Jack McDuff

Last updated
Jack McDuff
Jack McDuff photo.jpg
Background information
Birth nameEugene McDuffy
BornSeptember 17, 1926
Champaign, Illinois, United States
DiedJanuary 23, 2001 (aged 74)
Minneapolis, Minnesota
Genres Jazz, soul jazz, hard bop, jazz-funk, rhythm and blues
Occupation(s)Musician, bandleader
InstrumentsOrgan, vocals
Years active1960–2001
Labels Prestige, Atlantic, Blue Note, Concord
Associated acts George Benson, Gene Ammons, Dick Morrissey, Jerry Weldon

Eugene McDuff (September 17, 1926 – January 23, 2001), known professionally as "Brother" Jack McDuff or "Captain" Jack McDuff, was an American jazz organist and organ trio bandleader who was most prominent during the hard bop and soul jazz era of the 1960s, often performing with an organ trio. He is also credited with giving guitarist George Benson his first break.

Contents

Career

Born Eugene McDuffy in Champaign, Illinois, McDuff began playing bass, appearing in Joe Farrell's group. [1] Encouraged by Willis Jackson in whose band he also played bass in the late 1950s, McDuff moved to the organ and began to attract the attention of Prestige while still with Jackson's group. McDuff soon became a bandleader, leading groups featuring a young George Benson on guitar, [2] Red Holloway on tenor saxophone and Joe Dukes on drums. [3]

McDuff recorded many classic albums on Prestige, including his debut solo Brother Jack in 1960; The Honeydripper (1961), with tenor saxophonist Jimmy Forrest and guitarist Grant Green; Brother Jack Meets The Boss (1962), featuring Gene Ammons; Screamin’ (1962), with alto saxophonist Leo Wright and guitarist Kenny Burrell; and Brother Jack McDuff Live! (1963), [4] featuring Holloway and Benson, which includes his biggest hit, "Rock Candy".

After his tenure at Prestige, McDuff joined the Atlantic label [1] for a brief period, and in the 1970s he recorded for Blue Note. To Seek a New Home (1970) was recorded in England with a line-up featuring blues shouter Jimmy Witherspoon and some of Britain's top jazz musicians of the day, including Terry Smith on guitar and Dick Morrissey on tenor saxophone.

Decreasing interest in jazz and blues during the late 1970s and 1980s meant that many jazz musicians went through a lean time. [5] But in 1988, with The Re-Entry, recorded for the Muse label, McDuff once again began a successful period of recordings, initially for Muse, then on the Concord Jazz label in 1991. [1] George Benson appeared on his 1992 Color Me Blue album.

Despite health problems, McDuff continued working and recording throughout the 1980s and 1990s, and he toured Japan with Atsuko Hashimoto in 2000. "Captain" Jack McDuff, as he later became known, died of heart failure at the age of 74 in Minneapolis, Minnesota. [2]

On June 25, 2019, The New York Times Magazine listed Jack McDuff among hundreds of artists whose material was reportedly destroyed in the 2008 Universal fire. [6]

Discography

As leader

Prestige Records
Atlantic Records
Cadet/GRT Records
Blue Note Records
Other labels
Concord Jazz Records

LP/CD compilations

As sideman

With Gene Ammons

With George Benson

With Joshua Breakstone

With Kenny Burrell

With Hank Crawford

With King Curtis

With Joe Dukes

With Grant Green

With Roy Hargrove

With Gene Harris

With Willis Jackson

With Etta James and Eddie "Cleanhead" Vinson

With Bill Jennings

With Roland Kirk

With Carmen McRae

With Mike Pachelli

With Houston Person

With Betty Roché

With Shakey Jake

With Dave Specter

With Sonny Stitt

With Winston Walls

With Joe Williams

With Jimmy Witherspoon

Related Research Articles

Gene Ammons American jazz tenor saxophonist

Eugene "Jug" Ammons, also known as "The Boss", was an American jazz tenor saxophonist. The son of boogie-woogie pianist Albert Ammons, Gene Ammons is remembered for his accessible music, steeped in soul and R&B.

Richard Arnold "Groove" Holmes was an American jazz organist who performed in the hard bop and soul jazz genre. He is best known for his 1965 recording of "Misty".

Sonny Stitt

Edward Hammond Boatner Jr., known professionally as Sonny Stitt, was an American jazz saxophonist of the bebop/hard bop idiom. Known for his warm tone, he was one of the best-documented saxophonists of his generation, recording more than 100 albums. He was nicknamed the "Lone Wolf" by jazz critic Dan Morgenstern because of his relentless touring and devotion to jazz. Stitt was sometimes viewed as a Charlie Parker mimic, especially earlier in his career, but gradually came to develop his own sound and style, particularly when performing on tenor saxophone.

Ray Barretto Puerto Rican jazz musician

Ray Barretto was an American percussionist and bandleader of Puerto Rican ancestry. Throughout his career as a percussionist, he played a wide variety of Latin music styles, as well as Latin jazz. His first hit, "El Watusi", was recorded by his Charanga Moderna in 1962, becoming the most successful pachanga song in the United States. In the late 1960s, Barretto became one of the leading exponents of boogaloo and what would later be known as salsa. Nonetheless, many of Barretto's recordings would remain rooted in more traditional genres such as son cubano. A master of the descarga, Barretto was a long-time member of the Fania All-Stars. His success continued into the 1970s with songs such as "Cocinando" and "Indestructible." His last album for Fania Records, Soy dichoso, was released in 1990. He then formed the New World Spirit jazz ensemble and continued to tour and record until his death in 2006.

George Coleman American jazz saxophonist

George Edward Coleman is an American jazz saxophonist known for his work with Miles Davis and Herbie Hancock in the 1960s. In 2015, he was named an NEA Jazz Master.

James Robert Forrest Jr. was an American jazz musician, who played tenor saxophone throughout his career.

Phil Upchurch

Philip Upchurch is an American jazz and blues guitarist.

Willis "Gator" Jackson was an American jazz tenor saxophonist.

Sam Jones (musician)

Samuel Jones was an American jazz double bassist, cellist, and composer.

Chick Corea discography American pianist and composer

Chick Corea is an American jazz pianist and composer born on June 12, 1941 in Chelsea, Massachusetts. Chick started learning piano at age four. He recorded his first album in 1966 with Tones For Joan's Bones. Corea performed with Blue Mitchell, Willie Bobo, Cal Tjader, and Herbie Mann in the mid-1960s. In the late 1960s, he performed with Stan Getz and Miles Davis. He became a role model for many young jazz pianists of the 1970s. He ranks with Herbie Hancock and Keith Jarrett as one of the main pianists to appear after Bill Evans and McCoy Tyner, and he has composed such prominent jazz standards as "Spain," "La Fiesta," and "Windows".

Harold Vick

Harold Vick was an American jazz saxophonist and flutist.

Seldon Powell was an American soul jazz, swing, and R&B tenor saxophonist and flautist born in Lawrenceville, Virginia.

Melvin Sparks was an American soul jazz, hard bop and jazz blues guitarist. He recorded a number of albums for Prestige Records, later recording for Savant Records. He appeared on several recordings with musicians including Lou Donaldson, Sonny Stitt, Leon Spencer and Johnny Hammond Smith.

Red Holloway

James Wesley "Red" Holloway was an American jazz saxophonist.

Jimmy Ponder was an American jazz guitarist.

Wendell Marshall was an American jazz double-bassist.

Don Patterson was an American jazz organist.

Roger "Montego Joe" Sanders was an American jazz percussionist and drummer.

This is the discography for American jazz musician Grant Green.

Benny Golson discography

This is the discography for American jazz musician Benny Golson.

References

  1. 1 2 3 Wynn, Ron; Porter, Bob. "Jack McDuff: Biography". Allmusic. Retrieved 2011-01-07.
  2. 1 2 Fordham, John (2001-01-27). "Obituary: Brother Jack McDuff". The Guardian. Retrieved 2011-01-07.
  3. "Hammond Technique and Methods: Music Written for the Hammond Organ" by JR Whiteley - 2013. York University masters thesis
  4. the late David H. Rosenthal (9 September 1993). Hard Bop: Jazz and Black Music 1955-1965. Oxford University Press. p. 67. ISBN   978-0-19-535899-5.
  5. "Joey DeFrancesco: Comeback for jazz organ". Hanover Evening Sun, via Newspaper Archives. September 04, 1991 - Page 11. By CHARLES J. GANS
  6. Rosen, Jody (25 June 2019). "Here Are Hundreds More Artists Whose Tapes Were Destroyed in the UMG Fire". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  7. "McDuff For Tour Of Europe". Indianapolis Recorder, via Newspaper Archives. August 01, 1964 - Page 12
  8. "CD Reviews: Dave Specter, featuring Lynwood Slim and Jack McDuff". Blues Access. review by Dave Ranney