This article needs additional citations for verification .(March 2014)
John Charles Smith
August 18, 1896
|Died||January 3, 1933 36) (aged|
|Resting place||Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Glendale|
|Occupation||Actor, director, producer|
|Parent(s)|| Charlotte Hennessy |
John Charles Smith
|Relatives|| Mary Pickford (sister)|
Lottie Pickford (sister)
John Charles Smith (August 18, 1896 – January 3, 1933), known professionally as Jack Pickford, was a Canadian-American actor, film director and producer. He was the younger brother of actresses Mary and Lottie Pickford.
After their father deserted the family, all three Pickford children began working as child actors on the stage. Mary later became a highly popular silent film actress, producer and early Hollywood pioneer. While Jack also appeared in numerous films as the "All American boy next door" and was a fairly popular performer, he was overshadowed by his sister's success. His career declined steadily due to alcohol, drugs and chronic depression.
John Charles Smith was born in 1896 in Toronto, Ontario, to John Charles Smith, an English immigrant odd-job man of Methodist background, and Charlotte Hennessy Smith, who was Irish Catholic.  As a child he was known as 'Jack'. His alcoholic father deserted the family while Pickford was a young child, leaving the family impoverished. Out of desperation, Charlotte allowed Jack and his two sisters Gladys and Lottie to appear onstage, beginning with Gladys, the eldest. This proved a good source of income and, by 1900, the family had relocated to New York City and the children were acting in plays across the United States.
Due to work the family was constantly separated until 1910 when Gladys signed with Biograph Studios. By this time, his sister Gladys Smith had been transformed into Mary Pickford (Marie was her middle name, and Pickford an old family name). Following suit, the Smiths changed their stage names to 'Pickford'.
Soon after signing with Biograph, Mary secured jobs for all the family, including the then-14-year-old Jack. When the Biograph Company headed west to Hollywood, only Mary was to go until Jack pleaded to join the company as well. Much to Mary's protest, Charlotte threw him on the train as it left the station. The company arrived in Hollywood, where Jack acted in bit parts during the stay.[ citation needed ]
Mary soon became a well-known star, and by 1917 had signed a contract for $1 million with First National Pictures. As part of her contract, Mary saw to it that her family was brought along, giving the now-named Jack Pickford a lucrative contract with the company as well.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (August 2022)
By the time he signed with First National, Pickford had played bit parts in 95 shorts and films. Though Pickford was considered an excellent actor, he was seen as someone who never lived up to his potential. In 1917, he starred in one of his first major roles as Pip in the adaptation of Charles Dickens' Great Expectations as well as the title role in Mark Twain's Tom Sawyer and the follow-up Huck and Tom in 1918.
In early 1918, after the United States entered World War I, Pickford joined the United States Navy as an enlisted sailor and was stationed at the Third Naval District in Manhattan, New York. By 1923, his roles had gone from several a year to one. In 1928, he finished his last film, acting as Clyde Baxter in Gang War . Through the years, he dabbled in screen writing and directing; however, he never pursued either form further. Most of his films, especially those in the late 1910s, were both commercial and critical successes, making a highly regarded name for himself. Pickford's image was that of the All-American boy, with his sister being “America’s Sweetheart.” In all, Pickford appeared in more than 130 movies between 1908 and 1928.
Pickford met actress and Ziegfeld girl Olive Thomas at a beach cafe on the Santa Monica Pier. Screenwriter and director Frances Marion later commented on the couple's lifestyle:
...I had seen her [Thomas] often at the Pickford home, for she was engaged to Mary's brother, Jack. Two innocent-looking children, they were the gayest, wildest brats who ever stirred the stardust on Broadway. Both were talented, but they were much more interested in playing the roulette of life than in concentrating on their careers. 
Pickford and Thomas eloped on October 25, 1916, in New Jersey. None of their family was present and their only witness was Thomas Meighan. The couple had no children of their own, though in 1920, they adopted Olive's then-six-year-old nephew when his mother died.  Although by most accounts Olive was the love of Pickford's life, the marriage was stormy and filled with highly charged conflict, followed by lavish making up through the exchange of expensive gifts.  For many years the Pickfords had intended to vacation together and with their marriage on the rocks, the couple decided to take a second honeymoon. 
In August 1920, the pair traveled to Paris, hoping to combine a vacation with some film preparations. On the night of September 5, 1920, the couple went out for a night of entertainment and partying at the famous bistros in the Montparnasse quarter of Paris. They returned to their room in the Hôtel Ritz around 3:00 a.m. It was rumored Thomas may have taken cocaine that night, though it was never proven. She was intoxicated and tired, and took a large dose of mercury bichloride, a common item for bathroom cleaning.  She was taken to the American Hospital in the Paris suburb of Neuilly, where Pickford, together with his former brother-in-law Owen Moore, remained at her side until she succumbed to the poison a few days later. Rumors arose that she had either tried to commit suicide or had been murdered. A police investigation followed, as well as an autopsy, and Thomas's death was ruled accidental. 
Pickford married two more times. On July 31, 1922, he married Marilyn Miller (1898–1936), a celebrated Broadway dancer and former Ziegfeld girl, at his sister and brother-in-law's famed home Pickfair.   By most accounts it was an abusive marriage due to Pickford's drug abuse and alcoholism.  They separated in 1926 and Miller was granted a French divorce in November 1927.  
Pickford's final marriage was to Mary Mulhern, aged 22 and a former Ziegfeld girl, whom he married on August 12, 1930.  Within three months Pickford grew increasingly volatile towards Mulhern.  After two years Mulhern left Pickford, claiming he had mistreated her throughout the marriage.  She was granted an interlocutory divorce in February 1932 which had yet to be finalized at the time of Pickford's death. 
In 1932, Pickford visited his sister Mary at Pickfair. According to Mary, he looked ill and emaciated; his clothes were hanging on him as if he were a clothes hanger. Mary Pickford recalled in her autobiography that she felt a wave of premonition when watching her brother leave. As they started down the stairs to the automobile entrance, Jack called back to her "Don’t come down with me, Mary dear, I can go alone." Mary later wrote that as she stood at the top of the staircase, an inner voice said "That’s the last time you’ll see Jack". 
Jack Pickford, at age 36, died at the American Hospital of Paris on January 3, 1933. The cause for his death was listed as "progressive multiple neuritis which attacked all the nerve centers". This was believed due to his alcoholism. Mary Pickford arranged for his body to be returned to Los Angeles, where he was interred in the private Pickford plot at Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Glendale. 
For his contribution to the motion picture industry, Jack Pickford has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 1523 Vine Street. 
|1909||The Message||In Crowd|
|1909||Wanted, a Child||A Child|
|1909||To Save Her Soul||A Stagehand|
|1910||All on Account of the Milk||At Construction Site|
|1910||The Kid||Walter Holden's Son|
|1910||The Modern Prodigal||The Sheriff's Son|
|1911||His Trust Fulfilled||Black messenger|
|1911||The Stuff Heroes are Made Of|
|1912||A Temporary Truce||An Indian|
|1912||Man's Lust for Gold||Among the Indians|
|1912||The Inner Circle||The Messenger|
|1912||A Feud in the Kentucky Hills||A Brother|
|1912||The Painted Lady||Beau at Ice Cream Festival|
|1912||The Musketeers of Pig Alley||Rival Gang Member/At Dance|
|1912||Heredity||Son of White Renegade Father and Indian Mother|
|1912||My Baby||Wedding Guest|
|1912||The New York Hat||Youth outside church|
|1913||A Misappropriated Turkey||On Street|
|1913||Love in an Apartment Hotel||A Bellhop|
|1913||The Unwelcome Guest||One of the Children||Alternative title: An Unwelcome Guest|
|1914||The Gangsters of New York||Spot, the spy||Alternative title: The Gangsters|
|1914||Home, Sweet Home||The Mother's Son|
|1914||His Last Dollar||Jockey Jones|
|1915||The Love Route||Billy Ball|
|1915||The Pretty Sister of Jose||Jose|
|1915||A Girl of Yesterday||John Stuart|
|1916||Poor Little Peppina||Beppo||Alternative title: Little Peppina|
|1916||Seventeen||William Sylvanus Baxter|
|1917||The Dummy||Barney Cook|
|1917||What Money Can't Buy||Dick Hale|
|1917||The Varmint||John Humperdink Stover|
|1917||Tom Sawyer||Tom Sawyer|
|1918||The Spirit of '17||Davy Glidden|
|1918||Huck and Tom||Tom Sawyer|
|1918||His Majesty, Bunker Bean||Bunker Bean|
|1919||Bill Apperson's Boy||Buddy Apperson|
|1919||Burglar by Proxy||Jack Robin|
|1919||In Wrong||Johnny Spivins|
|1920||The Little Shepherd of Kingdom Come||Chad|
|1920||A Double-Dyed Deceiver||the Llano Kid|
|1920||The Man Who Had Everything||Harry Bullway|
|1920||Just Out of College||Ed Swinger|
|1923||Garrison's Finish||Billy Garrison|
|1924||The Hill Billy||Jed McCoy||Alternative title: The Hillbilly|
|1925||Waking Up the Town||Jack Joyce|
|1925||The Goose Woman||Gerald Holmes|
|1926||The Bat||Brooks Bailey|
|1926||Brown of Harvard||Jim Doolittle|
|1926||Exit Smiling||Jimmy Marsh|
|1928||Gang War||Clyde Baxter||Alternative title: All Square, Lost film|
David Wark Griffith was an American film director. Considered one of the most influential figures in the history of the motion picture, he pioneered many aspects of film editing and expanded the art of the narrative film.
Gladys Louise Smith, known professionally as Mary Pickford, was a Canadian-American stage and screen actress and producer with a career that spanned five decades. A pioneer in the US film industry, she co-founded Pickford–Fairbanks Studios and United Artists, and was one of the 36 founders of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Pickford is considered to be one of the most recognisable women in history.
Olive Thomas was an American silent-film actress, art model, and photo model.
Owen Moore was an Irish-born American actor, appearing in more than 279 movies spanning from 1908 to 1937.
Beatrice Gladys Lillie, Lady Peel, known as Bea Lillie, was a Canadian-born British actress, singer and comedic performer.
Biograph Studios was an early film studio and laboratory complex, built in 1912 by the Biograph Company at 807 East 175th Street, in The Bronx, New York City, New York.
The Biograph Company, also known as the American Mutoscope and Biograph Company, was a motion picture company founded in 1895 and active until 1916. It was the first company in the United States devoted entirely to film production and exhibition, and for two decades was one of the most prolific, releasing over 3000 short films and 12 feature films. During the height of silent film as a medium, Biograph was America's most prominent film studio and one of the most respected and influential studios worldwide, only rivaled by Germany's UFA, Sweden's Svensk Filmindustri and France's Pathé. The company was home to pioneering director D. W. Griffith and such actors as Mary Pickford, Lillian Gish, and Lionel Barrymore.
Mae Marsh was an American film actress with a career spanning over 50 years.
Marilyn Miller was one of the most popular Broadway musical stars of the 1920s and early 1930s. She was an accomplished tap dancer, singer and actress, and the combination of these talents endeared her to audiences. On stage, she usually played rags-to-riches Cinderella characters who lived happily ever after. Her enormous popularity and famed image were in distinct contrast to her personal life, which was marred by disappointment, tragedy, frequent illness, and ultimately her sudden death due to complications of nasal surgery at age 37.
Thomas Meighan was an American actor of silent films and early talkies. He played several leading-man roles opposite popular actresses of the day, including Mary Pickford and Gloria Swanson. At one point he commanded $10,000 per week.
Charlotte Smith, known professionally as Lottie Pickford, was a Canadian-American silent film actress and socialite. She was the younger sister of fellow actress Mary Pickford and elder sister of actor Jack Pickford.
Charlotte Hennessey Smith (Pickford) was a Canadian silent film actress and the mother of Mary, Lottie, and Jack Pickford, who all became actors.
Mary Pickford (1892–1979) was a Canadian-American motion picture actress, producer, and writer. During the silent film era she became one of the first great celebrities of the cinema and a popular icon known to the public as "America's Sweetheart".
Ramona is a 1910 American short drama film directed by D. W. Griffith, based on Helen Hunt Jackson's 1884 novel Ramona. Through a love story, the early silent short explores racial injustice to Native Americans and stars Mary Pickford and Henry B. Walthall. A copy of the print survives in the Library of Congress film archive. The film was remade in 1928 with Dolores del Río and 1936 with Loretta Young.
Gladys Egan was an early 20th-century American child actress, who between 1907 and 1914 performed professionally in theatre productions as well as in scores of silent films. She began her brief entertainment career appearing on the New York stage as well as in plays presented across the country by traveling companies. By 1908 she also started working in the film industry, where for six years she acted almost exclusively in motion pictures for the Biograph Company of New York. The vast majority of her screen roles during that period were in shorts directed by D. W. Griffith, who cast her in over 90 of his releases. While most of Egan's films were produced by Biograph, she did work for other motion-picture companies between 1911 and 1914, such as the Reliance Film Company and Independent Moving Pictures. By 1916, however, Egan's acting career appears to have ended, for she was no longer being mentioned in major trade journals or included in published studio personnel directories as a regularly employed actor. Although she may have performed as an extra or in some bit parts after 1914, no available filmographies or entertainment publications from the period cite Egan in any screen or stage role after that year.
Dorothy West was an American stage and film actress and radio performer.
The Biograph Girl is a musical with a book by Warner Brown, lyrics by Brown and David Heneker, and music by Heneker. Its plot focuses on the silent film era and five pioneers of American cinema - actresses Mary Pickford and Lillian Gish, directors D. W. Griffith and Mack Sennett, and Paramount Pictures founder Adolph Zukor.
Douglas Elton Fairbanks Sr. was an American actor, screenwriter, director, and producer. He was best known for his swashbuckling roles in silent films including The Thief of Bagdad, Robin Hood, and The Mark of Zorro, but spent the early part of his career making comedies.
Fate is a 1913 silent short film directed by D. W. Griffith and produced and distributed by the Biograph Company.
Mary Pickford (1892–1979) was a Canadian motion picture actress, producer, and writer. During the silent film era she became one of the first great celebrities of the cinema and a popular icon known to the public as "America's Sweetheart".