Jacob Harold Gallinger

Last updated

Jacob H. Gallinger
Jacob Harold Gallinger.jpg
Chairman of the Senate Republican Conference
In office
March 4, 1913 August 17, 1918
Deputy James Wolcott Wadsworth Jr. (1915)
Preceded by Shelby Moore Cullom
Succeeded by Henry Cabot Lodge
President pro tempore of the United States Senate
In office
February 12, 1912 March 4, 1913
Preceded by Augustus O. Bacon
Succeeded by James Paul Clarke
United States Senator from
New Hampshire
In office
March 4, 1891 August 17, 1918
Preceded by Henry W. Blair
Succeeded by Irving W. Drew
Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives
from New Hampshire's 2nd district
In office
March 4, 1885 March 3, 1889
Preceded by Ossian Ray
Succeeded by Orren C. Moore
Member of the New Hampshire Senate
In office
1878–1880
Member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives
In office
1872–1873
Personal details
Born(1837-03-28)March 28, 1837
Cornwall, Ontario, British Canada
DiedAugust 17, 1918(1918-08-17) (aged 81)
Franklin, New Hampshire, U.S.
Political party Republican

Jacob Harold Gallinger (March 28, 1837 – August 17, 1918), was a United States Senator from New Hampshire who served as President pro tempore of the Senate in 1912 and 1913.

Contents

Biography

Mrs. Bailey Gallinger Mrs Bailey Gallinger.jpg
Mrs. Bailey Gallinger

Born in Cornwall, Ontario, British Canada, Gallinger moved to the U.S. at an early age and first worked as a printer. He studied medicine at the Cincinnati Eclectic Medical Institute, from which he graduated in May 1858. He studied abroad for two years, and then returned to the United States and engaged in the practice of homeopathic medicine and surgery in Concord, New Hampshire. He was an active member of the American Institute of Homeopathy (AIH) from 1868–80, and throughout his political career, he was a forthright advocate of the homeopathic school of thought and practice. Besides the AIH, he was a member of many state and national medical societies and a frequent contributor to the journals of his profession. He was on the board of trustees of Columbia Hospital for Women, and a member of the board of visitors to Providence Hospital.

He was elected to the New Hampshire House of Representatives and served from 1872 to 1873. He served as a member of the state constitutional convention in 1876. He was then elected to the New Hampshire Senate and served from 1878 to 1880. He became surgeon general of New Hampshire, with the rank of brigadier general, from 1879 to 1880. He was then elected as a Republican to the United States House of Representatives, serving from March 4, 1885, to March 3, 1889, but declined to be a candidate for reelection in 1888.

After a brief stint returning to the New Hampshire House, Gallinger was elected to the United States Senate in 1891. He was reelected by the legislature without opposition in 1897, 1903 and 1909, and by popular vote in 1914, and served from March 4, 1891, until his death in Franklin, New Hampshire in 1918. He was chairman of the delegations from his state to the Republican National Convention of 1888, 1900, 1904 and 1908, and for a time was a member of the Republican National Committee.

He was President pro tempore during the Sixty-second Congress and was also Republican Conference chairman. His additional achievements included chairman of the Committee on Transportation Routes to the Seaboard, Committee on Pensions, Committee on the District of Columbia, and chairman of the Merchant Marine Commission. [1] He also was named a member of the National Forest Reservation Commission, established by the Weeks Act, the Senate version of which Gallinger had sponsored. [2]

Gallinger received the honorary degree of A.M. from Dartmouth College in 1885 and served as trustee of George Washington University for several years. He was interred at Blossom Hill Cemetery, Concord.

Biography (State Builders)

(The subsequent text concerning Gallinger's life up until 1903 is derived from State Builders, see note below)

Jacob Harold Gallinger, U.S. Senator from the State of New Hampshire, from State Builders.jpg

United States Senator Jacob H. Gallinger has been for more than thirty years a conspicuous figure in the public life of his state. He was born March 28, 1837, at Cornwall, Ontario, descended on the paternal side from German ancestry, and his mother being of American stock. At an early age with only the limited advantages of schooling possible to be had at his home, he was thrown upon his own resources and early displayed that unflagging industry which has been the chief instrument of his rise to favor in professional and public life. [3]

As a youth he learned the printing trade and for a time published a newspaper. The printing-office was to him at once a source of livelihood and a school, and there he laid the foundations for that wide knowledge of men and affairs which has since been so marvelously extended in the course of his remarkable career as a public man. [3]

While still at work at the case he began the study of medicine, and in 1855 he entered a medical school at Cincinnati, Ohio, whence he was graduated at the head of his class in 1858. Feeling, however, that he was not yet qualified for the active work of his profession, he devoted himself for the next three years to study and travel, finding means to defray his expenses by literary work and incidentally working at the printer's trade, and in 1861 he entered upon practice in the city of Keene, where he remained only a few months, removing to Concord in April 1862, where for twenty-three years he was actively engaged in the practice of medicine and established a large and especially remunerative business. [3]

His aptitude for public affairs became early apparent, and in 1872 he held his first public office as member of the New Hampshire legislature. He was re-elected in 1873, and in 1876 was chosen a member of the constitutional convention. In 1878 he was elected a member of the state senate and was chosen for a second term, serving in 1879 as president of that body. During the administration of Governor Natt Head he served upon the Chief Magistrate's staff as Surgeon-General. In 1882 he was chosen chairman of the Republican State Committee and served in that capacity until 1890 when he resigned. [3]

In 1884 he was elected to the Forty-ninth Congress, was re-elected in 1886 by an enlarged majority, and declined a third nomination in 1888. In 1888 he was chairman of the New Hampshire delegation to the Republican National Convention at Chicago, where his political sagacity was well illustrated by the fact that he was one of the seconders of the nomination of the successful candidate, General Benjamin Harrison of Indiana. In 1890 he was again elected to the legislature, and during that session of the General Court was chosen United States Senator, entering upon his duties March 4, 1891. He was re-elected after a unanimous nomination in the Republican caucus in 1897, and in 1903 he received the unprecedented honor of a third consecutive election for a full term, receiving every vote that was cast in the caucus. [3]

In the senate, he ranks with the leaders of his party. He is at the head of large and important committees and is an indefatigable worker in legislative lines. A master of parliamentary law he is frequently called upon to preside, and his voice is potent, both in speech upon the floor of the Senate and in private conference in the shaping of the great policies of his party and the nation. [3]

Senator Gallinger is a public speaker of wide repute and his services are in constant demand in many states in every campaign. The larger portion of his political activity in this line, however, he devotes to his own state, where no advocate of party policies is more eagerly heard or more enthusiastically welcomed. In 1898 Senator Gallinger was again called to the chairmanship of the Republican state committee, and was re-elected to that position in 1900 and in 1902. In 1900 he again headed his state's delegation at the Republican National Convention, and in 1901 he was made the New Hampshire member of the Republican National Committee. [3]

See also

Notes

  1. See: Report of the Merchant Marine Commission, together with the testimony taken at the Hearings, 1905, Vol. III. Hearings on the Southern Coast and at Washington, D.C. and General Index
  2. Protection and Restoration
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Willey, George Franklyn (1903). State Builders; An Illustrated Historical and Biographical Record of the State of New Hampshire at the Beginning of the Twentieth Century. Manchester NH: New Hampshire Pub. Corp. p.  205. OCLC   7566342.

Related Research Articles

Reed Smoot United States Senator from Utah

Reed Smoot was a businessman and apostle of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints when he was elected by the Utah state legislature to the United States Senate in 1902; he served as a Republican senator from 1903 to 1933. From his time in the Senate, Smoot is primarily remembered as the co-sponsor of the 1930 Smoot–Hawley Tariff Act, which increased almost 900 American import duties. Thomas Lamont, a partner at J.P. Morgan at the time said, "That Act intensified nationalism all over the world". The Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act is widely regarded as one of the catalysts for the Great Depression.

Jonathan P. Dolliver American politician

Jonathan Prentiss Dolliver was a Republican orator, U.S. Representative, then U.S. Senator from Iowa at the turn of the 20th century. In 1900 and 1908 Republican National Conventions, he was promoted as a vice-presidential candidate, but he was never chosen.

Frank B. Willis American politician

Frank Bartlett Willis was a Republican politician from Ohio. He served as the 47th Governor of Ohio from 1915 to 1917, then served as a U.S. Senator from Ohio from 1921 until his death in 1928.

Charles W. F. Dick American politician

Charles William Frederick Dick was a Republican politician from Ohio. He served in the United States House of Representatives and U.S. Senate.

Senate Republican Conference

The Senate Republican Conference is the formal organization of the Republican Senators in the United States Senate, who currently number 53. Over the last century, the mission of the conference has expanded and been shaped as a means of informing the media of the opinions and activities of Senate Republicans. Today the Senate Republican Conference assists Republican Senators by providing a full range of communications services including graphics, radio, television, and the Internet. Its current Chairman is Senator John Barrasso, and its Vice Chairwoman is currently Senator Joni Ernst.

George H. Moses American politician

George Higgins Moses was a U.S. diplomat and political figure. He served as a United States Senator from New Hampshire and was chosen as the Senate's President pro tempore.

Royal S. Copeland American politician

Royal Samuel Copeland, a United States Senator from New York from 1923 until 1938, was an academic, homeopathic physician, and politician. He held elected offices in both Michigan and New York.

56th United States Congress 1899–1901 legislative term

The Fifty-sixth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1899, to March 4, 1901, during the third and fourth years of William McKinley's presidency. The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Eleventh Census of the United States in 1890. Both chambers had a Republican majority. There was one African-American member, George Henry White of North Carolina, who served his second and final term as a Representative in this Congress, and would be the last black member of Congress until 1928, and the last black member of Congress from the South until 1972.

62nd United States Congress

The Sixty-second United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from March 4, 1911, to March 4, 1913, during the third and fourth years of William H. Taft's presidency.

58th United States Congress

The Fifty-eighth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC, from March 4, 1903, to March 4, 1905, during the third and fourth years of Theodore Roosevelt's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Twelfth Census of the United States in 1900. Both chambers had a Republican majority.

Henry W. Keyes American politician

Henry Wilder Keyes was a Republican politician from Haverhill, New Hampshire. He served as Governor of New Hampshire and as a United States Senator.

William J. Stone American politician

William Joel Stone was a Democratic politician from Missouri who represented his state in the United States House of Representatives from 1885 to 1891, and in the U.S. Senate from 1903 until his death; he also served as the 28th Governor of Missouri from 1893 to 1897.

William P. Dillingham American politician

William Paul Dillingham was an American attorney and politician from the state of Vermont. A Republican and the son of Congressman and Governor Paul Dillingham, William P. Dillingham served as governor from 1888 to 1890 and United States Senator from 1900 until his death.

Alfred B. Kittredge American politician

Alfred Beard Kittredge was a United States Senator from South Dakota.

Aaron H. Cragin American politician

Aaron Harrison Cragin was an American politician and a United States Representative and Senator from New Hampshire.

Henry E. Burnham American politician

Henry Eben Burnham was a United States Senator from New Hampshire. Born in Dunbarton, New Hampshire, he attended the public schools and Kimball Union Academy and married Hannah Elizabeth Patterson. Burnham graduated from Dartmouth College in 1865, studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1868 and commenced practice in Manchester. He engaged in banking and insurance and was member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives in 1873-1874, was treasurer of Hillsborough County from 1875 to 1877, was judge of probate for Hillsborough County from 1876 to 1879, and was a member of the State constitutional convention of 1889. He was chairman of the Republican State convention in 1888, served as a ballot-law commissioner from 1892 to 1900, and was elected as a Republican to the U.S. Senate in 1901.

Irving W. Drew American politician

Irving Webster Drew was a United States Senator from New Hampshire. Born in Colebrook, he attended Kimball Union Academy and graduated from Dartmouth College in 1870. He moved to Lancaster, New Hampshire, where he studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1871 and commenced practice in Lancaster. He was appointed major of the New Hampshire National Guard in 1876 and served three years. In 1883-1884 he was a member of the New Hampshire Senate. He left the Democratic Party in 1896 and became a member of the Republican Party; he was a delegate to the State constitutional conventions in 1902 and 1912, and engaged in banking and the railroad business.

Charles William Fulton American politician

Charles William Fulton was an American lawyer and politician in the state of Oregon. A native of Ohio, he grew up in Iowa and Nebraska before settling in Astoria, Oregon. A Republican, he served in the Oregon State Senate, including time as President of the Senate, before he was elected as United States Senator from Oregon.

Thomas H. Tongue American politician

Thomas H. Tongue was an American politician and attorney in the state of Oregon. Born in England, his family immigrated to Washington County, Oregon, in 1859. In Oregon, he would serve in the State Senate from 1889 to 1893 and was the seventh mayor of Hillsboro. A Republican, he was chairman of the state party, and national convention delegate in 1892. Tongue served as Congressman from 1897 to 1903 representing Oregon's 1st congressional district.

George F. Edmunds American politician

George Franklin Edmunds was a Republican U.S. Senator from Vermont. Before entering the U.S. Senate, he served in a number of high-profile positions, including Speaker of the Vermont House of Representatives, and President pro tempore of the Vermont State Senate.

References

This article incorporates text from the 1903 State Builders; An Illustrated Historical and Biographical Record of the State of New Hampshire at the Beginning of the Twentieth Century by George Franklyn Willey, a book now in the public domain. Please feel free to update the text but please maintain the proper citations on the information from that source.

Party political offices
First Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from New Hampshire
(Class 3)

1914
Succeeded by
George H. Moses
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Ossian Ray
U.S. Congressman from New Hampshire
1885–1889
Succeeded by
Orren C. Moore
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Henry W. Blair
United States Senator from New Hampshire
1891–1918
Succeeded by
Irving W. Drew
Political offices
Preceded by
William P. Frye
President pro tempore of the United States Senate
Rotating pro tems
Succeeded by
James P. Clarke
Preceded by
David H. Buffum
President of the New Hampshire Senate
1879–1881
Succeeded by
John Kimball
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Shelby Moore Cullom
Dean of the United States Senate
March 4, 1913 – August 17, 1918
Succeeded by
Henry Cabot Lodge