Józef Oleksy

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Józef Oleksy
JKRUK 20090524 JOZEF OLEKSY BUSKO IMG 7314.jpg
Prime Minister of Poland
In office
7 March 1995 7 February 1996
President Lech Wałęsa,
Aleksander Kwaśniewski
Deputy Roman Jagieliński
Grzegorz Kołodko
Aleksander Łuczak
Preceded by Waldemar Pawlak
Succeeded by Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz
Marshal of the Sejm
2nd Marshal of the Sejm of The Third Republic of Poland
In office
14 October 1993 3 March 1995
President Lech Wałęsa
Prime Minister Hanna Suchocka
Waldemar Pawlak
Preceded by Wiesław Chrzanowski
Succeeded by Józef Zych
Marshal of the Sejm
6th Marshal of the Sejm of The Third Republic of Poland
In office
21 April 2004 5 January 2005
President Aleksander Kwaśniewski
Prime Minister Leszek Miller
Marek Belka
Preceded by Marek Borowski
Succeeded by Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz
Member of the Sejm
In office
4 June 1989 18 October 2005
Leader of Democratic Left Alliance
In office
18 December 2004 21 May 2005
Preceded by Krzysztof Janik
Succeeded by Wojciech Olejniczak
Leader of Social Democracy
In office
23 December 1995 21 September 1997
Preceded by Aleksander Kwaśniewski
Succeeded by Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz
Personal details
Born(1946-06-22)22 June 1946
Nowy Sącz, Poland
Died9 January 2015(2015-01-09) (aged 68)
Warsaw, Poland
Political party Social Democracy of the Republic of Poland, Democratic Left Alliance
Spouse(s)Maria Oleksy
ProfessionEconomist
Awards POL Polonia Restituta Wielki BAR.svg POL Polonia Restituta Oficerski BAR.svg POL Polonia Restituta Kawalerski BAR.svg POL Srebrny Krzyz Zaslugi BAR.svg POL Medal 40-lecia Polski Ludowej BAR.svg POL Brazowy Medal za Zaslugi dla Obronnosci Kraju BAR.svg POL Medal KEN BAR.svg LTU Order for Merits to Lithuania - Commander's Grand Cross BAR.svg GER Bundesverdienstkreuz 6 GrVK Stern Band.svg

Józef Oleksy [ˈjuzɛf ɔˈlɛksɨ] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ) (22 June 1946 – 9 January 2015) was a Polish left-wing politician, former chairman of the Democratic Left Alliance (Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej, SLD).

Democratic Left Alliance is a social-democratic political party in Poland. It was formed in 1991 as an electoral alliance of centre-left parties, and became a single party on 15 April 1999. The SLD has no representation in the Sejm or Senate following the 2015 parliamentary election. The party is a member of the Party of European Socialists and Progressive Alliance.

Contents

Early life and education

In his youth he lived in Nowy Sacz, and was an altar boy at St. Margaret church. He graduated from Kazimierz Brodziński High School in Tarnów. Later on, he graduated from the Faculty of Foreign Trade of the Warsaw School of Planning and Statistics (Currently Warsaw School of Economics). He obtained a doctoral degree in economics. He was a dean and lecturer at the Faculty of International Relations at the Warsaw School of Economics and the Vistula University in Warsaw.

Nowy Sącz Place in Lesser Poland, Poland

Nowy Sącz is a city in the Lesser Poland Voivodeship of southern Poland. It is the district capital of Nowy Sącz County as a separate administrative unit. Founded by the Duke of Cracow on 8 November 1292, New Sacz is one of the oldest cities in the Lesser Poland region, with a population of around 84,000 as of 2014.

Vistula University

Vistula University (VU) was founded in 1996 and is one of the first private universities of Poland. Vistula University (Vu) is supervised by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of The Republic of Poland and accredited by the State Accreditation Committee. The university offers programs in English and Polish in several fields.

Career

From 1968 to 1990 he was a member of the communist Polish United Workers' Party (PZPR). He was a member of the board of the main Socialist Union of Polish Students. He chaired the National Council of Young Scientists. He was the secretary of the PZPR University Committee at the Warsaw School of Planning and Statistics. In 1977 he went to work in party apparatus at the Department of Ideological and Educational Work of the Central Committee of the Polish United Workers' Party. From 1981 to the X Congress of the Party, he headed the office of the Central Committee of the Party. In 1987-1989 he was the First Secretary of the Provincial Party Committee in Biala Podlaska. In 1989, he served as Minister-Council member for cooperation with trade unions. In the same year he took part in the round table talks on the government side. Oleksy represented the Communist leadership in round table talks with the opposition Solidarity movement in early 1989. [1]

Polish United Workers Party Polish former communist political party

The Polish United Workers' Party was the Communist party which governed the Polish People's Republic from 1948 to 1989. Ideologically it was based on the theories of Marxism-Leninism. It also controlled the armed forces, the Polish People's Army.

In 1990 he was one of the founders of the Social Democracy of the Republic of Poland, he was the chairman of this party from January 28, 1996 to December 6, 1997, and co-founded the Democratic Left Alliance in 1999. In the years 1989-2005, he was the member of the Sejm.

Social Democracy of the Republic of Poland political party

Social Democracy of the Republic of Poland (SdRP) was a social-democratic political party in Poland created in 1990, shortly after the Revolutions of 1989. The party was the main party of the successor parties to the Polish United Workers Party (PZPR).

<i>Sejm</i> lower house of the parliament of Poland

The Sejm of the Republic of Poland is the larger, more powerful lower house of the Polish parliament. It consists of 460 deputies elected by universal ballot and is presided over by a speaker called the "Marshal of the Sejm of the Republic of Poland". In the Kingdom of Poland, "Sejm" referred to the entire two-chamber parliament of Poland, comprising the Chamber of Envoys, the Senate and the King. It was thus a three-estate parliament. Since the Second Polish Republic (1918–1939), "Sejm" has referred only to the larger house of the parliament; the upper house is called the Senat Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej.

In the years 1993-1995 he was the Marshal of the Sejm. From March 7, 1995 to February 7, 1996, he served as Prime Minister of Poland. He resigned after being falsely accused by Interior Minister Andrzej Milczanowski for spying for Russia under the pseudonym "Olin". [2] These allegations have never been confirmed. [3]

Marshal of the Sejm speaker of the Sejm, the lower house of the Polish parliament

Marshal of the Sejm also known as Sejm Marshal, Chairman of the Sejm or Speaker of the Sejm is the speaker (chair) of the Sejm, the lower house of the Polish parliament. The office traces its origins to the 15th century. In modern Poland, the full title is Marshal of the Sejm of the Republic of Poland.

Prime Minister of Poland Head of Government of Poland

The President of the Council of Ministers, colloquially referred to as the Prime Minister, is the leader of the cabinet and the head of government of Poland. The current responsibilities and traditions of the office stem from the creation of the contemporary Polish state, and the office is defined in the Constitution of 1997. According to the Constitution, the President of Poland nominates and appoints the prime minister, who will then propose the composition of the cabinet. Fourteen days following his or her appointment, the prime minister must submit a programme outlining the government's agenda to the Sejm, requiring a vote of confidence. Conflicts stemming from both interest and powers have arisen between the offices of President and Prime Minister in the past.

In the years 2001-2005 he was a chairman of the European Union Committee in the Sejm which was responsible for aligning all Polish laws and regulations before Poland joined European Union in 2004. In 2004 he was a member of the European Parliament and the Convention on the Future of Europe, which was responsible to produce a draft constitution for the European Union for the European Council to finalise and adopt.

European Union Economic and political union of European states

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe. It has an area of 4,475,757 km2 (1,728,099 sq mi) and an estimated population of about 513 million. The EU has developed an internal single market through a standardised system of laws that apply in all member states in those matters, and only those matters, where members have agreed to act as one. EU policies aim to ensure the free movement of people, goods, services and capital within the internal market, enact legislation in justice and home affairs and maintain common policies on trade, agriculture, fisheries and regional development. For travel within the Schengen Area, passport controls have been abolished. A monetary union was established in 1999 and came into full force in 2002 and is composed of 19 EU member states which use the euro currency.

European Parliament Directly elected parliament of the European Union

The European Parliament (EP) is the only parliamentary institution of the European Union (EU) that is directly elected by EU citizens aged 18 or older. Together with the European Commission and the Council of the European Union it exercises the tripartite legislative function of the European Union. The Parliament is composed of 751 members (MEPs), intended to become 705 starting from the 2019–2024 legislature because of specific provisions adopted about Brexit, who represent the second-largest democratic electorate in the world and the largest trans-national democratic electorate in the world.

Convention on the Future of Europe body established by the European Council in December 2001 as a result of the Laeken Declaration

The Convention on the Future of Europe, was a body established by the European Council in December 2001 as a result of the Laeken Declaration. Inspired by the Philadelphia Convention that led to the adoption of the United States federal Constitution, its purpose was to produce a draft constitution for the European Union for the Council to finalise and adopt. The Convention finished its work in July 2003 with their Draft Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe. See History of the European Constitution for developments after this point.

In early 2004 he took the office of the Minister of Internal Affairs. Between 21 April 2004 and 5 January 2005 he was the Marshal of the Sejm.

A record of a private conversation Jozef Oleksy had with one of Poland's richest businessmen Aleksander Gudzowaty "leaked" to the media on 22 March 2007. The tapes suggested corruption in the SLD party. Oleksy accused former president Aleksander Kwaśniewski of illegal financial procedures, and spoke very harshly of then SLD leader Wojciech Olejniczak and several other members of the party. [4] He soon left the SLD. [5] He re-joined the SLD on February 1, 2010 and on May 12, 2012 he became vice-president of this party.

Private life

Jozef Oleksy was married to Maria Oleksy. He had two children.

Since 2005 he has been struggling with cancer. He died on January 9, 2015. Funeral ceremonies with representatives of the state authorities, including President Bronislaw Komorowski, Prime Minister Ewa Kopacz and Marshal of the Sejm Radoslaw Sikorski, took place on January 16, 2015 in the Field Cathedral of the Polish Army in Warsaw. Joseph Oleksy was buried at the Powązki Military Cemetery. [6]

Honours and awards

See also

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References

Political offices
Preceded by
Wiesław Chrzanowski
Sejm Marshal
1993–1995
Succeeded by
Józef Zych
Preceded by
Waldemar Pawlak
Prime Minister of Poland
1995–1996
Succeeded by
Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz
Preceded by
Marek Borowski
Sejm Marshal
2004–2005
Succeeded by
Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz