Ivo Bligh, 8th Earl of Darnley

Last updated

The Right Honourable
The Earl of Darnley
Ivo Bligh c1910.jpg
Bligh pictured in about 1910
Personal information
Full nameIvo Francis Walter Bligh
Born(1859-03-13)13 March 1859
Westminster, London
Died10 April 1927(1927-04-10) (aged 68)
Shorne, Kent
BattingRight-handed
International information
National side
Test debut(cap  38)30 December 1882 v  Australia
Last Test21 February 1883 v  Australia
Domestic team information
YearsTeam
1877–1883 Kent
1878–1881 Cambridge University
Career statistics
Competition Test First-class
Matches484
Runs scored622,733
Batting average 10.3320.70
100s/50s0/02/12
Top score19113*
Catches/stumpings 7/–81/–
Source: CricInfo, 22 September 2008
Blazon of Bligh coat of arms (present Earls of Darnley):
Azure, a Griffin segreant Or armed and langued Gules between three Crescents Argent Earl of Darnley COA.svg
Blazon of Bligh coat of arms (present Earls of Darnley):
Azure, a Griffin segreant Or armed and langued Gules between three Crescents Argent

Ivo Francis Walter Bligh, 8th Earl of Darnley, JP , DL (13 March 1859 – 10 April 1927), styled Hon. Ivo Bligh until 1900, lord of the Manor of Cobham, Kent, was a British noble, parliamentarian and cricketer.

Contents

Bligh captained the England team in the first ever Test cricket series against Australia with The Ashes at stake in 1882/83. [2]

Later in life, he inherited the earldom of Darnley and sat at Westminster as an elected Irish representative peer. [3]

Background and education

Bligh was born in London, the second son of John Bligh, 6th Earl of Darnley, by Lady Harriet Mary, daughter of Henry Pelham, 3rd Earl of Chichester. [3] He was educated at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge, graduating BA in 1882. [4] At Cambridge, he was secretary of the University Pitt Club. [5] and played for Cambridge against Oxford in the Real Tennis Varsity Match of 1880. [6]

Cricket career

Although the history of Test cricket between England and Australia dates from 1877, it was after an English team led by Monkey Hornby lost to the Australians at The Oval in 1882, that The Sporting Times newspaper wrote a mock obituary to English cricket, noting that the body would be cremated and the ashes sent to Australia. The following winter's tour to Australia was billed as an attempt to reclaim The Ashes. Bligh's team was successful, winning the three-match Ashes series two-one, although a fourth game, not played for The Ashes, and hence a matter of great dispute, was lost. [7]

A small terracotta urn was presented to The Hon. Ivo Bligh, as England captain, by a group of Melbourne women after England's victory in the Test series. The urn is reputed to contain the ashes of a bail, symbolising "the ashes of English cricket". While the urn has come to symbolise The Ashes series, the term "The Ashes" predates the existence of the urn. The urn is not used as the trophy for the Ashes series, and, whichever side "holds" the Ashes, the urn remains in the MCC Museum at Lord's. [8] Since the 1998/99 Ashes series, a Waterford crystal trophy has been presented to the winners. [9]

Bligh is commemorated by a poem inscribed on the side of the urn:

When Ivo goes back with the urn, the urn;
Studds, Steel, Read and Tylecote return, return;
The welkin will ring loud,
The great crowd will feel proud,
Seeing Barlow and Bates with the urn, the urn;
And the rest coming home with the urn.

Bligh also played for Cambridge University and Kent in a first-class cricket career which lasted from 1877 to 1883. He was elected President of the Marylebone Cricket Club for 1900/01 and of Kent County Cricket Club in 1892 and 1902.

Public offices

Bligh succeeded his elder brother Edward as Earl of Darnley in 1900. As the holder of an Irish peerage he was not automatically entitled to a seat in the House of Lords (his brother's English peerage, the barony of Clifton, had passed to Edward's daughter Elizabeth), but was elected as soon as was practicable, in March 1905, to sit in Parliament as an Irish Representative Peer.

The year after his succession to the family titles, Lord Darnley was appointed a Deputy Lieutenant [10] and Justice of the Peace for Kent. [3] He was appointed Honorary Colonel of the 4th Volunteer Battalion, The Queen's Own (Royal West Kent Regiment) on 16 July 1902. [11]

Personal life

He married Florence Rose Morphy, daughter of John Stephen Morphy, of Beechworth, Victoria, Australia on 9 February 1884. [3] She had been a music teacher at Rupertswood, where her future husband had stayed during his tour of Australia. They had two sons and a daughter: [3]

In 1884, he became a Christian through Dwight L. Moody's preaching, after C. T. Studd invited him to attend Moody's campaign meeting. [12]

He served as the President of the Marylebone Cricket Club in 1900. [13]

Lord Darnley died at Shorne, Kent in April 1927, aged 68, being succeeded in the family titles by his eldest son, Esmé. His wife, 'Florence, Dowager Countess of Darnley', presented the urn to the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) after her husband's death. She died in August 1944, having been honoured as one of the first Dames of the British Empire in 1919.[ citation needed ]

Ivo Bligh is buried in the family vault at the collegiate church of St Mary Magdalene, Cobham, Kent. [14] [15]

Art collection

As owner of the art collection at Cobham Hall from 1900, he lent various pieces to London exhibitions, but in May 1925 he sold a number of pieces. [16]

See also

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Edward Henry Stuart Bligh, 7th Earl of Darnley, styled Lord Clifton until 1896, lord of the Manor of Cobham, Kent, was an English landowner and aristocrat who played first-class cricket for Kent and for other amateur sides in the 1870s. He was born and died at the English home of the Earls of Darnley, Cobham Hall, at Cobham, near Gravesend in Kent.

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Lodovick Edward Bligh was an English cricketer. He played ten first-class cricket matches for Kent County Cricket Club between 1878 and 1884.

References

  1. Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p.322
  2. "Ivo Bligh". Cricinfo. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 Burke, Sir Bernard; Burke, Ashworth P. (1914). Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire. London: Harrison & Sons. pp. 570–571.
  4. "Bligh, the Hon. Ivo Francis [Walter] (BLH877IF)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  5. Fletcher, Walter Morley (2011) [1935]. The University Pitt Club: 1835–1935 (First Paperback ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 86–87. ISBN   978-1-107-60006-5.
  6. https://www.tennisandrackets.com/downloads/TennisResults/OxfordandCambridgeDoubles.pdf
  7. "Ivo Bligh – Player Profile Sky Sports Cricket". SkySports. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  8. "MCC Museum". Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  9. "Cricket's burning passion : Ivo Bligh and the story of the Ashes / Scyld Berry and Rupert Peploe. – Version details – Trove" . Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  10. "No. 27300". The London Gazette . 29 March 1901. p. 2200.
  11. "No. 27454". The London Gazette . 15 July 1902. p. 4517.
  12. Pollock, J. C. (1955). The Cambridge Seven. p. 70.
  13. https://www.lords.org/mcc/the-club/about-the-mcc
  14. "Cobham and Luddesdowne" . Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  15. "Regesta 256: 1366–1367" . Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  16. Christie's advertisement in “Front Matter.” The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs, vol. 46, no. 265, 1925, pp. i-xlii, on JSTOR
Sporting positions
Preceded by
A N Hornby
English national cricket captain
1882/3
Succeeded by
The Lord Harris
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
Edward Bligh
Earl of Darnley
1900–1927
Succeeded by
Esme Bligh
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
The Earl de Montalt
Representative peer for Ireland
1906–1927
Office lapsed