JR Tōzai Line

Last updated
JR Tōzai Line
JRW kinki-H.svg
JRW series207 Tozai.jpg
207 series EMU
Overview
Native nameJR東西線
OwnerKansai Rapid Railway Co., Ltd.
Locale Osaka
Amagasaki, Hyogo
TerminiKyobashi
Amagasaki
Stations9
Service
Typecommuter rail
SystemUrban Network
Operator(s) JR West
Rolling stock 207 series EMU
321 series EMU
Daily ridership233,577 (daily 2015) [1]
History
OpenedMarch 8, 1997
Technical
Line length12.5 km (7.8 mi)
Number of tracks2
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification 1,500 V DC, overhead lines
Operating speed90 km/h (56 mph)

The JR Tōzai Line (JR東西線, Jei-āru Tōzai-sen) is one of several commuter rail lines and services in the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto Metropolitan Area, operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR West). The line, whose name literally means "east-west", runs underground through central Osaka and connects the Gakkentoshi Line at Kyobashi Station in Osaka and the JR Takarazuka Line and the JR Kobe Line at Amagasaki. All stations on this line are in the city of Osaka, except for the western terminus in Amagasaki, Hyōgo Prefecture.

Contents

Basic data

Operation

All trains make local stop at every station on the line. Some trains terminate at Amagasaki, but most westbound trains continue on the Kobe Line to Nishi-Akashi and on the Takarazuka Line to Tsukaguchi and Takarazuka. All eastbound trains continue past Kyobashi on the Gakkentoshi Line.

History

The line was initially proposed in 1971 by Japanese National Railways (JNR) as a link between the Katamachi Line, which connected Osaka to its eastern suburbs, and Fukuchiyama Line, which connected the city to its northwestern suburbs. Osaka's municipal government had maintained tight controls over transportation within the city, and most intercity lines terminated outside the city center. The line, provisionally known as Katafuku Line (片福線, Kata- from Katamachi, -fuku from Fukuchiyama), and would give commuters a single-seat ride from the suburbs and an east-west connection through central Osaka.

A permit to lay the track was given 10 years later, but the project stopped because of JNR's financial problems.

In 1988, after JNR privatized and split into Japan Railway companies, West Japan Railway Company formed a private-public entity called Kansai Rapid Railway Co., Ltd. (関西高速鉄道株式会社, Kansai kōsoku tetsudō kabushiki gaisha) with the prefectural governments of Osaka and Hyōgo, and the cities of Osaka and Amagasaki.

The line was completed and opened as JR Tozai Line in 1997.

Stations

No [2] StationTransfersLocation
Through train service to Katamachi Line (Gakkentoshi Line)
 H41  Kyobashi 京橋 Joto-ku Osaka
 H42  Ōsakajō-kitazume 大阪城北詰 Miyakojima-ku
 H43  Osaka-Temmangu 大阪天満宮
Kita-ku
 H44  Kitashinchi 北新地
 H45  Shin-Fukushima 新福島
Fukushima-ku
 H46  Ebie 海老江
 H47  Mitejima 御幣島 Nishiyodogawa-ku
 H48  Kashima 加島 Yodogawa-ku
 H49  Amagasaki 尼崎
Amagasaki,
Hyōgo Prefecture
Through train services to Tōkaidō Main Line (JR Kobe Line) or Fukuchiyama Line (JR Takarazuka Line)

Rolling stock

Former

Related Research Articles

West Japan Railway Company Japanese railway company

The West Japan Railway Company, also referred to as JR-West, is one of the Japan Railways Group companies and operates in western Honshu. It has its headquarters in Kita-ku, Osaka. It is listed in the Tokyo, Nagoya and Fukuoka stock exchanges, is a constituent of the TOPIX Large70 index, and is also one of the three only Japan Railways Group constituents of the Nikkei 225 index, the other being JR East and JR Central.

The Osaka Loop Line is a railway loop line in Japan operated by the West Japan Railway Company. It encircles central Osaka.

Hanshin Electric Railway Japanese railway company

Hanshin Electric Railway Co., Ltd. is a Japanese private railway company of Hankyu Hanshin Toho Group that links Osaka and Kobe. It also owns the Hanshin Tigers baseball team.

Amagasaki Core city in Kansai, Japan

Amagasaki is an industrial city located in Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan. The city was founded on April 1, 1916. Its population is around 460,000, below its peak of over 554,000 in 1971.

Yamatoji Line Railway line in Japan

The Yamatoji Line is the common name of the western portion of the Kansai Main Line. The line is owned and operated by West Japan Railway Company, and starts at Kamo Station in Kyoto Prefecture and ends at JR Namba Station in Naniwa-ku, Osaka.

Kyōbashi Station (Osaka) Railway station in Osaka, Japan

Kyobashi Station is a railway station in the Kyōbashi district of Jōtō-ku and Miyakojima-ku, Osaka, Japan, jointly operated by West Japan Railway Company, the private railway operator Keihan Railway, and the Osaka Metro.

JR Kyoto Line Railway line in Keihanshin, Japan

The JR Kyoto Line is a commuter rail line in the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto Metropolitan Area owned and operated by West Japan Railway Company. The name applies to the section of the Tōkaidō Main Line between Kyōto Station and Ōsaka Station.

Keihanshin Metropolitan region in the Kansai region of Japan

Keihanshin is a metropolitan region in the Kansai region of Japan encompassing the metropolitan areas of the cities of Kyoto in Kyoto Prefecture, Osaka in Osaka Prefecture and Kobe in Hyōgo Prefecture. The entire region has a population of 19,341,976 over an area of 13,033 km2 (5,032 sq mi). It is the second-most-populated urban region in Japan, containing approximately 15% of Japan's population.

The Fukuchiyama Line is a railway line operated by West Japan Railway Company connecting Osaka and Fukuchiyama, Japan. Within JR West's "Urban Network" covering the Osaka–Kobe–Kyoto metropolitan region, the line from Osaka to Sasayamaguchi is also called the JR Takarazuka Line (JR宝塚線). The line traverses the cities of Kawanishi and Takarazuka in the northwestern corner of the Osaka metropolitan area.

Katamachi Line Railway line in Japan

The Katamachi Line, officially nicknamed the Gakkentoshi Line, is a commuter rail line and service in the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto Metropolitan Area of Japan, owned and operated by West Japan Railway Company. The line connects Kizu Station in Kyoto Prefecture and Kyōbashi Station in Osaka.

Higashi-Umeda Station Metro station in Osaka, Japan

Higashi-Umeda Station is a railway station on the Osaka Metro Tanimachi Line in Umeda, Kita-ku, Osaka, Japan. The station is located along Whity Umeda.

Amagasaki derailment Train wreck

The 2005 Amagasaki derailment was a fatal railway derailment which occurred in Amagasaki, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan, on 25 April 2005 at 09:19 local time, just after the local rush hour. It occurred when a seven-car commuter train came off the tracks on West Japan Railway Company's Fukuchiyama Line in just before Amagasaki Station on its way for Dōshisha-mae via the JR Tōzai Line and the Gakkentoshi Line, and the front two carriages rammed into an apartment building. The first carriage slid into the first floor parking garage and as a result took days to remove, while the second slammed into the corner of the building, being crushed against it by the weight of the remaining carriages. Of the roughly 700 passengers on board at the time of the crash, 106 passengers, in addition to the driver, were killed and 562 others injured. Most survivors and witnesses claimed that the train appeared to have been travelling too fast. The incident was Japan's most serious since the 1963 Tsurumi rail accident.

Hanshin Main Line

The Hanshin Main Line is a railway line operated by the private railway company Hanshin Electric Railway in Japan. It connects the two cities of Osaka and Kobe, between Umeda and Kobe-Sannomiya stations respectively.

Nara Line (JR West) Railway line in Kyoto prefecture, Japan

The Nara Line is a commuter rail line in the Osaka–Kobe–Kyoto metropolitan area, operated by the West Japan Railway Company. Its official termini are Kizu Station in Kizugawa and Kyōto Station in Kyoto, within Kyoto Prefecture; however, all trains continue past Kizu on the Yamatoji Line to Nara Station in Nara, Nara Prefecture.

Amagasaki Station (JR West) Railway station in Amagasaki, Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan

Amagasaki Station is a railway station on the Tōkaidō Main Line, Fukuchiyama Line and JR Tōzai Line of West Japan Railway Company, located in Amagasaki, Hyōgo, Japan, opened in 1874. Until 1997, Amagasaki was only a local stop, but it has since become a major junction with the opening of the JR Tōzai Line. Today, all commuter trains and Fukuchiyama-bound limited express trains, stop here.

JR Kobe Line Railway line in Japan

The JR Kobe Line is the nickname of portions of the Tokaido Main Line and the Sanyo Main Line, between Osaka Station in Osaka, Osaka Prefecture and Himeji Station in Himeji, Hyōgo Prefecture. The line, along with the JR Kyoto Line and the Biwako Line, forms a contiguous service that is the main trunk of West Japan Railway Company's Urban Network commuter rail network in the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto Metropolitan Area. The line also offers continuous service to the Gakkentoshi Line via the JR Tōzai Line.

Nara Station Railway station in Nara, Nara Prefecture, Japan

Nara Station is a railway station located in Nara, Japan. Operated by West Japan Railway Company, it is the main stop in the city of Nara on the Kansai Main Line, the terminus for the Sakurai Line, and Nara Line trains for Kyoto begin here and run on the Kansai Line to Kizu before diverging. Also, a limited number of Gakkentoshi Line trains terminate here via Kizu during early mornings and late nights.

Nijō Station is a train station in Nakagyō-ku, Kyoto, Japan.

207 series (JR West) Japanese train type

The 207 series is a DC electric multiple unit (EMU) commuter train type operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR-West) in the Kansai Region of Japan since 1991.

321 series Japanese train type

The 321 series is a DC electric multiple unit (EMU) commuter train type operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR-West) in the Kansai Region of Japan.

References

  1. "平成27年 大都市交通センサス 首都圈報告書" (PDF). P.92. 国土交通省.
  2. New Station numbers. West Japan Railway News Release July 20, 2016