|38th Prime Minister of Iran|
27 August 1978 –6 November 1978
|Monarch||Mohammad Reza Pahlavi|
|Preceded by||Jamshid Amouzegar|
|Succeeded by||Gholam Reza Azhari|
31 August 1960 –5 May 1961
|Monarch||Mohammad Reza Pahlavi|
|Preceded by||Manouchehr Eghbal|
|Succeeded by||Ali Amini|
|President of the Senate|
11 September 1964 –24 March 1978
|Monarch||Mohammad Reza Pahlavi|
|Preceded by||Mohsen Sadr|
|Succeeded by||Mohammad Sajadi|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs|
30 July 1960 –1 December 1960
|Prime Minister||Manouchehr Eghbal|
|Preceded by||Abbas Aram|
|Born||9 September 1910|
|Died||16 June 1998 87) (aged|
New York City, United States
|Political party||Rastakhiz Party|
|Spouse(s)||Eshrat Sharif Emami (died November 1997)|
|Alma mater||Tehran University|
Jafar Sharif-Imami (Persian : جعفر شریفامامی; 9 September 1910 – 16 June 1998) was an Iranian politician who was prime minister from 1960 to 1961 and again in 1978. He was a cabinet minister, president of the Iranian Senate, president of the Pahlavi Foundation and the president of the Iran chamber of industries and mines during the reign of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.
Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi, is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. It is primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and some other regions which historically were Persianate societies and considered part of Greater Iran. It is written right to left in the Persian alphabet, a modified variant of the Arabic script.
The Iranian peoples, or the Iranic peoples, are a diverse Indo-European ethno-linguistic group that comprise the speakers of the Iranian languages.
The Prime Minister of Iran was a political post in Iran that had existed during several different periods of time starting with the Qajar era until its most recent revival from 1979 to 1989 following the Iranian Revolution.
Sharif-Emami was born in Tehran on 8 September 1910 to a clerical family and his father was a mullah.After high school, Sharif-Emami was sent (along with thirty other young men) to Germany where he studied for eighteen months, returning to Iran in 1930 to work with state railroad organization until the Anglo-Soviet Invasion. Years later he was sent to Sweden for technical training, returning in 1939 when he received a degree in engineering.
Tehran is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province. With a population of around 8.694 million in the city and 15 million in the larger metropolitan area of Greater Tehran, Tehran is the most populous city in Iran and Western Asia, and has the second-largest metropolitan area in the Middle East. It is ranked 24th in the world by the population of its metropolitan area.
Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north, and the Alps to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.
The Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran, also known as the Anglo-Soviet invasion of Persia, was the joint invasion of Iran in 1941 during the Second World War by the British Commonwealth and the Soviet Union. The invasion lasted from 25 August to 17 September 1941 and was codenamed Operation Countenance. Its purpose was to secure Iranian oil fields and ensure Allied supply lines for the USSR, fighting against Axis forces on the Eastern Front. Though Iran was neutral, the Allies considered Reza Shah to be friendly to Germany, deposed him during the subsequent occupation and replaced him with his young son Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.
Sharif-Emami began his career the Iranian state railways in 1931.Arrested in summer of 1943 for alleged ties to Germany he was kept in detention along with many other members of Iran's elite. After his release he was appointed director general of the Irrigation Agency. In 1950, he was appointed undersecretary of roads and communications. In June 1950, prime minister and General Haj Ali Razmara appointed him acting minister and then minister of roads, his first cabinet post.
He served as the minister of industries and mines in Manuchehr Eqbal's cabinet.He was prime minister from 1960 to 1961, and again in 1978, a few months before the overthrow of the Shah. He was appointed prime minister by Shah on 27 August 1978 because of his ties to clergy. Sharif-Emami succeeded Jamshid Amouzegar in the post.
Jamshid Amouzegar was an Iranian economist and politician who was prime minister of Iran from 7 August 1977 to 27 August 1978 when he resigned. Prior to that, he served as the minister of interior and minister of finance in the cabinet of Amir-Abbas Hoveida. He was the leader of Rastakhiz Party during his tenure as prime minister of Iran.
During his short tenure, he undid many of the Shah's plans including the closing of casinos, abandoning the Imperial calendar, abolishing the Rastakhiz Party and allowing all political parties to be active and personally responsible for preventing SAVAK to get involved and preventing the KGB backed clergyman from creating and continuing the 1979 revolution.All of his efforts to reform the political system in Iran, was overshadowed by the Black Friday massacre in Jaleh Square (8 September 1978), mass protests, martial law and nationwide strikes, which brought the country's economy to its knees. He resigned from office amid riots on 5 November 1978. Gholam Reza Azhari replaced him in the post. He was also long-time president of the Iranian senate and chairman of the Pahlavi Foundation. He was one of the close confidants of the Shah.
Black Friday is the name given to 8 September 1978 because of the shootings in Jaleh Square in Tehran, Iran. Between 84–88 people were killed in the incident and 205 were injured. The deaths were described as the pivotal event in the Iranian Revolution that ended any "hope for compromise" between the protest movement and regime of the Mohammad Reza Shah. The incident is described by historian Ervand Abrahamian as "a sea of blood between the shah and the people."
Gholam Reza Azhari was a military leader and Prime Minister of Iran.
Sharif-Emami was married and had three children, two daughters and a son.
For some years he was also the Grand Master of the Freemason Grand Lodge of Iran, which gave him some informal influence among Iran's political elite.
Sharif-Emami left Iran following the 1979 Islamic revolution. He settled in the Upper East Side of Manhattan, New York City.There he served as the president of the Pahlavi Foundation and later resigned from the post. He died at a hospital on 16 June 1998 at age 87 in New York City. He was buried in Valhalla, New York.
Ali Amini was an Iranian politician and writer who was the Prime Minister of Iran from 6 May 1961 to 19 July 1962.
Seyyed Zia'eddin Tabatabaee was an Iranian politician and the Prime Minister of Iran (Persia) from February to May 1921 under Ahmad Shah, the last Shah of the Qajar dynasty.
Abdollah Khan Amir Tahmasebi was a Persian senior military commander, instrumental in the fall of the Qajar dynasty and rise to power of Reza Shah Pahlavi.
Mohammad Ali Foroughi also known as Zoka-ol-Molk was a teacher, diplomat, nationalist, writer, politician and Prime Minister of Iran.
Lieutenant-General Amanollah Jahanbani was a member of the Qajar dynasty and a senior general of Reza Shah Pahlavi.
Sepahbod Ahmad Amir-Ahmadi (1884–1974) was a military leader and cabinet Minister of Iran.
Ali Mansur was a Prime Minister of Iran.
Mahmoud Modir al-Molk Djam was a prime minister of Iran from 1935 to 1939.
Ahmad Qavam, also known as Qavam os-Saltaneh, was a politician who served as Prime Minister of Iran five times.
Hassan Vossug ed Dowleh was Prime Minister of Qajar era Iran. He served as Prime Minister of Iran twice.
Manuchehr Eqbal was one of the prime ministers of Iran.
Amir Asadollah Alam was an Iranian politician who was Prime Minister during the Shah's regime from 1962 to 1964. He was also Minister of Royal Court, President of Pahlavi University and Governor of Sistan and Baluchestan Provinces.
Hasan Ali Mansur was an Iranian politician who was Prime Minister from 1964 to 1965. He served during the White Revolution of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and was assassinated by a member of the Fadayan-e Islam.
The Senate was the upper house legislative chamber in Iran from 1949 to 1979. A bicameral legislature had been established in the 1906 Persian Constitutional Revolution but the Senate was not actually formed until after the Iran Constituent Assembly, 1949, as an expression of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi's desire for more political power. The Senate was filled mainly with men who were supportive of the Shah's aims, as intended by the Shah. Half of the sixty seats in the senate were directly appointed by the Shah, fifteen represented Tehran, and the rest of were elected from other regions.
Abolghassem Nadjm , Abolqāsem Najm/Abolqassem Najm was an Iranian politician, cabinet minister, and diplomat.
Reza Hekmat was a Prime Minister of Iran. He became Prime Minister of Iran on 18 December 1947 and was in office until 29 December 1947 for only 11 days.
Events from the year 1978 in Iran.
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| Minister of Foreign Affairs |
| Prime Minister of Iran |
| President of the Senate |
| Prime Minister of Iran |
Gholam Reza Azhari