Jørgen Ingmann

Last updated

Jørgen Ingmann
Jorgen Ingmann.jpg
Ingmann in 1963
Background information
Birth nameJørgen Ingmann Pedersen
Born(1925-04-26)26 April 1925
Copenhagen, Denmark
Died21 March 2015(2015-03-21) (aged 89)
Holte, Denmark
Occupation(s)Musician
Years active1944–84

Jørgen Ingmann (born Jørgen Ingmann Pedersen; 26 April 1925 – 21 March 2015) was a Danish jazz and pop guitarist from Copenhagen. He was popular in Europe, and had a wider international hit in 1961 with his version of "Apache". He and his wife Grethe Ingmann won the 1963 Eurovision Song Contest with the song "Dansevise".

Danes people of Denmark

Danes are a North Germanic ethnic group native to Denmark and a modern nation identified with the country of Denmark. This connection may be ancestral, legal, historical, or cultural.

Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime. Jazz is seen by many as "America's classical music". Since the 1920s Jazz Age, jazz has become recognized as a major form of musical expression. It then emerged in the form of independent traditional and popular musical styles, all linked by the common bonds of African-American and European-American musical parentage with a performance orientation. Jazz is characterized by swing and blue notes, call and response vocals, polyrhythms and improvisation. Jazz has roots in West African cultural and musical expression, and in African-American music traditions including blues and ragtime, as well as European military band music. Intellectuals around the world have hailed jazz as "one of America's original art forms".

Pop music is a genre of popular music that originated in its modern form in the United States and United Kingdom during the mid-1950s. The terms "popular music" and "pop music" are often used interchangeably, although the former describes all music that is popular and includes many diverse styles. "Pop" and "rock" were roughly synonymous terms until the late 1960s, when they became increasingly differentiated from each other.

Contents

Career

Jørgen Ingmann Pedersen was born in Copenhagen, and first performed as a guitarist with Svend Asmussen, the jazz violinist, during the 1940s and early 1950s, in a group known as the Unmelancholy Danes. [1]

Svend Asmussen Danish jazz violinist

Svend Asmussen was a jazz violinist from Denmark, known as "The Fiddling Viking". A Swing style virtuoso, he played and recorded with many of the greats of Jazz, including Duke Ellington, Benny Goodman and Stephane Grappelli. He played publicly until 2010 when he had a blood clot, his career having spanned eight decades. At the age of 100, he died on 7 February 2017.

He was influenced by American guitarist and recording studio pioneer Les Paul. In the mid-1950s he set up his own studio where he developed techniques of multi-tracking and distortion, using his own accompaniment on bass and drums, and began recording under the name Jørgen Ingmann & His Guitar. [1]

Recording studio facility for sound recording

A recording studio is a specialized facility for sound recording, mixing, and audio production of instrumental or vocal musical performances, spoken words, and other sounds. They range in size from a small in-home project studio large enough to record a single singer-guitarist, to a large building with space for a full orchestra of 100 or more musicians. Ideally both the recording and monitoring spaces are specially designed by an acoustician or audio engineer to achieve optimum acoustic properties.

Les Paul American jazz guitarist, country guitarist, songwriter and inventor

Lester William Polsfuss, known as Les Paul, was an American jazz, country, and blues guitarist, songwriter, luthier, and inventor. He was one of the pioneers of the solid-body electric guitar, and his techniques served as inspiration for the Gibson Les Paul. Paul taught himself how to play guitar, and while he is mainly known for jazz and popular music, he had an early career in country music. He is credited with many recording innovations. Although he was not the first to use the technique, his early experiments with overdubbing, delay effects such as tape delay, phasing effects and multitrack recording were among the first to attract widespread attention.

Multitrack recording

Multitrack recording (MTR)—also known as multitracking, double tracking, or tracking—is a method of sound recording developed in 1955 that allows for the separate recording of multiple sound sources or of sound sources recorded at different times to create a cohesive whole. Multitracking became possible in the mid-1950s when the idea of simultaneously recording different audio channels to separate discrete "tracks" on the same reel-to-reel tape was developed. A "track" was simply a different channel recorded to its own discrete area on the tape whereby their relative sequence of recorded events would be preserved, and playback would be simultaneous or synchronized.

Under this name he recorded a version of "Apache" in the fall of 1960; "Apache" was originally recorded in June 1960 by the British group the Shadows. Ingmann's cover version charted in 1961 at #1 in Canada on the CHUM Chart, #2 in the United States on the Billboard pop singles chart, #9 on the Billboard R&B chart, #4 on Cashbox, and #6 in Germany. [2] [3]

Apache (instrumental) instrumental by Jerry Lordan

"Apache" is an instrumental written by English composer Jerry Lordan. The original version was by Bert Weedon, but Lordan did not like the version. The British rock group the Shadows recorded "Apache" in June 1960 and released it the next month. It topped the UK Singles Chart for five weeks.

The Shadows British rock group

The Shadows were an English instrumental rock group, and were Cliff Richard's backing band from 1958 to 1968 and have also collaborated again on numerous reunion tours. The Shadows have placed 69 UK charted singles from the 1950s to the 2000s, 35 credited to the Shadows and 34 to Cliff Richard and the Shadows. The group, who were in the forefront of the UK beat-group boom, were the first backing band to emerge as stars. As pioneers of the four-member instrumental format, the band consisted of lead guitar, rhythm guitar, bass guitar and drums. Their range covers pop, rock, surf rock and ballads with a jazz influence.

Cover version later version of a song already established with a different earlier performer

In popular music, a cover version, cover song, revival, or simply cover, is a new performance or recording by someone other than the original artist or composer of a previously recorded, commercially released song.

He remade Silvana Mangano's "Anna" with moderate US chart success. [4] In the first half of the 1960s he had many hits in Germany, including "Pepe" (1961 #15), "Anna" (1961 #19), "Violetta" (1962 #16), "Drina Marsch" (1964 #5) and "Zorba le Grec" (1965 #14). [5]

Silvana Mangano Italian actress

Silvana Mangano was an Italian actress.

"Pepe" is a 1960 song written by Hans Wittstatt and Dory Previn for the musical comedy film Pepe, featuring Mario Moreno ("Cantinflas") in the lead role. It was first recorded by Shirley Jones for the movie. Duane Eddy covered the song the same year. There have also been several other cover versions of this song.

Billboard magazine reported that he charted at no. 2 on the Denmark pop singles chart with his recording of "Marchen Til Drina" on 7 December 1963. [6] His recording reached no. 1 on 17 December 1963. [7] Other recordings of his included "Tequila" (which he also recorded during the 60s, with the Champs) and a version of Pinetop Perkins' "Pinetop's Boogie Woogie" (from 1962).[ citation needed ]

"Tequila" is a 1958 Mexican-flavored rock and roll instrumental written by Daniel Flores and recorded by the Champs. "Tequila" became a #1 hit on both the pop and R&B charts at the time of its release and continues to be strongly referenced in pop culture to this day.

Pinetop Perkins American blues pianist

Joe Willie "Pinetop" Perkins was an American blues pianist. He played with some of the most influential blues and rock-and-roll performers of his time and received numerous honors, including a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award and induction into the Blues Hall of Fame.

"Pinetop's Boogie Woogie" is a song initially recorded on December 29, 1928 in Chicago, Illinois, United States. It was released on March 1, 1929 by Clarence "Pinetop" Smith on Vocalion Records, a piano rag that cemented boogie-woogie as the name of its entire genre, which eventually evolved into rock and roll. Along with "Crazy About My Baby", "Pinetop's Boogie Woogie" is sometimes cited as "the first rock and roll song", being an early instance of a danceable 12 bar blues with backbeat.

He also worked as a member of the duet, Grethe og Jørgen Ingmann, together with his wife Grethe Ingmann. After winning the Dansk Melodi Grand Prix competition in 1963, they went on to represent Denmark at the Eurovision Song Contest 1963 where they won with the song "Dansevise" (Dance Ballad), music by Otto Francker and lyrics by Sejr Volmer-Sørensen.[ citation needed ] His best jazz work is to be found on the LP Guitar in Hifi which, apart from "Margie", the first track, has many songs written by Hoagy Carmichael. It was issued in England on a 10-inch LP and in other places as a 12-inch LP. In the USA it was called Jorgan Ingmann Swings Softly.[ citation needed ]

Personal life and death

He and Grethe met in 1955, married in 1956, and divorced in 1975. Jørgen Ingmann died on 21 March 2015, aged 89. [8]

Related Research Articles

Esther Ofarim Israeli singer

Esther Zaied, better known by her married name Esther Ofarim, is an Israeli singer. She came second in the Eurovision Song Contest 1963 with the song "T'en vas pas", representing Switzerland. After marrying Abi Ofarim in 1958 and for a full decade in the 1960s, she was half of the singing husband and wife duo, Esther & Abi Ofarim. After they divorced, the duo broke up and she undertook a successful solo career.

Grethe and Jørgen Ingmann Danish, married music couple

Grethe Ingmann and Jørgen Ingmann were Danish singers and musicians. Together they won the Dansk Melodi Grand Prix in 1963, and went on to represent Denmark in the Eurovision Song Contest 1963 with the song "Dansevise" with music by Otto Francker and lyrics by Sejr Volmer-Sørensen. The song won the competition. No other Danish song would take first place in the Eurovision competition again until the year 2000 when the Olsen Brothers won with their song, "Fly on the Wings of Love", and again in 2013 when Emmelie de Forest won with the song "Only Teardrops"

The United Kingdom held a televised national pre-selection broadcast on BBC1 to choose the song that would go to the Eurovision Song Contest 1969 with Scottish singer Lulu chosen to represent the UK. After performing all six songs weekly on her eponymous TV series Lulu, the final was held on 22 February 1969 and presented by Michael Aspel. Of the six finalists, song No.4, I Can't Go On Living Without You, was written by Elton John and Bernie Taupin, before both found songwriting fame. John recorded the track as a demo which later became available on CD. Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice also submitted a song called Try It and See but this failed to reach the final. They later reworked the track and it became King Herod's Song in the musical Jesus Christ Superstar.

The United Kingdom held a national pre-selection to choose the song that would go to the Eurovision Song Contest 1975. The Shadows were selected by the BBC to represent the UK, after BBC executive Bill Cotton had stated that he specifically wanted a group to sing for Britain in 1975. His choice was met with a negative response by the UK media, the song writing community and the general public. Members of the group were responsible for two of the six shortlisted songs, causing a further outcry from the music publishers associations. The Shadows performed one song a week for six weeks on the BBC1 TV series Lulu, hosted by 1969 Eurovision joint winner Lulu. Uniquely, although the group were seen performing weekly, in fact they only recorded one performance of each of the six songs in December 1974, for a special edition of the series broadcast on 15 February 1975. These performances were then shown individually for the six week period, before being shown back-to-back in the final, followed by an immediate repeat of all six. Viewers cast votes via postcard for their favourite song and the winning entry announced on 22 February was Let Me Be The One which received 17,477 votes, the lowest published figure known for a winning song in the UK finals that used either voting by mail or telephone. The choice of The Shadows led to calls from the Music Publishers Association for the song writers and composers to be allowed to select the artist of their choice to perform the songs in future UK selections for Eurovision and the low postal vote persuaded the BBC that a new format was indeed needed. This was inaugurated in 1976. The winning song was written by Paul Curtis, who won the Song for Europe contest another three times, making him the most successful writer in the history of the UK selection process. He also wrote a further 21 songs that reached the UK finals. Let Me Be The One became the record ninth British entry to place 2nd in the Eurovision Song Contest.

Grethe Ingmann Danish singer

Grethe Ingmann was a Danish singer.

Denmark in the Eurovision Song Contest

Denmark has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 47 times since its debut in 1957. Having competed in ten consecutive contests until 1966, Denmark was absent for eleven consecutive contests from 1967 to 1977. Since 1978, they have been absent from only four contests. Denmark has won the contest three times. The Danish qualifying competition for the contest is the Dansk Melodi Grand Prix.

Un premier amour 1962 Isabelle Aubret song

"Un premier amour" was the winning song of the Eurovision Song Contest 1962, sung in French by Isabelle Aubret representing France.

Dansevise 1963 Grethe Ingmann & Jørgen Ingmann song

"Dansevise" was the winning song of the Eurovision Song Contest 1963 performed in Danish by Grethe and Jørgen Ingmann representing Denmark. This was the first entry performed by a duo to win the Contest and also the first Scandinavian winner.

Jerry Lordan was an English songwriter, composer and singer.

"Vuggevise" ("Lullaby") was the Danish entry in the Eurovision Song Contest 1962, performed in Danish by Ellen Winther.

"Muistojeni laulu" was the Finnish entry in the Eurovision Song Contest 1963, performed in Finnish by Laila Halme. In the Finnish national final, it was performed by Marjatta Leppänen and Irmeli Mäkelä.

The End of the World (Skeeter Davis song) 1962 Skeeter Davis song

"The End of the World" is a country pop song written by composer Arthur Kent and lyricist Sylvia Dee, who often worked as a team. They wrote the song for American singer Skeeter Davis, and her recording of it was highly successful in the early 1960s. It spawned many cover versions.

March on the Drina

The March to the Drina is a Serbian patriotic march which was composed by Stanislav Binički during World War I. Binički dedicated it to his favourite commander in the Serbian Army, Col. Milivoje Stojanović, who had fought during the Battle of Cer, but was killed later in the Battle of Kolubara. The song experienced widespread popularity during and after the war and came to be seen by Serbs as a symbol of resistance to the Great Powers. Following World War II, it was popular in Socialist Yugoslavia where a single release in 1964 achieved Gold Record status. The march was played at the presentation ceremony for the Nobel Prize in Literature when Yugoslav writer Ivo Andrić was named a Nobel laureate in 1961.

Emilio Pericoli Italian singer

Emilio Pericoli was an Italian singer. He was born in Cesenatico, Romagna.

Bjørn Tidmand Danish singer

Bjørn Tidmand is a Danish singer, best known for his participation in the 1964 Eurovision Song Contest.

Denmark was represented by Grethe and Jørgen Ingmann, with the song '"Dansevise", at the 1963 Eurovision Song Contest, which took place on 23 March in London. "Dansevise" was chosen as the Danish entry at the Dansk Melodi Grand Prix on 24 February, and went on to win the contest for Denmark in the most controversial of circumstances, when it was alleged that the Norwegian jury had altered their votes in order to hand victory to Denmark at the expense of Switzerland.

"Brodovi" was the Yugoslavian entry in the Eurovision Song Contest 1963, performed in Croatian by Vice Vukov.

Sejr Volmer-Sørensen was a Danish lyricist, actor, director and television host.

This is a list of Danish television related events from 1963.

References

  1. 1 2 Biography, Allmusic.com; retrieved 23 March 2015.
  2. "Songs from the Year 1961". Tsort.info. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  3. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 December 2013. Retrieved 27 January 2013.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  4. The single reached #54; Joel Whitburn: Top Pop Singles 1955–1993. Menomonee Falls / Wisconsin: Record Research Ltd. 1994, p. 290
  5. Günter Ehnert (ed.): Hit Bilanz. Deutsche Chart Singles 1956–1980. Hamburg: Taurus Press 1990, p. 105
  6. Inc, Nielsen Business Media (7 December 1963). "Billboard". Nielsen Business Media, Inc. Retrieved 27 August 2018 via Google Books.
  7. Danish Top 20 Chart. Archived 19 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  8. "The life of Jørgen Ingmann told through colleagues and friends (Obituary)". Eurovisionary.com. 23 March 2015. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Ellen Winther
with "Vuggevise"
Denmark in the Eurovision Song Contest
1963
Succeeded by
Bjørn Tidmand
with "Sangen om dig"
Preceded by
Isabelle Aubret
with "Un premier amour"
Winner of the Eurovision Song Contest
1963
Succeeded by
Gigliola Cinquetti
with "Non ho l'età"