Izumo (train)

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Izumo

BLUE TRAIN IZUMO.jpg

An Izumo service at Tokyo Station, December 1997
Overview
Service type Limited express
Status Discontinued
Locale Japan
First service 29 June 1947 (Semi express)
19 November 1956 (Express)
15 March 1972 (Limited express)
Last service 18 March 2006
Successor Sunrise Izumo
Current operator(s) JR West
Former operator(s) JNR
Route
Start Tokyo
End Hamada
Distance travelled 1,042 km (647 mi)
Average journey time 15 hours 11 minutes (1998)
Service frequency 2 return workings daily
Technical
Rolling stock 14 series, 24/25 series sleeping cars
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification 1,500 V DC

The Izumo(出雲) was a limited express overnight sleeping car train service in Japan operated by Japanese National Railways (JNR) and later by West Japan Railway Company (JR West), which ran from Tokyo to Izumoshi and Hamada in Shimane Prefecture until March 2006. [1] [2]

A limited express is a type of express train service. It refers to an express service that stops at a limited number of stops in comparison to other express services on the same or similar routes.

Sleeping car railway passenger car with private sleeping berths

The sleeping car or sleeper is a railway passenger car that can accommodate all its passengers in beds of one kind or another, primarily for the purpose of making nighttime travel more restful. George Pullman was the American inventor of the sleeper car.

Japanese National Railways, abbreviated Kokutetsu (国鉄) or "JNR", was the business entity that operated Japan's national railway network from 1949 to 1987.

Contents

Rolling stock

In its latter years, the Izumo service was operated using JR East 24/25 series sleeping cars based at Oku Depot in Tokyo. [3] Services were however operated by JR West staff. [3]

History

The Izumo service (written in hiragana as いずも) commenced on 29 June 1947, as a "semi-express" service operating between Osaka and Taisha Station  (ja ) (now closed). [4] From 19 November 1956, this was upgraded to become an "express" service (written in kanji as 出雲) operating between Tokyo and Hamada. [4] From 15 March 1972, the train was upgraded to become a "limited express" service. [4]

Hiragana is a Japanese syllabary, one component of the Japanese writing system, along with katakana, kanji, and in some cases rōmaji. It is a phonetic lettering system. The word hiragana literally means "ordinary" or "simple" kana.

<i>Kanji</i> adopted logographic Chinese characters used in the modern Japanese writing system

Kanji are the adopted logographic Chinese characters that are used in the Japanese writing system. They are used alongside the Japanese syllabic scripts hiragana and katakana. The Japanese term kanji for the Chinese characters literally means "Han characters". It is written with the same characters in the Chinese language to refer to the character writing system, hanzi (漢字).

Tokyo Station railway station and metro station in Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan

Tokyo Station is a railway station in the Chiyoda City, Tokyo, Japan. The original station is located in Chiyoda's Marunouchi business district near the Imperial Palace grounds. The newer Eastern extension is not far from the Ginza commercial district. Due to its large area covered, the station is divided into Marunouchi and Yaesu sides in its directional signage.

From 10 July 1998, one pair of Izumo services was replaced by new 285 series electric multiple unit trains running as the Sunrise Izumo together with the Sunrise Seto via Okayama. [5] The remaining pair of services followed the original route, travelling over the Sanin Main Line west of Kyoto , via Fukuchiyama. [5]

285 series Japanese train type

The 285 series is an electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated jointly by Central Japan Railway Company and West Japan Railway Company (JR-West) on the overnight Sunrise Izumo and Sunrise Seto limited express services in Japan. These EMUs were introduced from 10 July 1998 to replace ageing locomotive-hauled "Blue Train" coaches which once operated on separate Seto and Izumo services between Tokyo, Shikoku and the Sanin region.

Electric multiple unit A multiple unit train consisting of self-propelled carriages, using electricity as the motive power

An electric multiple unit or EMU is a multiple-unit train consisting of self-propelled carriages, using electricity as the motive power. An EMU requires no separate locomotive, as electric traction motors are incorporated within one or a number of the carriages. An EMU is usually formed of two or more semi-permanently coupled carriages, but electrically powered single-unit railcars are also generally classed as EMUs. The great majority of EMUs are passenger trains, but versions also exist for carrying parcels and mail.

Sunrise Izumo

The Sunrise Izumo is an overnight sleeping car train service in Japan operated jointly by Central Japan Railway Company and West Japan Railway Company since July 1998.

The last remaining Izumo services were withdrawn from the start of the revised timetable on 18 March 2006. [3]

See also

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References

  1. Teramoto, Mitsuteru (July 2001). 国鉄・JR列車名大辞典[JNR & JR Train Name Encyclopedia]. Tokyo, Japan: Chuoshoin Publishing Co., Ltd. pp. 96–98. ISBN   4-88732-093-0.
  2. 最新特急大カタログ[Modern Limited Express Catalogue]. Japan: JTB. November 1992. p. 111.
  3. 1 2 3 "JR車両ファイル2006" [JR Rolling Stock File 2006]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). Vol. 46 no. 543. Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. July 2006. p. 30.
  4. 1 2 3 列車名鑑1995[Train Name Directory 1995]. Japan: Railway Journal. August 1995. p. 123.
  5. 1 2 こだわりの新幹線&特急列車ガイド[In-depth Shinkansen & Limited Express Guide]. Japan: Ikaros Publishing. August 2000. p. 195. ISBN   4-87149-284-2.