Ivanovo Oblast

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Ivanovo Oblast
Ивановская область
Flag of Ivanovo Oblast.svg
Flag
Coat of Arms of Ivanovo Oblast.svg
Coat of arms
Anthem: [1]
Map of Russia - Ivanovo Oblast.svg
Coordinates: 57°01′N41°31′E / 57.017°N 41.517°E / 57.017; 41.517 Coordinates: 57°01′N41°31′E / 57.017°N 41.517°E / 57.017; 41.517
CountryRussia
Federal district Central [2]
Economic region Central [3]
EstablishedMarch 11, 1936 [4]
Administrative center Ivanovo [5]
Government
  Body Oblast Duma [6]
   Governor [6] Stanislav Voskresensky [7]
Area
[8]
  Total21,800 km2 (8,400 sq mi)
Area rank 73rd
Population
 (2010 Census) [9]
  Total1,061,651
  Estimate 
(2018) [10]
1,014,646 (−4.4%)
  Rank 49th
  Density49/km2 (130/sq mi)
   Urban
80.9%
   Rural
19.1%
Time zone UTC+3 (MSK   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [11] )
ISO 3166 code RU-IVA
License plates 37
OKTMO ID24000000
Official languagesRussian [12]
Website http://www.ivanovoobl.ru

Ivanovo Oblast (Russian : Ива́новская о́бласть, Ivanovskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). It had a population of 1,061,651 as of the 2010 Russian Census. [9]

Contents

Its three largest cities are Ivanovo (the administrative center), Kineshma, and Shuya. The principal center of tourism is Plyos. The Volga River flows through the northern part of the oblast.

History

St. Barbara Church, Plyos Vid s gory Levitana (Plios).jpg
St. Barbara Church, Plyos

The Ivanovo region was early in its history a melting pot between different populations like Russians, Europeans, Asians and others. Various ancient Uralian and ancient Slavic tribes inhabited the area. [13]

Ivanovo Industrial Oblast (Ива́новская промы́шленная о́бласть) was established on October 1, 1929. [14] On March 11, 1936, a part of it became the modern Ivanovo Oblast while the remainder was split off to create Yaroslavl Oblast. [4] On 21 May 1998 Ivanovo Oblast alongside Amur, Kostroma, Voronezh Oblasts, and the Mari El Republic signed a power-sharing agreement with the federal government, granting it autonomy. [15] This agreement would be abolished on 26 February 2002. [16]

Geography

Ivanovo Oblast shares borders with Kostroma Oblast (N), Nizhny Novgorod Oblast (E), Vladimir Oblast (S), and Yaroslavl Oblast (W). Climate of Ivanovo Oblast is continental, with long, cold winters, and short, warm summers. The coldest month is January with average temperature of −12 °C (10 °F) in the west and −13 °C (9 °F) in the east. Warmest month is July with average temperature of about +18 °C (64 °F). Although larger than several of Russia's republics, Ivanovo Oblast is the smallest oblast by land area in Russia.

Politics

During the Soviet period, the high authority in the oblast was shared between three persons: the first secretary of the Ivanovo CPSU Committee (who in reality had the greatest authority), the chairman of the oblast Soviet (legislative power), and the Chairman of the oblast Executive Committee (executive power). Since 1991, CPSU has lost all power, when the head of the oblast administration, and eventually the governor, was appointed/elected alongside an elected regional parliament.

The Charter of Ivanovo Oblast is the fundamental law of the region. The Legislative Assembly of Ivanovo Oblast is the province's standing legislative (representative) body. The Legislative Assembly exercises its authority by passing laws, resolutions, and other legal acts and by supervising the implementation and observance of the laws and other legal acts passed by it. The highest executive body is the Oblast Government, which includes territorial executive bodies such as district administrations, committees, and commissions that facilitate development and run the day-to-day matters of the province. The Oblast administration supports the activities of the Governor who is the highest official and acts as guarantor of the observance of the oblast Charter in accordance with the Constitution of Russia.

Demographics

Population: 1,061,651 (2010 Census); [9] 1,148,329(2002 Census); [17] 1,317,117(1989 Census). [18]

Settlements

2012

Ethnic composition (2010): [9]

Religion

Religion in Ivanovo Oblast as of 2012 (Sreda Arena Atlas) [22] [23]
Russian Orthodoxy
46.5%
Other Orthodox
8.4%
Other Christians
1.9%
Islam
0.5%
Rodnovery and other native faiths
0.5%
Spiritual but not religious
28.1%
Atheism and irreligion
12.9%
Other and undeclared
1.7%

According to a 2012 survey [22] 46.5% of the population of Ivanovo Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 8.4% are Orthodox Christian believers who don't belong to church or are members of non-Russian Orthodox churches, 1.8% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 0.5% of the population are adherents of the Slavic native faith (Rodnovery) movement, and 0.5% are Muslims. In addition, 28.1% of the population declares to be "spiritual but not religious", 12.9% is atheist, and 1.3% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question. [22]

The largest religious centre in the region is the Shartoma Monastery.

Administrative divisions

See also

Related Research Articles

Zavolzhsk Town in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia

Zavolzhsk is a town and the administrative center of Zavolzhsky District in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia, located on the left bank of the Volga River, opposite Kineshma, and 113 kilometers (70 mi) northeast of Ivanovo, the administrative center of the oblast. It is one of the towns of the Golden Ring. Population: 12,045 (2010 Census); 13,455 (2002 Census); 16,530 (1989 Census).

Furmanov, Ivanovo Oblast Town in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia

Furmanov is a town and the administrative center of Furmanovsky District in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia. Population: 36,144 (2010 Census); 40,874 (2002 Census); 46,182 (1989 Census). It was previously known as Sereda.

Yuryevets, Ivanovo Oblast Town in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia

Yuryevets is a town and the administrative center of Yuryevetsky District in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia, located at the confluence of the Unzha and the Volga Rivers. Population: 10,210 (2010 Census); 12,664 (2002 Census); 16,535 (1989 Census).

Vichuga Town in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia

Vichuga is a town in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia, located 65 kilometers (40 mi) northeast of Ivanovo. Population: 37,583 (2010 Census); 40,870 (2002 Census); 49,745 (1989 Census); 53,000 (1970).

Gavrilov Posad Town in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia

Gavrilov Posad is a town and the administrative center of Gavrilovo-Posadsky District in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia, located on the Voymiga River at its confluence with the Irmes River, 85 kilometers (53 mi) southwest of Ivanovo, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 6,434 (2010 Census); 7,193 (2002 Census); 8,492 (1989 Census).

Komsomolsk, Ivanovo Oblast Town in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia

Komsomolsk is a town and the administrative center of Komsomolsky District in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia, located on the Ukhtokhma River 34 kilometers (21 mi) west of Ivanovo, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 8,693 (2010 Census); 9,595 (2002 Census); 11,587 (1989 Census).

Rodniki, Ivanovo Oblast Town in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia

Rodniki is a town and the administrative center of Rodnikovsky District in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia, located on the Yuksha River, 54 kilometers (34 mi) northeast of Ivanovo, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 26,310 (2010 Census); 28,447 (2002 Census); 32,088 (1989 Census).

Ilyinsky District, Ivanovo Oblast District in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia

Ilyinsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-one in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia. It is located in the west of the oblast. The area of the district is 1,360 square kilometers (530 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Ilyinskoye-Khovanskoye. Population: 9,703 (2010 Census); 11,103 ; 13,748 (1989 Census). The population of Ilyinskoye-Khovanskoye accounts for 35.3% of the district's total population.

Lezhnevsky District District in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia

Lezhnevsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-one in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia. It is located in the southwest of the oblast. The area of the district is 750 square kilometers (290 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Lezhnevo. Population: 19,001 (2010 Census); 20,102 ; 22,551 (1989 Census). The population of Lezhnevo accounts for 42.3% of the district's total population.

Palekhsky District District in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia

Palekhsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-one in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia. It is located in the center of the oblast. The area of the district is 853 square kilometers (329 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Palekh. Population: 10,884 (2010 Census); 12,791 ; 14,662 (1989 Census). The population of Palekh accounts for 49.0% of the district's total population.

Pestyakovsky District District in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia

Pestyakovsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-one in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia. It is located in the southeast of the oblast. The area of the district is 1,100 square kilometers (420 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Pestyaki. Population: 7,160 (2010 Census); 8,629 ; 9,660 (1989 Census). The population of Pestyaki accounts for 56.3% of the district's total population.

Puchezhsky District District in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia

Puchezhsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-one in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia. It is located in the east of the oblast. The area of the district is 785 square kilometers (303 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Puchezh. Population: 13,863 (2010 Census); 17,490 ; 22,060 (1989 Census). The population of Puchezh accounts for 61.9% of the district's total population.

Yuryevetsky District District in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia

Yuryevetsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-one in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia. It is located in the east of the oblast. The area of the district is 788 square kilometers (304 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Yuryevets. Population: 15,930 (2010 Census); 19,366 ; 24,522 (1989 Census). The population of Yuryevets accounts for 64.1% of the district's total population.

Yuzhsky District District in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia

Yuzhsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-one in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia. It is located in the south of the oblast. The area of the district is 1,341 square kilometers (518 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Yuzha. Population: 25,728 (2010 Census); 28,793 ; 33,792 (1989 Census). The population of Yuzha accounts for 55.1% of the district's total population.

Yuzha Town in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia

Yuzha is a town and the administrative center of Yuzhsky District in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia, located on Lake Vazal, 95 kilometers (59 mi) southeast of Ivanovo, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 14,170 (2010 Census); 15,636 (2002 Census); 20,892 (1989 Census).

Privolzhsk Town in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia

Privolzhsk is a town and the administrative center of Privolzhsky District in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia, located on the Shacha River 51 kilometers (32 mi) northeast of Ivanovo, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 16,747 (2010 Census); 18,385 (2002 Census); 20,680 (1989 Census).

Verkhny Landekh Work settlement in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia

Verkhny Landekh is an urban locality and the administrative center of Verkhnelandekhovsky District of Ivanovo Oblast, Russia. Population: 2,027 (2010 Census); 2,080 (2002 Census); 2,206 (1989 Census).

Pestyaki Urban locality in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia

Pestyaki is an urban-type settlement and the administrative center of Pestyakovsky District, Ivanovo Oblast, Russia. Population: 4,028 (2010 Census); 4,319 (2002 Census); 4,903 (1989 Census).

Ilyinskoye-Khovanskoye Urban locality in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia

Ilyinskoye-Khovanskoye is an urban-type settlement and the administrative center of Ilyinsky District, Ivanovo Oblast, Russia. Population: 3,426 (2010 Census); 3,768 (2002 Census); 4,310 (1989 Census).

Lezhnevo, Ivanovo Oblast Urban locality in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia

Lezhnevo is an urban-type settlement and the administrative center of Lezhnevsky District, Ivanovo Oblast, Russia. Population: 8,034 (2010 Census); 8,314 (2002 Census); 8,733 (1989 Census).

References

Notes

  1. Article 5 of the Charter of Ivanovo Oblast states that the symbols of the oblast include a flag and a coat of arms, but not an anthem.
  2. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", No. 20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  3. Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  4. 1 2 Ivanovo Oblast. Administrative-Territorial Structure, p. 26
  5. Charter of Ivanovo Oblast, Article 7
  6. 1 2 Charter, Article 9
  7. Official website of Ivanovo Oblast. Pavel Alexeyevich Konkov, Governor of Ivanovo Oblast (in Russian)
  8. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (May 21, 2004). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved November 1, 2011.
  9. 1 2 3 4 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  10. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  11. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  12. Official throughout the Russian Federation according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  13. "Mitochondrial DNA Polymorphism in Russian Population form Five Oblasts of the European Part of Russia".
  14. Ivanovo Oblast. Administrative-Territorial Structure, p. 22
  15. "Newsline - May 22, 1998 Yeltsin Signs More Power-Sharing Agreements with Regions". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Retrieved May 2, 2019.
  16. Chuman, Mizuki. "The Rise and Fall of Power-Sharing Treaties Between Center and Regions in Post-Soviet Russia" (PDF). Demokratizatsiya: 146.
  17. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  18. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 via Demoscope Weekly.
  19. "Естественное движение населения в разрезе субъектов Российской Федерации". www.gks.ru.
  20. http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru/statistics/publications/catalog/doc_1137674209312
  21. http://www.perepis-2010.ru/news/detail.php?ID=6936
  22. 1 2 3 "Arena: Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia". Sreda, 2012.
  23. 2012 Arena Atlas Religion Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 21/04/2017. Archived.

Sources