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|Senior Superintendent of Police||M Tamil Vanam (IPS)|
|Deputy Commissioner||Suraj Kumar (IAS)|
|Founded by||Jamsetji Tata|
|• Metropolis||224 km2 (86 sq mi)|
|Elevation||159 m (522 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
831001 to 831xxx
|Second languages||Kurmali, Odia, Santhali, Urdu, Maithili, Bhojpuri, Tamil|
Jamshedpur ( // , Hindi: [ˈdʒəmʃeːdpʊr] ( listen )) or Tatanagar is the largest and most populous city in Jharkhand and first planned industrial city in India.
It was founded by Jamsetji Tata, founder of Tata Groups in the 1900s, and was named after him.It was established in 1919.
Jamshedpur was ranked as the cleanest city of India in 2020 by Swach Survekshan in 2020.Jamshedpur ranked as the 15th cleanest city in India by Swachh Survekshan in 2019 and was 7th cleanest city of India in 2010. The city is also ranked as 2nd in India in terms of 'Quality of Life'. Jamshedpur is the 84th fastest growing city in the world according to City Mayors Foundation. It is the headquarters of the East Singhbhum district of Jharkhand and is the 36th – largest urban agglomeration. And 72nd largest city in India by population.
In 1919 Lord Chelmsford named the city, 225-acre (0.91 km2) Jubilee Park is decorated with brilliant lightwork for about a week.which was originally Sakchi, to Jamshedpur in honour of its founder, Jamshedji Nusserwanji Tata. Tata had written to his son Dorabji Tata about his vision of a great city in the area. On Founders Day (3 March), the
The prospectors C. M. Weld, Dorabji Tata and Shapurji Saklatvala took nearly three years in a painstaking search across vast stretches of inhospitable terrain to find a location. One day they came across Sakchi (present-day a business district), on the densely forested stretches of the Chota Nagpur plateau, near the confluence of the Subarnarekha and Kharkai rivers. It seemed to be the ideal choice and the place was selected.
In 1908 the construction of the plant as well as the city officially began.The first steel ingot was rolled on 16 February 1912. It was a momentous day in the history of industrial India.
Jamsetji's plan for the city was clear. He envisioned far more than a mere row of workers' hutments. He insisted upon building all the comforts and conveniences a city could provide. As a result, many areas in the city are well planned and there are public leisure places such as the Jubilee Park. While building the city, Jamsetji Tata had said:
"Be sure to lay wide streets planted with shady trees, every other of a quick-growing variety. Be sure that there is plenty of space for lawns and gardens; reserve large areas for football, hockey and parks; earmark areas for Hindu temples, Muslim mosques and Christian churches."
Messrs Julin Kennedy Sahlin from Pittsburgh prepared the first layout of the town of Jamshedpur.Jamshedpur is a million-plus city with three municipal corporations i.e. Jamshedpur Notified area committee, Jugsalai Municipal corporation and Mango Notified area committee.
In 1945 Tata Motors was setup here. It is now second largest industry in Jamshedpur. In 2005, a municipal corporation was proposed but after protests from the residents this did not happen.
Jamshedpur is situated in the southern end of the state of Jharkhand and is bordered by the states of Odisha and West Bengal. The average elevation of the city is 135 metres km square. Jamshedpur is primarily located in a hilly region and is surrounded by the Dalma Hills running from west to east and covered with dense forests. The other smaller hill ranges near the city are Ukam Hill and the Jadugoda-musabani hill range. The city is also a part of the larger Chota Nagpur Plateau region. The region is formed of the sedimentary, metamorphic and igneous rocks belonging to the Dharwarian period.while the range is from 129 m to 151 m. Total geographical area of Jamshedpur is 224
Jamshedpur is located at the confluence of Kharkai and Subarnarekha Rivers. Subarnarekha is the principal river of Jamshedpur, which flows from west to south-eastern part of the territory. Many small rivers, especially the tributaries, join the Subarnarekha river in this area. Kharkai flows from the south and joins the Subarnarekha river at a place called Domuhani. The two rivers are the major sources of drinking water and groundwater for the city. Several lakes of varying size are also located near the fringes of the city. The major of them being the Dimna lake located in between the Dalma range and the Sitarampur reservoir situated beside Kharkai river. It is also a major tourist spot in the region.Both of them also act as reservoirs for drinking water in the city. The city falls under deciduous type of forest region and the green cover is estimated to be around 33% of the total land area. The city falls under the Seismic Zone II region. Jamshedpur has all the geographical features. Jamshedpur has many parks around it. Jubilee Park at Sakchi is the largest park in Jamshedpur. It was built by Jamshedji Tata, who got inspired by Vrindavanan Gardens of Mysore.
|Climate data for Jamshedpur, India (1981–2010, extremes 1924–2009)|
|Record high °C (°F)||33.4|
|Mean maximum °C (°F)||31.1|
|Average high °C (°F)||27.0|
|Average low °C (°F)||11.8|
|Mean minimum °C (°F)||7.7|
|Record low °C (°F)||3.9|
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||11.6|
|Average rainy days||1.3||1.6||1.8||2.6||5.2||10.5||15.4||15.7||11.3||4.3||1.0||0.7||71.4|
|Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST)||57||47||40||42||52||70||80||81||79||73||68||65||63|
|Source: India Meteorological Department|
The center of Jamshedpur has commercial areas and main areas. In central Jamshedpur, there is financial and business district. The famous landmarks in the center includes Jubilee Park and Tata Steel. Sakchi and Bistupur are the business and financial district. Center part is also the oldest part of the city. The Western of the city has the areas of Adityapur, Gamharia, and Sonari.Sonari is a residential and commercial neighborhood. While Adityapur and Gamharia are the major industrial neighborhood. Adityapur is also a city and a part of Jamshedpur Gamharia has an Industrial area namely Industrial Area, Gamharia. Adityapur has the Adityapur Industrial Area. There are five national highways crossing the city. Maango Brodge is a bridge which connects the city center to Maango. Marine Drive is a popular road and picturesque promenade in Jamshedpur. It starts from Sonari and connects Adityapur. It is also tourist spot. This is first plastic road.
Adityapur has the NIT Jamshedpur. The southern part of Jamshedpur contains Jugsalai, Birsanagar, Kadma, Burmamines, TELCO Colony, Bagbera Colony and Jojobera. Jugsalai is the commercial area which is known for the wholesale market. while Birsanagar, Kadma and Bagbera consists of residential and commercial hubs. Burmamines, TELCO Colony, Bagbera Colony and Jojobera are the other main and major industrial areas of the city.Apart from north, whole areas of Jamshedpur has at least one industrial area. Aashiana Gardens Sunflower Block is the tallest building in Jamshedpur. Which are 25 floors and approximately 100 meters. Other tall towers are TCE Building and Voltas House. In Jamshedpur, many hi-rise buildings are under construction now. Now the tallest building will be City Center II. Which will be built at Adityapur. This building will be of 60 floors. These tall buildings are mostly on the Central and Western side of the city. Jamshedpur has 10 - 25 floors of buildings.
According to the 2011 census of India, the city of Jamshedpur had a population of 629,659,but the Jamshedpur Urban Agglomeration had a population of 1,337,131. The city is designated as a Million Plus Urban Agglomeration as per Government terminology. Males constitute 52.1% of the population and females 47.9%. Jamshedpur has an average literacy rate of 89.41% – higher than the national average of 74%. In Jamshedpur, 11.5% of the population is under six years of age.
Here the official language is Hindi. The second most spoken language is Urdu. Additionally, in Jamshedpur, many East Indian languages are spoken, including Bengali, Bhojpuri, Santhali and Odia. Punjabi is also spoken, as are some South Indian languages, such as Kannada and Tamil.
Hindus are in majority. While Muslims, Sikhs, and Christians are in huge population secondly. Jains and Buddhists are also living in the city. Hindus are found in almost all areas of Jamshedpur.Muslims are also living in almost all areas of Jamshedpur. But most of the Muslims are living in Maango, Sakchi, and Golmuri. Sikhs are living mostly in Golmuri and Sakchi. Christians are mostly living in the central part of the city. Tribals constitute around 28% of the population. And these tribal peoples are living in Birsanagar. Which is a very large area and covers a major part of Jamshedpur. In every area there is a place with name Muslim Basti and in starting of the name there will be the name of the place where that Muslim Basti is. This place is for Muslims.
Migration is a major reason behind the increase in population and being multicultural.When Jamshedpur was established, so many peoples from Bihar specially Muslims came here in early time for getting a job and later they all get settle. In Jamshedpur many Muslims are from Bihar cities such as Darbhanga and Patna. Many Madrasi, Banglori and Kannadigas also settle in the city. Except from Bihar, many peoples from other cities and state are also migrated here. Many other cities such as Dhanbad, Ranchi and Bokaro which are in Jharkhand, is filled with many migrants for jobs. While many other local peoples are also living here including Muslims. Many Sikhs also get settle in the city. Many Punjabi Refugees are also present in the city at Punjabi Refugee Colony in Golmuri. Migration also increase Jamshedpur's popularity.
The largest industry in Jamshedpur is that of Tata Steel. It is situated in the centre of the city and occupies approximately 1/5 of the entire city area. [ citation needed ] Tata Motors is the second major industry.[ citation needed ] It is spread over an area of 822 acres (3.33 km2) in the eastern side of the city. It manufactures Medium and Heavy commercial vehicles and the main components. The company also has its own township commonly known as Telco.[ citation needed ]It acts as a pivotal center for the industries of the city of Jamshedpur with a large number of them having direct or indirect linkages with it.
Nuvoco Vistas Corp. Ltd is a cement plant located in Jojobera, Jamshedpur.It is Asia's largest Cement Grinding Unit.
There is a varied and powerful industrial base in the Adityapur Industrial Area. Jamshedpur is regarded as the industrial capital of Jharkhand.[ citation needed ]
Jamshedpur, have influence on Hindi, Bengali and Bhojpuri cinema. A lot of films got shot and based in the city and it is also called "Mini Mumbai" because of a great cinema culture and producing many film and television artists. Ritwik Ghatak's Subarnarekha , a 1962 Bengali film and Satyakam , a 1969 Hindi film starring Dharmendra and Sharmila Tagore were shot in Ghatsila area.Years after, film Udaan was shot and based in the city which also got screened in Cannes Film Festival. Bubble Gum film was based in the city and portions of M.S.Dhoni: The Untold Story was also shot in steel city. Buddhadeb Dasgupta's Bengali film, Urojohaj was also shot in outskirts of city. Upcoming film, Dil Bechara (earlier, Kizie Aur Manny) starring Sushant Singh Rajput and John Abraham's directorial Banana was also shot in the city. Many entertainers are also from this city such as Priyanka Chopra, R. Madhavan and Imtiaz Ali etc.
The civic administration of the city is under Greater Jamshedpur Metropolitan Region, Govt of Jharkhand.
The major urban local bodies are :
Important educational institutions in Jamshedpur are:
XLRI, founded in 1949, is the oldest management institute of India; Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Medical College, established in 1961; and the engineering college National Institute of Technology, Jamshedpur, an Institute of National Importance, established as a Regional Institute of Technology on 15 August 1960 .The National Metallurgical Laboratory (NML), one of the 38 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) laboratories, was inaugurated on 26 November 1950 by Jawaharlal Nehru. Shavak Nanavati Technical Institute (SNTI), established in 1921 as the technical training department of Tata Steel, now develops skilled employees for other companies as well. Its 400,000 volume library is one of the most popular in the city. Here are many high level institutions located in Jamshedpur. Now there is further development to setup more universities and several other educational institutions.
Jamshedpur has a reputation as the sports capital of Jharkhand with Tata Steel promoting sporting activities. Jamshedpur's private clubs provide opportunities for activities, such as golf, tennis, squash, billiards, horseriding and water scootering. Jamshedpur FC is an ISL team based in Jamshedpur. The team is owned by Tata Steel.
Sporting facilities and academies include:
Jamshedpur has two golf courses—the Beldih Golf Course and the Golmuri Golf Course. Both of these courses are at the heart of the city. The biggest is the Beldih Golf Course which is around 6,000 yards. The Golmuri Golf Course although smaller is also challenging. They together hold the annual Tata Open Golf Tournament which is an event held under the support of the Professional Golf Tour of India. The tournament was started in 2002. Jamshedpur also has the Jamshedpur Gliding Club and the Jamshedpur Co-operative Flying club.
Jamshedpur has various local news broadcast and cable media channels including:
English, Santali, and Bengali newspapers are published from the city, including.
at Khasmahal, Jugsalai, Jamshedpur Tatanagar Junction is a railway junction and station on the Chakradharpur division, of the South Eastern Railway. Other railway stations in the city include Adityapur, Gamharia, Kandra and Govindpur.
Jamshedpur is connected to other parts of India through national and state highways. The major highways are:
Jamshedpur has a bus station in Maango. This bus station have buses which go to other cities like Bokaro, Dhanbad, Ranchi etc. However, now there is a plan to update and rebuild and renovate this bus stand/station.
Sonari Airport is serving the city at present. It is spread over a 25-acre area in the Sonari area of the city. The airport is primarily used for bringing in chartered planes of TATA group. In previous days there were flights from Jamshedpur to Kolkata.
Dhalbhumgarh Airport is a proposed public airport located at Dhalbhumgarh, in the state of Jharkhand, India as a Greenfield airport for Jamshedpur. It will be built on the site of an abandoned World War II airfield situated 60 kilometres from Jamshedpur on NH-33. The old airfield was built around 1942, as an ancillary runway for other airfields in the vicinity that were being built around India's eastern frontier as part of the war effort.
It was one of the airfields used by Allied forces to repel the advancing Japanese troops and to maintain transport links with China. As the Japanese forces came to control shipping in the China Sea, seaborne supply routes to China were cut and the difficult, 500 km route over the Himalayas was increasingly used. The airfield was abandoned after the war. The technical team of the Airports Authority of India (AAI) conducted a survey in 2017 and approved the Dhalbhumgarh site for a greenfield airport. The government plans to invest Rs 300 crore through AAI for the new airport which will have a 3-kilometre-long runway. In January 2018, Union Minister of State for Civil Aviation Jayant Sinha announced that the Union Civil Aviation Ministry and the Jharkhand Government would sign a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for the construction of Dhalbhumgarh Airport.
Jamshedpur has a number of popular tourist destinations, including:
Jharkhand is a state in eastern India. The state shares its border with the states of Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh to the northwest, Chhattisgarh to the west, Odisha to the south and West Bengal to the east. It has an area of 79,710 km2 (30,778 sq mi). It is the 15th largest state by area, and the 14th largest by population. Hindi is the official language of the state. The city of Ranchi is its capital and Dumka its sub capital. The state is known for its waterfalls, hills and holy places; Baidyanath Dham, Parasnath and Rajrappa are major religious sites. The state was formed in 2000, from the territory that had previously been part of Bihar.
East Singhbhum is one of the twenty-four districts of Jharkhand, India. It was created on 16 January 1990. More than 50% of the district is covered by dense forests and mountains, where wild animals once roamed freely.
The Subarnarekha River flows through the Indian states of Jharkhand, West Bengal and Odisha.
Tata Football Academy is a football academy in Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, India, sponsored by Tata Steel, which owns Jamshedpur FC. It is one of the best Football Academies in India. The Tata Football Academy (TFA) is set to be renamed as Tata Atletico Football Academia after the Tata Trusts joined hands with La Liga giants, Atlético Madrid, to enhance and strengthen its existing programmes for promoting Indian football.
Saraikela, also spelled Seraikella, is the administrative headquarters of Saraikela Kharsawan District of Jharkhand. Earlier it was a municipality in Pashchimi Singhbhum district in the Indian state of Jharkhand. It was formerly the capital of the Odia Saraikela State, a princely state. The town is a road junction and agricultural trade centre, with nearby deposits of copper, iron-ore, asbestos, and limestone.it is situated between Jamshedpur and chaibasa.
Adityapur is a city in Jharkhand named after Raja Aditya Pratap Singh Deo, the last ruler of Saraikela. It is today an industrial town/sister city separated from the famous city of Jamshedpur by the Kharkai River, But it is the part Jamshedpur only itself. It lies in the Seraikela-Kharsawan district of Jharkhand. Today it is considered a part of the Greater Jamshedpur Metropolitan Region. As part of the Indian government's Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM), Adityapur will be included under the Greater Jamshedpur plan. It is predominantly an industrial region and once held the record of being the largest industrial belt in Asia.
Kandra is a census town in Saraikela Kharsawan district in the Indian state of Jharkhand, though it lies in the Seraikela-Kharsawan district of Jharkhand it is considered as an integral part of the Jamshedpur Metropolitan Region.
Sonari Airport is a public airport located in Jamshedpur, in the state of Jharkhand, India.
The Kharkai River is a river in eastern India. It is one of the major tributaries of the Subarnarekha River. It flows through Adityapur region of Jamshedpur. The 236 kilometres (147 mi) long river has many important towns beside its bank.
Bistupur is a suburb and business district. Bistupur is one of the major commercial areas of Jamshedpur. It residential and commercial area of the city of Jamshedpur in the state of Jharkhand, India. It is one of the popular regions of Jamshedpur. As it is also one of the oldest places in Jamshedpur. This have several historical landmarks and heritage buildings.
Sakchi was the village in north eastern India territory of Singhbhum which was selected by Jamsetji Tata to be the location of a planned steel city, which in 1919 became Jamshedpur. Sakchi is now part of the city between the Tata Steel site and the river Subarnarekha. Then it was known as Kalimati. Due to the presence of iron ore, river water and sand, Jamsetji Tata decided to establish TISCO there. The company is now known as Tata Steel Ltd.
Tatanagar Junction railway station, station code TATA, is the main railway station serving the city of Jamshedpur in the Indian state of Jharkhand. It is located on the Howrah–Chakradharpur–Mumbai line of the Indian Railways. It has 6 platforms and handles around 100 trains each day.
Jamshedpur is the largest urban conglomeration in the state of Jharkhand, India and is also the first well-planned industrial city of India, founded by late Jamshedji Nusserwanji Tata. It is also known as Steel City and Tatanagar or simply Tata.
Sonari is the largest residential area in the city of Jamshedpur, which is also served by Sonari Airport. Domuhani bridge in Marine Drive connects Sonari with NH-33. The area is easily accessible through Marine Drive from Adityapur, Kadma, which also connects it with the Northern towns of Sakchi and Bistupur.
Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata was an Indian pioneer industrialist, who founded the Tata Group, India's biggest conglomerate company. He established the city of Jamshedpur.
The Greater Jamshedpur Metropolitan Region includes the cities of Adityapur, Mango, Jugsalai and census towns. This is one of the largest metropolitan regions. The total metropolitan region's population is more than 1 million. Jamshedpur is the largest city in the metropolitan region.
The Jamshedpur Golf Course in Jamshedpur, Jharkhand state, India, comprises two golf courses - the Beldih Golf Course and the Golmuri Golf Course. It is on the Chota Nagpur plateau, surrounded by dense forests and hills, and is bordered from east to west by the Dalma Hills. These golf courses have been developed with the participation of the Tata Group.
Adityapur Industrial Area also known as Adityapur Industrial Area City short form AIA or AIA City is an industrial hub and an Industrial, technological, engineering district located at Adityapur, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, India. It was once the largest industrial belt in Asia. Adityapur Industrial Area is actually an industrial belt, which lies in Adityapur. It is an Special Economic Zone.
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