James Peak

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James Peak

James Peak at dawn.jpg

James Peak at dawn viewed from Green Mountain in Boulder County.
Highest point
Elevation 13,294 ft (4,052 m) [1] [2]
Prominence 714 ft (218 m) [2]
Isolation 1.55 mi (2.49 km) [2]
Listing Colorado county high points 27th
Coordinates 39°51′08″N105°41′24″W / 39.8522094°N 105.6900039°W / 39.8522094; -105.6900039 Coordinates: 39°51′08″N105°41′24″W / 39.8522094°N 105.6900039°W / 39.8522094; -105.6900039 [3]
Geography
USA Colorado location map.svg
Red triangle with thick white border.svg
James Peak
Colorado
Location Continental Divide at the tripoint of Clear Creek, Gilpin, and Grand counties, Colorado, United States. High point of Gilpin County. [2]
Parent range Front Range [2]
Topo map USGS 7.5' topographic map
Empire, Colorado [3]

James Peak is a high mountain summit in the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains of North America. The 13,300-foot (4,054 m) thirteener is located on the Continental Divide in the James Peak Wilderness of Arapaho National Forest and Roosevelt National Forest, 5.2 miles (8.4 km) east-southeast (bearing 110°) of the Town of Winter Park, Colorado, United States. The summit is the tripoint of Clear Creek, Gilpin, and Grand counties. The peak is the highest point in Gilpin County and the James Peak Wilderness. [1] [2] [3]

Elevation Height of a geographic location above a fixed reference point

The elevation of a geographic location is its height above or below a fixed reference point, most commonly a reference geoid, a mathematical model of the Earth's sea level as an equipotential gravitational surface . The term elevation is mainly used when referring to points on the Earth's surface, while altitude or geopotential height is used for points above the surface, such as an aircraft in flight or a spacecraft in orbit, and depth is used for points below the surface.

Mountain A large landform that rises fairly steeply above the surrounding land over a limited area

A mountain is a large landform that rises above the surrounding land in a limited area, usually in the form of a peak. A mountain is generally steeper than a hill. Mountains are formed through tectonic forces or volcanism. These forces can locally raise the surface of the earth. Mountains erode slowly through the action of rivers, weather conditions, and glaciers. A few mountains are isolated summits, but most occur in huge mountain ranges.

Summit A point on a surface that is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it, in topography

A summit is a point on a surface that is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. The topographic terms acme, apex, peak, and zenith are synonymous.

Contents

James Peak is named after Dr. Edwin James, the botanist on Major Stephen H. Long's expedition of 1820. James is the first known person to successfully climb Pikes Peak. [4]

Edwin James (scientist) American botanist and geologist

Edwin P. James, a 19th-century American botanist, geologist, and medical practitioner, was an important figure in the early exploration of the American West. James was also known for his time spent creating relationships with Native Americans in the United States, and also aiding African Americans to escape slavery.

Stephen Harriman Long American explorer

Stephen Harriman Long was a U.S. army explorer, topographical engineer, and railway engineer. As an inventor, he is noted for his developments in the design of steam locomotives. He was also one of the most prolific explorers of the early 1800s, although his career as an explorer was relatively short-lived. He covered over 26,000 miles in five expeditions, including a scientific expedition in the Great Plains area, which he famously confirmed as a "Great Desert".

Pikes Peak mountain in the Rocky Mountains, Colorado, United States of America

Pikes Peak is the highest summit of the southern Front Range of the Rocky Mountains, in North America. The ultra-prominent 14,115-foot (4,302.31 m) fourteener is located in Pike National Forest, 12 miles (19 km) west of downtown Colorado Springs, Colorado. The mountain is named in honor of American explorer Zebulon Pike, who was unable to reach the summit. The summit is higher than any point in the United States east of its longitude.

James Peak has a broad south slope that is very popular with hikers. The steep, sheer walls of the east face, offer multiple technical couloirs for snow climbers, skiers, and snowboarders. From south to north, these routes are named 'Bailout', 'Starlight', 'Sky Pilot', 'Shooting Star', and 'Superstar'. [5]

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 The elevation of James Peak includes an adjustment of +1.789 m (+5.86 ft) from NGVD 29 to NAVD 88.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "James Peak, Colorado". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved October 20, 2014.
  3. 1 2 3 "James Peak". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey . Retrieved October 20, 2014.
  4. Dziezynski, James (1 August 2012). Best Summit Hikes in Colorado: An Opinionated Guide to 50+ Ascents of Classic and Little-Known Peaks from 8,144 to 14,433 Feet. Wilderness Press. p. 58. ISBN   978-0-89997-713-3.
  5. Bueler, William M (2000). Roof of the Rockies (3rd ed.). Golden Colorado: The Colorado Mountain Club Press. ISBN   9780967146614.