|Full name||Ivan Arthur Broadis|
|Date of birth||18 December 1922|
|Place of birth||Isle of Dogs, Poplar, England|
|Date of death||12 April 2019 96)(aged|
|Height||5 ft 9 in (1.75 m)|
|Playing position||Inside forward|
|1959–1960||Queen of the South||63||(20)|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
Ivan Arthur "Ivor" Broadis (18 December 1922 – 12 April 2019) was an English professional footballer.
The English people are a nation and an ethnic group native to England who speak the English language. The English identity is of early medieval origin, when they were known in Old English as the Angelcynn. Their ethnonym is derived from the Angles, one of the Germanic peoples who migrated to Great Britain around the 5th century AD. England is one of the countries of the United Kingdom, and the majority of people living there are British citizens.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.
During a career spanning eighteen years from 1942 to 1960, Broadis represented Carlisle United, Sunderland, Manchester City, Newcastle United and Queen of the South, gaining 14 caps and scoring eight goals for England at international level. Broadis played at inside forward; after retiring from playing in 1960, he pursued a career as a football journalist.He was the oldest surviving England international footballer until his death in April 2019 at the age of 96.
Sunderland Association Football Club is an English professional football club based in the city of Sunderland, Tyne and Wear. Sunderland play in League One, the third tier of English football. Since its formation in 1879, the club has won six top-flight titles, a total only bettered by five other clubs, and has finished runners-up five times. The club has also won the FA Cup twice and been runners-up twice, as well as winning the FA Community Shield in 1936 and being finalists the following year. Sunderland have also been Football League Cup finalists in 1985 and 2014.
Queen of the South Football Club are a Scottish professional football club formed in March 1919 and located in Dumfries. The club currently plays in the Scottish Championship, the second tier of Scottish football. They are officially nicknamed The Doonhamers but are usually referred to as Queens or QoS. Their home ground since their formation has been Palmerston Park.
The England men's national football team represents England in senior men's international football and is controlled by The Football Association, the governing body for football in England.
Broadis was born in Isle of Dogs, Poplar, London. During the Second World War he completed 500 flying hours in Royal Air Force Wellingtons and Lancasters, although he was never on a bombing mission. During the war he had guested as an amateur for Tottenham Hotspur among other clubs. It was at Tottenham that someone misread his real name (Ivan) as Ivor, and so he inadvertently became known henceforth as Ivor Broadis.
The Isle of Dogs is a district in East London and is in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, and is a part of the East End. It is referred to as the Island, It is bounded on three sides by one of the largest meanders in the River Thames. The northern boundary has never been clearly or consistently defined but many accept it to be the (former) line of the West India South Dock. The name Isle of Dogs had no official status until 1987, with the creation of the Isle of Dogs Neighbourhood by Tower Hamlets London Borough Council.
Poplar is a district in East London and the administrative centre of the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, and is a part of the East End and the Port of London. It was a suburb of the metropolitan area of London until 1965 when it was reformed and expanded. It is 5 miles east of Charing Cross and is identified as a major district centre in the London Plan. Poplar district centre is Chrisp Street Market, which forms a significant commercial and retail centre surrounded by extensive residential development and includes Poplar Baths, Coldharbour, and Trinity Buoy Wharf. It also has two localities, Blackwall and South Bromley. A part of the Canary Wharf commercial estate is in Poplar.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force. Formed towards the end of the First World War on 1 April 1918, it is the oldest independent air force in the world. Following victory over the Central Powers in 1918 the RAF emerged as, at the time, the largest air force in the world. Since its formation, the RAF has taken a significant role in British military history. In particular, it played a large part in the Second World War where it fought its most famous campaign, the Battle of Britain.
Broadis recalled to the Northern Echo how he was in Italy when news of the Japanese surrender arrived. "Next day we flew hundreds of troops back to England, some of whom hadn't had leave for five years. I was navigator, so I kept passing round notes telling them where we were. It was very emotional when we came over the white cliffs of Dover and you could see all the bonfires down below. I have very fond memories of that."
At the end of the war Broadis was posted to Crosby-on-Eden. "Until after the war I'd never been so far north in my life, I thought I'd need a dog team to get up here," recalled Broadis.When Carlisle United heard how close he was, when he was just 23, they offered him the player-manager's position in August 1946. Broadis is still the youngest man to have been player-manager in the English Football League. Broadis is the first manager to transfer himself to another club when he sold himself to Sunderland in January 1949. As Broadis told the BBC, "Carlisle got £18,000 for me. It was an incredible amount in those days".
A player-coach is a member of a sports team who simultaneously holds both playing and coaching duties. A player-coach may be a head coach or an assistant coach. They may make changes to the squad and also play on the team.
Broadis continued to live in Carlisle, even after his move to Sunderland, and trained with Carlisle United under new manager Bill Shankly.One day Broadis arrived late for training. Shankly's version of what he said to Broadis: "What do you think you're doing? Who do you think you are? If you do the training we do you can train with us and we'll play five-a-side and you'll run your guts out as an example to everybody else". Shankly never said that he made Broadis as a footballer, "but I made him realise what was needed to be a player, and Ivor Broadis was one of the strongest and most dangerous inside forwards that ever played." Broadis' description of events with Shankly: "Bill always regarded himself as the man who saved me, really – the man who gave me to England. I would maybe be lapping round and I admit I could have put a lot more into it. "You sort of take the routine from the club you are with and that was not good enough for Bill. I was doing what I thought Sunderland would be doing, the way they were doing it. And that wasn't Bill's way. You had to come off jiggered. So Bill regarded himself as putting me right and I think there's a lot of truth in that. His strength was not Liverpool. It was the strength he could give to anybody." With Shankly's infectious enthusiasm he would ask Broadis, "Are you doing anything this afternoon? Aye, right then, if you're not, come down to the ground." They would upturn two chimney pots to each be a goal and play one-a-side.
William Shankly was a Scottish football player and manager, who is best known for his time as manager of Liverpool. Shankly brought success to Liverpool, gaining promotion to the First Division and winning three League Championships and the UEFA Cup. He laid foundations on which his successors Bob Paisley and Joe Fagan were able to build by winning seven league titles and four European Cups in the ten seasons after Shankly retired in 1974.
Of his transfer to Sunderland Broadis remarked, "All I did was exercise the right to be transferred. Blackburn, Man City and Preston were interested but only Bill Murray, the Sunderland manager, came to see me. That's why I joined but it was the board who agreed the fee." On his £12 a week Broadis commented, "When I was playing, the only agent was Dick Tracy."Broadis went on to grace England’s top division for the next six-and-a-half seasons.
Sunderland's big spending transfer fees on Broadis and others led to the club being known at this time as the "Bank of England club." Alongside the likes of England internationals Len Shackleton, Dickie Davis, Willie Watson and Wales' Trevor Ford, Broadis scored 27 goals in 84 Sunderland appearances.
Broadis remembers his playing days with affection but not entirely without regret. The inside-forward lamented, "The sad thing about that Sunderland side was that we should have won the League in 1950. They played me at centre-forward against a relegated Man City with three or four games to go and we lost. We finished third in the end. We should have won the league that year, it would have made such a difference."In Sunderland's highest post war finish they ended up 1 point behind retaining champions Portsmouth and also runners up Wolves. This is Broadis’ highest ever league finish.
Broadis moved to recently promoted Manchester City in October 1951, this time for a fee of £25,000. It was there Broadis gained his first England cap and wrote his first newspaper column thanks to the Manchester Evening News .
Newcastle United signed Broadis two years later for £20,000. The team already included players like Jackie Milburn, Len White, Scotsmen Bobby "Dazzler" Mitchell and Frank Brennan and Welshman Ivor Allchurch. Like at previous clubs Broadis was well received by the fans and is still warmly remembered. With Broadis at the club Newcastle won the F.A. Cup in 1955 – their last time to date. Broadis did not play in the 3–1 final defeat of ex-club Man City, however, after a disagreement with trainer Norman Smith. His days at St James' Park were numbered.
Broadis returned to Carlisle in July 1955, when he was signed as player/coach for a fee of £3,500 by manager Fred Emery. Broadis stayed at Brunton Park until June 1959 after which he was off to play in Scotland.
Queen of the South, under Jimmy McKinnell Junior, signed Broadis to the Dumfries side for the last of his playing days in 1959. With his passing ability and goal threatBroadis clearly enjoyed his time at Queens, later saying, "The two seasons I spent at Palmerston Park were the best of my career'. With Jim Patterson and Bobby Black already at the club when Broadis arrived, they were joined by George Farm in February 1960.
In his time at QoS he hit four goals on Boxing day 1959 in a 7–1 home win over Queen's Park. The Doonhamers' other goals came from Percy Dunlop (2) and Bobby Black. The consolation goal for Queen's Park was scored by future Aberdeen and Manchester United manager Alex Ferguson.Broadis scored 20 goals in his 63 league games for Queens. Broadis' performances prompted the offer of a contract from top division Hearts. Broadis decided that he would end his playing days with Queens, however, before moving on to the next step in his career. At the time of his 90th birthday he was the oldest surviving ex-Queens player.
Broadis earned fourteen caps for the England national football team, scoring eight goals.In both Broadis' England games at Hampden Park he played in front of crowds over 130,000. In his three games against Scotland (twice against future Queen of the South team-mate George Farm), Broadis was unbeaten (two wins, one draw). Broadis scored three goals against Scotland, all with Farm in goal for the Scots. On a tour of South America, Argentina v England was abandoned at 0–0 after 22 minutes due to a rain storm.
In a game of eight goals in Budapest on 23 May 1954, Broadis was the only England player able to score. In reply, the speed, skill and movement of the Hungary 'Golden Team' featuring Ferenc Puskás, Sándor Kocsis, Zoltán Czibor, Nándor Hidegkuti and József Bozsik scored seven. After the game, bewildered England centre half Syd Owen said, “It was like playing people from outer space”. Tom Finney commented of Broadis, "I remember when he had taken his boots off after the Budapest match, he warned everyone, "Don't touch them unless you're wearing gloves, they're red hot". Broadis added, "It's the first time I've ever come off the pitch with a sunburned tongue!" This is still England's record defeat. Broadis had not played when Hungary won 6–3 at Wembley the previous November.
Broadis played at the 1954 FIFA World Cup. Playing in all three England games, Broadis scored two goals, both against Belgium. Broadis was thus the first Englishman to score twice in a game in the World Cup finals, 30 minutes ahead of Nat Lofthouse who also scored two in the same 4–4 draw. Broadis was thus also part of the first England team to play in the World Cup quarter finals.
|28 November 1951||England 2–2 Austria||0||Friendly|
|5 April 1952||Scotland 1–2 England||0||1951–52 British Home Championship|
|18 May 1952||Italy 1–1 England||1||Friendly|
|18 April 1953||England 2–2 Scotland||2||1952–53 British Home Championship|
|17 May 1953||Argentina 0–0 England||0||Friendly|
|24 May 1953||Chile 1–2 England||0||Friendly|
|31 May 1953||Uruguay 2–1 England||0||Friendly|
|8 June 1953||USA 3–6 England||1||Friendly|
|3 April 1954||Scotland 2–4 England||1||1953–54 British Home Championship|
|16 May 1954||Yugoslavia 1–0 England||0||Friendly|
|23 May 1954||Hungary 7–1 England||1||Friendly|
|17 June 1954||Belgium 4–4 England||2||1954 FIFA World Cup|
|29 June 1954||Switzerland 0–2 England||0||1954 FIFA World Cup|
|2 July 1954||England 2–4 Uruguay||0||1954 FIFA World Cup knock out stage|
Broadis lived in the same Carlisle semi-detached house since 1955.After playing and coaching, he became a football journalist for 45 years. At the time of the 2018 FIFA World Cup, Broadis was the oldest living England international footballer.
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