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James Simson 1740–1770 was a medical academic and the second Chandos Professor of Medicine and Anatomy at the University of St Andrews, from 1764 to 1770. He was born on 21 March 1740, son of Thomas Simson and Margaret Simson. He was awarded the degree of MD. He succeeded his father as Chandos Professor in 1764,where he remained until his death on 30 August 1770. His library was bequeathed to the University of St Andrews Library in 1770, and the university library still owns the collection today, containing over 200 medical books.
Adam Kuhn was an American physician and naturalist, and one of the earliest professors of medicine in a North American university.
The history of the University of St Andrews began with its foundation in 1410 when a charter of incorporation was bestowed upon the Augustinian priory of St Andrews Cathedral. The University grew in size quite rapidly; St Salvator's College was established in 1450, St Leonard's College in 1511 and St Mary's College in 1537. Some of the college buildings in use today date from this period as does St Salvator's Chapel. At this time much of the teaching was of a religious nature and was conducted by clerics associated with the cathedral.
The University of St Andrews School of Medicine is the school of medicine at the University of St Andrews in St Andrews, Fife, Scotland and the oldest medical school in Scotland.
The School of Medical Sciences at the University of Manchester is one of the largest in the United Kingdom with around 6,000 undergraduates, 3,000 postgraduates and 2,000 staff. It is the third oldest medical school in England and the largest medical school in the United Kingdom. The Faculty is a member of the Manchester Academic Health Science Centre and has four affiliated teaching hospitals at Manchester Royal Infirmary, Wythenshawe Hospital, Salford Royal Hospital and the Royal Preston Hospital.
Prof James Bell Pettigrew FRSE FRS FRCPE LLD was a Scottish anatomist and noted naturalist, aviation pioneer and museum curator. He was a distinguished naturalist in Britain, and Professor of Anatomy at St Andrews University from 1875 until his death.
Simson is a surname, also a given name, and may refer to:
John Andrews was: Colonial/American priest; 4th Provost of the University of Pennsylvania (1810–1813), 3rd Vice Provost (1789–1810), and Professor of Moral Philosophy (1789-1813) of the same college; Principal of the Episcopal Academy of Philadelphia (1785–1789); Rector of St. Thomas Church in Garrison Forest, Baltimore County, Maryland (1782–1784); founder of the bases of York College of Pennsylvania (1776); Minister of St. Peter's Episcopal Church (1767–1770); lecturer; and author of published textbooks and sermons. Accepted as life member of the American Philosophical Society (1787). Buried at Christ Church Burial Ground in Philadelphia.
The Chandos Chair of Medicine and Anatomy is a Chair in Medicine and Anatomy of the University of St Andrews, Scotland. It was established in 1721, by a bequest of £1000 from James Brydges, 1st Duke of Chandos - then the Chancellor of the University. His original aim was to establish a Chair of Eloquence, although this was rejected by the university in favour of a Chair in Medicine and Anatomy. Holders of the Chandos Chair are known as Chandos Professors. The Chandos Chair still exists today, although in 1875 it became a chair in physiology.
Thomas Simson (1696–1764) was a Scottish medical academic at the University of St Andrews.
Professor Percy Theodore Herring FRSE FRCPE LLD was a physician and physiologist, notable for first describing Herring bodies in the posterior pituitary gland.
John Gregory, a.k.a. John Gregorie, was an eighteenth-century Scottish Enlightenment physician, medical writer and moralist.
Joseph Fairweather Lamb FRSE (1928–2015) was a 20th-century Scottish physician, who was Emeritus Professor of the Chandos Chair of Physiology at the University of St Andrews.
Andrew Duncan, the elder FRSE FRCPE FSA (Scot) was a British physician and professor at the University of Edinburgh. He was joint founder of the Royal Society of Edinburgh.
John Caswell was an English mathematician who served as Savilian Professor of Astronomy at the University of Oxford from 1709 until his death.
John Reid was a Scottish physician and academic, known as an anatomist and physiologist.
Johann Gottlieb Gleditsch was a German physician and botanist known for pioneer investigations of plant sexuality and reproduction.
Andrew Cantwell was an Irish academic in France and medical writer, known as an opponent of inoculation.
Patrick Simson (1566-1618) was a presbyterian minster who served in Stirling during the reign of James VI of Scotland. Despite his opposition to Episcopalianism, he had the respect of king James and several of his court. He was born in Perth in 1556. He was from a prominent church family and was the son of Andrew Simson, minister of Dunbar. He was educated at St. Mary's College, St Andrews, graduating with an M.A. in 1574. He became a reader at Borthwick and completed his education at Bridgestock in England stopping there while intended for Cambridge as he met a gentleman who allowed him use of his library. He was admitted to Spott in 1577 and translated to Cramond in 1582. He was admitted to the vicarage there on 30 August 1586. He was translated and admitted to Stirling on 7 August 1590. He was presented by James VI on May 1591. When preaching before the King in 1598 he exhorted him to beware "lest he drew on himself secret wrath by setting up manifest idolatry." Immediately after the sermon his Majesty arose and "forbade him to meddle in these matters." He was a member of twelve out of fifteen Assemblies held prior to 1610. Simson was proposed by Assembly of 1606 "Constant Moderator" of Presbytery, but he lost to James Nicolson. He drew up a Protest to Parliament against the introduction of Episcopacy on 1 July 1606. He was chosen as Moderator of Conference at Falkland on 15 June 1608. Simson was offered a bishopric and pension by the King, but frequent attacks of disease broke down his constitution, and he died on 31 March 1618.
Samuel Ogden (1716–1778) was a priest of Church of England and academic, known as a popular preacher. He held the chair of geology at Cambridge from 1764, but was entirely unqualified in the field.
James Simson, FRCSEd was an Edinburgh surgeon, who worked for most of his career at the New Town Dispensary and was surgeon to the Edinburgh prison. He was president of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh from 1844-45 and again in 1873.