Jack Root

Last updated
Jack Root
Jack Root.jpg
Statistics
Real nameJanos Ruthaly
Weight(s) Light Heavyweight
Nationality Austrian/American
Born(1875-05-26)May 26, 1875
Frahelž, Bohemia, Czech Republic
DiedJune 10, 1963(1963-06-10) (aged 87)
Boxing record
Total fights55
Wins47
Wins by KO28
Losses3
Draws3
No contests2

Janos Ruthaly (May 26, 1875 – June 10, 1963), or known professionally as Jack Root, was a light heavyweight champion and also fought for the world heavyweight title. He fought out of Chicago. He was elected into the International Boxing Hall of Fame in 2011. His uncle, Janos Rutt, immigrated to Minnesota. Today, his descendants in and around south-central Minnesota evolved the spelling of their last name to Rutt. There are some descendants based in the Chicago area and have relocated around the United States to Arizona, California, Indiana, and Northern Michigan. A great-great-grandson, Travis Rutt, is a well-known wrestler from New Prague, MN.

Contents

Championship Claim

Root (with the support of some historians) claimed that he was the first world light heavyweight champion. [1] His bout with George Gardiner on July 4, 1903, is claimed by some to be the first title bout in the new division. Root contended that his manager, Lou Housman, created the division and billed the Root vs. Gardner fight, which Gardner won by knockout in the twelfth round. The fight was caught on film. Jack Root, George Gardner, and Bob Fitzsimmons all held the light heavyweight world championship title in 1903.

During the 1980s, however, some boxing historians found records indicating that Joe Choynski won a twenty-round decision over Jimmy Ryan on August 18, 1899, in a fight billed as being for the light heavyweight championship. Choynski never seems to have made any claim to be the first light heavyweight champion, however. [2]

Heavyweight title fight

On July 3, 1905, Root fought Marvin Hart for the vacant world heavyweight championship in Reno Nevada. The former champion, Jim Jeffries, had retired and declared that Hart and Root were the two top heavyweights. Jeffries refereed the fight to name the new champion, which Hart won by a twelfth-round knockout.

After boxing

Root served as a lieutenant in the U.S. Army during World War I. After his time in the service Root became the president and boxing manager of the renowned Los Angeles Olympic Auditorium. Root was also one of many boxers to attend the funeral of Feab S. Williams (better known as "George Godfrey"). [3]

Death

Root died on June 10, 1963 at Temple Hospital from a heart attack, aged 87. [4]


Professional boxing record

Professional record summary
55 fights47 wins3 losses
By knockout283
By decision150
By disqualification40
Draws3
No contests2
No.ResultRecordOpponentTypeRoundDateLocationNotes
55Win47–3–3 (2) Flag of the United States.svg Fred Russell PTS10Feb 26, 1906 Flag of the United States.svg Kalamazoo AC, Kalamazoo, Michigan, U.S.
54Loss46–3–3 (2) Flag of the United States.svg Marvin Hart KO12 (?)Jul 03, 1905 Flag of the United States.svg Amphitheater, Reno, Nevada, U.S.For vacant world heavyweight title
53Win46–2–3 (2) Flag of the United States.svg John WillieDQ5 (10)Dec 05, 1904 Flag of the United States.svg Blue Island AC, Blue Island, Illinois, U.S.
52NC45–2–3 (2) Flag of the United States.svg Tommy Ryan PTS6Nov 23, 1904 Flag of the United States.svg National A.C., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
51Win45–2–3 (1) Flag of Ireland.svg George Gardiner PTS6May 02, 1904 Flag of the United States.svg Waverly A.C., Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
50Draw44–2–3 (1) Flag of Ireland.svg George Gardiner PTS6Feb 26, 1904 Flag of the United States.svg Battery D Armory, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
49Draw44–2–2 (1) Flag of the United States.svg John WilliePTS6Feb 05, 1904 Flag of the United States.svg Battery D Armory, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
48Win44–2–1 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Fireman Jim Flynn KO8 (20)Nov 26, 1903 Flag of the United States.svg Rover's Club, Pueblo, Colorado, U.S.
47Loss43–2–1 (1) Flag of Ireland.svg George Gardiner TKO17 (20)Jul 04, 1903 Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg International A.C., Fort Erie, Ontario, CanadaLost world light heavyweight title
46Win43–1–1 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Charles Kid McCoy PTS10Apr 22, 1903 Flag of the United States.svg Light Guard Armory, Detroit, Michigan, U.S.Won inaugural world light heavyweight title
45Win42–1–1 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Marvin Hart PTS6Nov 10, 1902 Flag of the United States.svg Lyceum A.C., Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
44Win41–1–1 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Kid CarterPTS6Oct 27, 1902 Flag of the United States.svg American A.C., Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
43Loss40–1–1 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Billy StiftTKO17 (20)Aug 18, 1902 Flag of the United States.svg Saucer Track, Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.
42Win40–0–1 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Billy StiftKO2 (6)Apr 26, 1902 Flag of the United States.svg Chicago A.C., Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
41Win39–0–1 (1) Flag of Ireland.svg George Gardiner DQ7 (20)Jan 31, 1902 Flag of the United States.svg Music Hall, Louisville, Kentucky, U.S.
40Win38–0–1 (1) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australian Jim RyanKO2 (20)Oct 30, 1901 Flag of the United States.svg Music Hall, Louisville, Kentucky, U.S.Won vacant Middleweight Championship of the West
39Win37–0–1 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Kid CarterDQ15 (20)Jun 28, 1901 Flag of the United States.svg Woodward's Pavilion, San Francisco, California, U.S.Low Blow
38Win36–0–1 (1) Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg George Byers KO9 (20)Jan 18, 1901 Flag of the United States.svg Woodward's Pavilion, San Francisco, California, U.S.
37Win35–0–1 (1) Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg Dick O'BrienKO3 (6)Oct 16, 1900 Flag of the United States.svg Tattersall's, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
36Win34–0–1 (1) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Dan Creedon KO1 (20)Oct 04, 1900 Flag of the United States.svg Convention Hall, Kansas City, Missouri, U.S.
35Draw33–0–1 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Tommy Ryan PTS6Jul 24, 1900 Flag of the United States.svg Tattersall's, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
34Win33–0 (1) Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg Dick O'BrienPTS6Jul 10, 1900 Flag of the United States.svg Tattersall's, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
33Win32–0 (1) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Ed DenfassKO4 (6)Feb 20, 1900 Flag of the United States.svg Tattersall's, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
32Win31–0 (1) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Jack HammondKO2 (6)Feb 05, 1900 Flag of the United States.svg Badger A.C., Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S.
31Win30–0 (1) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Tommy WestPTS6Jan 09, 1900 Flag of the United States.svg Tattersall's, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
30Win29–0 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Alec GreggainsKO6 (20)Nov 15, 1899 Flag of the United States.svg Woodward's Pavilion, San Francisco, California, U.S.
29Win28–0 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Frank SteinerKO3 (6)Oct 18, 1899 Flag of the United States.svg Belle City Opera House, Racine, Wisconsin, U.S.
28Win27–0 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Frank Craig PTS6Oct 15, 1899 Flag of the United States.svg Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
27Win26–0 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Frank Craig PTS6Oct 03, 1899 Flag of the United States.svg Tattersall's, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
26Win25–0 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Billy StiftPTS6Sep 23, 1899 Flag of the United States.svg Tattersall's, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
25Win24–0 (1) Flag of the United States.svg John Banks KO1 (?)Aug 12, 1899 Flag of the United States.svg Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
24Win23–0 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Fred GrantKO3 (?)Jul 07, 1899 Flag of the United States.svg Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
23Win22–0 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Johnny GormanKO2 (?)Jun 21, 1899 Flag of the United States.svg Adelphi Theater, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
22Win21–0 (1) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Tom BurkeKO7 (?)Jun 07, 1899 Flag of the United States.svg Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
21Win20–0 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Tom CaseyKO1 (?)May 31, 1899 Flag of the United States.svg Adelphi Theater, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
20Win19–0 (1) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australian Jim RyanPTS20May 15, 1899 Flag of the United States.svg Music Hall, Louisville, Kentucky, U.S.
19Win18–0 (1) Flag of Ireland.svg Dick MooreKO2 (?)Apr 29, 1899 Flag of the United States.svg Lyceum Theater, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
18Win17–0 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Billy StiftDQ7 (20)Feb 16, 1899 Flag of the United States.svg Claus Groth Hall, Davenport, Iowa, U.S.Won vacant Northwest middleweight title
17Win16–0 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Harry PeppersPTS6Jan 21, 1899 Flag of the United States.svg Tattersall's, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
16Win15–0 (1) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australian Jim RyanPTS6Dec 30, 1898 Flag of the United States.svg 7th Regiment Armory, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
15Win14–0 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Tom LansingKO5 (6)Nov 15, 1898 Flag of the United States.svg Madison Hall, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
14Win13–0 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Jack MurphyKO2 (?)Aug 19, 1898 Flag of the United States.svg U.S.
13Win12–0 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Jimmy WattsKO2 (?)Aug 05, 1898 Flag of the United States.svg Lenox A.C., New York City, New York, U.S.
12Win11–0 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Tom LansingTKO6 (12)Jul 22, 1898 Flag of the United States.svg Lenox A.C., New York City, New York, U.S.
11Win10–0 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Jack MoffatPTS6May 14, 1898 Flag of the United States.svg American A.C., Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
10Win9–0 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Mike CarrollKO1 (6)Apr 14, 1898 Flag of the United States.svg Calumet A.C., Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
9NC8–0 (1) Flag of the United States.svg George RyanNC1 (?)Mar 27, 1898 Flag of the United States.svg Chicago A.A., Chicago, Illinois, U.S.The police stopped this bout after 1 round
8Win8–0 Flag of the United States.svg Jack MoffatPTS6Mar 26, 1898 Flag of the United States.svg Chicago A.A., Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
7Win7–0 Flag of the United States.svg Jack HammondKO2 (?)Mar 12, 1898 Flag of the United States.svg Chicago A.A., Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
6Win6–0 Flag of the United States.svg Charles WhiteyKO2 (?)Feb 12, 1898 Flag of the United States.svg Chicago A.A., Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
5Win5–0 Flag of the United States.svg Billy PhillethKO1 (?)Feb 07, 1898 Flag of the United States.svg America A.A., Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
4Win4–0 Flag of the United States.svg George HippKO1 (?)Jan 15, 1898 Flag of the United States.svg Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
3Win3–0 Flag of the United States.svg Young Charlie WhiteKO2 (?)Jan 08, 1898 Flag of the United States.svg Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
2Win2–0 Flag of the United States.svg Pat BrastandKO3 (?)Dec 24, 1897 Flag of the United States.svg Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
1Win1–0 Flag of the United States.svg Charles UptonKO4 (?)Nov 12, 1897 Flag of the United States.svg Chicago, Illinois, U.S.

See also

Related Research Articles

Tommy Burns (Canadian boxer) Canadian boxer

Tommy Burns was a Canadian professional boxer. He is the only Canadian-born World Heavyweight Boxing Champion. The first to travel the globe in defending his title, Burns made 13 title defences against 11 different boxers, despite often being the underdog due to his size. Burns famously challenged all comers as Heavyweight Champion, leading to a celebrated bout with the American Jack Johnson. According to his biographer, Burns insisted, "I will defend my title against all comers, none barred. By this I mean white, black, Mexican, Indian, or any other nationality. I propose to be the champion of the world, not the white, or the Canadian, or the American. If I am not the best man in the heavyweight division, I don't want the title."

Bob Fitzsimmons British boxer

Robert James "Bob" Fitzsimmons was a British professional boxer who was the sport's first three-division world champion. He also achieved fame for beating Gentleman Jim Corbett, and he is in The Guinness Book of World Records as the lightest heavyweight champion, weighing just 165 pounds when he won the title. Nicknamed Ruby Robert and The Freckled Wonder, he took pride in his lack of scars and appeared in the ring wearing heavy woollen underwear to conceal the disparity between his trunk and leg-development.

Boxing in the 1940s in many ways reflected worldwide events that affected other endeavors as well.

Boxing in the 1920s was an exceptionally popular international sport. Many fights during this era, some 20 years away or so from the television era, were social events with many thousands in attendance, both men and women.

Sam Langford Canadian boxer

Samuel Edgar Langford, known as the Boston Tar Baby, Boston Terror, and Boston Bonecrusher, was a Black Canadian boxing standout of the early part of the 20th century. Called the "Greatest Fighter Nobody Knows", by ESPN, many boxing historians consider Langford to be one of the greatest fighters of all time. Originally from Weymouth Falls, a small community in Nova Scotia, Canada. He was known as "The Boston Bonecrusher", "The Boston Terror", and his most famous nickname, "The Boston Tar Baby". Langford stood 5 ft 6+12 in (1.69 m) and weighed 185 lb (84 kg) in his prime. He fought from lightweight to heavyweight and defeated many world champions and legends of the time in each weight class. Considered a devastating puncher even at heavyweight, Langford was rated No. 2 by The Ring on their list of "100 greatest punchers of all time". One boxing historian described Langford as "experienced as a heavyweight James Toney with the punching power of Mike Tyson". He has been ranked among BoxRec's 10 best heavyweights in the world fourteen times, and was ranked No.1 from 1910 to 1913. He was also ranked as the best middleweight in 1907 and fifth best welterweight in 1903.

James J. Jeffries American boxer

James Jackson "Jim" Jeffries was an American professional boxer and World Heavyweight Champion.

George Godfrey (boxer, born 1897) American boxer

George Godfrey (II) The Leiperville Shadow was the ring name of Feab Smith Williams, a heavyweight boxer from the state of Alabama who fought from 1919-1937. He named himself after George "Old Chocolate" Godfrey, a Black Canadian boxer from the bare-knuckle boxing days who had been a top name during the John L. Sullivan era. Old Chocolate had been the fourth fighter to reign as World Colored Heavyweight Champion while the second George Godfrey was the 20th fighter to hold the colored heavyweight title.

Barbados Joe Walcott Bajan boxer

Joe Walcott, also known as Barbados Joe Walcott to distinguish him from the more contemporary Guyanese boxer known by the same name, was a Bajan born professional boxer who reigned as the World Welterweight Champion from 1901-1906, becoming the first black man ever to capture the title. He was elected to The Ring Boxing Hall of Fame in 1955 and the International Boxing Hall of Fame in 1991.

Joe Choynski American boxer

Joseph Bartlett Choynski was an American boxer who fought professionally from 1888 to 1904.

Professional boxing Full contact combat sport

Professional boxing, or prizefighting, is regulated, sanctioned boxing. Professional boxing bouts are fought for a purse that is divided between the boxers as determined by contract. Most professional bouts are supervised by a regulatory authority to guarantee the fighters' safety. Most high-profile bouts obtain the endorsement of a sanctioning body, which awards championship belts, establishes rules, and assigns its own judges and referees.

Peter Jackson (boxer) Heavyweight boxer from Australia

Peter Jackson was an Australian heavyweight boxer who had a significant international career. Jackson was inducted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame in the inaugural 1990 class, as well as being the 2004 inductee for the Australian National Boxing Hall of Fame in the Pioneers category.

Samuel Berger (boxer) American boxer

Samuel Berger was an American heavyweight boxer who won the first Olympic Gold Medal in heavyweight boxing in 1904, competed as a professional, and acted as a promoter and manager for heavyweight Jim Jeffries in the first two decades of the 20th century.

Philadelphia Jack OBrien American boxer

Joseph Francis Hagan was the world light heavyweight boxing champion in 1905 when he defeated Bob Fitzsimmons for the universal world title. Rather than defending his title, O'Brien instead abandoned it in order to fight at heavyweight. Nat Fleischer, founder and editor of The Ring Magazine, ranked O'Brien as the No. 2 All-Time Light Heavyweight, and famed boxing promoter Charley Rose ranked him as the No. 3 All-Time Light Heavyweight. O'Brien was inducted into the Ring Magazine hall of fame in 1968, the World Boxing Hall of Fame in 1987, and the International Boxing Hall of Fame in 1994.

Jack Petersen OBE TD was a Welsh boxer who held the British heavyweight boxing title on two separate occasions.

George Gardiner (boxer) Irish boxer

George Gardner was a famous Irish boxer in America who was the first undisputed World Light Heavyweight Champion. He held claims to both the World Middleweight Title as well as the World Heavyweight Title. He was the second man in history to hold the World's Light Heavyweight title, defeating the first Light Heavyweight Champion, Jack Root, by KO after 12 rounds.

Bob Armstrong (boxer) American heavyweight boxer

Bob Armstrong, was a heavyweight boxer known as the "King of the Battle Royal". He was born in Rogersville, Tennessee, but he moved with his family to Washington, Ohio when he was three years old.

Frank Childs, "The Crafty Texan", was an African American boxer who fought professionally out of Chicago from 1892 to 1911 and twice held the World Colored Heavyweight Championship. Fighting at a weight of between 160 and 185 lbs., the short, stocky Childs fought middleweights, light-heavyweights and heavyweights. He had a powerful punch.

Mike "Twin" Sullivan American boxer (1878-1937)

Mike "Twin" Sullivan was an American boxer frequently credited with taking the Welterweight Championship of the World on April 23, 1907 when he soundly defeated William "Honey" Mellody in Los Angeles in a twenty-round bout. He vacated the title in the late fall of 1908, when he could not make weight. Many, though not all sanctioning bodies active today recognize his claim to the title during this period.

References

  1. "The Lineal Light Heavyweight Champions". The Cyber Boxing Zone Encyclopedia.
  2. Goldman, Herbert (August 1999), "Jack Root: The First World Light Heavyweight Champion?", Boxing Digest, 41, no. 7: 56, 57
  3. https://ladailymirror.com/2018/08/21/black-l-a-1947-heavyweight-fighter-george-godfrey-the-black-shadow-of-leiperville-dies-at-50/
  4. https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1144&dat=19630609&id=wMAbAAAAIBAJ&sjid=EU8EAAAAIBAJ&pg=777,3918683&hl=en
Achievements
Inaugural Champion World Light Heavyweight Champion
April 22, 1903 July 4, 1903
Succeeded by
George Gardiner