Istanbul Park

Last updated

Intercity Istanbul Park
Official logo of Intercity Istanbul Park
Istanbul park.svg
Location Tuzla, Istanbul, Turkey
Time zone UTC+03:00
Coordinates 40°57′6″N29°24′18″E / 40.95167°N 29.40500°E / 40.95167; 29.40500 Coordinates: 40°57′6″N29°24′18″E / 40.95167°N 29.40500°E / 40.95167; 29.40500
Capacity125,000 [1]
FIA Grade 1 (Grand Prix)
3 (Intermediate)
OwnerIntercity (2012–present)
Bernie Ecclestone (2007–2012)
Broke ground23 September 2003;19 years ago (2003-09-23)
Opened19 August 2005;17 years ago (2005-08-19)
Architect Hermann Tilke [2]
Former namesIstanbul Park (2005–2012)
Major eventsFormer:
Formula One
Turkish Grand Prix
(2005–2011, 2020–2021)
Grand Prix motorcycle racing
Turkish motorcycle Grand Prix
WTCC Race of Turkey
Le Mans Series
1000 km Istanbul (2005–2006)
World SBK (2013)
FIA World Rallycross Championship World RX of Turkey (2014–2015)
DTM (2005)
FIA GT (2005)
International GT Open (2006)
World Series by Renault (2006)
European Truck Racing Championship (2012)
Grand Prix Circuit (2005–present)
Length5.338 km (3.317 miles)
Race lap record1:24.770 ( Flag of Colombia.svg Juan Pablo Montoya, McLaren MP4-20, 2005 [3] , F1)
Intermediate Circuit
Length3.925 km (2.439 miles)

Intercity Istanbul Park (Turkish : İstanbul Park), also known as the Istanbul Racing Circuit or initially as the Istanbul Otodrom, is a motor sports race track in the Tuzla district of Istanbul, Turkey. Designed by Hermann Tilke, it opened on 19–21 August 2005. It has been called "the best race track in the world" by former Formula One Chief Executive Bernie Ecclestone, who held the managing rights of the circuit between 2007 and 2011. [4] [5] [6] The circuit has been currently managed by the Turkish company Intercity since 2012. [7]



Aerial view of Istanbul Park Istanbul Park aerial.jpg
Aerial view of Istanbul Park

The venue of the Turkish Grand Prix is located in the crossing of boundaries of Pendik and Tuzla districts on the Asian side of Istanbul, close to the junction of Kurtköy on the north side of the O–4 motorway, linking Istanbul to Ankara; and close to the junction of Istanbul Park on the south side of the O–7 motorway. It is near Sabiha Gökçen International Airport and is surrounded by forests and fields.

Aerial shot, 2022 Istanbul Park 2022.jpg
Aerial shot, 2022

The Istanbul Park racing circuit was one of only seven circuits running anticlockwise in the 2021 Formula One season, the others being the Imola Circuit (used for the Emilia Romagna Grand Prix), the Baku City Circuit (used for the Azerbaijan Grand Prix), Circuit of the Americas (used for the United States Grand Prix), the Interlagos Circuit (used for the Brazilian Grand Prix), the Jeddah Corniche Circuit (used for the Saudi Arabian Grand Prix), and the Yas Marina Circuit (used for the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix). This unusual anti-clockwise layout leads to increased strain on the other side of the driver's neck than they would experience at most other circuits, especially through the long high-speed left-hander at turn 8. [8]

Start of the 2005 Turkish Grand Prix, the first Formula One race at Istanbul Park. GPTurkey05 start.jpg
Start of the 2005 Turkish Grand Prix, the first Formula One race at Istanbul Park.

The circuit is 5.338 km (3.317 mi) long, with an average width of 15 m (16 yd) ranging from 14 to 21.5 m (15.3 to 23.5 yd), and covers over 2.215 million square metres (547 acres). With a total of 14 corners, the sharpest with a radius of merely 15 m (16 yd), the circuit runs over four different ground levels with a start/finish straight over 650 m (710 yd) in length.

A view of the main grandstand Istanbul park front straight and main grandstand.JPG
A view of the main grandstand

The track can hold about 125,000 spectators. The main grandstand has a seating capacity of 25,000 spectators, with natural ground stands and temporary stands allowing for around 100,000 more. The paddock buildings are two-level structures; the ground floor reserved for racing teams, the upper floor serving as hospitality areas with 5,000 seats. At each end of the paddock, there are two 7-story VIP towers.

A view of the pit lane Istanbul park pit lane.JPG
A view of the pit lane
A view of the pit lane exit Istanbul park turn 1 and pit lane exit.JPG
A view of the pit lane exit

Turn 8 (nicknamed "Diabolica" by some in reference to Monza's Curva Parabolica) particularly caught the imagination. The corner is a fast, sweeping corner with four apexes, similar to one of the multi-apex sections of the old Nürburgring. Spectators and drivers alike raved about Turn 8, comparing it to legendary corners such as Eau Rouge and 130R. The corner eventually became the basis of some of Tilke's newer track turns, such as turns 17 and 18 at the Circuit of the Americas, turn 3 at the Sochi Autodrom, and Buddh International Circuit's turns 10 to 11. The high loads exerted through this corner contribute to the circuit's reputation for rapid tyre wear. [9]

Another notable corner is Turn 1, a sharp downhill left-hander immediately after the front straight. This corner has been nicknamed by some as the "Turkish Corkscrew" in reference to the famous Corkscrew at WeatherTech Raceway Laguna Seca. Both the 2006 F1 and MotoGP races at the circuit featured multiple incidents at this corner. A third noteworthy area is the uphill kink in the middle of the back straight; due to its similarity to Eau Rouge, it has been jokingly referred to as "Faux Rouge".

The circuit is not, however, without its critics. After qualifying, Jenson Button claimed that the track was getting bumpier as the weekend went on, particularly at Turn 8, which was what caused so many drivers to spin off. This harks back to another circuit designed by Hermann Tilke, Shanghai International Circuit, which is said to be sinking in places because it was built on the site of a former swamp. Jarno Trulli was notable for his lukewarm feeling towards the circuit, saying that he felt the circuit was easy to learn, and that good performance was down more to the car than the driver. [10]

Major motorsport events

Formula One

The first Grand Prix of Turkey took place in 2005. [11] Due to financial disagreement, the last Turkish Grand Prix took place in 2011, despite earlier reports that the event would take place until at least 2021. [4] The top speed measured of an F1 car by the speed trap was 329.5 km/h (204.7 mph) in 2005. F1 cars equipped with the smaller 2.4-litre V8 engines (instead of the 3.0-litre V10s of previous years) reached 320 km/h (200 mph) in 2006. Felipe Massa has an affinity with this circuit, with the Brazilian winning three of the nine Grands Prix held at Istanbul Park with Lewis Hamilton winning two and Sebastian Vettel, Jenson Button, Kimi Räikkönen and Valtteri Bottas having won one race each.

Istanbul Park returned for the 2020 Formula One World Championship, after a nine-year absence. [12]

Istanbul Park was due to replace the cancelled Canadian Grand Prix for the 2021 Formula One World Championship. [13] Then it was postponed indefinitely due to Covid-19 travel restrictions imposed on the country by the UK government and was replaced by the Styrian Grand Prix. [14] It was later re-added to the 2021 calendar in place of the cancelled Singapore Grand Prix.


In 2006, the winner of the GP2 race was Nelson Piquet Jr., however the real battle was with Lewis Hamilton who, at the beginning of the race, spun off and dropped right down the field from 2nd to 16th. [15] However he raced his way back through the pack with some spectacular overtaking moves to finish in second.

Fifteen racers completed the race in 2009 while eleven drivers were not classified. The winner was Russian Vitaly Petrov of Barwa Addax, who moved up to second place in the championship table with 29 points ahead of Jérôme d'Ambrosio having 18 points. Petrov's teammate Romain Grosjean, who retired from the race, was leading the championship with 31 points. The Italians Luca Filippi of Super Nova Racing and Davide Valsecchi of Durango finished second and third in the race.


MotoGP raced at Istanbul Park for three years between 2005 and 2007. Marco Melandri won the races in 2005 and 2006 with the 2007 race being won by Casey Stoner. After the venue was taken over by now ex-Formula One chief executive Bernie Ecclestone in 2007, the venue was dropped from the 2008 calendar.

Other motorsport events

The first leg of the 2012 FIA European Truck Racing Championship was held on 13 May 2012 at Istanbul Park. [16] The Superbike World Championship raced at the track in 2013. The FIA World Rallycross Championship has organized the World RX of Turkey at Istanbul Park in 2014 and 2015, using an area to the outside of turns 12, 13, 14.


2015 World RX of Turkey race in Istanbul Park Mattias Ekstrom (Audi S1 EKS RX quattro) (21727174638).jpg
2015 World RX of Turkey race in Istanbul Park
World RX layout of Istanbul Park, used in 2014-2015 Circuito de Estambul - Rallycross.svg
World RX layout of Istanbul Park, used in 2014–2015

Lap records

The official lap record for the current circuit layout is 1:24.770, set by Juan Pablo Montoya during the 2005 Turkish Grand Prix. While the unofficial all-time track record is 1:22.868, set by Lewis Hamilton in the qualifying of the 2021 Turkish Grand Prix. [17] As of November 2014, the fastest official race lap records at the Istanbul Park are listed as:

Grand Prix Circuit: 5.338 km (2005–present)
Formula One 1:24.770 Flag of Colombia.svg Juan Pablo Montoya McLaren MP4-20 2005 Turkish Grand Prix
GP2 1:33.482 Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg Andreas Zuber Dallara GP2/08 2008 Istanbul GP2 Series round
LMP1 1:41.281 [18] Flag of France.svg Emmanuel Collard Pescarolo C60 Hybrid 2006 1000 km of Istanbul
Formula Renault 3.5 1:41.342 [19] Flag of Venezuela.svg Pastor Maldonado Dallara T05 2006 Istanbul Formula Renault 3.5 Series round
LMP2 1:43.031 [18] Flag of Portugal.svg João Barbosa Radical SR9 2006 1000 km of Istanbul
Formula 3000 1:45.708 [20] Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Tomáš Kostka Lola B02/50 2006 Istanbul F3000 Masters round
GP3 1:47.227 Flag of Italy.svg Andrea Caldarelli Dallara GP3/10 2011 Istanbul GP3 Series round
GT1 (GTS) 1:49.469 [18] Flag of Portugal.svg Pedro Lamy Aston Martin DBR9 2006 1000 km of Istanbul
MotoGP 1:52.877 Flag of Spain.svg Toni Elías Honda RC211V 2006 Turkish motorcycle Grand Prix
Formula Renault 2.0 1:55.524 [21] Flag of Spain.svg Dani Clos Tatuus FR2000 2006 Istanbul Eurocup Formula Renault 2.0 round
GT2 1:55.658 [22] Flag of Germany.svg Mike Rockenfeller Porsche 911 (996) GT3-RSR 2005 FIA GT Istanbul 2 Hours
World SBK 1:55.673 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Tom Sykes Kawasaki ZX-10R 2013 Istanbul World SBK round
250cc 1:57.595 Flag of Spain.svg Dani Pedrosa Honda RS250R 2005 Turkish motorcycle Grand Prix
Porsche Carrera Cup 1:58.612 [23] Flag of the Netherlands.svg Jaap van Lagen Porsche 911 (997) GT3 Cup 2008 Istanbul Porsche Supercup round
World SSP 1:59.157 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Sam Lowes Yamaha YZF-R6 2013 Istanbul World SSP round
DTM 2:00.130 [24] Flag of Finland.svg Mika Hakkinen Mercedes-Benz AMG C-Class 2005 Istanbul DTM round
Ferrari Challenge 2:00.718 [25] Flag of Italy.svg Dario Caso Ferrari 458 Challenge Evo 2014 Istanbul Ferrari Challenge Europe round
Eurocup Mégane Trophy 2:02.560 [26] Flag of Portugal.svg César Campaniço Renault Mégane Renault Sport 2006 Istanbul Eurocup Mégane Trophy round
125cc 2:03.825 Flag of Spain.svg Joan Olivé Aprilia RS125R 2006 Turkish motorcycle Grand Prix
Super 2000 2:05.771 Flag of Italy.svg Gabriele Tarquini Alfa Romeo 156 WTCC 2005 FIA WTCC Race of Turkey
Formula Alfa 2:07.676 [27] Flag of Georgia.svg Tornike Kiknavelidze AKKS Formula Alfa 2014 Istanbul Formula Alfa round

See also

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