Jacky Durand

Last updated
Jacky Durand
Jacky Durand.jpg
Durand in 2000
Personal information
Full nameJacky Durand
NicknameDoudou or Dudu ("teddy bear")
Born (1967-02-10) 10 February 1967 (age 51)
Laval, France
Team information
Current teamRetired
Professional team(s)
19901995 Castorama
19971998 Casino
19992000 Lotto
20012003 Française des Jeux
2004 Landbouwkrediet-Colnago
Major wins
Tour de France, 3 stages
Tour of Flanders (1992)
Paris–Tours (1998)
French National Champion (1993, 1994)

Jacky Durand (born 10 February 1967 in Laval, Mayenne) is a retired French professional road bicycle racer. Durand had an attacking style, [1] winning the Tour of Flanders in 1992 after a 217 kilometres (135 mi) breakaway, and three stages in the Tour de France.

Laval, Mayenne Prefecture and commune in Pays de la Loire, France

Laval is a town in western France, about 300 km (190 mi) west-southwest of Paris, and the capital of the Mayenne department. Laval was before the French Revolution part of the province of Maine, now split between two departments, Mayenne and Sarthe. Its inhabitants are called Lavallois. The commune of Laval proper, without the metropolitan area, is the 13th most populous in northwestern France and the 119th in France.

Mayenne Department of France

Mayenne is a department in northwest France named after the Mayenne River. Mayenne is part of the current region of Pays de la Loire and is surrounded by the departments of Manche, Orne, Sarthe, Maine-et-Loire, and Ille-et-Vilaine.

France Republic with mainland in Europe and numerous oversea territories

France, officially the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.3 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.


Durand turned professional in 1990. He was national road champion in 1993 and 1994 and won Paris–Tours in 1998, the first French winner in 42 years. Durand rode seven Tours de France, finishing last in the 1999 race. In 1995 he was the surprise winner of the prologue, starting before it began raining. He wore the yellow jersey for two days. Durand won the combativity award in the 1998 and 1999 Tour de France; the latter year he also took the Lanterne Rouge. He retired at the end of 2004. He has since worked for Eurosport as a commentator.

Paris–Tours French cycling competition

Paris–Tours is a French one-day classic cycling race held every October from the outskirts of Paris to the cathedral city of Tours. It is a predominantly flat course through the Chevreuse and Loire valleys; the highest point is 200 m, at Le Gault-du-Perche. It is known as a "Sprinters' Classic" because it frequently ends in a bunch sprint at the finish, in Tours. For several decades the race arrived on the 2.7 km long Avenue de Grammont, one of cycling's best-known finishing straits, particularly renowned among sprinters. Since 2011 the finish was moved to a different location because a new tram line was built on the Avenue de Grammont. The 112th edition took place on October 7, 2018.

1995 Tour de France

The 1995 Tour de France was the 82nd Tour de France, taking place from 1 to 23 July. It was Miguel Indurain's fifth and final victory in the Tour. On the fifteenth stage Italian rider Fabio Casartelli died after an accident on the Col de Portet d'Aspet.

Combativity award in the Tour de France

The combativity award is a prize given in the Tour de France for the most combative rider overall during the race. Historically, it favored constant attackers as it was based on the distance spent in a breakaway, included winning checkpoints and outright stage wins. Since 2003 the award is awarded following jury decision, with the classification for most distance in breakaway groups only part of the decision. Besides the overall winner, the jury also awards a combativity award to the most aggressive rider at the end of each stage, with this rider allowed to wear a red bib the following race day.

Amateur career

Durand was born to a poor farming family in the Mayenne region of northern France. [2] He started racing in the minime class, the very youngest, but never won a race there or in the older cadet category. "It's difficult to win as a kid when you're neither a climber nor a sprinter," he said. "For me, the most beautiful jersey in the world is the French champion's. Yes, when they play the Marseillaise for you after a championship and then you go and show it off for three weeks in the Tour de France, the national flag on your shoulders, it's emotion and pleasure every day." [3] As a senior, however, he won the national amateur team time-trial championship in 1988 with Laurent Bezault, Pascal Lino and Thierry Laurent. He turned professional in 1991.

Lone breaks

Durand became celebrated for long, lone attacks which sometimes succeeded but usually didn't. The French magazine, Vélo, printed a monthly Jackymètre to log the kilometres ridden at the head of races during the course of the season. Durand said: "Fortunately, in cycling, it's not always the best who wins, otherwise we wouldn't win so often." [4]

His riding style was encouraged by his first directeur sportif, Cyrille Guimard. It brought him a seemingly suicidal win in the Tour of Flanders (see below). Guimard told him to attack early in the national championship at Châtellerault in 1993, to try his chance and to spoil those of Laurent Brochard and Luc Leblanc. [5] The writer, Jean-François Quénet, said Guimard told Durand to attack far from the finish "because he didn't want to see Laurent Brochard in blue, white and red and even less did he want a second consecutive title for Luc Leblanc, who was in disgrace in the Castorama team.". [6]

A directeur sportif is a person directing a cycling team during a road bicycle racing event. It is seen as the equivalent to a field manager in baseball, or a head coach in football. At professional level, a directeur sportif follows the team in a car and communicates with riders, personnel and race officials by radio.

Cyrille Guimard Road bicycle racer

Cyrille Guimard is a French former professional road racing cyclist who became a directeur sportif and then a television commentator. Three of his riders, Bernard Hinault, Laurent Fignon, and Lucien Van Impe, won the Tour de France. Another protege of Guimard's, Greg LeMond, described him as "the best (coach) in the world" and "the best coach I ever had". He has been described by cycling journalist William Fotheringham as the greatest directeur sportif in the history of the Tour.

Tour of Flanders Belgian one-day cycling race, one of the five monuments

The Tour of Flanders, also known as De Ronde, is an annual road cycling race held in Belgium every spring. The most important cycling race in Flanders, it is part of the UCI World Tour and organized by Flanders Classics. Its nickname is Vlaanderens Mooiste. First held in 1913, the Tour of Flanders had its 100th edition in 2016.

Of the way he rode, Durand said:

I'm not a revolutionary of any sort, but on the bike, I've always refused to come out of a mould. It astonishes me that most riders are followers, even sheep. A lot of them, the only people who know they're in the Tour are their directeurs sportifs. I couldn't do the job like that. They finish the Tour without having attacked once, maybe the whole of the season, even the whole of their career. I'd rather finish shattered and last having attacked a hundred times than finish 25th without having tried. Yes, I get ragged about it, but it's always in a friendly way. In the bunch, the guys know that Dudu is as likely to finish a long way behind them as first. [7]

Tour of Flanders

Durand won the Ronde van Vlaanderen, or Tour of Flanders, in 1992, 36 years after the last French winner, Jean Forestier, in 1956. He broke away from the field with Thomas Wegmüller after a quarter of the race, with 217 km still to ride. [8] His success as an outsider, and after such a long lone ride, stayed in the memory of Belgian fans. Years later, Durand was stopped for speeding. The Belgian policeman who came to his car said, "Vous avez gagné le Tour des Flandres en nonante-deux" ("You won the Tour of Flanders in '92") - and let him drive on.

Jean Forestier French racing cyclist

Jean Forestier is a former French cyclist. He was a professional from 1953 to 1965. Forestier won the points classification in the 1957 Tour de France, and wore the yellow jersey for two days. He also won the 1955 Paris–Roubaix.

Thomas Wegmüller cyclist

Thomas Wegmüller is a former Swiss racing cyclist. He rode in the Tour de France and the Vuelta a España. He was the Swiss National Road Race champion in 1992.

Durand finished his career with Belgian teams. "Winning the Ronde made me a bit of a naturalised Belgian," he said. [9]

Doping and disqualification

Durand took drugs during the Tour de la Côte Picarde in 1996 and was given a one-month probationary suspension. [10] He was disqualified during the Tour de France in 2002 for holding on to a car during the mountainous stage to the Plateau de Beille in the Pyrenees. There had been complaints from riders, including the Czech, Jan Svorada, that he had done the same the previous year. [11]

His name was on the list of doping tests published by the French Senate on 24 July 2013 that were collected during the 1998 Tour de France and found positive for EPO when retested in 2004. [12]


Durand retired from racing in 2005 after receiving no team offers. [13] He followed that year's Tour de France as representative of the supermarket chain, Champion. [14] He is now a television commentator for Eurosport.

Private life

Durand stayed loyal to his first club, CC Renzé, throughout his career. He lives in Mauritius.

On 25 November 2017, Durand's 80-year-old father, Henri Durand, was reported missing by his wife, Colette, after he went out for his usual bicycle ride and never returned. His body was found in a lake on 2 January 2018, in between Ballots and Saint-Michel-de-la-Roë. An autopsy confirmed he had died from drowning. [15] [16]

Major results

Flag of France.svg  France National amateur team-trial champion
Paris - Alençon
Grand Prix d'Isbergues
Tour of Flanders
Bol d'or des Monédières
Bordeaux - Cauderan
Dun Le Palestel
Flag of France.svg  France National road champion
Flag of France.svg  France National road champion
Tour de France
Winner stage 10
Tour de France
Winner prologue
Dun Le Palestel
Tour de France
Winner stage 8
Jersey red number.svg Winner combativity award
Ronde d'Aix-en-Provence
Tour de France
Jersey red number.svg Winner combativity award
Tro Bro Léon
Tartu Rattaralli

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  1. "Durand calls it a day". cyclingnews.com. 16 December 2004. Archived from the original on 9 June 2010. Retrieved 9 June 2010.
  2. L'Équipe, 14 July 2000
  3. L'Équipe, 14 July 2000
  4. Vélomania, France, February 2005
  5. Vélomania, France, February 2005
  6. Vélomania, France, February 2005
  7. L'Équipe, 14 July 2000
  8. Vélomania, France, February 2005
  9. L'Équipe, 14 July 2000
  10. L'Équipe, 9 January 1997
  11. L'Équipe, France, 21 July 2002
  12. "French Senate releases positive EPO cases from 1998 Tour de France".
  13. Vélomania, France, February 2005
  14. Vélo, France, March 2005
  15. lecourrierdelamayenne.fr. "Corps repêché à Ballots : la victime identifiée - Le Courrier de la Mayenne". www.lecourrierdelamayenne.fr (in French). Retrieved 2018-01-23.
  16. "Sud-Mayenne: le corps repêché est bien celui d'Henri Durand". Ouest-France.fr (in French). Retrieved 2018-01-23.