Jacqueline "Jackie" Mattson (November 16, 1928 – February 23, 2016) was an American baseball player who played in the catcher position. She played in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League in 1950 and 1951, batting and throwing right-handed. She measured in at 5 foot 5 inches, weighing 100 pounds.
The All-American Girls Professional Baseball League (AAGPBL) was a professional women's baseball league founded by Philip K. Wrigley which existed from 1943 to 1954. The AAGPBL is the forerunner of women's professional league sports in the United States. Over 600 women played in the league, which consisted of eventually 10 teams located in the American Midwest. In 1948, league attendance peaked at over 900,000 spectators. The most successful team, the Rockford Peaches, won a league-best four championships. The 1992 motion picture A League of Their Own is a mostly fictionalized account of the early days of the league and its stars.
Jackie was born in Waukegan, Illinois, the youngest of 8 children, to a carpenter father (Siebert) and homemaker mother (Edith Adeline), the latter of whom only finished fifth grade. Her mom was thus not always supportive of Jackie's love for baseball, with Jackie recalling: "She didn't like it at all. She could not understand why her 'little girl' found every moment she could to play baseball with the boys. I remember one time when my mother sent me to the store and on the way I went by some boys playing a scrub game. I joined them, and was two hours late getting back home. I was even late for supper, and as punishment, had to go without."
Waukegan is the largest city in and the county seat of Lake County, Illinois, United States, a part of the Chicago metropolitan area. The city is located 35 miles north of Downtown Chicago and 10 miles south of the Wisconsin state border, situated approximately halfway between Chicago and Milwaukee. As of the 2013 United States Census estimate, the city has a population of 88,826, which makes it the ninth most populous city in Illinois. Waukegan is a predominately working-class community with a sizeable middle-class population.
But it was not to be helped. Jackie simply "fell in love with the round ball when [she] was just able to walk. It [was] a gift, it was [her] salvation." In 1942—in order to try to ease some of the financial burdens her parents were encountering—Jackie moved to Milwaukee to live with her sister (14 years her senior), her husband and their five kids. And there began her introduction to organized ball. Her coaches in the Milwaukee playground were impressed with her passion for the game accompanied by her strong arm. Her love for sports was not confined to baseball though. Jackie also did well at basketball and speed skating, amongst other recreational activities.
Basketball is a team sport in which two teams, most commonly of five players each, opposing one another on a rectangular court, compete with the primary objective of shooting a basketball through the defender's hoop while preventing the opposing team from shooting through their own hoop. A field goal is worth two points, unless made from behind the three-point line, when it is worth three. After a foul, timed play stops and the player fouled or designated to shoot a technical foul is given one or more one-point free throws. The team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but if regulation play expires with the score tied, an additional period of play (overtime) is mandated.
Speed skating is a competitive form of ice skating in which the competitors race each other in travelling a certain distance on skates. Types of speed skating are long track speed skating, short track speed skating, and marathon speed skating. In the Olympic Games, long-track speed skating is usually referred to as just "speed skating", while short-track speed skating is known as "short track". The ISU, the governing body of both ice sports, refers to long track as "speed skating" and short track as "short track skating".
In 1944, Jackie became a bullpen catcher in a men's baseball team, which was where she learned to catch. She then moved on to catching in a local recreation department indoor softball league. During this time, she developed strong enough skills to be recruited to play fast-pitch ball a year later for the West Allis fast pitch league, having been sent by Bunny Brief and Jack Kloza. This league had a reputation for being a stepping stone to the AAGPBL.
The bullpen catcher is a member of a baseball team's staff. The individual, often a former professional player, warms up relief pitchers during baseball games and starting pitchers prior to the start of games.
Anthony Vincent "Bunny" Brief, born Anthony John Grzeszkowski was a Major League Baseball first baseman who spent four seasons with the St. Louis Browns (1912–13), Chicago White Sox (1915), and Pittsburgh Pirates (1917). Born in Remus, Michigan, Bunny Brief played in 184 Major League games and had a lifetime batting average of .223 and a .306 on-base percentage. He was of Polish descent.
Jackie played on the Majdecki Foods team alongside Eileen Burmeister, Marge Peters, and Edna Scheer, winning the championship 1-0. It was only this game that Jackie's mom watched her play.
Eileen Dean née Burmeister played eight defensive positions for the Rockford Peaches in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. Listed at 5' 5", 140 lb., she batted and threw left handed.
Marjorie L. "Marge" Peters was an American baseball player. She was a pitcher who played from 1943 to 1944 in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. Listed at 5 ft 2 in, 112 lb., she batted and threw right-handed.
Edna H. Scheer was a pitcher who played in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. Listed at 5 ft 5 in (1.65 m), 104 lb., Scheer batted and threw right-handed. She was born in Cedarburg, Wisconsin.
Mattson was forced to move back to Waukegan in 1945 since her sister had just given birth to another baby and there was simply no more room so she went to Waukegan High School. But a year later she went back to Milwaukee, studying at the city's South Division High School and getting a diploma. During this time she was also able to play competitive ball again, working for Majdecki Foods to support herself. She then became a detailer and draftsman for the National Enameling and Stamping Company. For two years thereafter she played with the amateur Milwaukee Jets. She was seen by an AAGPBL scout and asked to try out for the league in Newark, in 1949. She was asked to participate in spring training that year with the South Bend Blue Sox. She was assigned to the Springfield Sallies in 1950 and played in 48 games.
Waukegan High School, or WHS, is a public four-year high school located in Waukegan, Illinois, USA, a city to the north of Chicago, Illinois. It is part of Waukegan Community Unit School District 60. Students attend classes at the Washington Campus, located at 1011 Washington Street, and also at the Brookside Campus, at 2325 Brookside Avenue. WHS first opened its doors in 1870 in the east campus. West campus was built to accommodate the baby boomer generation after WWII and originally held the Freshmen and Sophomore classes, while East Campus housed the Junior and Senior classes. West Campus is known today as Brookside Campus. Between the 1975–76 school year, and the 1989–90 school year, Waukegan High School split into two completely separate campuses. The East (Washington) campus is considered to be one and the same as the current and previous Waukegan High School. The West (Brookside) Campus was, during those years, a separate high school known as Waukegan West.
National Enameling and Stamping Company is a historic factory complex located at Baltimore, Maryland, United States. It was constructed in 1887 to serve as the works of the Baltimore branch of the nation's largest tinware manufacturer, the National Enameling and Stamping Company (NESCO). The densely packed complex fills an almost 5-acre (2.0 ha) site and consists of 17 interconnected buildings and one structure that vary in height from one to five stories. The complex was organized to house three primary functions in discrete sections: the manufacture of tinware, the manufacture of enameled and japanned wares, and storage, warehousing, and distribution. The plant ceased production of tinware and enameled wares in 1952.
The South Bend Blue Sox was a women's professional baseball team who played from 1943 through 1954 in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. A founding member, the team represented South Bend, Indiana, and played their home games at Bendix Field (1943–1945) and Playland Park (1946–1954).
Mattson later married Robert Orville Baumgart and raised a family.
1. AAGPBL2. A League of My Own 3. Girls' Baseball League Made History Decades Ago
The Milwaukee Chicks were a women's professional baseball team which played in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League during the 1944 season. They were managed by Max Carey, former star player for the Pittsburgh Pirates and Brooklyn Robins and a future Hall of Famer.
Carol Habben was a center fielder and backup catcher who played from 1951 through 1954 in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. Listed at 5 ft 5 in (1.65 m), 135 lb., she batted and threw right-handed.
Wilma Briggs[Briggsie] is a former left fielder who played from 1948 through 1954 in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. Listed at 5' 4", 138 lb., she batted left-handed and threw right-handed.
Lavone A. "Pepper" Paire Davis was a baseball catcher and infielder who played from 1944 through 1953 in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. Listed at 5 ft 4 in (1.63 m), 138 lb., she batted and threw right-handed.
Annabelle Lee Harmon was an American female pitcher who played from 1944 through 1950 with four teams of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. Listed at 5 ft 2 in (1.57 m), 120 lb, Lee was a switch-hitter and threw left-handed. She was born in Los Angeles, California. She was the aunt of Bill Lee, a former Boston Red Sox and Montreal Expos pitcher.
Merle Patricia Keagle was an American center fielder who played in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League between the 1944 and 1948 seasons. Listed at 5' 2", 144 lb., she batted and threw right-handed.
Dolores Margaret Lee is a former female pitcher who played from 1952 through 1954 in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. Listed at 5 ft 6 in (1.68 m), 130 lb, she batted and threw right-handed.
Evelyn Wawryshyn [Litwin/Moroz] is a Canadian former second basewoman who played from 1946 through 1951 in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. Listed at 5' 3", 130 lb., Wawryshyn batted and threw right-handed. She was nicknamed Evie by her friends and teammates.
Jean Anna Faut [Winsch/Eastman] was a starting pitcher who played from 1946 through 1953 in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. Listed at 5 ft 4 in (1.63 m), 137 lb., she batted and threw right-handed.
Anna May Hutchison ["Hutch"] was a female pitcher and catcher who played from 1944 through 1949 in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. Listed at 5 ft 7 in (1.70 m), 149 lb., she batted and threw right-handed. Sometimes she is credited as Anna Mae Hutchison.
Sarah Jane Sands Ferguson is a former right fielder and catcher who played from 1953 through 1954 in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. Listed at 5 ft 4 in (1.63 m), 120 lb., she batted and threw right-handed.
Dorothy Maguire was a catcher and outfielder who played from 1943 through 1949 in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. Maguire batted and threw right-handed. She also played under the name of Dorothy Chapman.
Jean S. Cione [″Cy″] was a pitcher who played from 1945 through 1954 in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. Listed at 5' 8", 143 lb., She batted and threw left-handed.
Thelma "Tiby" Eisen was an outfielder who played from 1944 through 1952 in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. Listed at 5' 4", 130 lb., she batted and threw right-handed.
Mary Rountree was a catcher who played from 1946 through 1952 in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League (AAGPBL). Listed at 5 ft 5 in (1.65 m) and 125 pounds (57 kg), she batted and threw right-handed.
Viola Thompson [Griffin] was a pitcher who played from 1944 through 1947 in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League (AAGPBL). Listed at 5 feet 5 inches (165 cm), 120 pounds (54 kg), she batted and threw left-handed.
The 1944 All-American Girls Professional Baseball League season marked the second season of the circuit. The AAGPBL expanded in its second year of existence by adding two franchises to the original four-team format. At this point, the Milwaukee Chicks and the Minneapolis Millerettes joined the Kenosha Comets, Racine Belles, Rockford Peaches and South Bend Blue Sox. The number of games in the schedule also increased to 118, while the final Scholarship Series faced first-half winner Kenosha against Milwaukee, second-half champ, in a Best of Seven Series.
Clara Ruth Cook [״Babe״] was a pitcher who played from 1943 through 1944 in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. Listed at 5 ft 2 in (1.57 m), 130 lb., she batted and threw left-handed.
Patricia Irene Brown was a pitcher who played in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. Listed at 5' 5", 135 lb., she batted and threw right handed.
Anna Mae O'Dowd played in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League from 1949 to 1951. She was born in Chicago, Illinois, on April 26, 1929. She both batted and threw right-handed.