Jambi (city)

Last updated

Jambi
City of Jambi
Kota Jambi
Other transcription(s)
   Jawi بندارايا جمبي
Gentala arasy saat senja.jpg
Jambi city in evening
Flag of Jambi City.png
Lambang Kota Jambi.png
Motto(s): 
Tanah Pilih Pesako Betuah
(Chosen Land with Auspicious Heritage)
Lokasi Jambi Kota Jambi.svg
Location within Jambi Province
Indonesia Sumatra location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Jambi
Location in Sumatra
Indonesia location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Jambi
Location in Indonesia
Coordinates: 1°35′24″S103°36′36″E / 1.59000°S 103.61000°E / -1.59000; 103.61000 Coordinates: 1°35′24″S103°36′36″E / 1.59000°S 103.61000°E / -1.59000; 103.61000
Country Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia
Province Coat of arms of Jambi.svg Jambi
Founded17 May 1401
City Status1956
Government
  MayorSyarif Fasha (Golkar)
  Vice MayorMaulana
Area
  Total205.38 km2 (79.30 sq mi)
Elevation
16 m (52 ft)
Population
 (2020)
  Total606,200
  Density2,951.6/km2 (7,645/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+7 (Indonesia Western Time)
Area code (+62) 741
Website jambikota.go.id
Muaro Jambi Temple Compounds 004 Main Building, Side View, Candi Tinggi 2 (39127443191).jpg
Muaro Jambi Temple Compounds

Jambi is the capital and largest city of the Indonesian province of Jambi. Located on the island of Sumatra, the city is a busy port on the Batang Hari River and an oil- and rubber-producing centre. The city is located 26 km (16 mi) from the ruins of Muaro Jambi Temple Compounds, an important city in the ancient Srivijaya kingdom.

Contents

Nearby towns and villages include Mendalo (5.1 nmi (9.4 km; 5.9 mi)), Kinati (4.1 nmi (7.6 km; 4.7 mi)), Padang (4.5 nmi (8.3 km; 5.2 mi)), Tanjungjohor (3.2 nmi (5.9 km; 3.7 mi)), Paalmerah (2.8 nmi (5.2 km; 3.2 mi)), and Muarakumpe (3.6 nmi (6.7 km; 4.1 mi)). Jambi City itself is an enclave within Muaro Jambi Regency.

Jambi is served by the Sultan Thaha Airport.

History

Jambi City was denoted as the administrative capital of the Jambi autonomic area by the Governor of Sumatra on 17 May 1946. In 1956, Jambi City was given its city status, and eventually became the capital of Jambi province on 6 January 1957.

Geography

The total land area of Jambi city is 205.38 km2 (79 sq mi). Jambi City is located at the south-western portion of the Sumatran Basin, a low-lying area in Eastern Sumatra with an altitude of 0 to 60m above sea level. A segment of the Batanghari River, the longest river in Sumatra at 1,700 km (1,056 mi), flows through Jambi City.

Demographics

Jambi City is the most populated city in Jambi Province, with 606,200 inhabitants (17% of the province's population) living in this city in 2020.

Administrative districts

At the time of the 2010 Census, the city of Jambi was subdivided into eight administrative districts (kecamatan), but since 2010, three additional districts have been added by the splitting of existing districts - Alam Barajo, Danau Sipin and Paal Merah. The districts are listed below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census [1] and 2020 Census. [2] The table also includes the locations of the district administrative centres, and the number of administrative villages (urban kelurahan) in each district.

DistrictArea
in
km2
Pop'n
2010
Census
Pop'n
2020
Census
Admin
centre
No.
of
villages
Kota Baru36.11139,35980,062Paal Lima5
Alam Baraja41.56(a)108,196Bagan Pete5
Jambi Selatan
(South Jambi)
11.41124,28056,929Pakuan Baru5
Paal Merah27.13(a)105,906Talang Bakung5
Jelutung7.9260,54459,442Jelutung7
Pasar Jambi4.0212,80011,193Pasar4
Telanaipura22.5192,36649,212Telanai Pura6
Danau Sipin7.88(a)43,375Murni5
Danau Teluk15.7011,82412,822Olak Kemang5
Pelayangan15.2912,86112,939Ulu Gedong6
Jambi Timur
(East Jambi)
15.9477,82366,124Tanjung Pinang9
Totals205.38531,857606,200Kota Baru62

Note: (a) the 2010 populations of these new districts are included with the figure for the district from which they were cut.

Climate

Jambi has a tropical rainforest climate (Af) according to the Köppen climate classification, with a minimum temperature of 22 to 23 °C (72 to 73 °F) and a maximum temperature of 30 to 32 °C (86 to 90 °F). The level of humidity ranges from 82 to 28%. Annual rainfall of Jambi City is 2,296.1 mm (90.4 in), with the rainy season lasting from October to March with 20 rainy days a month. The dry season lasts from April to September with an average of 16 rainy days a month.

Climate data for Jambi
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)30.1
(86.2)
30.7
(87.3)
31.4
(88.5)
31.8
(89.2)
31.7
(89.1)
31.5
(88.7)
31.5
(88.7)
31.7
(89.1)
31.9
(89.4)
31.7
(89.1)
31.4
(88.5)
30.6
(87.1)
31.3
(88.4)
Daily mean °C (°F)26.2
(79.2)
26.6
(79.9)
27.0
(80.6)
27.4
(81.3)
27.2
(81.0)
27.0
(80.6)
26.8
(80.2)
27.0
(80.6)
27.1
(80.8)
27.1
(80.8)
27.0
(80.6)
26.7
(80.1)
26.9
(80.5)
Average low °C (°F)22.4
(72.3)
22.5
(72.5)
22.6
(72.7)
23.0
(73.4)
22.8
(73.0)
22.6
(72.7)
22.1
(71.8)
22.3
(72.1)
22.4
(72.3)
22.5
(72.5)
22.6
(72.7)
22.8
(73.0)
22.6
(72.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches)218
(8.6)
193
(7.6)
252
(9.9)
257
(10.1)
180
(7.1)
124
(4.9)
106
(4.2)
133
(5.2)
151
(5.9)
209
(8.2)
270
(10.6)
254
(10.0)
2,347
(92.3)
Source: Climate-Data.org [3]

Transportation

Gentala Arasy pedestrian bridge Bob-Kerrey-Pedestrian-Bridge.jpg
Gentala Arasy pedestrian bridge

The city is served by Sultan Thaha Airport, which has connections to Jakarta, Batam, Palembang, Medan, Bengkulu, Bandar Lampung and Pekanbaru. Trans-Sumatran Highway crosses the city. Jambi port is located over Batang Hari River. Public transportation includes angkot and ojek. Ride sharing services Grab and Gojek also available.

Twin towns – sister cities

Jambi City is twinned with:

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References

  1. Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  2. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  3. "Climate: Jambi". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 19 April 2020.