JAMA (Iranian Party)

Last updated
The Liberation Movement of People of Iran
or
Revolutionary Movement of Muslim People of Iran
Abbreviation JAMA
Founder Kazem Sami
Habibollah Payman
Founded 1964 [1]
Split from Party of the Iranian People [1]
Ideology Islamic Socialism
Iranian Nationalism
Religion Islam

JAMA (Persian : جاما, acronym originally standing for "The Liberation Movement of People of Iran"; [1] [2] Persian : جنبش آزادی‌بخش مردم ایران) was an Iranian political party founded in 1964 by Kazem Sami and Habibollah Payman. In summer 1965, members of the party which maintained an opposition status were arrested and it continued activities in small circles underground. [2]

Persian language Western Iranian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi, is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. It is primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and some other regions which historically were Persianate societies and considered part of Greater Iran. It is written right to left in the Persian alphabet, a modified variant of the Arabic script.

Iran Country in Western Asia

Iran, also called Persia, and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th most populous country. Comprising a land area of 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), it is the second largest country in the Middle East and the 17th largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center.

A political party is an organized group of people, often with common views, who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government. The party agrees on some proposed policies and programmes, with a view to promoting the collective good or furthering their supporters' interests.

In 1977, the leaders split. Payman founded Movement of Militant Muslims and Sami revived the organization with the same acronym, this time standing for "Revolutionary Movement of Muslim People of Iran" (Persian : جنبش انقلابی ملت مسلمان ایران). [2]

The Movement of Militant Muslims is an Iranian Islamic socialist political group led by Habibollah Payman. The group had been revolutionary and is close to Council of Nationalist-Religious Activists of Iran.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Ali Rahnema (2000). An Islamic Utopian: A Political Biography of Ali Shariati. I.B.Tauris. p. 29. ISBN   1860645526.
  2. 1 2 3 Houchang E. Chehabi (1990). Iranian Politics and Religious Modernism: The Liberation Movement of Iran Under the Shah and Khomeini. I.B.Tauris. pp. 211, 272. ISBN   1850431981.