|Region||Central Development Region|
|• Total||9,669 km2 (3,733 sq mi)|
|• Density||264.5/km2 (685/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:45 (Nepal Time)|
Janakpur (Nepali : जनकपुर अञ्चल
The headquarters of Janakpur Zone and its main city was Janakpur. Close to the Indian border, it is a historic city of Hinduism. The city is believed to have been the capital city of King Janaka, the father-in-law of Lord Rama, the son of the then king of Ayodhya, Dasharatha. The city was then called 'Mithila Nagari'. The name of Janakpur zone is related to the historic King Janaka and his capital Janakpur.
Other cities within Janakpur Zone are Kamalamai (in Inner Terai) and Bhimeshwor and Bardibas, Dhalkebar, Jaleshwor, Malangwa, Hariwan, Lalbandi, Gaushala Bazar and Matihani (Outer Terai).
Since 2015, the districts of the area previously known as Janakpur Zone have been redistributed as parts of Bagmati Pradesh and Province No. 2.
Janakpur is divided into six districts:
|District||Type||Headquarters||Since 2015 part of Province|
|Dhanusha||Outer Terai||Janakpur||Province No. 2|
Rapti Zone was one of the fourteen zones, located in the Mid-Western Development Region of Nepal. It was named after the West Rapti River which drains Rolpa, Pyuthan and part of Dang districts. The remainder of Dang and part of Salyan district are drained by the Babai. The remainder of Salyan and all of Rukum districts are drained by the Bheri.
Sagarmāthā was one of the fourteen zones of Nepal until the restructuring of zones into provinces. The headquarters of Sagarmatha is Rajbiraj. Sagarmāthā is a Nepali word derived from सगर (sagar) meaning "sky" and माथा (māthā) meaning "head".
Narayani was one of the fourteen zones of Nepal until the restructuring of zones to Provinces, located in the central south of the country. The headquarters of Narayani are Hetuda. Narayani Zone is named after the Narayani River which is on the western border of the zone, separating it from the Gandaki and Lumbini zones. Narayani means beloved of Narayan which is Parvati his sister, and Narayan refers to Lord Vishnu in the Hindu religion.
Mechi (Nepali: मेची अञ्चल
Nuwakot District (Nepali: नुवाकोट जिल्ला
Sarlahi, a part of Province No. 2, is one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal. According to new laws, combination of more than 2 or 4 villages makes a municipality, which covers an area of 1,259 km2 (486 sq mi) and had a population of 635,701 in 2001 and 769,729 in 2011.
Seti was one of the fourteen zones located in the Far-Western Development Region of Nepal. Dhangadhi in the Terai is the major city of Seti Zone; headquarters are in Dipayal-Silgadhi. As of 2015, Nepal discontinued zone designations in favor of provinces; the area previously known as Seti Zone is now part of Sudurpashchim Pradesh.
Bagmati Zone was one of the fourteen zones of Nepal until the restoration of zones to Provinces. Its headquarters are Kathmandu. It was named after the Bagmati River. It was in the Central Development Region of Nepal. The districts are now all part of Bagmati Pradesh. The zone contains the Kathmandu Valley with its conurbation of 4.5 million inhabitants.
The Kingdom of the Videhas was an ancient Indian kingdom in Late Vedic India which rose to prominence under King Janaka. The ancient kingdom's territory is located in Mithila region on the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, what is today northeastern Bihar of India and the eastern Terai of Nepal.
Maithils, also known as Maithili people, are an Indo-Aryan ethno-linguistic group from the Indian subcontinent, who speak the Maithili language as their native language. They inhabit the Mithila region, which comprises Tirhut, Darbhanga, Kosi, Purnia, Munger, Bhagalpur and Santhal Pargana divisions of India and some adjoining districts of Nepal. The Maithil homeland forms an important part of Hindu mythology as it is said to be the birthplace of Sita, the wife of Ram.
Janakpurdham or Janakpur is a sub-metropolitan city in Dhanusa District of Province No. 2 of Nepal. The city is a centre for religious and cultural tourism. It has been declared as the temporary capital for Province no. 2 until Province Assembly votes for a permanent capital.
Mahendra Highway, also called East-West Highway runs across the Terai geographical region of Nepal, from Mechinagar in the east to Bhim Datta in the west, cutting across the entire width of the country. It is the longest highway in Nepal and was constructed by CPWD/PWD Nepali and Indian engineers.
Jaleshwar is a municipality in Janakpur Zone, Nepal, and the headquarters of Mahottari District of Province No. 2 in Nepal. It is located in the Terai, on the border with India at Sursand, Bihar, and has a customs checkpoint.
Thaprek is a Village Development Committee in Nuwakot District in the Bagmati Zone of central Nepal. At the time of the 1991 Nepal census it had a population of 3585 people residing in 632 individual households.
The Central Development Region was one of Nepal's five development regions. It was located in the east-central part of the country consisting of the capital city Kathmandu, along with its headquarters at Hetauda.
Province No. 2 is a province in the southeastern region of Nepal that was formed after the adoption of the Constitution of Nepal. It is Nepal's second most populous province, and smallest province by area. It borders Province No. 1 to the east, Bagmati Pradesh to the north, and India to the south. It has an area of 9,661 km2 (3,730 sq mi)-about 6.5% of the country's total area. With a population of 5,404,145 per the 2011 Census of Nepal, making it most densely populated province of Nepal.
Bagmati Province is one of the seven provinces of Nepal established by the constitution of Nepal as of 20 September 2015. With Hetauda as its provincial headquarter, the province is the home to the country's capital Kathmandu, is mostly hilly and mountainous, and hosts mountain peaks including Gaurishankar, Langtang, Jugal, and Ganesh. The province covers an area of 20,300 km2 - about 13.76% of the country's total area, and has an altitude low enough to support deciduous, coniferous, and alpine forests and woodlands. Temperature varies with altitude. Rainfall takes place mainly during the summer.
Gandaki Province is one of the seven federal provinces established by the current constitution of Nepal which was promulgated on 20 September 2015. Pokhara is the province's capital city. It borders the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north, Bagmati Province to the east, Karnali Province to the west, and Lumbini Province and Uttar Pradesh of India to the south. The total area of the province is 21,504 km² - about 14.57% of the country's total area. According to the latest census, the population of the province was 2,403,757. The newly elected Provincial Assembly adopted Gandaki Province as the permanent name by replacing its initial name Province no. 4 in July 2018.
Gadhimai is a municipality in Rautahat district of Narayani zone, Nepal. It lies at the border of Rautahat district that links Sarlahi District over Bagmati River. It was formed by merging former 6 Village development committees Gamhariya, samanpur, Sangrampur, Bahuwa Madanpur, Dharampur and Bariyarpur just before 2017 Nepalese local elections.