Jal Cursetji

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Jal Cursetji

Born (1919-05-20) May 20, 1919 (age 99)
Jabalpur, Central Provinces, British Raj (now Madhya Pradesh, India) [1]
AllegianceBritish Raj Red Ensign.svg  British India (1938-1947)
Flag of India.svg  India (from 1947)
Service/branchFlag of Imperial India.svg  Royal Indian Navy (1938-1947)
Naval Ensign of India.svg Indian Navy (1947-1979)
Years of service1938–1979
Rank IN Admiral Shoulder curl.png Indian Admiral.jpg Admiral
Commands held Chief of the Naval Staff
FOC-IN-C, Western Naval Command
INS Vikrant (R11)
HMIS Bombay (J249)
Battles/wars World War II
Liberation of Goa
Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
Indo-Pakistani War of 1971
Awards Param Vishisht Seva Medal
Legion of Merit [2]

Admiral Jal Cursetji, PVSM (born May 20, 1919) is a retired Indian Navy admiral who served as the 10th Chief of the Naval Staff from March 1, 1976 until February 28, 1979. [3] Cursetji's prior commands included those as the Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief (FOC-IN-C) of the Western Naval Command and the commanding officer of INS Vikrant (R11) and HMIS Bombay (J249). He also served as the Naval Attache to the Indian Embassy in Washington, D.C. and as the Chief Hydrographer of the Indian Navy.

Admiral is one of the highest ranks in some navies, and in many navies is the highest rank. It is usually abbreviated to "Adm" or "ADM". The rank is generally thought to have originated in Sicily from a conflation of Arabic: أمير البحر‎, amīr al-baḥr, "commander of the sea", with Latin admirabilis ("admirable") or admiratus ("admired"), although alternative etymologies derive the word directly from Latin, or from the Turkish military and naval rank miralay. The French version – amiral without the additional d – tends to add evidence for the Arab origin.

Param Vishisht Seva Medal

Param Vishisht Seva Medal (PVSM) is a military award of India. It was constituted in 1960 and since then till date, it is awarded in recognition to peace-time service of the most exceptional order and may be awarded posthumously. All ranks of the Indian Armed Forces including Territorial Army, Auxiliary and Reserve Forces, Nursing officers and other members of the Nursing services and other lawfully constituted Armed Forces are eligible for the award.

Indian Navy maritime warfare branch of Indias military

The Indian Navy is the naval branch of the Indian Armed Forces. The President of India is the Supreme Commander of the Indian Navy. The Chief of Naval Staff, a four-star admiral, commands the navy.

Contents

Early life

Cursetji was born in 1919 in Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh in a Parsi family. He attended the St. Aloysius Senior Secondary School in Jabalpur.

Jabalpur Metropolis in Madhya Pradesh, India

Jabalpur is a tier 2 city in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. It is one of the major cities of Madhya Pradesh. According to the 2011 census, it is the third-largest urban agglomeration in Madhya Pradesh, and the country's 30th-largest urban agglomeration. It is known for the Dhuandhar Falls and the white marble rocks at Bhedaghat.

Madhya Pradesh State in India

Madhya Pradesh is a state in central India. Its capital is Bhopal, and the largest city is Indore, with Jabalpur, Gwalior, Ujjain and Sagar being the other major cities. Nicknamed the "Heart of India" due to its geographical location, Madhya Pradesh is the second largest Indian state by area and the fifth largest state by population with over 75 million residents. It borders the states of Uttar Pradesh to the northeast, Chhattisgarh to the southeast, Maharashtra to the south, Gujarat to the west, and Rajasthan to the northwest. Its total area is 308,252 km2. Before 2000, when Chhattisgarh was a part of Madhya Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh was the largest state in India and the distance between the two furthest points inside the state, Singoli and Konta, was 1500 km. Konta is presently in Sukma district of Chhattisgarh state.

St. Aloysius Senior Secondary School

St. Aloysius Senior Secondary School is a coed convent school located in the city of Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India. It is affiliated to Central Board of Secondary Education. Established in the year 1868, it is one of the oldest schools in India.

Cursetji joined the Royal Indian Navy Volunteer Reserve as a cadet in January 1938. He was commissioned as an acting sub-lieutenant in the RIN on 1 April 1940, with confirmation as a sub-lieutenant on 1 September 1940 (dating from 1 April). [4] [5] He qualified as a Hydrography Specialist in the United Kingdom, and was promoted to lieutenant on 1 October 1941. [6]

Royal Indian Navy

The Royal Indian Navy (RIN) was the naval force of British India and the Dominion of India. Along with the Presidency armies, later the Indian Army, and from 1932 the Indian Air Force, it was one of the Armed Forces of British India.

United Kingdom Country in Europe

The United Kingdom, officially the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland but more commonly known as the UK or Britain, is a sovereign country lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world. It is also the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.

During World War II, Cursetji served in the Atlantic and the Indian Ocean. In 1944, he took over as the Commanding Officer of HMIS Bombay (J249).

Atlantic Ocean Ocean between Europe, Africa and the Americas

The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans, with an area of about 106,460,000 square kilometers. It covers approximately 20 percent of the Earth's surface and about 29 percent of its water surface area. It separates the "Old World" from the "New World".

Indian Ocean The ocean between Africa, Asia, Australia and Antarctica (or the Southern Ocean)

The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering 70,560,000 km2 (27,240,000 sq mi). It is bounded by Asia on the north, on the west by Africa, on the east by Australia, and on the south by the Southern Ocean or, depending on definition, by Antarctica.

HMIS <i>Bombay</i> (J249)

HMIS Bombay (J249), later INS Bombay, named for the city of Bombay in India, was one of 60 Bathurst class corvettes constructed during World War II and one of four operated by the Royal Indian Navy.

After the independence of India, he opted to join the Indian Navy. He was the senior most Indian officer in the Hydrographic Survey branch, and took part in the coastal surveys of Burma, Malaya and Indonesia. He served as the Surveyor-in-Charge of the Marine Survey of India between 1950 and 1953. On 15 November 1955, he was promoted to acting captain and deputed as the Chief Hydrographer to the Government of India. [7] [8]

Federation of Malaya former country

The Federation of Malaya was a federation of what previously had been British Malaya comprising eleven states that existed from 1 February 1948 until 16 September 1963. The Federation became independent on 31 August 1957, and in 1963 Malaysia was formed when the federation united with the Singapore, North Borneo, and Sarawak Crown Colonies.

Indonesia Republic in Southeast Asia

Indonesia, officially the Republic of Indonesia, is a country in Southeast Asia, between the Indian and Pacific oceans. It is the world's largest island country, with more than seventeen thousand islands, and at 1,904,569 square kilometres, the 14th largest by land area and the 7th largest in combined sea and land area. With over 261 million people, it is the world's 4th most populous country as well as the most populous Muslim-majority country. Java, the world's most populous island, contains more than half of the country's population.

Government of India Legislative, executive and judiciary powers of India

The Government of India, often abbreviated as GoI, is the union government created by the constitution of India as the legislative, executive and judicial authority of the union of 29 states and seven union territories of a constitutionally democratic republic. It is located in New Delhi, the capital of India.

In 1957, he took command of the 11th Destroyer Squadron, and was promoted substantive captain on 31 December. [9] Between 1961 and 1965, Cursetji served as the Naval Attache in Washington, D.C. and Ottawa. Between 1966 and 1967, he was the Commanding Officer of INS Vikrant (R11).

Washington, D.C. Capital of the United States

Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States. Founded after the American Revolution as the seat of government of the newly independent country, Washington was named after George Washington, first President of the United States and Founding Father. As the seat of the United States federal government and several international organizations, Washington is an important world political capital. The city is also one of the most visited cities in the world, with more than 20 million tourists annually.

Ottawa Federal capital city in Ontario, Canada

Ottawa is the capital city of Canada. It stands on the south bank of the Ottawa River in the eastern portion of southern Ontario. Ottawa borders Gatineau, Quebec; the two form the core of the Ottawa–Gatineau census metropolitan area (CMA) and the National Capital Region (NCR). As of 2016, Ottawa had a city population of 964,743 and a metropolitan population of 1,323,783 making it the fourth-largest city and the fifth-largest CMA in Canada.

INS <i>Vikrant</i> (R11) Indias first aircraft carrier

INS Vikrant was a Majestic-class aircraft carrier of the Indian Navy. The ship was laid down as HMS Hercules for the British Royal Navy during World War II, but construction was put on hold when the war ended. India purchased the incomplete carrier in 1957, and construction was completed in 1961. Vikrant was commissioned as the first aircraft carrier of the Indian Navy and played a key role in enforcing the naval blockade of East Pakistan during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971.

He was promoted to Rear Admiral and took over as the Chief of Personnel at Naval Headquarters in December 1967. In February 1970, he was promoted to acting Vice Admiral and took over as the Vice Chief of Naval Staff. On 27 February 1973, he took over as the Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief (FOC-IN-C) of the Western Naval Command, with promotion to substantive vice-admiral on 1 March. [10]

Admiral Cursetji became the Chief of the Naval Staff (CNS) of the Indian Navy on 1 March 1976. He retired on 28 February 1979. [1] [3]

Awards

Cursetji was awarded the Param Vishisht Seva Medal in January 1971. He was the first Indian Navy CNS to be awarded the Legion of Merit in 1978. [2]

Dates of rank

InsigniaRankComponentDate of rank
Generic-Navy-O1.svg Sub-lieutenant Royal Indian Navy 1 April 1940 [4]
Generic-Navy-O3.svg Lieutenant Royal Indian Navy1 October 1941 [6]
Generic-Navy-O4.svg Lieutenant-Commander Royal Indian Navy1 October 1949 (substantive) [11]
08-Indian Navy-LCDR.svg Lieutenant-Commander Indian Navy 26 January 1950 (recommissioning) [12] [13]
09-Indian Navy-CDR.svg Commander Indian Navy30 June 1952. [14]
10-Indian Navy-CAPT.svg Captain Indian Navy15 November 1955 (acting) [7]
31 December 1961 (substantive) [9]
British Royal Navy (sleeves) OF-7.svg Rear Admiral Indian NavyDecember 1967
British Royal Navy (sleeves) OF-8.svg Vice-Admiral Indian NavyFebruary 1970 (acting)
1 March 1973 (substantive) [10]
British Royal Navy (sleeves) OF-9.svg Admiral Indian Navy
(CNS)
1 March 1976

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References

  1. 1 2 Service Chiefs of India. Google Books. Retrieved 2011-11-19.
  2. 1 2 Stewart, William. Admirals of the World. p. 85. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
  3. 1 2 "Admiral Jal Cursetji, PVSM". Information Resource Facilitation Centre, Indian Navy. Retrieved 2011-11-19.
  4. 1 2 The Navy List: February 1941. HM Stationery Office. 1941. p. 817.
  5. The Navy List: December 1941. HM Stationery Office. 1941. p. 1056.
  6. 1 2 The Navy List: December 1943. HM Stationery Office. 1941. p. 1802.
  7. 1 2 http://www.hydrobharat.nic.in/pdf/charting.pdf
  8. "Part I-Section 4: Ministry of Defence (Navy Branch)". The Gazette of India. 24 March 1956. p. 60.
  9. 1 2 "Part I-Section 4: Ministry of Defence (Navy Branch)". The Gazette of India. 29 November 1958. p. 268.
  10. 1 2 "Part I-Section 4: Ministry of Defence (Navy Branch)". The Gazette of India. 30 June 1973. p. 724.
  11. "Part I-Section 4: Ministry of Defence (Navy Branch)". The Gazette of India. 5 November 1949. p. 1547.
  12. "New Designs of Crests and Badges in the Services" (PDF). Press Information Bureau of India - Archive. Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 August 2017.
  13. "Part I-Section 4: Ministry of Defence (Army Branch)". The Gazette of India. 11 February 1950. p. 227.
  14. "Part I-Section 4: Ministry of Defence (Navy Branch)". The Gazette of India. 19 July 1952. p. 155.
Military offices
Preceded by
Sourendra Nath Kohli
Chief of the Naval Staff
1976–1979
Succeeded by
Ronald Lynsdale Pereira