traditional conservative parties, is active since administration of Mohammad Khatami, and is aligned with The two Societies.

In religious organizations, the laity consists of all members who are not part of the clergy, usually including any non-ordained members of religious institutes, e.g. a nun or lay brother.

Combatant Clergy Association

The Combatant Clergy Association is a politically active group in Iran, but not a political party in the traditional sense.

One of the oldest among the active parties in Iran, [8] it represents older generations of conservatives [9] and its main base of support is among bazaari merchants and shopkeepers in Grand Bazaar of Tehran and other cities, petite bourgeoisie and traditionalist clerics. [5] [6] [12] It is probably the only political organization in Iran which possesses an organic relation with such a social base. [1]

Bazaari is the name given to the merchant class and workers of bazaars, the traditional marketplaces of Iran. Bazaari are involved in "petty trade of a traditional, or nearly traditional, kind, centered on the bazaar and its Islamic culture". They have been described as "the class of people who helped make the 1979 Iranian Revolution".

Grand Bazaar, Tehran bazaar

The Grand Bazaar is an old historical bazaar in Tehran, Iran. It is split into several corridors over 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) in length, each specializing in different types of goods, and has several entrances, with Sabze-Meydan being the main entrance.

<i>Petite bourgeoisie</i>

Petite bourgeoisie, also petty bourgeoisie, is a French term referring to a social class comprising semi-autonomous peasantry and small-scale merchants whose politico-economic ideological stance in times of socioeconomic stability is determined by reflecting that of a haute ("high") bourgeoisie, with which the petite bourgeoisie seeks to identify itself and whose bourgeois morality it strives to imitate.

Since 1979, the party members have held high government offices [4] and are influential players in the economy of Iran, dominating Iran Chamber of Commerce Industries and Mines (ICCIM) [14] [1] and having "a say in the appointment of the minister of commerce". [5] The party has also interactions with Mostazafan Foundation, Imam Khomeini Relief Foundation and Mashhad-based Astan Quds Razavi. [14]

Economy of Iran national economy

The economy of Iran is a mixed and transition economy with a large public sector. It is the world's eighteenth largest by purchasing power parity (PPP). Some 60% of the economy is centrally planned. It is dominated by oil and gas production, although over 40 industries are directly involved in the Tehran Stock Exchange, one of the best performing exchanges in the world over the past decade. With 10% of the world's proven oil reserves and 15% of its gas reserves, Iran is considered an "energy superpower."

Ministry of Commerce (Iran)

The Ministry of Commerce of Iran was the main organ of the Government in charge of the regulation and implementation of policies applicable to domestic and foreign trade. This includes:

Mostazafan Foundation organization

The Mostazafan Foundation of Islamic Revolution formerly Bonyad-e Mostazafan va Janbazan is a charitable bonyad, or foundation, in the Islamic Republic of Iran, the second-largest commercial enterprise in Iran behind the state-owned National Iranian Oil Company and biggest holding company in the Middle East. According to one of the foundation's former directors, Mohsen Rafighdoost, Mostazafan allocates 50 percent of its profits to providing aid to the needy in the form of low-interest loans or monthly pensions, while it invests the remaining 50 percent in its various subsidiaries. With over 200,000 employees, it owns and operates approximately 350 subsidiary and affiliate companies in numerous industries including agriculture, industry, transportation, and tourism. Bonyad-e Mostazafan va Janbazan represented approximately 10 percent of the Iranian government’s annual budget in 2003. the MJF has an estimated value of more than $3 billion.

The party has affiliated parochial schools for boys and girls. [9]

A parochial school is a private primary or secondary school affiliated with a religious organization, and whose curriculum includes general religious education in addition to secular subjects, such as science, mathematics and language arts. The word "parochial" comes from the same root as "parish", and parochial schools were originally the educational wing of the local parish church. Christian parochial schools are often called "church schools" or "Christian schools". In Ontario, parochial schools are called "separate schools".

History

It played a vital role in the success of the Iranian Revolution. [1] Following the revolution, it reduced its activities many members joined the Islamic Republic Party as leading members, resuming its activities after the latter's dissolution in 1987. [12] [1] The party had some 90 parliamentary seats in 2006, according to Mohsen Sazegara. [15]

Iranian Revolution Revolution in Iran to overthrow the Shah and replace him with Ayatollah Khomeini.

The Iranian Revolution was a series of events that involved the overthrow of the monarch of Iran, Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, and the replacement of his government with an Islamic republic under the Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, a leader of one of the factions in the revolt. The movement against the United States-backed monarchy was supported by various leftist and Islamist organizations and student movements.

Mohsen Sazegara Iranian politician

Mohsen Sazegara is an Iranian journalist and pro-democracy political activist. He held several offices in the Government of Mir-Hossein Mousavi. He applied to become a candidate for President of Iran in the 2001 election but was declined.

Secretary-generals

NameTenureRef
Habibollah Asgaroladi 1987–2004 [1]
Mohammad Nabi Habibi 2004–2019 [1]

International affairs

Islamic Coalition Party has an office for its international affairs headed by Mehdi Soli, [16] succeeding Hamidreza Taraghi. [17] The party held a forum on unity of Islamic parties in 2015, participated by Hezbollah among others. [18] It sent congratulations to the 12th National Congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam [19] and also maintains good relationships with the Communist Party of China, [20] as well as the Workers' Party of Korea and government of North Korea. [21]

Notes

  1. Named "Islamic Mourning Groups Coalition" (Persian: هیئت‌های مؤتلفه اسلامی, translit.  hayʾathâ-ye moʾtalefe-ye eslâmi) from 1963 to 1979 and "Islamic Coalition Society" (Persian: جمعیت مؤتلفه اسلامی, translit.  jamʿiyat-e moʾtalefe-ye eslâmi) from 1979 to 2004. [1]

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