|Jan Fischer's Cabinet|
17th Cabinet of Czech Republic
|8 May 2009 - 13 July 2010|
|Date formed||8 May 2009|
|Date dissolved||13 July 2010|
|People and organisations|
|Head of state||Václav Klaus|
|Head of government||Jan Fischer|
|No. of ministers||18|
|Member party|| ODS |
|Status in legislature||Coalition |
161 / 200 (81%)
|Opposition party|| KSČM |
|Outgoing election||2006 Czech legislative election|
|Predecessor||Mirek Topolánek's Second Cabinet|
|Successor||Petr Nečas' Cabinet|
The Government of the Czech Republic, led by Prime Minister Jan Fischer, is a caretaker government established after Mirek Topolánek and his government lost confidence vote in the Chamber of Deputies. Fischer, an independent statistician, was chosen as non-party candidate for the office of Prime Minister. Government ministers were recommended by Civic Democratic Party, Social Democratic Party and Green Party. Christian Democrats firstly supported the idea of establishing a temporary government until the next legislative election takes place. Jiří Čunek, leader of the Christian Democrats, later announced that his party would not nominate any candidate to this government but was willing to support it if they approve the government's programme. Regardless the decision of the presidium of the party, Miroslav Kalousek, Vlasta Parkanová and four other MPs, declared that they support new cabinet. Overally Civic Democrats nominated 6 Ministers and Prime Minister, Social Democrats 8 Ministers and Greens 2 Ministers.
Jan Fischer was named Prime Minister on 9 April 2009. The rest of his cabinet was named on 8 May 2009. According to the Constitution of the Czech Republic, Fischer and his cabinet have to survive confidence vote in the Chamber of Deputies in 30 days. If they fail, President Václav Klaus has to make a new appointment but it may still be Fischer. Fischer should survive the confidence vote because Civic Democratic Party and Social Democratic Party have already declared that they support the government. Jointly they have 155 of 200 votes. Required majority is 101.
|Prime Minister||Jan Fischer||ODS|
|Deputy Prime Minister |
Minister of Foreign Affairs
|Deputy Prime Minister |
Minister of Defence
|Minister for the European Affairs||Štefan Füle||ČSSD|
|Minister of Labour and Social Affairs||Petr Šimerka||ČSSD|
|Minister of Environment||Ladislav Miko||SZ|
|Minister for Regional Development||Rostislav Vondruška||ČSSD|
|Minister of Interior||Martin Pecina||ČSSD|
|Minister of Industry and Trade||Vladimír Tošovský||ČSSD|
|Minister of Health||Dana Jurásková||ODS|
|Minister of Finance||Eduard Janota||ODS|
|Minister of Justice||Daniela Kovářová||ODS|
|Minister of Transport||Gustáv Slamečka||ODS|
|Minister of Education, Youth and Sport||Miroslava Kopicová||ODS|
|Minister of Culture||Václav Riedlbauch||ODS|
|Minister of Agriculture||Jakub Šebesta||ČSSD|
|Minister for Human Rights and Minorities||Michael Kocáb||SZ|
|Chairman of the Legislative Council||Pavel Zářecký||ČSSD|
The Czech Republic is a unitary parliamentary constitutional republic, in which the President is the head of state and the Prime Minister is the head of government. Executive power is exercised by the Government of the Czech Republic which reports to the lower house of Parliament. The Legislature is bicameral, with the Chamber of Deputies consisting of 200 members and the Senate (Senát) consisting of 81 members. Both houses together make up the Parliament of the Czech Republic.
The Czech Social Democratic Party is a social-democratic political party in the Czech Republic. It holds 15 seats in the Chamber of Deputies following the 2017 legislative election in which the party lost 35 seats. The party has been led by Jan Hamáček since 2018. It has been a junior coalition party within a minority cabinet since June 2018, and was a senior coalition party from 1998 to 2006 and from 2013 to 2017.
The Civic Democratic Alliance was a conservative-liberal political party in the Czech Republic, active between 1989 and 2007. The ODA was part of government coalitions until 1997 and participated in transformation of the Czech economy. The party was supported by president Václav Havel who voted for it in 1992 and 1996 election.
The Civic Democratic Party is a liberal-conservative and eurosceptic political party in the Czech Republic. It holds 25 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, and is the second strongest party following the 2017 election.
The Freedom Union–Democratic Union was a small pro-European liberal party in the Czech Republic from 1998 to 2011.
Mirek Topolánek is a Czech politician and business manager who served as Prime Minister of the Czech Republic from 2006 to 2009 and Leader of the Civic Democratic Party (ODS) from 2002 to 2010. Between 2006 and 2009, Topolánek was the member of the Chamber of Deputies (MP) and Senator from Ostrava from 1996 until 2004. After leaving the politics in 2010, Topolánek has been active in the electric power industry.
Legislative elections were held in the Czech Republic on 2 and 3 June 2006 to elect the members of the Chamber of Deputies.
Indirect presidential elections were held in the Czech Republic on 8–9 February 2008, in which Parliament elected the President. The candidates standing for election were the incumbent president Václav Klaus and University of Michigan Professor Jan Švejnar.
Petr Nečas is a Czech former politician who served as 9th Prime Minister of the Czech Republic and Leader of the Civic Democratic Party from 2010 to 2013, and as Member of the Chamber of Deputies (MP) from 1993 to 2013.
Jan Fischer is a Czech politician who served as Prime Minister of the Czech Republic from May 2009 to July 2010, heading a caretaker government. Later he was Minister of Finance from July 2013 to January 2014 in another interim government of Jiří Rusnok.
Štefan Füle is a former Czech diplomat who served as the European Commissioner for Enlargement and European Neighbourhood Policy from February 2010 until October 2014.
Bohuslav Sobotka is a Czech politician and lawyer who served as the Prime Minister of the Czech Republic from January 2014 to December 2017 and Leader of the Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD) from 2010 until his resignation in June 2017. He was Member of the Chamber of Deputies (MP) from 1996 to 2018. Sobotka also served as Finance Minister from 2002 to 2006.
Early legislative elections were held in the Czech Republic on 25 and 26 October 2013, seven months before the constitutional expiry of the elected parliament's four-year legislative term.
Indirect presidential elections were held in the Czech Republic in January and February 2003 to elect a new President. The Parliament of the Czech Republic failed to elect a candidate on the first two ballots on the 15 and 24 January. However, on the third round of the third ballot on 28 February, Václav Klaus was elected.
Ivan Pilip is a Czech politician and economist who was Finance Minister from June 1997 to July 1998, after having been the Minister of Education, Youth and Sport from 1994 to 1997.
Presidential elections were held in the Czech Republic in January 2013, the country's first direct election for the presidency. No candidate received a majority of the votes in the first round on 11–12 January, so a second round runoff election was held on 25–26 January. Nine individuals secured enough signatures or support of parliamentarians to become official candidates for the office. Miloš Zeman of the Party of Civic Rights (SPOZ) and Karel Schwarzenberg of TOP 09 qualified for the second round, which was won by Zeman with 54.8% of the vote, compared to Schwarzenberg's 45.2%. Zeman assumed office in March 2013 after being sworn in.
Legislative elections were held in the Czech Republic on 20 and 21 October 2017. All 200 members of the Chamber of Deputies were elected and the leader of the resultant government – Andrej Babiš of ANO 2011, became the Prime Minister.
Czech political crisis in 1997–1998 started as a result of irregularities in finances of Civic Democratic Party (ODS). It peaked with so-called Sarajevo atentate, an attempt to remove Václav Klaus from leadership of Civic Democratic Party. The attempt occurred during Klaus' visit in Sarajevo. Crisis led to split in ODS and snap election in 1998.
Election of the Speaker of the Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic was held on 20 July 1998 after legislative election. Candidate of Civic Democratic Party Václav Klaus was elected the Speaker. He was also supported by Czech Social Democratic Party as a result of Opposition Agreement.
Andrej Babiš' second Cabinet is a centre-left to centre-right minority coalition government, consisting of ANO 2011, a centre-right populist political movement, and the centre-left Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD) with external support from the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (KSČM). The head of government is Andrej Babiš, leader of ANO.