James Bertie (13 March 1674 – 18 October 1735) of Stanwell and Westminster, Middlesex, was a British Tory politician who sat in the English and British House of Commons for 34 years between 1695 and 1734.
Bertie was born in 1674, the second son of James Bertie, 5th Baron Norreys, later created Earl of Abingdon, and his wife Eleanor Lee, the elder daughter of Sir Henry Lee, 3rd Baronet and his wife Ann Danvers. A younger brother was Henry Bertie, MP, one of the Lords Proprietors of Carolina. On 5 January 1692, he married Hon. Elizabeth Willoughby, the daughter of George Willoughby, 7th Baron Willoughby of Parham.
Elizabeth had been left an extensive legacy by her great-uncle John Cary (died 1686), including the manor of Stanwell, on the condition that she would marry Lord Guilford within three years of his death; the inheritance otherwise to go to Anthony Cary, 5th Viscount of Falkland (died 1694), John's first cousin twice removed, and his heirs and afterwards to Edward Cary (died 1692), John's first cousin, and his heirs. Her trustees came to an agreement with Falkland and Edward Cary to allow her to enjoy the estate for life, notwithstanding her failure to marry Lord Guilford, and she afterwards married Bertie. However, the agreement ended upon the deaths of Edward Cary and Falkland, and when Edward's son Lucius succeeded Anthony in the peerage, his guardian sued Elizabeth to claim the estate.The Court of Chancery found in favour of Lord Falkland in 1698, and Bertie appealed the decree to the House of Lords. He was successful in obtaining a life interest for Elizabeth in the Stanwell estate, with reversion to Lord Falkland, but a paper circulated by his brother Robert on his behalf abused Lord Chancellor Somers in such terms as to create a scandal, for which Lord Abingdon was compelled to apologise in the Lords.
Bertie was returned unopposed as Member of Parliament for New Woodstock at the 1695 general election, and was returned unopposed again in 1698 and at the two general elections of 1701. He was elected in a contest at the 1702 general election, but stood down in favour of his brother Charles in 1705. He did not stand in 1708.
At the 1710 general election Bertie was elected MP for Middlesex. In 1712 he was appointed Commissioner for sewers for Tower Hamlets. He was returned unopposed at Middlesex in 1713. In 1714, he became a Commissioner for the Trent navigation, and also steward of Grosmont, Skenfrith and White Castle in the Duchy of Lancaster, a post he held until 1720. He was elected for Middlesex in a contest at the 1715 general election and thereafter opposed the Whig Government in all votes of record.Although the Stanwell estate passed to Lord Falkland upon his wife's death that year, Bertie's personal electoral influence in Middlesex remained strong. In the 1722 election, he was returned both in Middlesex, where he headed the poll, and at Westbury, where his brother Lord Abingdon was lord of the manor. He and Francis Annesley, also standing on the Bertie interest, were returned in place of the sitting members, Lord Carbery and Charles Allanson; while Carbery and Allanson had a better claim to the seat, their election petition was disqualified on technical grounds. Bertie chose to sit for Middlesex, and Carbery was returned for Westbury at the ensuing by-election.
On 2 December 1724,Bertie seconded a motion by John Barnard for a committee to inquire into the crimes committed in Wapping, where debtors fleeing bailiffs had gathered and terrorised the neighbourhood after the abolition of their former sanctuaries. He served on the committee of inquiry, which reported out the bill that became the Shelterers in Wapping, Stepney, etc. Act 1724. He again headed the poll in Middlesex at the 1727 election, but did not stand for that borough in the 1734 election. He appears to have been the James Bertie who was defeated at Westbury in that election; he petitioned against the election result, but this was disallowed when he failed to produce the requisite property qualification.
Some time after his first wife's death in 1715, Bertie married Elizabeth Calvert, the daughter of Rev. George Calvert, rector of Stanwell.
Bertie died on 18 October 1735. He had ten sons and four daughters by his first wife, although five of the sons and three of the daughters predeceased him. He had no children by his second wife.His children included:
George Evans, 1st Baron Carbery PC (Ire) was an Irish politician and peer. A member of a County Limerick family of Whigs, he entered the Irish House of Commons and was created a peer in 1715 as a reward for his father's support of the Hanoverian succession, after his father declined the offer. At the same time, he was returned to the British House of Commons for Westbury. He contested control of the borough with the Tories led by the Earl of Abingdon until 1727, when he stood down.
Willoughby Bertie, 3rd Earl of Abingdon, of Wytham Abbey, Berkshire and Rycote, Oxfordshire, was an English landowner and Tory politician who sat briefly in the House of Commons in 1715.
Charles Bertie of Uffington, near Stamford, Lincolnshire was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1711 to 1727.
James Bertie, 1st Earl of Abingdon, styled Hon. James Bertie until 1657 and known as the 5th Baron Norreys from 1657 until 1682, was an English nobleman.
Sir Hugh Acland, 6th Baronet of Killerton Devon was a British landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1721 to 1727.
Sir George Beaumont, 4th Baronet of Stoughton Grange, Leicestershire was a British Tory politician who sat in the English and British House of Commons for 35 years from 1702 to 1737.
Henry Pelham was a British landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1715 to 1725.
Richard Romney Sedgwick was a British historian, civil servant and diplomat. He was the elder son of Professor Adam Sedgwick, 1854–1913, and Laura Helen Elizabeth Robinson. He married Mana St David Hodson, daughter of Professor T.C.Hodson, in 1936; they had one son and one daughter.
Mildmay Fane was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons for 8 months in 1715, before his early death.
Lieutenant-General George Boscawen was a British Army officer and politician, the fourth son of Hugh Boscawen, 1st Viscount Falmouth.
Humphry Morice was a leading London slave trader, British merchant, MP, Governor of the Bank of England.
Peregrine Bertie was a Tory Member of Parliament. Member of a junior branch of the Bertie family seated at his mother's estate of Low Leyton, Essex, he was returned for Westbury from 1753 to 1774 by the senior branch of the family, the Earls of Abingdon, where he was in continuous opposition to the successive Whig administrations.
Charles Bertie (1683–1727) was an English Tory politician who sat for the borough of New Woodstock for a few years on a family interest.
Norreys Bertie was an English Tory politician. From a junior branch of the Bertie family which had inherited estates at Weston-on-the-Green in Oxfordshire, he represented that county in Parliament from 1743 until standing down before the bitterly contested 1754 election. He was unfriendly to the Hanoverian succession and sat in opposition to the government.
Lucius Henry Cary, 6th Viscount Falkland was a Scottish peer and Jacobite.
George Evans, 2nd Baron Carbery, known until 1749 as Hon. George Evans, was a British politician. Like his father, he represented Westbury as a Whig. Evans entered the British House of Commons in 1734 as a supporter of the Walpole administration. He was in financial difficulties by 1743, and did not stand for election again in 1747. Succeeding his father as an Irish peer in 1749, he sat in the Irish House of Lords until his death a decade later.
John Birch of Garnstone manor, Herefordshire, was an English lawyer and Whig politician who sat in the English and British House of Commons between 1701 and 1735.
Thomas Boothby-Skrymsher was a British landowner and whig politician.
James Winstanley was a British lawyer and Tory politician.
James Wigley was a British politician.
|Parliament of England|
Sir Thomas Littleton
| Member of Parliament for Woodstock |
With: Sir Thomas Littleton 1695–1702
Sir William Glynne 1702–1705
Hon. Charles Bertie
|Parliament of Great Britain|
| Member of Parliament for Middlesex |
With: Hugh Smithson 1710–1722
Sir John Austen 1722–1727
Sir Francis Child 1727–1734
Sir Francis Child
The Lord Carbery
| Member of Parliament for Westbury |
With: Francis Annesley
The Lord Carbery