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The Earl of Ancaster
| Member of Parliament |
for Rutland & Stamford
21 November 1933 –3 February 1950
|Preceded by||Neville Smith-Carington|
|Succeeded by||Sir Roger Conant|
Gilbert James Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby
8 December 1907
|Died||29 March 1983 75)(aged|
Nancy Phyllis Louise Astor
(m. 1933;died 1975)
|Alma mater||Magdalene College,Cambridge|
Gilbert James Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby,3rd Earl of Ancaster, KCVO TD (8 December 1907 –29 March 1983) styled Lord Willoughby de Eresby from 1910 to 1951,was a British Conservative politician.
Gilbert James Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby was a son of Gilbert Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby,2nd Earl of Ancaster,and American heiress Eloise Lawrence Breese. His younger brother John died unmarried in 1970,and his two sisters,Lady Catherine and Lady Priscilla,married John St Maur Ramsden and Col. Sir John Renton Aird,3rd Baronet,respectively. 
He was educated at Eton and Magdalene College,Cambridge. At Cambridge,Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby was a member of the University Pitt Club. 
In 1933 he was elected to the House of Commons as Member of Parliament (MP) for Rutland and Stamford,and held this seat until 1950.  The seat had previously been held by his uncle,Claud Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby. From 1933 to 1935,Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby was "Baby of the House",the youngest member of the House of Commons.
He served in the Second World War as a major in the 153rd Leicestershire Yeomanry Regiment of the Royal Artillery in the 5th Guards Armoured Brigade,and was mentioned in despatches. Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby was awarded the Territorial Decoration (TD) in 1945 and in 1971 became a Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO). 
In 1951,he was summoned to the House of Lords through a writ of acceleration in his father's junior title of Baron Willoughby de Eresby. Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby succeeded as third Earl of Ancaster later that year upon the death of his father. Apart from his political career,he was also Lord Lieutenant of Lincolnshire from 1950 to 1975 and Joint Lord Great Chamberlain from 1951 to 1983.  He was appointed a county Justice of the Peace (JP) in 1937 and in 1977 a Deputy Lieutenant for Lincolnshire. 
On 27 July 1933,Lord Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby married Nancy Phyllis Louise Astor (1909–1975),the only daughter of Waldorf Astor,2nd Viscount Astor and Nancy Astor (the American-born British politician who was the first female Member of Parliament to take her seat). Together,James and Nancy were the parents of two children,one son and one daughter: 
His wife died on 2 March 1975. Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby died in March 1983,aged 75. On his death,the earldom of Ancaster and barony of Aveland became extinct,while he was succeeded in the ancient barony of Willoughby de Eresby by his daughter Nancy,who also succeeded him as joint Lord Great Chamberlain. His Heathcote baronetcy was inherited by his distant relative Gilbert Simon Heathcote. 
Earl of Lindsey is a title in the Peerage of England. It was created in 1626 for the 14th Baron Willoughby de Eresby. He was First Lord of the Admiralty from 1635 to 1636 and also established his claim in right of his mother to the hereditary office of Lord Great Chamberlain of England. Lord Lindsey fought on the Royalist side in the Civil War and was killed at the Battle of Edgehill on 23 October 1642. He was succeeded by his son,the second Earl. He also fought at Edgehill and surrendered to the Parliamentarians in order to attend his mortally wounded father. Lord Lindsey later fought at the First Battle of Newbury,Second Battle of Newbury,and at Naseby. His son from his second marriage,James,was created Earl of Abingdon in 1682. He was succeeded by his son from his first marriage to Martha Cockayne,the third Earl. He represented Boston in the House of Commons and served as Lord Lieutenant of Lincolnshire.
Baron Willoughby de Eresby is a title in the Peerage of England. It was created in 1313 for Robert de Willoughby. Since 1983,the title has been held by Jane Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby,28th Baroness Willoughby de Eresby.
Peregrine Bertie,2nd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven,styled The Honourable Peregrine Bertie between 1686 and 1704,Lord Willoughby de Eresby between 1704 and 1715 and Marquess of Lindsey between 1715 and 1723,was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1708 until 1715 when he was called to the House of Lords.
Grimsthorpe Castle is a country house in Lincolnshire,England 4 miles (6.4 km) north-west of Bourne on the A151. It lies within a 3,000 acre (12 km2) park of rolling pastures,lakes,and woodland landscaped by Capability Brown. While Grimsthorpe is not a castle in the strict sense of the word,its character is massive and martial –the towers and outlying pavilions recalling the bastions of a great fortress in classical dress. Grimsthorpe has been the home of the de Eresby family since 1516. The present owner is Jane Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby,28th Baroness Willoughby de Eresby,granddaughter of Nancy Astor,who died at Grimsthorpe in 1964.
Drummond Castle is located in Perthshire,Scotland. The castle is known for its gardens,described by Historic Environment Scotland as "the best example of formal terraced gardens in Scotland." It is situated in Muthill parish,4 kilometres (2.5 mi) south of Crieff. The castle comprises a tower house built in the late 15th century,and a 17th-century mansion,both of which were rebuilt in Victorian times. The gardens date to the 1630s,although they too were restructured in the 19th century. The formal gardens are protected as a category A listed building,and are included on the Inventory of Gardens and Designed Landscapes in Scotland. The tower house and mansion are both category B listed.
Gilbert Henry Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby,1st Earl of Ancaster,,known as 2nd Baron Aveland from 1867 to 1888 and as 25th Baron Willoughby de Eresby from 1888 to 1892,was a British Liberal politician and court official.
Gilbert Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby,2nd Earl of Ancaster,known as Lord Willoughby de Eresby from 1892 to 1910,was a British Conservative politician.
Clementina Elizabeth Drummond-Willoughby,24th Baroness Willoughby de Eresby was a suo jure British baroness. She was the daughter of Peter Robert Drummond-Burrell,22nd Baron Willoughby de Eresby and Sarah Clementina,née Drummond. On the death of her brother,Albyric Drummond-Willoughby,23rd Baron Willoughby de Eresby,in 1871,the Barony of Willoughby de Eresby fell into abeyance between her sister,Charlotte,and her. On 13 November 1871,the abeyance of the barony was terminated in her favour.
Priscilla Barbara Elizabeth Bertie,21st Baroness Willoughby de Eresby,known before 1780 as Lady Priscilla Bertie,was a daughter of the Peregrine Bertie,3rd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven,and Mary Panton. Through her grandmother Mary Wynn,Priscilla Bertie was a descendant of the Welsh princely House of Aberffraw.
Baron Gwydyr,of Gwydyr in the County of Carnarvon,was a title in the Peerage of Great Britain. It was created on 16 June 1796 for Sir Peter Burrell,2nd Baronet,who had earlier represented Boston and Haslemere in the House of Commons. The Burrell Baronetcy,of West Grinstead Park in the County of Sussex,had been created in the Baronetage of Great Britain on 5 July 1766 for his great-uncle Merrik Burrell,with remainder to the latter's nephew Peter Burrell. Merrik Burrell had previously represented Marlow,Grampound,Haslemere and Great Bedwyn in Parliament. Lord Gwydyr married Priscilla Bertie,21st Baroness Willoughby de Eresby,herself a descendant of the Aberffraw legacy through her grandmother Mary Wynn. They were both succeeded by their eldest son,Peter Drummond-Burrell,22nd Baron Willoughby de Eresby. On the death in 1865 of his son,the two titles separated. The Barony of Willoughby de Eresby fell into abeyance between the late Baron's sisters while the baronetcy and barony of Gwydyr were inherited by his cousin,the fourth Baron. He was the son of the Honourable Lindsey Merrik Peter Burrell,younger son of the first Baron. The baronetcy and barony became extinct on the death of his son,the fifth Baron,on 13 February 1915.
Albyric Drummond-Willoughby,3rd Baron Gwydyr,23rd Baron Willoughby de Eresby,was a British noble baron. He was the son of Peter Drummond-Burrell,22nd Baron Willoughby de Eresby,and Sarah Clementina,née Drummond. He never married.
Peter Robert Drummond-Burrell,2nd Baron Gwydyr,22nd Baron Willoughby de Eresby PC,was a British politician and nobleman.
Robert Bertie,4th Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven,PC,styled Lord Robert Bertie until 1758 and Marquess of Lindsey between 1758 and 1778,was a British peer. He was born in Grimsthorpe,the second son of the General Peregrine Bertie,3rd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven,and Mary Panton
There have been two baronetcies created for people with the surname Heathcote,both in the Baronetage of Great Britain and both created in 1733. The holders of the first creation were later elevated to the peerage as Baron Aveland and Earl of Ancaster,which titles are now extinct. However,both baronetcies are extant as of 2008.
Gilbert John Heathcote,1st Baron Aveland,known as Sir Gilbert John Heathcote,5th Baronet from 1851 to 1856,of Stocken Hall,Rutland,was a British peer and Whig politician.
Gilbert Heathcote may refer to:
James Drummond,1st Baron Perth,was a Scottish soldier,landowner and peer.
Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:
Brigadier-General Hon. Charles Strathavon Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby,was a British Army officer in the Second Boer War and World War I.
Nancy Jane Marie Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby,28th Baroness Willoughby de Eresby is an English peer and member of the Astor family. She is a 1⁄4 holder of the office of Lord Great Chamberlain,which is exercised by the 7th Baron Carrington.