|Jôf di Montasio|
Montasio mountain group seen from Cima di Terrarossa.
|Elevation||2,752 m (9,029 ft)|
|Prominence||1,596 m (5,236 ft)|
|Isolation||31.5 km (19.6 mi) |
|Location||Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy|
|Parent range||Julian Alps|
|First ascent||18 August 1877 by Hermann Findenegg and Antonio Brussoferro|
The Jôf di Montasio (Italian, Friulian : Jôf dal Montâs, Slovene : Montaž, German : Montasch) is located in the Province of Udine, in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region of northeastern Italy.
With its elevation of 2,752 metres (9,029 ft), it is the second highest mountain of the Julian Alps, surpassed only by Triglav. The Julian Alps are part of the Southern Limestone Alps System.
Since medieval times, the steep rocks of the Montasio massif, stretching about 20 kilometres (12 mi) in an east-west direction, formed the natural border between the Imperial Duchy of Carinthia in the north and the Venetian Domini di Terraferma in the south. In World War I the mountain crest up to the Sella Nevea pass was part of the Italian Front and permanently manned by the Alpini. However, no hostilities happened here as the northern slope of the mountain was too steep for an attack by the Austro-Hungarian Army.
In the valleys around the mountain, local people speak four languages - Italian, Friulian, Slovene, and German. The original German name for the mountain was Bramkofel, while the original Slovene name was Špik nad Policami or Poliški Špik. However nowadays they mostly use Montasch and Montaž, borrowed from the Friulian name.
At the top of the mountain stands a cross and a bell in memory of Riccardo Deffar.
There are many climbing routes from all sides. Many of them are hard rock climbing routes and ferratas, in particular from the north-east side. The normal mountaineering route is from the south side. It passes the Rifugio Brazza, at round 1650 m above the sea level. After that you can choose either the direction towards the Pipan ladder, or towards Findenegg Couloir and Suringar bivouac which is at 2400 m above the sea level.
The Ladder is 60 meters long steel structure and you should have ferrata equipment. Some sections in the Findenegg Couloir route are a bit exposed, and you also have some simple scramble at several places above the Suringar bivouac.
The Julian Alps are a mountain range of the Southern Limestone Alps that stretch from northeastern Italy to Slovenia, where they rise to 2,864 m at Mount Triglav, the highest peak in Slovenia and of the former Yugoslavia. A large part of the Julian Alps is included in Triglav National Park. The second highest peak of the range, the 2,755 m high Jôf di Montasio, lies in Italy.
Friuli Venezia Giulia is one of the 20 regions of Italy, and one of five autonomous regions with special statute. The regional capital is Trieste.
Friuli is an area of Northeast Italy with its own particular cultural and historical identity containing 600,000 Friulians. It comprises the major part of the autonomous region Friuli Venezia Giulia, i.e. the administrative provinces of Udine, Pordenone, and Gorizia, excluding Trieste.
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