|President of the Senate|
1 July 1941 –4 July 1943
|Preceded by||John Hayes|
|Succeeded by||Gordon Brown|
|Senator for Western Australia|
23 October 1937 –4 July 1943
|Preceded by||Thomas Marwick|
|Born||28 December 1879|
Wirrabara, South Australia
|Died||4 July 1943 63) (aged|
Albury, New South Wales
|Political party||Australian Labor Party|
James Cunningham (28 December 1879 –4 July 1943) was an Australian politician. He was a member of the Australian Labor Party (ALP) and began his political career in the Parliament of Western Australia, serving as a state government minister. He later served as a Senator for Western Australia from 1937 until his death in 1943, including as President of the Senate from 1941.
Cunningham was born in Wirrabara, South Australia to parents who could not write,and he received little formal education there. When he was about 20 he moved to Western Australia to become a goldminer. He worked at Norseman and then at Boulder. He contracted the disease silicosis through this work.
He was secretary of the Federated Miners' Union before his election to the Western Australian Legislative Council in 1916 as a Labor member. In 1922 he left the council, but in 1923 he was elected to the Western Australian Legislative Assembly as the member for Kalgoorlie. He was an honorary minister 1924–1927 and held the portfolios of Minister for Agriculture, Minister for Goldfields and Minister for Water Supply 1927–1930. His alcoholism prevented him being reappointed to the Ministry in 1933 when Labor regained office.
In 1936 the Labor Party decided to allow three candidates to stand for the seat of Kalgoorlie, after irregularities were discovered in the pre-selection ballotting process. Cunningham was soundly defeated.
In 1937 he was elected to the Australian Senate as a Labor Senator for Western Australia. In 1940 he was elected Deputy Senate Leader. On 1 July 1941 he was elected President of the Senate, serving until his death in Albury, New South Wales, on 4 July 1943.He was buried in Karrakatta Cemetery, Perth, after a state funeral.
The 1943 Australian federal election was held in Australia on 21 August 1943. All 74 seats in the House of Representatives and 19 of the 36 seats in the Senate were up for election. The incumbent Labor Party, led by Prime Minister John Curtin, defeated the opposition Country–UAP coalition led by Arthur Fadden in a landslide.
James McIntosh Fraser was an Australian trade unionist and politician. He was a member of the Australian Labor Party (ALP) and served as a Senator for Western Australia from 1938 to 1959. He held ministerial office in the ALP governments of the 1940s, serving as Minister for External Territories (1941–1943), Social Services (1943–1946), Health (1943–1946), and Trade and Customs (1946).
Patrick Joseph Lynch was an Australian politician who served as a Senator for Western Australia from 1907 to 1938. He was President of the Senate from 1932 to 1938. He began his career in the Australian Labor Party (ALP), but after the party split of 1916 joined the Nationalist Party and later the United Australia Party (UAP).
Thomas William Marwick was an Australian farmer and politician. He was a member of the Country Party and served both as a Senator for Western Australia (1936–1937) and as a member of the House of Representatives for the seat of Swan (1940–1943).
Charles Downey Hardy was an Australian politician who served as a Senator for New South Wales from 1932 to 1938, representing the Country Party. He was the founder of the Riverina Movement, which advocated for the separation of his native Riverina region from the state of New South Wales.
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John Adamson CBE was an English-born Australian politician.
Gordon Brown was an Australian politician who served as a Senator for Queensland from 1932 to 1965, representing the Australian Labor Party (ALP). He was President of the Senate from 1943 to 1951.
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Richard Harry (Dick) Nash was an Australian politician. He was an Australian Labor Party member of the Australian Senate from 1943 until his death in 1951.
Victor Seddon Vincent was an Australian politician. Born at Leonora, Western Australia, he was educated at Scotch College in Perth, and then the University of Western Australia, becoming a barrister. He practiced in Kalgoorlie from 1931. After serving in World War II (1939-1945), he was a member of Kalgoorlie Municipal Council, and President of the Kalgoorlie Chamber of Commerce. In 1949, he was elected to the Australian Senate as a Liberal Senator for Western Australia. He held the seat until his death in 1964; Peter Sim was appointed to replace him.
This is a list of members of the Australian Senate from 1941 to 1944. Half of its members were elected at the 23 October 1937 election and had terms starting on 1 July 1938 and finishing on 30 June 1944; the other half were elected at the 21 September 1940 election and had terms starting on 1 July 1941 and finishing on 30 June 1947. The process for filling casual vacancies was complex. While senators were elected for a six-year term, people appointed to a casual vacancy only held office until the earlier of the next election for the House of Representatives or the Senate.
This article provides information on candidates who stood for the 1943 Australian federal election. The election was held on 21 August 1943.
George Roy William McDonald was an Australian politician.
Herbert Ernst Graham was an Australian politician.
Herbert Henry Styants was an Australian politician who was a Labor Party member of the Legislative Assembly of Western Australia from 1936 to 1956, representing the seat of Kalgoorlie. He served as a minister in the government of Albert Hawke.
|Parliament of Australia|
| President of the Senate |