James T. Mullen
|Died||6 July 1891 47) (aged|
New Haven, Connecticut
of the Knights of Columbus
|Successor||John J. Phelan|
James Terrance Mullen (August 30, 1843 – July 6, 1891) was the first Supreme Knight of the Knights of Columbus from February 2, 1882 to May 17, 1886. He also served in the New Haven, Connecticut police and Fire Departments, and as an alderman. With his service in the Union Army and in several fraternal orders, he has been described as "veteran of fraternity."
The Supreme Knight of the Knights of Columbus is the chief executive officer and chairman of the board of the Knights of Columbus, the world's largest Catholic family fraternal service organization. He leads more than 1.8 million members in more than 14,000 councils and oversees over $77 billion of life insurance in force, as of 2013.
The Knights of Columbus is the world's largest Catholic fraternal service organization. Founded by Michael J. McGivney in New Haven, Connecticut, in 1882, it was named in honor of the explorer Christopher Columbus. Originally serving as a mutual benefit society to working-class and immigrant Catholics in the United States, it developed into a fraternal benefit society dedicated to providing charitable services, including war and disaster relief, actively defending Catholicism in various nations, and promoting Catholic education. The Knights also support the Catholic Church's positions on public policy issues, including various political causes, and are participants in the new evangelization. The current Supreme Knight is Carl A. Anderson.
New Haven is a coastal city in the U.S. state of Connecticut. It is located on New Haven Harbor on the northern shore of Long Island Sound in New Haven County, Connecticut, and is part of the New York metropolitan area. With a population of 129,779 as determined by the 2010 United States Census, it is the second-largest city in Connecticut after Bridgeport. New Haven is the principal municipality of Greater New Haven, which had a total population of 862,477 in 2010.
Mullen was born in New Haven, Connecticut, U.S. on August 30, 1843,and attended the public schools there. He married Anne Elizabeth Pigott, the sister of Congressman James P. Pigott. They had one son. His nephew, William P. Cronan, served as the 19th Naval Governor of Guam.
James Protus Pigott was a U.S. Representative from Connecticut.
William Pigott Cronan was an United States Navy Captain who served as the 19th Naval Governor of Guam. During his tenure in the Navy, he became decorated, commanded a number of ships, and came to be known as "the most popular man in the Navy". He participated in the Battle of Santiago de Cuba during the Spanish–American War. In 1903, he gained some attention for his participation in the rescue of a Venezuelan fisherman off the coast of La Guaira under bad conditions. Both the Venezuelan government and navy command praised him for the way he carried out the operation. He became a national news story in 1907 while serving aboard USS Connecticut during a training operation. When a gun nearly exploded because of leaking powder; he shoved his hand into the gun's breechblock, preventing the explosion and losing two of his fingers in the process.
Mullen was one of the original members of the Knights of Columbus.He joined on February 2, 1882. When Father Michael McGivney first conceived of creating the Order, he proposed the name the Sons of Columbus. Mullen instead suggested using Knights instead of Sons to better exemplify the ritualistic nature of the nascent organization.
Mullen credited McGivney's "indomitable will" for the success of the Order.As Supreme Knight, he installed the officers of other councils, including Silver City Council No. 2 on May 16, 1883, in Meriden, Connecticut. On the train ride to Meriden, Mullen assigned Daniel Colwell the responsibility of devising the installation ceremony. As Supreme Knight, Mullen supported the expansion of the Order outside of Connecticut, a contentious issue at the time.
Meriden is a city in New Haven County, Connecticut, United States, located halfway between the regional cities of New Haven and Hartford. In 2010, the population of the city was 60,868.
Colwell and Mullen joined McGivney in presenting the ceremonials of the Order to Bishop Lawrence McMahon of the Diocese of Hartford to ensure they were acceptable for a Catholic organization.Enthusiasm for the degree work led to calls to create a fourth degree, and Mullen supported creating a fifth.
Lawrence Stephen McMahon was a Canadian-born prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Bishop of Hartford from 1879 until his death in 1893.
With two councils established, Mullen presided over the Supreme Convention on June 15, 1883.At this convention he was appointed to a committee of one to design an emblem for the Order. At a later convention, he was appointed to a committee to draft a resolution honoring Fr. McGivney.
In 1886, Mullen was reelected Supreme Knight, but declined the appointment on May 17, 1886.He did, however, accept the newly created position of Director General of Ceremonies, a position he held until his death in 1891.
In 1874, Mullen suggested the creation of a social organization that came to be known as the Red Knights.He served as their Supreme Knight from 1875 to their disbanding in 1880. He was also a Knight of St. Patrick and an amateur actor in local theatrical productions.
Mullen enlisted in the 9th Connecticut Infantry Regiment on September 11, 1861 and served as a sergeant in the Civil War.He took part in digging Grant's Canal. He became ill, however, and was discharged on December 27, 1862. He later became a leader of the Sarsfield Guards, an Irish Catholic militia organization that later became a part of the Connecticut National Guard.
Following the Civil War, Mullen became a police lieutenant in New Haven.For 13 years, he was fire commissioner in the New Haven Fire Department and was president of the board for several years. He also served as a Alderman for the City of New Haven.
He became a successful businessmanfollowing his apprenticeship painting ornamental signs he became a commercial traveler. He formed a partnership with G.W.M. Reed and assumed full control of the company in 1884. He ran this company until his death.
James Mullen died July 6, 1891.He is buried in New Haven's St. Bernard’s Cemetery.
Michael Joseph McGivney was an American Catholic priest based in New Haven, Connecticut. He founded the Knights of Columbus at a local parish to serve as a mutual aid and fraternal insurance organization, particularly for immigrants and their families. It developed through the 20th century as the world's largest Catholic fraternal organization.
The President's Organization for Unemployment Relief was a government organization created on August 19, 1931 by United States President Herbert Hoover. Its commission was to help U.S. citizens who lost their jobs due to the Great Depression. Its purpose was to coordinate local welfare agencies, without spending government money. The program ended on June 30, 1932. Its ending was because the government was not willing to help the agencies through the aid of money and this therefore led to them becoming simply overwhelmed by the magnitude of the problem of the Great Depression.
Luke E. Hart was the tenth Supreme Knight of the Knights of Columbus from September 1, 1953 to February 19, 1964.
The Church of St. Mary, New Haven, Connecticut, United States, is the parish church of the second oldest Roman Catholic parish in Connecticut. The parish was established in 1832 and is located near Yale University. The Knights of Columbus was founded here in 1882 by Father Michael J. McGivney, who was then the church's assistant pastor; McGivney's remains are interred within the church. The church is currently run by friars of the Dominican Order. In 2018, the parish of Saint Mary was consolidated with the parish of Saint Joseph in East Rock, New Haven; both church buildings remain open for regularly schedule worship, and the combined parish continues to use the Saint Mary name.
Martin Henry Carmody was the seventh Supreme Knight of the Knights of Columbus from September 1, 1927 to August 31, 1939.
Count Edward Leo Hearn was the fifth Supreme Knight of the Knights of Columbus from April 1, 1899 to August 31, 1909.
James E. Hayes was an American politician and the third Supreme Knight of the Knights of Columbus from March 2, 1897 to February 8, 1898.
The Knights of Columbus Building, in Downtown New Haven, Connecticut, is the headquarters of the Roman Catholic fraternal service organization, the Knights of Columbus. Also known as the Knights of Columbus Tower or The Knights' Tower, the building was designed by Kevin Roche John Dinkeloo and Associates and finished in 1969. This 23-story modern style reinforced concrete building, at 320 feet tall, is the third-tallest building in the city's skyline.
The history of the Knights of Columbus and The Catholic University of America is one of "a close and supportive relationship" that dates back almost to the founding of the university. David M. O'Connell, then-president of CUA, has said, "It is difficult to speak about the progress of The Catholic University of America throughout its long history without, at the same time and in the same breath, mentioning the Knights of Columbus. So much of what CUA is today is the result of the generosity and support of the Knights of Columbus." The fourth rector of the University, Monsignor Thomas J. Shahan, congratulated the Order for having founded a "Knights of Columbus College" after a particularly large donation saved the University after a rocky financial period.
William Hassett was the Deputy Supreme Knight of the Knights of Columbus. He was from Wallingford, Connecticut. Previously he had served as Supreme Lecturer.
Charles J. Ducey was Deputy Supreme Knight of the Knights of Columbus.
The history of the Knights of Columbus begins with its founding in 1882 by Father Michael J. McGivney at St. Mary's Parish in New Haven, Connecticut. Originally intended to be a mutual benefit society, it has since grown into a Catholic anti-defamation league, a leading philanthropic society, and the world's largest Catholic fraternal service organization.
Political activity of the Knights of Columbus concerns any involvement of the Knights of Columbus, the world's largest Catholic fraternal service organization, to try to influence public and government policy. While the Knights of Columbus support political awareness and activity, United States councils are prohibited by tax laws from engaging in candidate endorsement and partisan political activity due to their non-profit status.
The charitable activities of the Knights of Columbus include the money and time donated by the Order of the Knights of Columbus, state and local councils, and individual members, to charitable causes.
The Red Knights was a group founded in New Haven, Connecticut in 1874 as one of many ethnic mutual benefit societies in the city. Its members were young upwardly mobile Irish who saw the group as a vehicle for social advancement. The group failed for lack of a viable insurance plan, and many of the members went on to found or join the Knights of Columbus.
Joseph C. Pelletier was district attorney of Suffolk County, Massachusetts and the Supreme Advocate of the Knights of Columbus. He was removed as district attorney and disbarred for blackmail and extortion.