|Launched||April 29, 2012|
|Discontinued||June 5, 2015|
|Product code||80633 (extreme desktop)|
80634 (server LGA1356)
80635 (server E5 LGA2011)
80636 (server E7 LGA2011)
|Max. CPU clock rate||1.4 to 4.1 GHz|
|L1 cache||64 KB per core|
|L2 cache||256 KB per core|
|L3 cache||2 to 8 MB shared|
|Architecture and classification|
|Min. feature size||22 nm|
|Architecture||Ivy Bridge x86|
|GPU(s)|| HD Graphics 2500 |
650 to 1150 MHz
HD Graphics 4000
350 to 1300 MHz
HD Graphics P4000
650 to 1250 MHz
|Products, models, variants|
|Predecessor||Sandy Bridge (Tock)|
Ivy Bridge is the codename for Intel's 22 nm microarchitecture used in the third generation of the Intel Core processors (Core i7, i5, i3). Ivy Bridge is a die shrink to 22 nm process based on FinFET ("3D") Tri-Gate transistors, from the former generation's 32 nm Sandy Bridge microarchitecture—also known as tick–tock model. The name is also applied more broadly to the Xeon and Core i7 Ivy Bridge-E series of processors released in 2013.
Ivy Bridge processors are backward compatible with the Sandy Bridge platform, but such systems might require a firmware update (vendor specific). In 2011, Intel released the 7-series Panther Point chipsets with integrated USB 3.0 and SATA 3.0 to complement Ivy Bridge.
Volume production of Ivy Bridge chips began in the third quarter of 2011. Quad-core and dual-core-mobile models launched on April 29, 2012 and May 31, 2012 respectively. Core i3 desktop processors, as well as the first 22 nm Pentium, were announced and available the first week of September 2012.
Ivy Bridge is the last Intel platform to fully support Windows XP and the earliest Intel microarchitecture to officially support Windows 10 64-bit.
The Ivy Bridge CPU microarchitecture is a shrink from Sandy Bridge and remains largely unchanged. Like its predecessor, Sandy Bridge, Ivy Bridge was also primarily developed by Intel's Israel branch, located in Haifa, Israel. Notable improvements include:
The mobile and desktop Ivy Bridge chips also include significant changes over Sandy Bridge:
|Name||Level||4 KB||2 MB||1 GB|
|ITLB||1st||128||8 / logical core||none|
Compared to its predecessor, Sandy Bridge:
Ivy Bridge's temperatures are reportedly 10 °C higher compared to Sandy Bridge when a CPU is overclocked, even at default voltage setting. Impress PC Watch, a Japanese website, performed experiments that confirmed earlier speculations that this is because Intel used a poor quality (and perhaps lower cost) thermal interface material (thermal paste, or "TIM") between the chip and the heat spreader, instead of the fluxless solder of previous generations. The mobile Ivy Bridge processors are not affected by this issue because they do not use a heat spreader between the chip and cooling system.
Enthusiast reports describe the TIM used by Intel as low-quality, Bridge chips.and not up to par for a "premium" CPU, with some speculation that this is by design to encourage sales of prior processors. Further analyses caution that the processor can be damaged or void its warranty if home users attempt to remedy the matter. The TIM has much lower thermal conductivity, causing heat to trap on the die. Experiments with replacing this TIM with a higher-quality one or other heat removal methods showed a substantial temperature drop, and improvements to the increased voltages and overclocking sustainable by Ivy
Intel claims that the smaller die of Ivy Bridge and the related increase in thermal density is expected to result in higher temperatures when the CPU is overclocked; Intel also stated that this is as expected and will likely not improve in future revisions.
All Ivy Bridge processors with one, two, or four cores report the same CPUID model 0x000306A9, and are built in four different configurations differing in the number of cores, L3 cache and GPU execution units.
|Die code name||CPUID||Stepping||Die size||Die dimensions||Transistors||Cores||GPU EUs||L3 cache||Sockets|
|Ivy Bridge-M-2||0x000306A9||P0||mm294||7.656 x 12.223 mm||million~634||2||6||3 MB|| LGA 1155,|
|Ivy Bridge-H-2||L1||118 mm2||8.141 x 14.505 mm||million~830||2||16||4 MB|
|Ivy Bridge-HM-4||N0||133 mm2||7.656 x 17.349 mm||~1008 million||4||6||6 MB|
|Ivy Bridge-HE-4||E1||160 mm2||8.141 x 19.361 mm||~1400 million||4||16||8 MB|
Intel Ivy Bridge-based Xeon microprocessors (also known as Ivy Bridge-E) is the follow-up to Sandy Bridge-E, using the same CPU core as the Ivy Bridge processor, but in LGA 2011, LGA 1356 and LGA 2011-1 packages for workstations and servers.
Additional high-end server processors based on the Ivy Bridge architecture, code named Ivytown, were announced September 10, 2013 at the Intel Developer Forum, after the usual one year interval between consumer and server product releases.
The Ivy Bridge-EP processor line announced in September 2013 has up to 12 cores and 30 MB third level cache, with rumors of Ivy Bridge-EX up to 15 cores and an increased third level cache of up to 37.5 MB, although an early leaked lineup of Ivy Bridge-E included processors with a maximum of 6 cores.
Both Core-i7 and Xeon versions are produced: the Xeon versions marketed as Xeon E5-1400 V2 act as drop-in replacements for the existing Sandy Bridge-EN based Xeon E5, Xeon E5-2600 V2 versions act as drop-in replacements for the existing Sandy Bridge-EP based Xeon E5, while Core-i7 versions designated i7-4820K, i7-4930K and i7-4960X were released on September 10, 2013, remaining compatible with the X79 and LGA 2011 hardware.
For the intermediate LGA 1356 socket, Intel launched the Xeon E5-2400 V2 (codenamed Ivy Bridge-EN) series in January 2014.These have up to 10 cores.
A new Ivy Bridge-EX line marketed as Xeon E7 V2 had no corresponding predecessor using the Sandy Bridge microarchitecture but instead followed the older Westmere-EX processors.
Processors featuring Intel's HD 4000 graphics (or HD P4000 for Xeon) are set in bold. Other processors feature HD 2500 graphics or HD Graphics unless indicated by N/A.
List of announced desktop processors, as follows:
branding and model
|CPU clock rate||Graphics clock rate|| L3|
| Core i7|
|4960X||6 (12)||3.6 GHz||4.0 GHz||N/A||15 MB||130 W||2013-09-10||$999|| LGA|
| DMI 2.0 |
PCIe 3.0 [a]
|Up to quad|
|Core i7||4930K||3.4 GHz||3.9 GHz||12 MB||$583|
|4820K||4 (8)||3.7 GHz||10 MB||$323|
|3770K||3.5 GHz||650 MHz||1150 MHz||8 MB||77 W||2012-04-23||$332|| LGA|
|Up to dual|
|3770S||3.1 GHz||65 W|
|3770T||2.5 GHz||3.7 GHz||45 W|
|Core i5||3570K||4 (4)||3.4 GHz||3.8 GHz||6 MB||77 W||$225|
|3570S||3.1 GHz||65 W|
|3570T||2.3 GHz||3.3 GHz||45 W|
|3550||3.3 GHz||3.7 GHz||77 W||2012-04-23|
|3550S||3.0 GHz||65 W|
|3475S||2.9 GHz||3.6 GHz||1100 MHz||2012-05-31||$201|
|3470||3.2 GHz||77 W||$184|
|3470S||2.9 GHz||65 W|
|3470T||2 (4)||3 MB||35 W|
|3450||4 (4)||3.1 GHz||3.5 GHz||6 MB||77 W||2012-04-23|
|3450S||2.8 GHz||65 W|
|3350P||3.1 GHz||3.3 GHz||N/A||69 W||2012-09-03||$177|
|3340||650 MHz||1050 MHz||77 W||2013-09-01||$182|
|3340S||2.8 GHz||65 W|
|3335S||2.7 GHz||3.2 GHz||2012-09-03||$194|
|3330||3.0 GHz||77 W||$182|
|Core i3||3250||2 (4)||3.5 GHz||N/A||3 MB||55 W||2013-06-09||$138|| DMI 2.0 |
|3250T||3.0 GHz||35 W||2013-06-09||$138|
|Pentium||G2140||2 (2)||3.3 GHz||55 W||2013-06-09||$86|
|G2120T||2.7 GHz||35 W||2013-06-09||$75|
|G2030||3.0 GHz||55 W||2013-06-09||$64||Dual channel DDR3-1333|
|G2030T||2.6 GHz||35 W||2013-06-09|
|Celeron||G1630||2 (2)||2.8 GHz||2 MB||55 W||2013-09-01||$52|
|G1620T||2.4 GHz||35 W||2013-09-01|
Suffixes to denote:
branding and model
|CPU clock rate||Graphics clock rate|| L3|
|Xeon E7||8893v2||6 (12)||3.4 GHz||3.7 GHz||N/A||37.5 MB||155 W||2014-02-18||$6841|| LGA|
|3× QPI |
|Up to quad|
|8891v2||10 (20)||3.2 GHz|
|8895v2||15 (30)||2.8 GHz||3.6 GHz||OEM|
|8880Lv2||2.2 GHz||2.8 GHz||105 W||$5729|
|8880v2||2.5 GHz||3.1 GHz||130 W|
|8870v2||2.3 GHz||2.9 GHz||30 MB||$4616|
|8857v2||12 (12)||3.0 GHz||3.6 GHz||$3838|
|4860v2||12 (24)||2.6 GHz||3.2 GHz|
|8850v2||2.3 GHz||2.8 GHz||24 MB||105 W||$3059|
|4830v2||10 (20)||2.2 GHz||2.7 GHz||20 MB||$2059|
|4820v2||8 (16)||2.0 GHz||2.5 GHz||16 MB||$1446|
|4809v2||6 (12)||1.9 GHz||N/A||12 MB||$1223||Up to quad|
|Xeon E5||4657Lv2||12 (24)||2.4 GHz||3.2 GHz||30 MB||115 W||2014-03-03||$4394|| LGA|
|2× QPI |
|Up to quad|
|4650v2||10 (20)||25 MB||95 W||$3616|
|4640v2||2.2 GHz||2.7 GHz||20 MB||$2725|
|4624Lv2||1.9 GHz||2.5 GHz||25 MB||70 W||$2405|
|4627v2||8 (8)||3.3 GHz||3.6 GHz||16 MB||130 W||$2108|
|4620v2||8 (16)||2.6 GHz||3.0 GHz||20 MB||95 W||$1611||Up to quad|
|4610v2||2.3 GHz||2.7 GHz||16 MB||$1219|
|4607v2||6 (12)||2.6 GHz||N/A||15 MB||$885||Up to quad|
|4603v2||4 (8)||2.2 GHz||10 MB||$551|
|2697v2||12 (24)||2.7 GHz||3.5 GHz||30 MB||130 W||2013-09-10||$2614||Up to quad|
|2696v2||2.5 GHz||3.3 GHz||120 W||OEM|
|2695v2||2.4 GHz||3.2 GHz||115 W||$2336|
|2692v2||2.2 GHz||3.0 GHz||June 2013||OEM|
|2651v2||1.8 GHz||2.2 GHz||105 W||2013-09-10|
|2690v2||10 (20)||3.0 GHz||3.6 GHz||25 MB||130 W||$2057|
|2680v2||2.8 GHz||115 W||$1723|
|2670v2||2.5 GHz||3.3 GHz||$1552|
|2660v2||2.2 GHz||3.0 GHz||95 W||$1389|
|2650Lv2||1.7 GHz||2.1 GHz||70 W||$1219||Up to quad|
|2648Lv2||1.9 GHz||2.5 GHz||$1479||Up to quad|
|2687Wv2||8 (16)||3.4 GHz||4.0 GHz||150 W||$2108|
|2667v2||3.3 GHz||130 W||$2057|
|2650v2||2.6 GHz||3.4 GHz||20 MB||95 W||$1166|
|2640v2||2.0 GHz||2.5 GHz||$885||Up to quad|
|2628Lv2||1.9 GHz||2.4 GHz||70 W||$1216|
|2643v2||6 (12)||3.5 GHz||3.8 GHz||25 MB||130 W||$1552||Up to quad|
|2630v2||2.6 GHz||3.1 GHz||15 MB||80 W||$612||Up to quad|
|2630Lv2||2.4 GHz||2.8 GHz||60 W|
|2620v2||2.1 GHz||2.6 GHz||80 W||$406|
|2618Lv2||2.0 GHz||N/A||50 W||$520||Up to quad|
|2637v2||4 (8)||3.5 GHz||3.8 GHz||130 W||$996||Up to quad|
|2609v2||4 (4)||2.5 GHz||N/A||10 MB||80 W||$294||Up to quad|
|2470v2||10 (20)||2.4 GHz||3.2 GHz||25 MB||95 W||2014-01-09||$1440|| LGA|
|1× QPI |
|Up to triple|
|2448Lv2||1.8 GHz||2.4 GHz||70 W||$1424|
|2450Lv2||1.7 GHz||2.1 GHz||60 W||$1219|
|2450v2||8 (16)||2.5 GHz||3.3 GHz||20 MB||95 W||$1107|
|2440v2||1.9 GHz||2.4 GHz||$832|
|2428Lv2||1.8 GHz||2.3 GHz||60 W||$1013|
|2430v2||6 (12)||2.5 GHz||3.0 GHz||15 MB||80 W||$551|
|2420v2||2.2 GHz||2.7 GHz||$406|
|2430Lv2||2.4 GHz||2.8 GHz||60 W||$612|
|2418Lv2||2.0 GHz||N/A||50 W||$607||Up to triple|
|2407v2||4 (4)||2.4 GHz||10 MB||80 W||$250|
|1680v2||8 (16)||3.0 GHz||3.9 GHz||25 MB||130 W||2013-09-10||$1723|| LGA|
|0× QPI |
|Up to quad|
|1660v2||6 (12)||3.7 GHz||4.0 GHz||15 MB||$1080|
|1650v2||3.5 GHz||3.9 GHz||12 MB||$583|
|1620v2||4 (8)||3.7 GHz||10 MB||$294|
|1607v2||4 (4)||3.0 GHz||N/A||$244||Up to quad|
|1428Lv2||6 (12)||2.2 GHz||2.7 GHz||15 MB||60 W||2014-01-09||$494|| LGA|
|Up to triple|
|1410v2||4 (8)||2.8 GHz||3.2 GHz||10 MB||80 W||OEM|
|Pentium||1403v2||2 (2)||2.6 GHz||N/A||6 MB|
|1405v2||1.4 GHz||40 W||$156|
|Xeon E3||1290v2||4 (8)||3.7 GHz||4.1 GHz||8 MB||87 W||2012-05-14||$885|| LGA|
| DMI 2.0 |
|Up to dual|
|1280v2||3.6 GHz||4.0 GHz||69 W||$623|
|1275v2||3.5 GHz||3.9 GHz||650 MHz||1.25 GHz||77 W||$350|
|1265Lv2||2.5 GHz||3.5 GHz||650 MHz||1.15 GHz||45 W||$305|
|1245v2||3.4 GHz||3.8 GHz||650 MHz||1.25 GHz||77 W||$273|
|1230v2||3.3 GHz||3.7 GHz||$230|
|1225v2||4 (4)||3.2 GHz||3.6 GHz||650 MHz||1.25 GHz||77 W||$224|
|1220v2||3.1 GHz||3.5 GHz||N/A||69 W||$203|
|1220Lv2||2 (4)||2.3 GHz||3 MB||17 W||$189|
|1135Cv2||4 (8)||3.0 GHz||N/A||8 MB||55 W||2013-09-10||OEM||BGA|
|1125Cv2||2.5 GHz||40 W||$448|
|1105Cv2||1.8 GHz||25 W||$320|
branding and model
|Programmable TDP||CPU Turbo||Graphics clock rate|| L3|
|SDP||cTDP down||Nominal TDP||cTDP up||1-core||Normal||Turbo|
|Core i7||3940XM||4 (8)||N/A||45 W / ? GHz||55 W / 3.0 GHz||65 W / ? GHz||3.9 GHz||650 MHz||1350 MHz||8 MB||2012-09-30||$1096|
|3920XM||45 W / ? GHz||55 W / 2.9 GHz||65 W / ? GHz||3.8 GHz||1300 MHz||2012-04-23|
|3840QM||N/A||45 W / 2.8 GHz||N/A||2012-09-30||$568|
|3820QM||45 W / 2.7 GHz||3.7 GHz||1250 MHz||2012-04-23|
|3740QM||1300 MHz||6 MB||2012-09-30||$378|
|3720QM||45 W / 2.6 GHz||3.6 GHz||1250 MHz||2012-04-23|
|3635QM||45 W / 2.4 GHz||3.4 GHz||1200 MHz||2012-09-30||N/A|
|3632QM||35 W / 2.2 GHz||3.2 GHz||1150 MHz||$378|
|3630QM||45 W / 2.4 GHz||3.4 GHz|
|3615QM||45 W / 2.3 GHz||3.3 GHz||1200 MHz||2012-04-23|
|3612QM||35 W / 2.1 GHz||3.1 GHz||1100 MHz|
|3610QM||45 W / 2.3 GHz||3.3 GHz|
|3689Y||2 (4)||7 W / ? GHz||10 W / ? GHz||13 W / 1.5 GHz||2.6 GHz||350 MHz||850 MHz||4 MB||2013-01-07||$362|
|3687U||N/A||14 W / ? GHz||17 W / 2.1 GHz||25 W / 3.1 GHz||3.3 GHz||1200 MHz||2013-01-20||$346|
|3667U||14 W / ? GHz||17 W / 2.0 GHz||25 W / 3.0 GHz||3.2 GHz||1150 MHz||2012-06-03|
|3537U||14 W / ? GHz||25 W / 2.9 GHz||3.1 GHz||1200 MHz||2013-01-20|
|3555LE||N/A||25 W / 2.5 GHz||N/A||3.2 GHz||550 MHz||1000 MHz||2012-06-03||$360|
|3540M||35 W / 3.0 GHz||3.7 GHz||650 MHz||1300 MHz||2013-01-20||$346|
|3525M||35 W / 2.9 GHz||3.6 GHz||1350 MHz||Q3 2012|
|3517U||14 W / ? GHz||17 W / 1.9 GHz||25 W / 2.8 GHz||3.0 GHz||350 MHz||1150 MHz|
|3517UE||14 W / ? GHz||17 W / 1.7 GHz||25 W / 2.6 GHz||2.8 GHz||1000 MHz||$330|
|Core i5||3610ME||N/A||35 W / 2.7 GHz||N/A||3.3 GHz||650 MHz||950 MHz||3 MB||$276|
|3439Y||7 W / ? GHz||10 W / ? GHz||13 W / 1.5 GHz||2.3 GHz||350 MHz||850 MHz||2013-01-07||$250|
|3437U||N/A||14 W / ? GHz||17 W / 1.9 GHz||25 W / 2.4 GHz||2.9 GHz||650 MHz||1200 MHz||2013-01-20||$225|
|3427U||14 W / ? GHz||17 W / 1.8 GHz||25 W / 2.3 GHz||2.8 GHz||350 MHz||1150 MHz||2012-06-03|
|3380M||N/A||35 W / 2.9 GHz||N/A||3.6 GHz||650 MHz||1250 MHz||2013-01-20||$266|
|3365M||35 W / 2.8 GHz||3.5 GHz||1350 MHz||Q3 2012|
|3340M||35 W / 2.7 GHz||3.4 GHz||1250 MHz||2013-01-20||$225|
|3339Y||7 W / ? GHz||10 W / ? GHz||13 W / 1.5 GHz||2.0 GHz||350 MHz||850 MHz||2013-01-07||$250|
|3337U||N/A||14 W / ? GHz||17 W / 1.8 GHz||2.7 GHz||350 MHz||1100 MHz||2013-01-20||$225|
|3320M||N/A||35 W / 2.6 GHz||3.3 GHz||650 MHz||1200 MHz||2012-06-03|
|3317U||14 W / ? GHz||17 W / 1.7 GHz||2.6 GHz||350 MHz||1050 MHz|
|3230M||N/A||35 W / 2.6 GHz||3.2 GHz||650 MHz||1100 MHz||2013-01-20|
|3210M||35 W / 2.5 GHz||3.1 GHz||2012-06-03|
|Core i3||3229Y||7 W / ? GHz||10 W / ? GHz||13 W / 1.4 GHz||N/A||350 MHz||850 MHz||2013-01-07||$250|
|3227U||N/A||14 W / ? GHz||17 W / 1.9 GHz||1100 MHz||2013-01-20||$225|
|3217U||14 W / ? GHz||17 W / 1.8 GHz||1050 MHz||2012-06-24|
|3217UE||14 W / ? GHz||17 W / 1.6 GHz||900 MHz||July 2013||$261|
|3130M||N/A||35 W / 2.6 GHz||650 MHz||1100 MHz||2013-01-20||$225|
|3120M||35 W / 2.5 GHz||2012-09-30|
|3120ME||35 W / 2.4 GHz||900 MHz||July 2013|
|3115C||25 W / 2.5 GHz||N/A||4 MB||2013-09-10||$241|
|Pentium||B925C||15 W / 2.0 GHz||OEM|
|A1018||2 (2)||35 W / 2.1 GHz||650 MHz||1000 MHz||1 MB||June 2013||$86 (India)|
|2030M||35 W / 2.5 GHz||1100 MHz||2 MB||2013-01-20||$134|
|2020M||35 W / 2.4 GHz||2012-09-30|
|2127U||17 W / 1.9 GHz||350 MHz||2013-06-09|
|2117U||17 W / 1.8 GHz||1000 MHz||2012-09-30|
|2129Y||7 W||10 W / 1.1 GHz||850 MHz||2013-01-07||$150|
|Celeron||1019Y||7 W||10 W / 1.0 GHz||800 MHz||April 2013||$153|
|1020E||N/A||35 W / 2.2 GHz||650 MHz||1000 MHz||2013-01-20||$86|
|1020M||35 W / 2.1 GHz|
|1005M||35 W / 1.9 GHz||2013-06-09|
|1000M||35 W / 1.8 GHz||2013-01-20|
|1037U||17 W / 1.8 GHz||350 MHz|
|1017U||17 W / 1.6 GHz||2013-06-09|
|1007U||17 W / 1.5 GHz||2013-01-20|
|1047UE||17 W / 1.4 GHz||900 MHz||$134|
|927UE||1 (1)||17 W / 1.5 GHz||1 MB||$107|
Suffixes to denote:
Intel demonstrated the Haswell architecture in September 2011, which began release in 2013 as the successor to Sandy Bridge and Ivy Bridge.
Microsoft has released a microcode update for selected Sandy Bridge and Ivy Bridge CPUs for Windows 7 and up that addresses stability issues. The update, however, negatively impacts Intel G3258 and 4010U CPU models.
Xeon is a brand of x86 microprocessors designed, manufactured, and marketed by Intel, targeted at the non-consumer workstation, server, and embedded system markets. It was introduced in June 1998. Xeon processors are based on the same architecture as regular desktop-grade CPUs, but have advanced features such as support for ECC memory, higher core counts, more PCI Express lanes, support for larger amounts of RAM, larger cache memory and extra provision for enterprise-grade reliability, availability and serviceability (RAS) features responsible for handling hardware exceptions through the Machine Check Architecture. They are often capable of safely continuing execution where a normal processor cannot due to these extra RAS features, depending on the type and severity of the machine-check exception (MCE). Some also support multi-socket systems with two, four, or eight sockets through use of the Quick Path Interconnect (QPI) bus.
The Intel Core microarchitecture is a multi-core processor microarchitecture unveiled by Intel in Q1 2006. It is based on the Yonah processor design and can be considered an iteration of the P6 microarchitecture introduced in 1995 with Pentium Pro. High power consumption and heat intensity, the resulting inability to effectively increase clock rate, and other shortcomings such as an inefficient pipeline were the primary reasons why Intel abandoned the NetBurst microarchitecture and switched to a different architectural design, delivering high efficiency through a small pipeline rather than high clock rates. The Core microarchitecture initially did not reach the clock rates of the NetBurst microarchitecture, even after moving to 45 nm lithography. However after many generations of successor microarchitectures which used Core as their basis, Intel managed to eventually surpass the clock rates of Netburst with the Devil's Canyon microarchitecture reaching a base frequency of 4 GHz and a maximum tested frequency of 4.4 GHz using 22 nm lithography.
Nehalem is the codename for Intel's 45 nm microarchitecture released in November 2008. It was used in the first-generation of the Intel Core i5 and i7 processors, and succeeds the older Core microarchitecture used on Core 2 processors. The term "Nehalem" comes from the Nehalem River.
Sandy Bridge is the codename for Intel's 32 nm microarchitecture used in the second generation of the Intel Core processors. The Sandy Bridge microarchitecture is the successor to Nehalem and Westmere microarchitecture. Intel demonstrated a Sandy Bridge processor in 2009, and released first products based on the architecture in January 2011 under the Core brand.
Tick–tock was a production model adopted in 2007 by chip manufacturer Intel. Under this model, every microarchitecture change (tock) was followed by a die shrink of the process technology (tick). It was replaced by the process–architecture–optimization model, which was announced in 2016 and is like a tick–tock cycle followed by an optimization phase. As a general engineering model, tick–tock is a model that refreshes one side of a binary system each release cycle.
The Platform Controller Hub (PCH) is a family of Intel's single-chip chipsets, first introduced in 2009. It is the successor to the Intel Hub Architecture, which used two chips - a northbridge and southbridge instead, and first appeared in the Intel 5 Series.
Haswell is the codename for a processor microarchitecture developed by Intel as the "fourth-generation core" successor to the Ivy Bridge. Intel officially announced CPUs based on this microarchitecture on June 4, 2013, at Computex Taipei 2013, while a working Haswell chip was demonstrated at the 2011 Intel Developer Forum. With Haswell, which uses a 22 nm process, Intel also introduced low-power processors designed for convertible or "hybrid" ultrabooks, designated by the "U" suffix.
Intel Turbo Boost is Intel's trade name for a feature that automatically raises certain versions of its processors' operating frequency, and thus performance, when demanding tasks are running. Turbo-Boost-enabled processors are the Core i3, Core i5, Core i7, Core i9 and Xeon series manufactured since 2008, more particularly, those based on the Nehalem, and later microarchitectures. The frequency is accelerated when the operating system requests the highest performance state of the processor. Processor performance states are defined by the Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) specification, an open standard supported by all major operating systems; no additional software or drivers are required to support the technology. The design concept behind Turbo Boost is commonly referred to as "dynamic overclocking".
Intel Core are streamlined midrange consumer, workstation and enthusiast computers central processing units (CPU) marketed by Intel Corporation. These processors displaced the existing mid- to high-end Pentium processors at the time of their introduction, moving the Pentium to the entry level. Identical or more capable versions of Core processors are also sold as Xeon processors for the server and workstation markets.
LGA 2011, also called Socket R, is a CPU socket by Intel released on November 14, 2011. It launched alongside with LGA 1356 to replace its predecessor, LGA 1366 and LGA 1567. While LGA 1356 was designed for dual-processor or low-end servers, LGA 2011 was designed for high-end desktops and high-performance servers. The socket has 2011 protruding pins that touch contact points on the underside of the processor.
LGA 1155, also called Socket H2, is a socket used for Intel microprocessors based on Sandy Bridge and Ivy Bridge microarchitectures.
Skylake is the codename used by Intel for a processor microarchitecture that was launched in August 2015 succeeding the Broadwell microarchitecture. Skylake is a microarchitecture redesign using the same 14 nm manufacturing process technology as its predecessor, serving as a "tock" in Intel's "tick–tock" manufacturing and design model. According to Intel, the redesign brings greater CPU and GPU performance and reduced power consumption. Skylake CPUs share their microarchitecture with Kaby Lake, Coffee Lake, Cannon Lake, Whiskey Lake, and Comet Lake CPUs.
Intel Quick Sync Video is Intel's brand for its dedicated video encoding and decoding hardware core. Quick Sync was introduced with the Sandy Bridge CPU microarchitecture on 9 January 2011 and has been found on the die of Intel CPUs ever since.
Westmere is the code name given to the 32 nm die shrink of Nehalem. While sharing the same CPU sockets, Westmere included Intel HD Graphics, while Nehalem did not.
Broadwell is the fifth generation of the Intel Core Processor. It's Intel's codename for the 14 nanometer die shrink of its Haswell microarchitecture. It is a "tick" in Intel's tick–tock principle as the next step in semiconductor fabrication. Like some of the previous tick-tock iterations, Broadwell did not completely replace the full range of CPUs from the previous microarchitecture (Haswell), as there were no low-end desktop CPUs based on Broadwell.
Intel Ivy Bridge-based Xeon microprocessors is the follow-up to Sandy Bridge-E, using the same CPU core as the Ivy Bridge processor, but in LGA 2011, LGA 1356 and LGA 2011-1 packages for workstations and servers.
Kaby Lake is Intel's codename for its seventh generation Core microprocessor family announced on August 30, 2016. Like the preceding Skylake, Kaby Lake is produced using a 14 nanometer manufacturing process technology. Breaking with Intel's previous "tick–tock" manufacturing and design model, Kaby Lake represents the optimized step of the newer process–architecture–optimization model. Kaby Lake began shipping to manufacturers and OEMs in the second quarter of 2016, and mobile chips have started shipping while Kaby Lake (desktop) chips were officially launched in January 2017.
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