Jacques-Louis Lions

Last updated

Jacques-Louis Lions
Jacques-Louis Lions.jpeg
Lions in 1970
Born(1928-05-03)3 May 1928
Died17 May 2001(2001-05-17) (aged 73)
NationalityFrench
Alma mater University of Nancy
Known for Partial differential equations
Awards Japan Prize (1991)
Scientific career
Fields Mathematics
Institutions École Polytechnique
Collège de France
Doctoral advisor Laurent Schwartz
Doctoral students Alain Bensoussan
Jean-Michel Bismut
Haïm Brezis
Erol Gelenbe
Roland Glowinski
Roger Temam

Jacques-Louis Lions (French:  [ljɔ̃ːs] ; [1] 3 May 1928 – 17 May 2001) was a French mathematician who made contributions to the theory of partial differential equations and to stochastic control, among other areas. He received the SIAM's John von Neumann Lecture prize in 1986 and numerous other distinctions. [2] [3] Lions is listed as an ISI highly cited researcher. [4]

Contents

Biography

After being part of the French Résistance in 1943 and 1944, J.-L. Lions entered the École Normale Supérieure in 1947. He was a professor of mathematics at the Université of Nancy, the Faculty of Sciences of Paris, and the École polytechnique.

In 1966 he sent an invitation to Gury Marchuk, the soviet mathematician to visit Paris. This was hand delivered by General De Gaulle during his visit to Akademgorodok in June of that year. [5]

He joined the prestigious Collège de France as well as the French Academy of Sciences in 1973. In 1979, he was appointed director of the Institut National de la Recherche en Informatique et Automatique (INRIA), where he taught and promoted the use of numerical simulations using finite elements integration. Throughout his career, Lions insisted on the use of mathematics in industry, with a particular involvement in the French space program, as well as in domains such as energy and the environment. This eventually led him to be appointed director of the Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES) from 1984 to 1992.

Lions was elected President of the International Mathematical Union in 1991 and also received the Japan Prize and the Harvey Prize that same year. [3] In 1992, the University of Houston awarded him an honorary doctoral degree. He was elected president of the French Academy of Sciences in 1996 and was also a Foreign Member of the Royal Society (ForMemRS) [6] and numerous other foreign academies. [2] [3]

He has left a considerable body of work, among this more than 400 scientific articles, 20 volumes of mathematics that were translated into English and Russian, and major contributions to several collective works, including the 4000 pages of the monumental Mathematical analysis and numerical methods for science and technology (in collaboration with Robert Dautray), as well as the Handbook of numerical analysis in 7 volumes (with Philippe G. Ciarlet).

His son Pierre-Louis Lions is also a well-known mathematician who was awarded a Fields Medal in 1994. [7] Both father and son have received honorary doctorates from Heriot-Watt University in 1986 and 1995 respectively. [8]

Books

Related Research Articles

Laurent Lafforgue French mathematician

Laurent Lafforgue is a French mathematician. He has made outstanding contributions to Langlands' program in the fields of number theory and analysis, and in particular proved the Langlands conjectures for the automorphism group of a function field. The crucial contribution by Lafforgue to solve this question is the construction of compactifications of certain moduli stacks of shtukas. The proof was the result of more than six years of concentrated efforts.

James Hardy Wilkinson FRS was a prominent figure in the field of numerical analysis, a field at the boundary of applied mathematics and computer science particularly useful to physics and engineering.

Jacques Hadamard French mathematician

Jacques Salomon Hadamard ForMemRS was a French mathematician who made major contributions in number theory, complex analysis, differential geometry and partial differential equations.

Peter Lax American mathematician

Peter David Lax is a Hungarian-born American mathematician working in the areas of pure and applied mathematics.

Pierre-Louis Lions French mathematician and Fields Medalist

Pierre-Louis Lions is a French mathematician. He is the recipient of the 1994 Fields Medal.

John M. Ball British mathematician

Sir John Macleod Ball is a British mathematician and former Sedleian Professor of Natural Philosophy at the University of Oxford. He was the President of the International Mathematical Union from 2003–06 and a Fellow of Queen's College, Oxford. He was educated at the University of Cambridge and Sussex University, and prior to taking up his Oxford post was a professor of mathematics at Heriot-Watt University in Edinburgh.

Wendelin Werner Mathematician and Fields Medallist

Wendelin Werner is a German-born French mathematician working on random processes such as self-avoiding random walks, Brownian motion, Schramm–Loewner evolution, and related theories in probability theory and mathematical physics. In 2006, at the 25th International Congress of Mathematicians in Madrid, Spain he received the Fields Medal "for his contributions to the development of stochastic Loewner evolution, the geometry of two-dimensional Brownian motion, and conformal field theory". He is professor at ETH Zürich.

Philippe G. Ciarlet is a French mathematician, known particularly for his work on mathematical analysis of the finite element method. He has contributed also to elasticity, to the theory of plates ans shells and differential geometry.

Haïm Brezis is a French mathematician who works in functional analysis and partial differential equations.

Enrique Zuazua Spanish mathematician

Enrique Zuazua Iriondo is a Distinguished Research Professor and the Director of the Chair of Computational Mathematics of DeustoTech Research Center of the University of Deusto in Bilbao, Basque Country, Spain and Professor of Applied Mathematics at Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (UAM).

Andrew Majda American mathematician

Andrew Joseph Majda is an American mathematician and the Morse Professor of Arts and Sciences at the Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences of New York University. He is known for his theoretical contributions to partial differential equations as well as his applied contributions to diverse areas including shock waves, combustion, incompressible flow, vortex dynamics, and atmospheric sciences. Majda is listed as an ISI highly cited researcher in mathematics.

Association française pour linformation scientifique organization

The Association française pour l'information scientifique or AFIS is an association regulated by the French law of 1901, founded under the leadership of Michel Rouzé in November 1968. As a skeptical organisation, it has been a member of the European Council of Skeptical Organisations since 2001, and publishes the magazine Science et pseudo-sciences.

Michelle Schatzman (1949–2010) was a French mathematician, specializing in applied mathematics, who combined research as a CNRS research director and teaching as a professor at the Claude Bernard University Lyon 1.

Emmanuel Trélat is a French mathematician.

Christine Bernardi was a French mathematician known for her research on numerical analysis of partial differential equations.

Josselin Garnier French mathematician

Josselin Garnier is a French mathematician.

Karine Beauchard is a French mathematician known for her research in control theory. She is a University Professor at the École normale supérieure de Rennes, and was the Peccot Lecturer of the Collège de France for 2007–2008.

Ignace Robert Dautray, born Kouchelevitz on February 1, 1928 in the 10th arrondissement of Paris, is a French engineer, former scientific director of the French Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique (CEA) and former High Commissioner for Atomic Energy. He is a member of the French Academy of Sciences, section mechanical and computer sciences, and of the French Academy of Technology.

Benoit Perthame French mathematician

Benoit Perthame is a French mathematician, who deals with non-linear partial differential equations and their applications in biology. He is a professor at Pierre-et-Marie Curie University and at the Laboratoire Jacques-Louis Lions, which he directs.

References

  1. CORE Fields Medal Talk: Pierre-Louis Lions on Mean Field Games
  2. 1 2 Jacques-Louis Lions. Casinapioiv.va. Retrieved on 9 May 2016.
  3. 1 2 3 Jacques-Louis LIONS. isces.org
  4. Thomson ISI. "Lions, Jacques-Louis, ISI Highly Cited Researchers" . Retrieved 20 June 2009
  5. Impagliazzo, John; Proydakov, Eduard (2011). Perspectives on Soviet and Russian Computing: First IFIP WG 9.7 Conference, SoRuCom 2006, Petrozavodsk, Russia, July 3-7, 2006, Revised Selected Papers. Springer. ISBN   9783642228162 . Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  6. Ciarlet, P. G. (2002). "Jacques-Louis Lions. 2 May 1928 – 17 May 2001". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society . 48: 275–287. doi:10.1098/rsbm.2002.0015.
  7. Hoffmann, Ilire Hasani, Robert. "Academy of Europe: Lions Pierre-Louis". www.ae-info.org. Retrieved 6 April 2016.
  8. webperson@hw.ac.uk. "Heriot-Watt University Edinburgh: Honorary Graduates". www1.hw.ac.uk. Retrieved 6 April 2016.
  9. Russell, David L. (1990). "Review: Controlabilité Exacte, Perturbations et Stabilisation de Systèmes Distribués, by J.-L. Lions" (PDF). Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. (N.S.). 22 (2): 353–356. doi:10.1090/s0273-0979-1990-15909-9.