John P. Gaillard Jr.
|58th Mayor of Charleston, South Carolina|
|Preceded by||William McG. Morrison|
|Succeeded by||Arthur B. Schirmer Jr.|
|Died||July 28,2006 86) (aged|
(m. 1944;died 2001)
John Palmer Gaillard Jr. (April 4,1920 –July 28,2006) was an America politician,who was Mayor of Charleston,South Carolina from 1959 to 1975. The Gaillard Center is named after him. During his tenure,Gaillard significantly expanded the size of Charleston by annexing nearby neighborhoods.
John Gaillard was born on Easter Sunday,April 4,1920,in Charleston to J. Palmer Gaillard and Eleanor Lucas Gaillard.After his education,he enlisted in the United States Navy,two days after the attack on Pearl Harbor. He served as a pilot for four years and was later discharged as a lieutenant in November 1945.
Upon his return to Charleston,he founded the Seaboard Lumber &Supply Co. in 1946 and In 1951 he was elected to the Charleston City Council. He was re-elected in 1955 and served until 1959 when he was elected the Mayor of Charleston. Gaillard was re-elected three times and served until 1975.
During his administration,the city expanded its boundaries for the first time since 1849,more than doubling in size during his time in office by taking control of land in West Ashley.In 1962,Gaillard took part in local efforts to change I-95's planned route further away from Florence and closer to Charleston.
Gaillard also endorsed St. Julian Devine for a seat on the city council which Devine won,making him the first African American to hold a seat on the council since Reconstruction.
In 1975,he was named Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Reserve Affairs by President Gerald Ford. He announced his resignation as mayor on April 24,1975,upon his nomination to the federal post by Sen. Strom Thurmond;at his final City Council meeting,the civic auditorium was renamed in his honor as the Gaillard Municipal Auditorium.In 1977,Gaillard returned to Charleston and assumed the vice presidency of contracting firm Ruscon Corporation,a position he retained until his retirement in 1985.
He died on July 28,2006,in Charleston,South Carolina,when he accidentally pulled his car out in front of an on-coming truck;the truck driver was not charged.He is buried at St. Philips Episcopal Church in Charleston.
Marion Square is greenspace in downtown Charleston,South Carolina,spanning six and one half acres. The square was established as a parade ground for the state arsenal under construction on the north side of the square. It is best known as the former Citadel Green because The Citadel occupied the arsenal from 1843 until 1922,when the Citadel moved to the city's west side. Marion Square was named in honor of Francis Marion.
Joseph Patrick Riley Jr. is an American politician who was the Mayor of Charleston,South Carolina. He was one of the longest serving mayors in the United States that is still living,having served 10 terms starting on December 15,1975,and ending on January 11,2016.
Burnet Rhett Maybank was a three-term US senator,the 99th governor of South Carolina,and mayor of Charleston,South Carolina. He was the first governor from Charleston since the Civil War and one of only twenty people in United States history to have been elected mayor,governor,and United States senator. During his tenure in the Senate,Maybank was a powerful ally of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. His unexpected death on September 1,1954,from a heart attack,led to Strom Thurmond being elected senator.
The Charleston School of Law (CSOL) is a private for-profit law school in Charleston,South Carolina. It was established in 2003 and accredited by the American Bar Association (ABA) in August 2011. The school was founded upon a principle of promoting public service by its students and graduates;each student must perform at least 50 hours of public service before graduation. According to the school's 2018 ABA-required disclosures,44.5% of the Class of 2017 obtained full-time,long-term,JD-required employment nine months after graduation.
William McG. Morrison was the fifty-seventh mayor of Charleston,South Carolina,serving between two terms between 1947 and 1959. He was the first person elected to three terms as mayor of Charleston as a result of his win in June 1955. He lost his fourth bid by 455 votes to J. Palmer Gaillard,Jr. on June 9,1959.
Thomas Porcher Stoney was the fifty-third mayor of Charleston,South Carolina,serving between 1923 and 1931.
Arthur Bonnell Schirmer Jr. was the fifty-ninth mayor of Charleston,South Carolina,completing the final four months of J. Palmer Gaillard,after Gaillard's resignation. He did not run for election for a full term.
E. Edward Wehman Jr. was the fifty-sixth mayor of Charleston,South Carolina,completing the term of Henry Whilden Lockwood and not running for reelection. He was born on December 27,1891,in Charleston,South Carolina to E.E. and Bertha T. Wehman. He attended West Point in 1911 and 1912 and received a bachelor of science degree from the University of South Carolina. When Dwight D. Eisenhower,a classmate of Wehman's at West Point,was elected president,Wehman served as one of the eight electors from South Carolina.
Robert Goodwyn Rhett (1862–1939) was the fiftieth mayor of Charleston,South Carolina,completing two terms from 1903 to 1911. From 1916–1918,he served as president of the Chamber of Commerce of the United States.
Johann Andreas Wagener was the forty-third mayor of Charleston,South Carolina,serving one term from 1871 to 1873. He also served as an officer in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.
Peter Charles Gaillard was the thirty-eighth mayor of Charleston,South Carolina,serving in 1865-1868. He was the last mayor elected before the Civil War.
Charles Macbeth was the thirty-seventh mayor of Charleston,South Carolina,serving three full terms and a partial term between 1857 and 1865. He was born on January 24,1805,in Charleston,South Carolina,and he died on November 30,1881,in Pinopolis,South Carolina. From 1830 to 1865,he was part of a Charleston law practice.
John Huger was the sixth intendent (mayor) of Charleston,South Carolina,serving two terms from 1792 to 1794. He laid the cornerstone of the Charleston Orphan House,one of the city's most notable buildings,on November 12,1792. Before the Revolutionary War,he had been a member of the Commons House of Assembly and a member of the Council of Safety,the group that organized revolutionary movements in Charleston. The location of Huger's estate,Hagan Plantation,was included in an almost 5,000 acre conservation easement.
John Dawson Jr. was the sixteenth intendant (mayor) of Charleston,South Carolina,serving two terms from 1806 to 1808.
John Edwards (1760–98) was the eighth intendant (mayor) of Charleston,South Carolina,serving two terms from 1795 to 1797.
The John Cordes Prioleau House is a historic residence in Charleston,South Carolina.
John J. Tecklenburg is an American businessman and politician. He is the current Mayor of Charleston,South Carolina. He was sworn in on January 11,2016.
The Gaillard Center is a concert hall and performance venue in Charleston,South Carolina. It opened in 2015 and replaced the Gaillard Municipal Auditorium. Both buildings were named after John Palmer Gaillard Jr.,mayor of Charleston from 1959 to 1975. Constructing the new facility was a central priority of mayor Joe Riley's administration. The opening,planned for early 2015 in time for the city's Spoleto Festival,was delayed by six months due to budgetary overages. Yo-Yo Ma performed at the opening of the center.
St. Julian Devine was an American politician from Charleston,South Carolina. Devine served on the Charleston City Council from 1967 to 1975,making him the first African American member on the council since Reconstruction. He also served as Mayor Pro Tem in 1975.