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|Body and chassis|
|Class||Medium duty truck|
|Platform||HINO KM (China)|
|Engine||6BB1, 6BD1, 6BD1T, 6BG1, 6BG1T, 6HH1, 6SD1, 6HK1, CHS 3, 4HK1, 6NX1-TCS VGS Turbo|
|Predecessor|| Isuzu TY/Isuzu TX/TXD|
Bedford TJ (Hindustan Motors)
The Isuzu Forward (Japanese: いすゞ・フォワード, Isuzu Fowādo) (also known as the Isuzu F-Series) is a line of medium-duty commercial vehicles manufactured by Isuzu since 1970, following the earlier TY model which occupied the same slot in the market. All F-series trucks are cab over designs and the cabin comes fully built from the factory. Most models come with a diesel engine; but, some markets get CNG derivatives as well. The F-series is available a variety of cab styles, engines, 4WD or 2WD depending on the market it is sold. Most trucks are assembled in Japan; however, they are locally assembled from CKD kits in some countries.
Most mid-size and big-size models of the truck are distinguishable by a front 'Forward' badge; but the common Isuzu badge is usually used on the rear. Confusingly, the smaller Isuzu Elf has been sold as the "GMC Forward" in the United States and other markets.
The Isuzu Forward is among the commercial grade trucks used by the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force for rear line duties.
Isuzu released the 4-tonne (8,800 lb) TY-series in May 1966. This semi-cabover design was Isuzu's first medium-duty truck. The original engine fitted was the D370, a 3.6 L (3,644 cc) inline-six diesel engine with 100 PS (74 kW). The types were TY20, TY30, and TY40 depending on the length of the chassis. The first engine was later changed to the 4.0 L (3,988 cc) D400 engine with 102 PS (75 kW), accompanied by a change in model codes to TY21/31/41. In August 1967 two 3.5-tonne (7,700 lb) models, TY31(S) and TY41(S), were added. There was also an extra long wheelbase model (available with an extended cab) called the TY51. The TY range received a light facelift in March 1968, including a redesigned grille.
The first generation Forward (TR) was launched in April 1970, replacing the original TY-series. All of the original models came equipped with Isuzu's D500 diesel engine, a 5.0 L (4,978 cc) inline-six with 125 PS (92 kW). In July 1971 this engine was upgraded to produce 130 PS (96 kW). In September 1972 the Forward received a facelift and a new model code (SBR). The D500 engine was largely replaced with the new 5.4 L (5,393 cc) 6BB1 direct injection inline-six producing 145 PS (107 kW). Only certain lighter duty versions, such as the fire truck, retained the smaller D500 engine. The glowplug equipped 6BB1 had the smallest displacement per cylinder of any direct injection diesel engine in the world at the time and went on to power a large number of the Forward, the Elf, and many other Isuzu vehicles for the coming decades.
A variety of weight ranges, bodies, and types were on offer, including a tractor unit and dumpers, on wheelbases ranging from 3.2 to 5.6 m (10 to 18 ft). While most of the first generation Forward range was replaced in August 1975, the lighter short cab versions continued in production as the "Forward S" until 1986.
The Second Generation Forward (SBR-series) was released in August 1975. The original range could carry between 4 and 4.5 tonnes (8,800 and 9,900 lb) and was powered by the same Isuzu 6BB1 diesel engine that had been used in the original Forward, a 5.4 L (5,393 cc) diesel inline-six with 145 PS (107 kW). The SBR was later complemented with new heavier-duty versions (J- and F-series) equipped with the larger 6BD1, 6BD1T, and 6BF1 engines.
The third generation Forward was launched in June 1985 as the successor to the first and second generation forwards, the design is based on the 810's cab design and it was the first truck to win the Good Design Award.
The FTR, FVR, FSR and FRR are all equipped with naturally aspirated and turbocharged isuzu 6BG1 and 6HE1 engines mated to the six-speed manual or NAVi6 six-speed automatic gearbox with an optional ABS. A 1992-1994 Isuzu Forward truck appears in a scene of Studio Ghibli's 1994 animated movie Pom Poko.
The fourth generation Forward was released in February 1994 with all SOHC engines starting with the naturally aspirated or turbocharged 6HE1 until 1999 and replaced with the new 8.2 litre 6HH1 and 7.8 litre 6HK1-TC engines mated to the six-speed manual or Isuzu's 'Smoother F' automatic gearbox, with Power Shift and HSA are standard equipment, only the ABS/ASR are optional.
For the Chilean and Peruvian markets, the trucks were shipped from Japan as CKD kits to Huechuraba, Chile, where up to two a day could be assembled by a team of 13 workers. They were badged as Chevrolets and GMCs until 2009.
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The fifth generation Forward was launched in May 2007; all models are equipped with Isuzu 4H/6H engines. A new 6x6 variant was exhibited at the 43rd Tokyo Motor Show in 2013.
Isuzu is the market leader in Australia and makes unique models to that market. It includes Crew cabs of popular models with options like 4X4 and PTO. Australia also receives slightly larger versions codenamed FX-series.
The Datsun Truck is a compact pickup truck made by Nissan in Japan from 1955 through 1997. It was originally sold under the Datsun brand, but this was switched to Nissan in 1983. It was replaced in 1997 by the Frontier and Navara. In Japan, it was sold only in Nissan Bluebird Store locations.
The Chevrolet Kodiak and GMC TopKick are a range of medium duty trucks that were produced by the Chevrolet and GMC divisions of General Motors from 1980 to 2009. Introduced as a variant of the medium-duty C/K truck line, three generations were produced. Slotted between the C/K trucks and the GMC Brigadier Class 8 conventional, the Kodiak/TopKick were developed as a basis for vocationally-oriented trucks, including cargo haulers, dump trucks, and similar vehicles; on later generations, both cutaway and cowled-chassis variants were produced for bus use.
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The Mitsubishi Fuso Fighter (kana:三菱ふそう・ファイター) is a line of medium-duty commercial vehicle produced by Mitsubishi Fuso Truck and Bus Corporation since 1984. The range was primarily available in other big-size and mid-size trucks.
The Isuzu Elf is a medium duty truck produced by Isuzu since 1959. Outside Japan it is known as N series. The range was originally mainly available in Japan and other Asian countries. Australia was another important market for the Elf and N series – to the extent that it was manufactured there from the 1970s using many local components. Since the early 1980s, it has also been sold and built in the United States, and also as the Isuzu N-Series. North America only receives the wide-cab version.
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The Toyota ToyoAce is a light to medium cab over truck built by Toyota since September 1954. Until a renaming contest in 1956, the truck was sold as the "Toyopet Light Truck SKB". Since 1985 the ToyoAce and Dyna truck lines have been merged, with the Dynas generally being intended for heavier duty work. In Japan, it was exclusive to Japanese Toyota dealerships called Toyopet Store.
The Nissan Junior was a series of medium-sized pickup trucks built from 1956 until 1982. It was introduced to fill the gap between the smaller, Datsun Bluebird based Datsun Truck, and heavier load capacity Nissans under the Nissan Diesel brand, like the 80-series trucks. After the merger with Prince Motor Company, the Junior and the Prince Miler were combined, sharing most of the characteristics, with the Junior sold at Nissan Bluebird Store Japanese dealerships, and the Miler sold at Nissan Prince Store until 1970.
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The Nissan Diesel C-series was a heavy-duty commercial vehicle that was produced by the Japanese manufacturer Nissan Diesel and sold in two generations between 1971 and 1990. The second generation was marketed as the "Nissan Diesel Resona" in Japan from 1983 until 1986, which is usually what the second generation is referred to as. The C-series was replaced by the Nissan Diesel Big Thumb in 1990.
The Toyota FA and BA were heavy duty trucks introduced in February 1954. They were facelifted versions of the earlier BX/FX trucks, retaining those trucks Type B and Type F six-cylinder petrol engines. The first letter in the model name indicates the engine family fitted; in 1957 the Type D diesel engine was introduced in a model known as the DA. The second letter indicated the size of the truck, with shorter medium duty versions being coded BC/FC/DC. A second letter "B" was used on bus versions of this chassis. A second generation FA/DA was introduced in 1964 and was built in Japan until 1980, when Hino replaced Toyota's heavier truck lines entirely. The DA, however, was also built in numerous other countries and manufacture continued into the first decade of the 21st century.
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