Jan Němec

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Jan Němec
Jan Nemec (1967).jpg
Jan Němec in 1967
Born(1936-07-12)12 July 1936
Prague, Czechoslovakia
now Czech Republic
Died18 March 2016(2016-03-18) (aged 79)
OccupationDirector
Years active1960–2016
Spouse(s)
Ester Krumbachová (m. 19631968)

Marta Kubišová(m. 19701973)

Veronica Baumann(m. 19842003)

Iva Ruszelakova(m. 20032016)
Children1

Jan Němec (12 July 1936 – 18 March 2016) was a Czech filmmaker whose most important work dates from the 1960s. Film historian Peter Hames has described him as the "enfant terrible of the Czech New Wave." [1]

Contents

Biography

Němec's career as a filmmaker started in the late 1950s when he attended FAMU. At that time, Czechoslovakia was a communist state subservient to the USSR, and artistic and public expression was subject to censorship and government review. However, thanks largely to the failure of purely propagandist cinema in the early 1950s and the presence of important and powerful people such as Jan Procházka within the Czechoslovak film industry, the 1960s led to an internationally acknowledged creative surge in Czechoslovak film that became known as the Czech New Wave, in which Němec played a part.

Professional

For graduation, Němec adapted a short story by Arnošt Lustig based on the author's experience of the Holocaust. Němec would return to Lustig's writing to direct the influential film Diamonds of the Night (1964), also based on the Holocaust. [2] That film follows the fate of two boys who escape from a train taking them to a concentration camp. It is noted for its dramatic subjectivization of the experience of the Holocaust using experimental techniques including flashbacks, simulated hallucinations, and an unusual double ending that leaves the viewer in doubt as to the fate of its protagonists. It was his first major success, and while it passed the censors' reviews, it helped lay the foundation for the political movement that was coming. The film has since been called an aesthetic and technical milestone in the exploration of human experience under extreme conditions.

His best known work is A Report on the Party and the Guests (1966). Its plot revolves around a group of friends on a picnic who are invited to a bizarre banquet by a charismatic sadist, played by Ivan Vyskočil, who eventually bullies most of them into blind conformity and brutality while those who resist are hunted down. The film received a particularly bad reception from the authorities as Vyskočil in the film had a remarkable likeness to Lenin, though according to Peter Hames this was accidental. Moreover, the cast consisted of various dissident Czechoslovak intellectuals of the day, including Josef Škvorecký. The film was viewed as being so subversive to the Communist state that Antonín Novotný, the president, was said to "climb the walls" on viewing it and Němec's arrest for subversion was considered.

However, before the political fallout from this was able to take effect, he managed to have one more feature approved: Martyrs of Love (1966). Perhaps in consideration of the previous troubles he had suffered, the film was completely apolitical, but nevertheless its surrealist lyrical style did not endear it to the authorities. In 1967 Němec made a short film Mother and Son (1967) during three days at Amsterdam film festival. The film won an award at the Oberhausen Film Festival.

He was in the middle of shooting a documentary about Prague Spring for US producer when Warsaw Pact invasion happened. He smuggled his footage of invasion to Vienna, where it was broadcast on Austrian television. He edited the footage together with the Prague Spring documentary and released the film as Oratorio for Prague. It received standing ovations in New York Film Festival in the fall of 1968. Němec's footage would eventually be used by countless international news organizations as stock footage of the invasion. Philip Kaufman's film adaptation of The Unbearable Lightness of Being (1988) used footage from the film; Němec also served as an advisor. [1]

Němec was fired from Barrandov and subsequently only made a short documentary film about ambulence Mezi 4 - 5 minutou in 1972. He emmigrated in 1974. He was given a warning by the government that "... if he came back, they would find some legal excuse to throw him in jail." [3] From 1974 to 1989, he lived in Germany, Paris, the Netherlands, Sweden, and the United States. He stayed in the United States for twelve years. [3] Unable to work in traditional cinema, he was a pioneer in using video cameras to record weddings, including documenting the nuptials of the Swedish royal family. [2]

After the fall of communism in Czechoslovakia in 1989, he returned to his native country, where he had made several films, including Code Name Ruby (1997) and Late Night Talks with Mother (2000), which won the Golden Leopard at Locarno.

He had been a professor at his alma mater, FAMU, since 1996.

In 2014, he protested against the president of the Czech Republic Miloš Zeman by returning the medals given to him by the first president of the Czech Republic Václav Havel. [4]

Personal life and death

He married costume designer and screenwriter Ester Krumbachová in 1963; they divorced in 1968. In 1970 he married singer Marta Kubišová; they divorced in 1973. He married his third wife Veronica Baumann, a Czech language teacher, in 1984; they divorced in 2003. He married film editor Iva Ruszelakova shortly after. In May 2003, Němec became a father. [5] Němec died of an illness on 18 March 2016; he was 79. [6]

Filmography

Director

Actor

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References

  1. 1 2 "Jan Nemec – Enfant terrible of the New Wave". CE Review. 14 May 2001. Archived from the original on 9 June 2012. Retrieved 16 April 2011.
  2. 1 2 "Kinoeye: An Interview with Czech Film Director Jan Nemec". CE Review. Archived from the original on 22 March 2016. Retrieved 16 April 2011.
  3. 1 2 Buchar, Robert (2004). Czech new wave filmmakers in interviews. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland. p. 25. ISBN   9780786417209 . Retrieved 29 November 2015.
  4. "Režisér Němec vrátil medaili. Nelíbí se mu Zemanova ‚arogantní politická zvůle'". Lidové noviny (in Czech). 29 October 2014.
  5. Levy, Adam (21 August 2003). "Jan Nemec: An enfant terrible at 67". Monroe Luther. The Prague Post s.r.o. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 28 November 2015.
  6. Tizard, Will (20 March 2016). "Czech Director Jan Nemec Dies at 79". Variety. Michelle Sobrino. Penske Media. Retrieved 20 March 2016.