Jan Garbarek

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Jan Garbarek
Jan Garbarek Operaen Oslo Jazzfestival (185843).jpg
Jan Garbarek in Oslo in 2016
Background information
Born (1947-03-04) 4 March 1947 (age 74)
Mysen, Norway
Origin Oslo, Norway
Genres Jazz, classical, world
Occupation(s)Musician
InstrumentsSaxophone
Years active1966–present
Labels ECM, Flying Dutchman
Associated acts George Russell, Terje Rypdal, Bobo Stenson, Keith Jarrett, Ralph Towner, Eberhard Weber, Bill Frisell, David Torn, Gary Peacock, Hilliard Ensemble
Website www.garbarek.com

Jan Garbarek (born 4 March 1947) [1] is a Norwegian jazz saxophonist, who is also active in classical music and world music.

Contents

Garbarek was born in Mysen, Norway, the only child of a former Polish prisoner of war, Czesław Garbarek, and a Norwegian farmer's daughter. He grew up in Oslo, stateless until the age of seven, as there was no automatic grant of citizenship in Norway at the time. When he was 21, he married the author Vigdis Garbarek. He is the father of musician and composer Anja Garbarek. [2]

Biography

Garbarek's sound is one of the hallmarks of the ECM Records label, which has released virtually all of his recordings. His style incorporates a sharp-edged tone, long, keening, sustained notes, and generous use of silence. [3] He began his recording career in the late 1960s, notably featuring on recordings by the American jazz composer George Russell (such as Electronic Sonata for Souls Loved by Nature ). By 1973 he had turned his back on the harsh dissonances of avant-garde jazz, retaining only his tone from his previous approach. Garbarek gained wider recognition through his work with pianist Keith Jarrett's European Quartet which released the albums Belonging (1974), My Song (1977) and the live recordings Personal Mountains (1979), and Nude Ants (1979). [2] He was also a featured soloist on Jarrett's orchestral works Luminessence (1974) and Arbour Zena (1975). [4]

Garbarek live in 2007. JanGarbarek retouched.jpg
Garbarek live in 2007.
Garbarek with Eberhard Weber and Nana Vasconcelos in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada 1987. Jazz Van87 40003.jpg
Garbarek with Eberhard Weber and Nana Vasconcelos in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada 1987.

As a composer, Garbarek tends to draw heavily from Scandinavian folk melodies, a legacy of his Ayler influence. He is also a pioneer of ambient jazz composition, most notably on his 1976 album Dis a collaboration with guitarist Ralph Towner, [3] that featured the distinctive sound of a wind harp on several tracks. This textural approach, which rejects traditional notions of thematic improvisation (best exemplified by Sonny Rollins) in favour of a style described by critics Richard Cook and Brian Morton as "sculptural in its impact", has been critically divisive. Garbarek's more meandering recordings are often labeled as new-age music, or spiritual ancestors thereof. Other experiments have included setting a collection of poems of Olav H. Hauge to music, with a single saxophone complementing a full mixed choir; this has led to notable performances with Grex Vocalis. In the 1980s, Garbarek's music began to incorporate synthesizers and elements of world music. He has collaborated with Indian and Pakistani musicians such as Trilok Gurtu, Zakir Hussain, Hariprasad Chaurasia, and Bade Fateh Ali Khan. [3] Garbarek is credited for composing original music for the 2000 film Kippur .

In 1994, during heightened popularity of Gregorian chant, his album Officium , a collaboration with early music vocal performers the Hilliard Ensemble, became one of ECM's biggest-selling albums of all time, reaching the pop charts in several European countries and was followed by a sequel, Mnemosyne , in 1999. Officium Novum , another sequel album, was released in September 2010. In 2005, his album In Praise of Dreams was nominated for a Grammy Award. Garbarek's first live album Dresden was released in 2009.

Awards and honors

Discography

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<i>Belonging</i> (album) 1974 studio album by Keith Jarrett

Belonging is an album by American pianist Keith Jarrett which was released on the ECM label in 1974. It is the first album by the so-called Jarrett's 'European Quartet' featuring Jan Garbarek, Palle Danielsson and Jon Christensen.

<i>My Song</i> (Keith Jarrett album) 1978 studio album by Keith Jarrett

My Song is an album by jazz musician Keith Jarrett recorded in November 1977 and released by ECM Records in June 1978. After Belonging (1974) this would be the second studio album by Jarrett's 'European Quartet' featuring Jan Garbarek, Palle Danielsson and Jon Christensen.

<i>Nude Ants</i> 1980 live album by Keith Jarrett

Nude Ants is a live album by American pianist Keith Jarrett which was released by ECM Records in 1980. It was recorded during different live performances by Jarrett's 'European Quartet', featuring Jan Garbarek, Palle Danielsson and Jon Christensen, at the Village Vanguard in New York City in May 1979. The title of the album is a play on the phrase "New Dance", which is the title of the penultimate song.

<i>Places</i> (Jan Garbarek album) 1978 studio album by Jan Garbarek

Places is an album by the Norwegian saxophonist Jan Garbarek released on the ECM label and performed by Garbarek, John Taylor, Bill Connors, and Jack DeJohnette.

<i>Photo with Blue Sky, White Cloud, Wires, Windows and a Red Roof</i> 1979 studio album by Jan Garbarek Group

Photo with Blue Sky, White Cloud, Wires, Windows and a Red Roof is an album by Norwegian saxophonist Jan Garbarek, released in 1979 on the ECM label and performed by Garbarek, John Taylor, Bill Connors, Eberhard Weber and Jon Christensen.

<i>Officium</i> (album) 1994 live album by Jan Garbarek and the Hilliard Ensemble

Officium is a 1994 album by Norwegian saxophonist Jan Garbarek and early music vocal group Hilliard Ensemble. Based on 12th- to 16th-century liturgical works by composers including Cristóbal de Morales and Perotinus Magnus, the album was recorded at the monastery of Propstei St. Gerold in Austria.

<i>Luminessence</i> 1975 studio album by Keith Jarrett

Luminessence is an album composed by American pianist Keith Jarrett featuring saxophonist Jan Garbarek and the Südfunk-Sinfonieorchester conducted by Mladen Gutesha recorded in April 1974. It was released on the ECM label in 1975. Jarrett does not perform on this album.

<i>Arbour Zena</i> 1976 studio album by Keith Jarrett

Arbour Zena is an orchestral work composed by American jazz pianist Keith Jarrett featuring saxophonist Jan Garbarek, bassist Charlie Haden and members of the Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra conducted by Mladen Gutesha which was recorded in October 1975 and released by ECM in 1976.

<i>Dis</i> (album) 1977 studio album by Jan Garbarek

Dis is an album by Norwegian jazz composer and saxophonist Jan Garbarek recorded in 1976 and released on the ECM label in 1977.

<i>Folk Songs</i> (Charlie Haden album) 1981 studio album by Charlie Haden, Jan Garbarek & Egberto Gismonti

Folk Songs is an album by bassist Charlie Haden, saxophonist Jan Garbarek and guitarist Egberto Gismonti recorded in 1979 and released on the ECM label in 1981. The album follows the trio's first recording Magico (1980).

<i>Sleeper</i> (Keith Jarrett album) 2012 live album by Keith Jarrett

Sleeper is a double album by Keith Jarrett's "European Quartet" recorded on April 16, 1979 in Tokyo. It was released on ECM Records 33 years later, in 2012, as ECM 2290/2291.

The following is a list of notable events and releases of the year 1981 in Norwegian music.

The following is a list of notable events and releases of the year 1974 in Norwegian music.

<i>Mnemosyne</i> (album) 1999 studio album by Jan Garbarek

Mnemosyne is an album by Jazz saxophonist Jan Garbarek released in 1999 by ECM Records. The album is a sequel to Officium (1994), one of the most significant recordings in Garbarek’s career. Like the first album, it is a collaboration with the vocal ensemble the Hilliard Ensemble.

References

  1. Hultin, Randi (2002). "Garbarek, Jan". In Barry Kernfeld (ed.). The new Grove dictionary of jazz, vol. 2 (2nd ed.). New York: Grove's Dictionaries Inc. pp. 11–12. ISBN   1561592846.
  2. 1 2 "Jan Garbarek | Biography & History". AllMusic . Retrieved 11 October 2019.
  3. 1 2 3 Colin Larkin, ed. (1997). The Virgin Encyclopedia of Popular Music (Concise ed.). Virgin Books. pp. 505/6. ISBN   1-85227-745-9.
  4. "Keith Jarrett Discography". Jazzdisco.org. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
  5. "Willy Brandt Stiftung - Willy Brandt stiftelsen". Willy-brandt-stiftelsen.no. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
Awards
Preceded by
Jon Christensen
Recipient of the Buddyprisen
1968
Succeeded by
Arild Andersen
Preceded by
First award in 1982
Recipient of the Gammleng-prisen
1982
Succeeded by
Karin Krog
Preceded by
Jon Fosse
Recipient of the Norsk kulturråds ærespris
2004
Succeeded by
Agnes Buen Garnås