Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County

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Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County

Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok megye
Szelmalom (6010. szamu muemlek) 3.jpg
Tiszaviragzas a Tiszainokai kikotonel, 2011. junius 13 -an.JPG
Zsinagoga (17737. szamu muemlek) 3.jpg
Descending, from top: Windmill near Kengyel, A mayfly is hatching on Tisza, and Gallery of Szolnok
FLAG-Jasz-Nagykun-Szolnok.svg
Flag
HUN Jasz-Nagykun-Szolnok megye COA.png
Coat of arms
HU county Jasz-Nagykun-Szolnok.svg
Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County within Hungary
Country Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
Region Northern Great Plain
County seat Szolnok
Districts
Government
  President of the General AssemblyDr. Sándor Kovács (Fidesz-KDNP)
Area
  Total5,581.61 km2 (2,155.07 sq mi)
Area rank 8th in Hungary
Population
 (2015)
  Total379,897 [1]
  Rank 9th in Hungary
Postal code
50xx – 54xx
Area code(s) (+36) 56, 57, 59
ISO 3166 code HU-JN
Website www.jnszm.hu

Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok (Hungarian : Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok megye, pronounced  [ˈjaːs ˈnɒckun ˈsolnok] ) is the name of an administrative county (comitatus or megye) in Hungary. It lies in central Hungary and shares borders with the Hungarian counties Pest, Heves, Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén, Hajdú-Bihar, Békés, Csongrád, and Bács-Kiskun. The rivers Tisza and Körös flow through the county. The capital of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok county is Szolnok. Its area is 5582 km². The county is named after the Ossetians (Jasz) and Cumans (Kun) who settled there, along with Szolnok. The county was part of the Danube–Criș–Mureș–Tisa Euroregion between 1997 and 2004.

Contents

Geography

This county has a total area of 5,582 km2 (2,155 sq mi) – 6,00% of Hungary.

Neighbouring counties

Symbols

Coat of arms and flag

The county's coat of arms was recreated in 1991 from the coats of arms of the former Jászkun periphery, with the crown and frame decoration on it. It consists of the unification of the coat of arms of Jászság, Nagykunság and former Exterior-Szolnok County. The upper part is divided into two equally spaced vertices from top to bottom. [2]

HUN Jasz-Nagykun-Szolnok megye COA.png
  • The upper-left field is a natural colored stork, on a silver (white) background. It means the formerly Exterior-Szolnok County.
  • The top-right coat of arms shows a dark brown lion, with red crescent and star above it, on a gold (yellow) background. It means the Nagykunság .
  • Bottom, with the coat of arms is divided into two parts and it is divided into a lower part in a blue box on a white-knight fighter, his right hand with the Lehel's horn, his left hand holding a shield. It symbolizes the Jászság .
  • Above the rider, three wavy silver bars represent the three rivers (Tisza, Zagyva and Körös) of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County.

The flag is vertically divided into two equal sections (blue and white), with the coat of arms on it, and the county's name embroidered with gold thread under the coat of arms. Its ratio is 2:1. The use of both coat of arms and flag is regulated by the county council. [3]

History

Demographics

Religion in Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County (2011 census)

   Catholic Church (31.9%)
   Greek Catholicism (0.3%)
   Calvinism (11.1%)
   Lutheranism (0.3%)
  Other religions (1.1%)
   Non-religious (28.0%)
   Atheists (1.2%)
  Undeclared (26.1%)

In 2015, it had a population of 379,897 and the population density was 68/km².

YearCounty population [4] Change
1949449,551n/a
1960Increase2.svg 461,307 (record)2.62%
1970Decrease2.svg 437,879-5.08%
1980Increase2.svg 445,6241.77%
1990Decrease2.svg 425,583-4.50%
2001Decrease2.svg 415,917-2.27%
2011Decrease2.svg 386,594-7.05%

Ethnicity

Besides the Hungarian majority, the main minorities are the Roma (approx. 19,000), German and Romanian (500).

Total population (2011 census): 386,594
Ethnic groups (2011 census): [5] Identified themselves: 344,488 persons:

  • Hungarians: 323,293 (93.85%)
  • Gypsies: 18,935 (5.50%)
  • Others and indefinable: 2,260 (0.66%)

Approx. 56,000 persons in Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County did not declare their ethnic group at the 2011 census.

Religion

Religious adherence in the county according to 2011 census: [6]

Regional structure

District of Jasz-Nagykun-Szolnok County Jasz-Nagykun-Szolnok districts.png
District of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County
English and
Hungarian names
Area
(km²)
Population
(2011)
Density
(pop./km²)
Seat№ of
municipalities
1 Jászapáti District
Jászapáti járás
544.4533,17261 Jászapáti 9
2 Jászberény District
Jászberényi járás
617.0151,27483 Jászberény 9
3 Karcag District
Karcagi járás
857.2643,22650 Karcag 5
4 Kunhegyes District
Kunhegyesi járás
464.5820,04543 Kunhegyes 7
5 Kunszentmárton District
Kunszentmártoni járás
576.4936,14763 Kunszentmárton 11
6 Mezőtúr District
Mezőtúri járás
725.7428,19139 Mezőtúr 5
7 Szolnok District
Szolnoki járás
914.48118,241129 Szolnok 18
8 Tiszafüred District
Tiszafüredi járás
417.0519,55947 Tiszafüred 7
9 Törökszentmiklós District
Törökszentmiklósi járás
464.5436,73979 Törökszentmiklós 7
Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County5,581.61386,59469 Szolnok 78

Transport

Road network

In 2012, Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County has a dense network of public roads, in total length of 1,330 km, of which 112 km are primary and 283 km are secondary main roads. [7] Inland, connections are provided by 935 km of county and communal roads and 14 km are covered with light road surfaces.

Highway network
Road network

Rail network

At county level, double railway lines have a share of 35%, and the degree of electrification is over 45% (243 km) of existing railway lines. The length of railways that cross the county is 503 km.

Politics

The Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County Council, elected at the 2019 local government elections, is made up of 18 counselors, [8] with the following party composition:

Countyhall of Jasz-Nagykun-Szolnok Jasz-Nagykun-Szolnok County Hall, facade, 2017 Szolnok.jpg
Countyhall of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok
PartySeatsCurrent County Assembly
  Fidesz-KDNP 11           
  Jobbik 3           
  Democratic Coalition 1           
  Momentum Movement 1           
  Hungarian Socialist Party 1           
  Our Homeland Movement 1           

Presidents of the General Assembly

List of Presidents, from 1990 [9]
Lajos Boros (MDF)1990–1994
Imre Iváncsik (MSZP)1994–1998
Lajos Búsi (Fidesz)1998–2002
István Tokár (MSZP)2002–2006
Andor Fejér (Fidesz-KDNP)2006–2010
Sándor Kovács (Fidesz-KDNP)2010–

Municipalities

Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County has 1 urban county, 21 towns, 4 large villages and 52 villages.

City with county rights

(ordered by population, as of 2011 census)

Towns
Villages

Red pog.svg municipalities are large villages.

Notable people

Many famous people have been born or lived in present-day Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County:

International relations

Mezotur - City hall - aerial photo Mezotur - Varoshaza.jpg
Mezőtúr - City hall - aerial photo

Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County has a partnership relationship with: [10]

See also

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Jászapáti District Districts of Hungary in Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok

Jászapáti is a district in north-western part of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County. Jászapáti is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Great Plain Statistical Region. This district is a part of Jászság historical, ethnographical and geographical region.

Jászberény District Districts of Hungary in Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok

Jászberény is a district in north-western part of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County. Jászberény is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Great Plain Statistical Region. This district is a part of Jászság historical, ethnographical and geographical region.

Karcag District Districts of Hungary in Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok

Karcag is a district in eastern part of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County, Hungary. Karcag is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Great Plain Statistical Region. This district is a part of Nagykunság historical and geographical region.

Mezőtúr District Districts of Hungary in Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok

Mezőtúr is a district in south-eastern part of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County. Mezőtúr is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Great Plain Statistical Region. This district is a part of Nagykunság historical and geographical region.

Kunhegyes District Districts of Hungary in Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok

Kunhegyes is a district in north-eastern part of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County. Kunhegyes is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Great Plain Statistical Region. This district is a part of Nagykunság historical and geographical region.

Tiszafüred District Districts of Hungary in Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok

Tiszafüred is a district in north-eastern part of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County. Tiszafüred is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Great Plain Statistical Region.

Törökszentmiklós District Districts of Hungary in Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok

Törökszentmiklós is a district in central part of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County. Törökszentmiklós is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Great Plain Statistical Region. This district is a part of Nagykunság historical and geographical region.

Kunszentmárton District Districts of Hungary in Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok

Kunszentmárton is a district in southern part of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County. Kunszentmárton is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Great Plain Statistical Region. This district is a part of Nagykunság historical and geographical region.

Szolnok District Districts of Hungary in Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok

Szolnok is a district in western part of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County. Szolnok is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Great Plain Statistical Region.

Gyomaendrőd District Districts of Hungary in Békés

Gyomaendrőd is a district in north-western part of Békés County. Gyomaendrőd is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Southern Great Plain Statistical Region.

Szarvas District Districts of Hungary in Békés

Szarvas is a district in western part of Békés County. Szarvas is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Southern Great Plain Statistical Region.

The Main road 32 is a northwest-southeast direction Secondary class main road in Hungary, that connecting Hatvan with Szolnok. The road is 80 km long.

References

  1. nepesseg.com, population data of Hungarian settlements
  2. magyarcimerek.hu, "Coat of arms of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County"
  3. Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok Megye lobogója (in Hungarian)
  4. népesség.com, "Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok megye népessége 1870-2015"
  5. 1.1.6. A népesség anyanyelv, nemzetiség és nemek szerint – Frissítve: 2013.04.17.; Hungarian Central Statistical Office (in Hungarian)
  6. 2011. ÉVI NÉPSZÁMLÁLÁS, 3. Területi adatok, 3.11 Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok megye, (in Hungarian)
  7. "Tájékoztató JÁSZ-NAGYKUN-SZOLNOK MEGYE állami közúthálózatának állapotáról és fejlesztlési lehetőségeiről" (PDF) (in Hungarian).Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  8. "Megyei közgyűlés tagjai 2019-2024 (Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok megye)". valasztas.hu. Retrieved 2019-10-28.
  9. Önkormányzati választások eredményei (in Hungarian)
  10. A testvérmegyék rövid bemutatása (Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok megye)

Coordinates: 47°15′N20°30′E / 47.250°N 20.500°E / 47.250; 20.500