Jacob, Margrave of Baden-Baden

Last updated
Jacob I of Baden
Born(1407-03-15)15 March 1407
Hachberg
Died 13 October 1453(1453-10-13) (aged 46)
Mühlburg
Noble family House of Zähringen
Spouse(s) Catherine de Lorraine
(m. 1422 – wid. 1439)
Father Bernard I, Margrave of Baden-Baden
Mother Anna of Oettingen

Jacob I of Baden (15 March 1407, Hachberg 13 October 1453, Mühlburg), was Margrave of Baden-Baden from 1431 to 1453.

Hochburg castle

The Hochburg is a castle ruin situated between the city of Emmendingen and the village of Sexau in the region of Baden, located in the southwest of Germany. It was presumably built in the 11th century and was originally known as castle Hachberg. The line of nobles known as the Margraves of Baden-Hachberg most likely derive their name from this castle and before it was razed by the French it was the second largest fortification in Baden.

Mühlburg, formerly a town on its own right, is a borough located in the West of Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. The name Mühlburg could be translated as Mill-castle and refers to a water mill and a water castle located at the site where a Roman road once crossed the small river Alb.

Contents

He was the elder son of Bernard I, Margrave of Baden-Baden and his second wife Anna of Oettingen. Jacob I was a man of deep religious beliefs, well known as a founder of churches. He founded the monastery at Fremersberg and was a major benefactor of the Stiftskirche at Baden-Baden.

Bernard I of Baden was Margrave of the Margraviate of Baden from 1391 to 1431.

Fremersberg mountain

The Fremersberg is a hill, 524.6 m above sea level (NHN), on the western edge of the northern Black Forest in south Germany on the territory of the town of Baden-Baden and the municipality of Sinzheim. On the summit plateau, which is made of bunter sandstone there is the residential area of Fremersberg Turm with rented inn, which was built by the town of Baden-Baden in 1884, and the 85-metre-high Fremersberg Tower, built in 1961, a transmission tower with an observation platform.

Baden-Baden Place in Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Baden-Baden is a spa town in the state of Baden-Württemberg, south-western Germany, at the north-western border of the Black Forest mountain range on the small river Oos, ten kilometres east of the Rhine, the border with France, and forty kilometres north-east of Strasbourg, France.

According to his father's precepts, only two of his sons were to be considered heirs of the margravate. Therefore, only Charles and Bernard received a secular education; the other children had a strict religious upbringing. George, after taking a religious profession in his youth, returned briefly to the world, but in 1454 reverted to holy orders and later became Bishop of Metz.

George of Baden was Bishop of Metz.

Metz Prefecture and commune in Grand Est, France

Metz is a city in northeast France located at the confluence of the Moselle and the Seille rivers. Metz is the prefecture of the Moselle department and the seat of the parliament of the Grand Est region. Located near the tripoint along the junction of France, Germany, and Luxembourg, the city forms a central place of the European Greater Region and the SaarLorLux euroregion.

Jacob I was the opposite of his father; Enea Silvio de Piccolomini (Pope Pius II) characterized him as famous among the Germans for his justice and intelligence.

Pope Pius II pope

Pope Pius II, born Enea Silvio Bartolomeo Piccolomini was Pope from 19 August 1458 to his death in 1464. He was born at Corsignano in the Sienese territory of a noble but impoverished family. His longest and most enduring work is the story of his life, the Commentaries, which is the only autobiography ever written by a reigning pope.

In his early years he was ruler of the family possessions in Hohenberg, until at the age of 24 he succeeded to the government of Baden. He was described as a pugnacious knight and a frugal father of the state and was popular among the princes as a mediator. Both Emperor Sigismund and Emperor Frederick III, under whom he served, thought highly of him.

Knight An award of an honorary title for past or future service with its roots in chivalry in the Middle Ages

A knight is a man granted an honorary title of knighthood by a monarch, bishop or other political or religious leader for service to the monarch or a Christian church, especially in a military capacity.

Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor Monarch from the House Luxemburg, 1387 to 1437 King of Hungary, 1410 to 1437 King of Germany,  1419 to 1437 King of Bohemia and 1433 to 1437 Holy Roman Emperor

Sigismund of Luxembourg was Prince-elector of Brandenburg from 1378 until 1388 and from 1411 until 1415, King of Hungary and Croatia from 1387, King of Germany from 1411, King of Bohemia from 1419, King of Italy from 1431, and Holy Roman Emperor from 1433 until 1437, and the last male member of the House of Luxembourg. In 1396 he led the Crusade of Nicopolis, which attempted to liberate Bulgaria and save the Byzantine Empire and Constantinople from Ottoman rule. Afterwards, he founded the Order of the Dragon to fight the Turks. He was regarded as highly educated, spoke several languages and was an outgoing person who also took pleasure in the tournament. Sigismund was one of the driving forces behind the Council of Constance that ended the Papal Schism, but which also led to the Hussite Wars that dominated the later period of Sigismund's life.

Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor Austrian archduke and duke

Frederick III was Holy Roman Emperor from 1452 until his death. He was the first emperor of the House of Habsburg, and the fourth member of the House of Habsburg to be elected King of Germany after Rudolf I of Germany, Albert I in the 13th century and his predecessor Albert II of Germany. He was the penultimate emperor to be crowned by the Pope, and the last to be crowned in Rome.

When as the result of a miscarriage his sister Agnes fled in the middle of a conflict about inheritance, the Margrave lost his claim to the Duchy of Schleswig. He was so angry that he confined Agnes for the rest of her life in Eberstein Castle in Ebersteinburg. (The incident is remembered as the "Double Disaster of Gottorf").

Agnes of Baden, was a German noblewoman member of the House of Zähringen and by marriage Countess of Holstein-Rendsburg.

Alt Eberstein castle ruin in Baden-Baden. Germany

The ruins of Alt-Eberstein are the remains of the former Schloss Eberstein, located on a hill near the town of Ebersteinburg and directly upstream of the modern city of Baden-Baden, in the state of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. The original structure was built in 1100 as the primary residence of the Counts of Eberstein, but by the end of the 16th century had been abandoned and much of the castle was torn down to provide materials for other structures. Presently it is a German national monument and a State Palace of Baden-Wuerttemberg.

Ebersteinburg Ortsteil of Baden-Baden in Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Ebersteinburg is an Ortsteil of Baden-Baden. At 426m in elevation it lies between the valleys of the Murg and Oos rivers. The village has a population of 1,200 and since 1972 has been part of the city of Baden-Baden.

When in 1427 the Treaty of Sponheim came into force, he gained possessions on the Moselle. In 1442 he bought for 30,000 guilders from the descendants of Walter von Geroldseck half the lordship of Lahr and Mahlberg.

Family and children

He married 25 July 1422 Catherine, daughter of Charles II, Duke of Lorraine and Margaret of the Palatinate. They had the following children:

  1. Charles I, Margrave of Baden-Baden (1427 – 24 February 1475, Pforzheim).
  2. Bernard II, Margrave of Baden-Baden (later beatified) (1428 – 12 July 1458, Moncalieri).
  3. John (1430 – 9 February 1503, Ehrenbreitstein), Archbishop of Trier.
  4. Margarete (1431 – 24 October 1457, Ansbach), married 1446 to Albert III, Margrave of Brandenburg.
  5. George (1433 – 11 February 1484, Moyen), Bishop of Metz.
  6. Markus (1434 – 1 September 1478), canon in Liége and Strassburg.
  7. Matilde (1435/39 – 18 April 1485), Abbess in Trier.

He also had an illegitimate son, Rudolf of Baden.

Related Research Articles

Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor Holy Roman Emperor from 1705 till his death in 1711

Joseph I was Holy Roman Emperor from 1705 until his death in 1711. He was the eldest son of Emperor Leopold I from his third wife, Eleonor Magdalene of Neuburg. Joseph was crowned King of Hungary at the age of nine in 1687 and King in Germany at the age of eleven in 1690. He succeeded to the thrones of Bohemia and the Holy Roman Empire when his father died.

Anne of Austria, Landgravine of Thuringia Princess and Pretender of Hungary and Princess of Germany, Bohemia and Austria

Anne of Bohemia and Austria was a Duchess of Luxembourg in her own right and, as a consort, Landgravine of Thuringia and of Saxony.

Charles II, Margrave of Baden-Durlach Ruler of Baden-Durlach 1553-1577

Charles II, Margrave of Baden-Durlach, nicknamed Charles with the bag, governed the Margravate of Durlach from 1552 to 1577. On June 1, 1556, Charles issued a new Church Order, which made Lutheranism the official religion in Baden-Durlach.

Philibert, Margrave of Baden-Baden Margrave of Baden

Margrave Philibert of Baden ruled the Margraviate of Baden-Baden from 1554 to 1569. Philibert was the son of the Margrave Bernhard III, Margrave of Baden-Baden and Franziska of Luxembourg, daughter of Charles I, Count of Ligny.

Georg Franck von Franckenau was a German physician and botanist.

John Casimir, Count Palatine of Kleeburg Father of King Charles X of Sweden

John Casimir, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Kleeburg was the son of John I, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken and his wife, Duchess Magdalene of Jülich-Cleves-Berg and was the founder of a branch of Wittelsbach Counts Palatine often called the Swedish line, because it gave rise to three subsequent kings of Sweden, but more commonly known as the Kleeburg line.

Margrave Philip I of Baden took over the administration of his father's possessions Baden (Baden-Baden), Durlach, Pforzheim and Altensteig and parts of Eberstein, Lahr and Mahlberg in 1515 and ruled as governor until he inherited the territories in 1527. From 1524 till 1527, he also acted as an imperial governor in the second Imperial Government.

Ottilie of Katzenelnbogen wife of Margrave Christoph I of Baden

Ottilie of Katzenelnbogen, was by marriage Margravine of Baden-Baden.

William Louis, Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken (1627-1640)

William Louis of Nassau-Saarbrücken, was a Count of Saarbrücken.

Bernhard III, Margrave of Baden-Baden Margrave of Baden-Baden

Bernhard III, Margrave of Baden-Baden inherited in 1515 part of his father's margraviate of Baden. He ruled his part from 1515 until 1536.

William I, Margrave of Meissen Margrave of Meissen

William I, the one-eyed, was Margrave of Meissen. His surname is related to the legend that Saint Benno appeared to him because of his disputes with the Church in a dream and he had an eye gouged out.

Ernest, Margrave of Baden-Durlach First Margrave of Baden-Durlach

Margrave Ernest I of Baden-Durlach was the founder of the so-called "Ernestine" line of the House of Baden, the line from which the later Grand Dukes descended. He was the ruling Margrave of Baden-Pforzheim from 1533 and resided in Pforzheim from 1537. In 1565, his son Charles II moved the capital to Durlach and thereby changed the name of his country to Baden-Durlach. He had to deal with the upcoming Reformation and the frequent Ottoman wars in Europe. In this turbulent time, he tried to maintain a neutral position between the Protestants and Catholics. He did not participate in the Schmalkaldic War.

Catherine of Lorraine was Margravine of Baden-Baden by marriage to Margrave Jacob of Baden-Baden.

James III, Margrave of Baden-Hachberg Margrave of Baden-Hachberg

Margrave James III of Baden-Hachberg was margrave of Baden-Hachberg from 1584 to 1590 and resided at Emmendingen. He converted, in 1590, from Lutheranism to the Roman Catholic confession, causing some political turmoil.

Bernhard II, Margrave of Baden-Baden Margrave of Baden-Baden

Bernhard II of Baden, was the second son of Margrave Jacob of Baden and his wife, Catherine of Lorraine. He was born in the late 1520s at Hohenbaden Castle in Baden-Baden. His exact birth date is unknown. He was beatified by the Roman Catholic Church in 1769.

Herman, Margrave of Brandenburg-Salzwedel Margrave and co-ruler of Brandenburg

Herman, Margrave of Brandenburg, also known as Herman the Tall, a member of the House of Ascania, was Margrave and co-ruler of Brandenburg with his cousin Margrave Otto IV of Brandenburg-Stendal.

John II of Baden was a titular Margrave of Baden and was Archbishop and Elector of Trier as John II of Baden from 1456 until his death in 1503.

Henry I, Margrave of Brandenburg-Stendal Margrave of Brandenburg-Stendal

Margrave Henry I was a member of the House of Ascania and Margrave of Brandenburg-Stendal and Landsberg.

Rudolf II, Margrave of Baden-Baden was the second son of Margrave Rudolf I and his wife Kunigunde of Eberstein. Until his father's death, he was known as Rudolf the Younger; after his father's death, he was known as Rudolf the Elder, to distinguish him from his youngest brother.

References

See also

Jacob, Margrave of Baden-Baden
House of Zähringen
Born: 14 March 1407 Died: 13 October 1453
Preceded by
Bernard I
Margrave of Baden-Baden
14311453
Succeeded by
Charles I and
Bernard II