Jacques van Arthois
|Died||1686 (aged 72–73), Brussels|
|Known for||Landscape painting, tapestry design|
Jacques d'Arthois(12 October 1613 (baptised) – May 1686) was a Flemish painter and tapestry designer who specialized in wooded landscapes with figures. He often depicted the woods around his native Brussels. Jacques d'Arthois was an influential painter and one of the few 17th century landscape painters from Brussels whose fame was remembered in the following centuries as his style was imitated and followed by many other landscape artists.
Jacques d'Arthois was born in Brussels as the son of Henri Artois. He was baptized on 12 October 1613. On 11 January 1625 he became an apprentice to Jan Mertens, an artist whose work is not known. He became a master in the Brussels Guild of St. Luke in 1634.
He married Maria Sampels with whom he had eight children. Their son Jan Baptist became a landscape painter in the style of his father. Jacques d'Arthois had his own workshop and took on pupils, among them his brother Nicolaes (1617–?), his son Jan Baptist (1638 – after 1657), Alexander van Herssen, Philip van Dapels and Cornelis van Empel.The Antwerp landscape painter Cornelis Huysmans claimed he spent two years in the workshop of d'Arthois but there is no documentary evidence which corroborates this.
Around 1650, the governor of the Spanish Netherlands Luis de Benavides Carrillo, Marquis of Caracena, awarded Jacques d'Arthois a distinction for reasons that are now unknown. In 1655 he was officially recognized as a tapestry cartoon designer of the city of Brussels by the magistrate of the city, as a replacement of Lodewijk de Vadder who had died. He was already at that time deemed to be a skillful artist in that specialty.
At the time of his death he owned several houses (one of which was in the Sonian forest) and a painting collection, even though his lavish lifestyle had left him severely in debt. He died in Brussels.
Jacques d'Arthois was a landscape painter who specialized in wooded landscapes with figures. The figures were often added by other artists, including David Teniers the Younger and Gonzales Coques. Sometimes art dealers would commission local painters (such as Peter van Halen in Antwerp) to add figures to works of Jacques d'Arthois that they had acquired. While most of his works are of regular size, he gained a reputation with his very large landscapes which at that time were starting to become acceptable for the decoration of churches, abbeys etc.This explains the many commissions the artist received from religious communities.
The work of his brother Nicolaes d'Arthois and his son Jan-Baptist, both of whom worked in his workshop is not always indistinguishable from his. In fact no signed works of Nicolaes and Jan Baptist are known and as a result numerous works made by them may have been attributed to Jacques d'Arthois.Jacques d'Arthois was influenced by other landscape artists of his time such as Denis van Alsloot and especially Lodewijk de Vadder.
As only a few of his works are dated, it has been difficult to trace the development of his style.Nevertheless, based on the engravings made by Wenceslaus Hollar around 1650 after works by Jacques d'Arthois, it is possible to ascertain that his early works were quite close to the paintings of Lodewijk de Vadder. These early compositions leave the foreground rather uncluttered, show a sandy path sinking obliquely and rather compact clusters of trees. Later he turned towards more elaborate composition schemes that gave up realism in favour of decorative grandeur. In these later works, the landscape expands and the ample and powerful forms are underlined by contrasts of color. The foreground is furnished with many plants sometimes with bright flowers, which are set off by truncated stumps or the underground.
Jacques d'Arthois is a key member of the landscape painters active in Brussels in the 17th century who are collectively referred to as the Sonian Forest painters because of their interest in depicting the Sonian Forest in the environs of Brussels. This school of landscape painters included landscape painters such as Denis van Alsloot, Lodewijk de Vadder and Cornelis Huysmans.
He was particularly skilled at painting tree trunks covered in moss and ivy.
Adriaen Brouwer was a Flemish painter active in Flanders and the Dutch Republic in the first half of the 17th century. Brouwer was an important innovator of genre painting through his vivid depictions of peasants, soldiers and other 'lower class' individuals engaged in drinking, smoking, card or dice playing, fighting, music making etc. in taverns or rural settings. Brouwer contributed to the development of the genre of tronies, i.e. head or facial studies, which investigate varieties of expression. In his final year he produced a few landscapes of a tragic intensity. Brouwer's work had an important influence on the next generation of Flemish and Dutch genre painters.
Lucas Achtschellinck, was a Flemish landscape painter. He is counted among the landscape painters active in Brussels referred to as the School of Painters of the Sonian Forest who all shared an interest in depicting scenes set in the Sonian Forest, which is located near Brussels.
Nicolaes Pieterszoon Berchem was a highly esteemed and prolific Dutch Golden Age painter of pastoral landscapes, populated with mythological or biblical figures, but also of a number of allegories and genre pieces.
Denis van Alsloot or Denijs van Alsloot (c.1570–c.1626) was a Flemish landscape and genre painter, draughtsman and tapestry designer. He was employed as a court painter and worked for the local elite in Brussels. He is considered to be a member of the Sonian Forest school of landscape painters, which included landscape painters such as Jacques d'Arthois and Cornelis Huysmans. These painters working in Brussels had a preference for depicting scenes from the Sonian Forest near Brussels. Van Alsloot was also a specialist in depicting civil processions, local festivals and ceremonies.
Peter Snayers or Pieter Snayers (1592–1667) was a Flemish painter known for his panoramic battle scenes, depictions of cavalry skirmishes, attacks on villages, coaches and convoys and hunting scenes. He established his reputation mainly through his topographic battle scenes providing a bird's eye view over the battlefield. He further painted large landscapes and portraits of the aristocracy. He was a regular collaborator of local landscape painters and also Rubens.
Pieter van Avont or Peter van Avont, (1600–1652) was a Flemish painter, draughtsman and printmaker known for his religious scenes and cabinet paintings often including nude children and putti. Van Avont was a frequent collaborator with many leading painters in Antwerp.
Cornelis Huysmans was a Flemish landscape painter who was active in Antwerp, Brussels and Mechelen. Huysmans held a foremost position in Flemish landscape painting in the late 17th and early 18th century and was particularly known for his pseudo-Italianate landscapes with mountains in the background, which show the influence of Nicolas Poussin and Jacques d'Arthois.
Lodewijk de Vadder was a Flemish Baroque landscape painter, draughtsman, engraver and tapestry designer. His landscapes represent a move away from the Mannerist tradition of landscapes painting in Flemish art towards a more naturalistic approach exemplified by looser brushwork and an emphasis on atmospheric effects. He was the first Flemish landscape painter who painted dune landscapes as the primary feature of his landscapes. While his loose brush handling shows the influence of Rubens and Adriaen Brouwer, his restrained palette shows his awareness of developments in the Dutch Republic.
Jacques Fouquier, Jacques Fouquières or Jacob Focquier was a Flemish landscape painter. After training in Antwerp he worked in various places where he often obtained appointments as a painter to the court including that of the French kings. He earned great success and a very high reputation during his lifetime and was even referred to as the 'Flemish Titian'. Very few of his paintings have been preserved. His work was influential in his time and was widely circulated thanks to reproductions by various contemporary engravers.
Adriaen Frans Boudewijns was a Flemish landscape painter, draughtsman and etcher. He was known mainly for his landscapes with trees, Italianate landscapes with architecture, rivers and villages, city, coast and country views and architectural scenes.
Pieter Bout was a Flemish painter, draughtsman and etcher. He is known mainly for his landscapes, city, coast and country views and architectural scenes painted in a style reminiscent of earlier Flemish masters such as Jan Brueghel the Elder.
Jan Baptist van Heil or Jan Baptiste van Heil, was a Flemish Baroque painter of portraits and religious paintings.
Philips Augustijn Immenraet was a Flemish landscape painter and engraver. While staying largely within the traditional scheme of the Flemish Baroque landscape, Immenraet introduced a new brightness. His best works already show a pre-Romantic character.
Jan Baptist Huysmans was a Flemish painter active in Antwerp who is known for his Italianate and arcadian landscapes and architectural capricci.
Pieter Spierincks or Pieter Nicolaes Spierinckx was a Flemish painter and designer of tapestries. He was an important representative of the Italianizing movement in Flemish landscape painting. He worked for prominent patrons including the kings of France and Spain.
Augustin Coppens or Aurelius Augustinus Coppens was a Flemish painter, engraver, draughtsman and tapestry designer active in Brussels. He specialized in landscape and city views. He is now mainly known for his tapestry designs and for his drawings and prints documenting the devastating effect on the civil buildings caused by the Bombardment of Brussels by French troops in 1695.
Ignatius van der Stock was a Flemish landscape painter, draughtsman and etcher. He is known mainly for his landscapes of views of the Sonian Forest and other sites near Brussels.
Lodewijk van Schoor was a Flemish painter, draughtsman and designer of tapestries. Van Schoor was one of the major figures of Flemish tapestry design in the late 17th and early 18th century, together with Victor Honoré Janssens and Jan van Orley.
Philip van Dapels or Philippe van Dapels was a Flemish painter who specialized in wooded landscapes with figures. He is known for depicting the landscapes around Brussels. Philip van Dapels' style and subject matter are close to those of his master Jacques d'Arthois and Cornelis Huysmans, two artists who like van Dapels often depicted wooded landscapes and the scenery around Brussels.