Italicus

Last updated

Italicus (flourished in 1st century AD) was a chieftain of the Germanic Cherusci.

Germanic peoples A group of northern European tribes in Roman times

The Germanic peoples are an Indo-European ethnolinguistic group of Northern European origin identified by Roman-era authors as distinct from neighbouring Celtic peoples, and identified in modern scholarship as speakers, at least for the most part, of early Germanic languages.

Cherusci

The Cherusci were a Germanic tribe that inhabited parts of the plains and forests of northwestern Germany, in the area possibly near present-day Hanover, during the first centuries BC and AD. Ethnically, Pliny the Elder groups them with their neighbours, the Suebi and Chatti, as well as the Hermunduri, as Hermiones, one of the Germanic groupings said to descend from an ancestor named Mannus. They led an important war against the Roman Empire. Subsequently, they were probably absorbed into the late classical Germanic tribal groups such as the Saxons, Thuringians, Franks, Bavarians and Allemanni.

Italicus was a son of Flavus, brother of the Cherusci chieftain Arminius. Tacitus writes in the Annals that Italicus was completely alienated from his Germanic roots through his education in Rome. Nevertheless, after the death of Arminius around 20 AD, the Cherusci requested permission to make him king. The request was granted by Tiberius, who furnished him with money, companions and advice. Familiar with both Germanic and Roman ways of waging war, Italicus was initially successful at pacifying the Cherusci. He was eventually exiled by his people. Italicus was however brought back to power with the help of the Lombards. His successor Chariomerus appears to have been defeated by the Chatti around 88 AD.

Flavus was a son of a Cheruscan chief called Segimerus and a younger brother to the German leader Arminius. Flavus' real Germanic name is unknown, Flavus in Latin means "the blonde" certainly relating to the colour of his hair.

Arminius Chieftain of the Germanic Cherusci tribe

Arminius was a chieftain of the Germanic Cherusci tribe who commanded an alliance of Germanic tribes at the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest in 9 AD, in which three Roman legions were destroyed. His victory at Teutoburg Forest would precipitate the Roman Empire's permanent strategic withdrawal from Magna Germania, and made a major contribution to the eventual fall of the Western Roman Empire. Modern historians have regarded Arminius' victory as Rome's greatest defeat. As it prevented the Romanization of the Germanic peoples, Arminius' victory has also been considered one of the most decisive battles in history, and a turning point in world history.

Tacitus Roman senator and historian

PubliusCornelius Tacitus was a senator and a historian of the Roman Empire. The surviving portions of his two major works—the Annals and the Histories—examine the reigns of the emperors Tiberius, Claudius, Nero, and those who reigned in the Year of the Four Emperors. These two works span the history of the Roman Empire from the death of Augustus, in 14 AD, to the years of the First Jewish–Roman War, in 70 AD. There are substantial lacunae in the surviving texts, including a gap in the Annals that is four books long.

Sources


Related Research Articles

Maroboduus, was a Romanized king of the Germanic Suebi, who under pressure from the wars of the Cherusci and Romans, and losing the Suevic Semnones and Langobardi from his kingdom, moved with the Marcomanni into the forests of Bohemia, near to the Quadi.

AD 17 Year

AD 17 (XVII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Flaccus and Rufus. The denomination AD 17 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Battle of the Teutoburg Forest Comprehensive defeat of forces of Roman Empire in 9 CE

The Battle of the Teutoburg Forest, described as the Varian Disaster by Roman historians, took place in the Teutoburg Forest in 9 CE, when an alliance of Germanic tribes ambushed and decisively destroyed three Roman legions and their auxiliaries, led by Publius Quinctilius Varus. The alliance was led by Arminius, a Germanic officer of Varus's auxilia. Arminius had acquired Roman citizenship and had received a Roman military education, which enabled him to deceive the Roman commander methodically and anticipate the Roman army's tactical responses.

Year 18 BC was either a common year starting on Friday, Saturday or Sunday or a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Proleptic Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Lentulus and Lentulus. The denomination 18 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Publius Quinctilius Varus Roman governor

Publius Quinctilius Varus was a Roman general and politician under the first Roman emperor Augustus. Varus is generally remembered for having lost three Roman legions when ambushed by Germanic tribes led by Arminius in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest, whereupon he took his own life.

Battle of Idistaviso battle

The Battle of Idistaviso, sometimes known as a first Battle of Minden or Battle of the Weser River, was fought in 16 AD between Roman legions commanded by Roman emperor Tiberius' heir and adopted son Germanicus, and an alliance of Germanic peoples commanded by Arminius. The battle marked the end of a three-year series of campaigns by Germanicus in Germania.

Segestes was a noble of the Germanic tribe of the Cherusci involved in the events surrounding the Roman attempts to conquer northern Germany during the reign of Roman Emperor Augustus.

Angrivarii

The Angrivarii were a Germanic tribe of the early Roman Empire mentioned briefly in Ptolemy as the Angriouarroi, which transliterates into Latin Angrivari. They are believed to be the source of the 8th century identity, Angrarii, which was one of three subdivisions of Saxony. The name appears earliest in the Annales and Germania of Tacitus as Angrivarii.

Chariovalda was a Batavian chieftain who participated in the Roman retaliation campaign against a Germanic alliance in the aftermath of the disaster at the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest. Chariovalda perished during an engagement with the Cherusci on the further side of the River Weser in 16 AD.

Hermann or Herrmann may refer to:

Inguiomer or Ingomar was an influential chieftain of the Cherusci in the early 1st century AD, according to Roman historiography. He was the brother of Segimer, father of Arminius. Inguiomer joined his nephew in the campaign against Germanicus in AD 15.

The name Arminius was identified as a Latinized form of the German name Hermann, possibly by Martin Luther. Hermann is also German for "Man of War", coming from the Old High German heri ("war"), and man ("man").

Arminius was a Germanic Cherusci chieftain.

Early Imperial campaigns in Germania

The Early Imperial campaigns in Germania were a series of conflicts between the Germanic tribes and the Roman Empire. Tensions between the Germanic tribes and the Romans began as early as 17 BC with Clades Lolliana, where the 5th Legion under Marcus Lollius was defeated by the tribes Sugambri, Usipetes, and Tencteri. Rome's emperor Augustus responded by rapidly developing military infrastructure across Gaul. His general, Nero Claudius Drusus, began building forts along the Rhine in 13 BC and launched a retaliatory campaign across the Rhine in 12 BC.

Chariomerus was the last king of the Cherusci. He is only mentioned by Cassius Dio.

Segimer or Sigimer was a chieftain of the Germanic Cherusci and the father of Arminius.

Julius Segimundus was a nobleman of the Germanic Cherusci.