James Lloyd (Massachusetts politician)

Last updated
James Lloyd
JamesLloyd.jpg
United States Senator
from Massachusetts
In office
June 9, 1808 May 1, 1813
Preceded by John Quincy Adams
Succeeded by Christopher Gore
In office
June 5, 1822 May 23, 1826
Preceded by Harrison Gray Otis
Succeeded by Nathaniel Silsbee
Member of the Massachusetts Senate
In office
1804-1812
Member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives
In office
1800-1804
Personal details
BornDecember 1769
Boston, Massachusetts
DiedApril 5, 1831(1831-04-05) (aged 61)
New York City, New York
Political party Federalist
Alma mater Harvard College
Occupation Merchant

James Lloyd (December 1769 April 5, 1831) was a merchant, businessman and Federalist party politician from Massachusetts during the early years of the United States. He twice served as United States Senator, notably succeeding John Quincy Adams after the latter lost the party vote due to his support of the Embargo Act of 1807.

Contents

Early life and business

James Lloyd was born in Boston, Province of Massachusetts Bay, to James Lloyd, a medical doctor, and Sarah (Curwin) Lloyd. Lloyd was educated at Boston Latin School and Harvard College, where he received a BA in 1787 and an MA in 1790. He got a job as a merchant clerk, in which capacity he traveled to Russia in 1792.

Lloyd became a successful merchant, and was a close business associate of Francis Cabot Lowell. With Lowell, he was a major stakeholder the construction of Boston's India Wharf and Central Wharf, and was a major investor in the Boston Athenaeum. He served as the first president of the Boston Manufacturing Company, the first major textile mill in the nation.

Political career

In 1800 Lloyd was elected to the Massachusetts House of Representatives, and in 1804 he won election to the state senate. In 1808, he won election to the United States Senate. The election, made by the state legislature, took place at an unusually early date, as it was designed as a snub of the sitting Federalist Senator, John Quincy Adams, for his support of the Embargo Act of 1807. Adams resigned his seat early, and Lloyd was appointed to fill the remainder of his term. He served until his resignation on May 1, 1813, due to poor health. On June 17, 1812, he voted against declaring war on Britain. On February 28, 1812, Lloyd gave a speech in the Senate of the United States on the Bill "Concerning the Naval Establishment".

Upon the resignation of Senator Harrison Gray Otis in 1822, he was again elected and reelected, serving until his resignation on May 23, 1826, again due to poor health. He was one of the last Federalist Party members to serve in the Senate.

Lloyd died in New York City and is buried in King's Chapel Burying Ground in Boston. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1811 [1] and a member of the American Antiquarian Society in 1820. [2]

Related Research Articles

Timothy Pickering American statesman

Timothy Pickering was a politician from Massachusetts who served in a variety of roles, most notably as the third United States Secretary of State under Presidents George Washington and John Adams. He also represented Massachusetts in both houses of Congress as a member of the Federalist Party.

James A. Bayard (politician, born 1767) American politician

James Asheton Bayard Sr. was an American lawyer and politician from Wilmington, Delaware. He was a member of the Federalist Party, who served as U.S. Representative from Delaware and U.S. Senator from Delaware.

George Cabot American politician

George Cabot was an American merchant, seaman, and politician from Boston. He represented Massachusetts in the U.S. Senate and as the Presiding Officer of the Hartford Convention.

Samuel Clesson Allen was a U.S. politician from Massachusetts during the first third of the 19th century. He began his career as a member of the Federalist Party, but later became a staunch supporter of Democratic presidents Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren.

William Plumer American politician

William Plumer was an American lawyer, Baptist lay preacher, and politician from Epping, New Hampshire. He is most notable for his service as a Federalist in the United States Senate (1802–1807), and Governor of New Hampshire as a Democratic-Republican.

Robert Henry Goldsborough was an American politician from Talbot County, Maryland.

Harrison Gray Otis (politician) American politician

Harrison Gray Otis, was a businessman, lawyer, and politician, becoming one of the most important leaders of the United States' first political party, the Federalists. He was a member of the Otis family.

Christopher Gore Massachusetts Federalist politician; governor and senator

Christopher Gore was a prominent Massachusetts lawyer, Federalist politician, and U.S. diplomat. Born into a family divided by the American Revolution, Gore sided with the victorious Patriots, established a successful law practice in Boston, and built a fortune by purchasing Revolutionary government debts at a discount and receiving full value for them from the government.

Josiah Quincy III American politician and president of Harvard University

Josiah Quincy III was a U.S. educator and political figure. He was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives (1805–1813), Mayor of Boston (1823–1828), and President of Harvard University (1829–1845). The historic Quincy Market in downtown Boston is named in his honor.

Benjamin Goodhue American politician

Benjamin Goodhue was a Representative and a Senator from Massachusetts. He supported the Patriot during the American Revolution, and was a strong member of the Federalist Party. He was described by contemporaries as a leading member of the so-called Essex Junto, a group of Massachusetts Federalists, most of whom were from Essex County.

William Hunter (senator) American politician and diplomat

William Hunter Jr. was an American politician and diplomat and owner of the Hunter House, now a museum.

Jonathan Mason (Massachusetts politician) American politician

Jonathan Mason was a Federalist United States Senator and Representative from Massachusetts during the early years of the United States.

Samuel W. Dana United States lawyer and politician

Samuel Whittlesey Dana was an American lawyer and politician from Middletown, Connecticut. He represented Connecticut in both the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate.

Eli Porter Ashmun was a Federalist United States Senator from Massachusetts from 1816 to 1818.

Samuel Dana was an American lawyer and politician who served in both branches of the Massachusetts General Court, as President of the Massachusetts Senate and as a United States Representative from Massachusetts.

Elijah H. Mills American politician

Elijah Hunt Mills was an American politician from Massachusetts.

Abijah Bigelow American politician

Abijah Bigelow was a U.S. Representative from Massachusetts.

Enoch Lincoln Massachusetts and Maine politician; Maine governor

Enoch Lincoln was a U.S. Representative from Massachusetts and from Maine, son of Levi Lincoln Sr. and brother of Levi Lincoln Jr. Born in Worcester, Massachusetts, Lincoln graduated from Harvard College in 1807. He also served as Governor of Maine from 1827 until his death in October 1829.

Elijah Paine American judge

Elijah Paine was a Justice of the Supreme Court of Vermont, a United States Senator from Vermont and a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Vermont.

1808 United States Senate election in Massachusetts

The 1808 United States Senate election in Massachusetts was held on June 2, 1808.

References

  1. "Book of Members, 1780–2010: Chapter L" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved September 7, 2016.
  2. American Antiquarian Society Members Directory

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates  public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov .

U.S. Senate
Preceded by
John Quincy Adams
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Massachusetts
1808–1813
Served alongside: Timothy Pickering, Joseph B. Varnum
Succeeded by
Christopher Gore
Preceded by
Harrison Gray Otis
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Massachusetts
1822–1826
Served alongside: Elijah H. Mills
Succeeded by
Nathaniel Silsbee