|Number of teams||16|
|Level on pyramid||2–3 (1992–1993)|
|Relegation to||Japanese Regional Leagues|
|Domestic cup(s)|| Emperor's Cup |
J.League Cup (associates)
|Last champions|| Tokyo Gas |
|Most championships||7 clubs|
(1 title each)
The former Japan Football League (ジャパンフットボールリーグ, Japan Futtobōru Līgu) was an association football league that existed from 1992 to 1998. Also known as the JFL, it was the 2nd tier of the Japanese football hierarchy following J.League.
When the Japan Football Association decided to found a professional football league, the Japan Soccer League (JSL), the top-flight league until the 1991/92 season, was reorganised into two newly formed leagues. One was the Japan Professional Football League as known as J. League, the first-ever professional football league in Japan. The other was the former Japan Football League.
Out of twenty eight clubs who were the members of the JSL division 1 and 2, nine along with independent Shimizu S-Pulse formed J.League, one (Yomiuri Junior) was merged with their parent club, and the other eighteen chose not to be professional, at least at that time. They played the inaugural 1992 season of the former JFL together with Osaka Gas and Seino Transportation, the top two places in the Regional League promotion series. The initial configuration was two divisions of 10 clubs each, but from 1994, the format was changed to a single division of 16 clubs.
The former JFL ceased to exist at the end of the 1998 season when J.League Division 2 was formed. Out of 16 teams who played the last season of the former JFL, 9 decided and were accepted to play in J2 and the other 7 teams joined the new JFL.
|Club name||First season|
|Home town(s)||First season|
|Albirex Niigata||1998||1||Niigata & Seirō, Niigata||1998||1||1998||—||J2|
|Shonan Bellmare||1992||2||Hiratsuka, Kanagawa||1990/91||4||1990/91–1993||1993||J1|
|Brummel Sendai||1995||4||Sendai, Miyagi||1995||4||1995–1998||—||J1|
|Cerezo Osaka||1992||3||Osaka, Osaka||1991/92||4||1991/92–1994||1994||J1|
|Consadole Sapporo||1992||6||Sapporo, Hokkaido||1978||17||1992–1997||1997||J1|
|Cosmo Oil Yokkaichi||1994||3||Yokkaichi, Mie||1980||10||1994–1996||—||Defunct|
|Denso||1996||3||Kariya, Aichi||1996||3||1996–1998||—||New JFL|
|Kawasaki Frontale||1992||7||Kawasaki, Kanagawa||1972||20||1979–1998||—||J1|
|Tosu Futures||1994||3||Tosu, Saga||1994||3||1994–1996||—||Defunct|
|Mito HollyHock||1997||2||Mito, Ibaraki||1997||2||1997–1998||—||J2|
|Honda Motors||1992||6||Hamamatsu, Shizuoka||1975||12||1994–1998||1996||New JFL|
|Jatco SC||1997||2||Numazu, Shizuoka||1997||2||1997–1998||—||Defunct|
|Kokushikan University||1998||1||Machida, Tokyo||1998||1||1998||—||Kantō University League|
|Montedio Yamagata||1994||5||All cities/towns in Yamagata||1994||5||1994–1998||—||J2|
|NKK SC||1992||1||Kawasaki, Kanagawa||1980||5||1991/92–1992||—||Defunct|
|Otsuka FC Vortis Tokushima||1994||5||All cities/towns in Tokushima||1990/91||7||1994–1998||—||J1|
|Kyoto Purple Sanga||1993||3||Southwestern cities/towns in Kyoto||1972||13||1993–1995||—||J2|
|Kashiwa Reysol||1992||3||Kashiwa, Chiba||1987/88||6||1992–1994||—||J1|
|Sagan Tosu||1997||2||Tosu, Saga||1997||2||1997–1998||—||J1|
|Seino Transportation||1994||4||All cities/towns in Gifu||1985||7||1994–1997||—||Defunct|
|Sony Sendai||1998||1||Miyagi||1998||1||1998||—||New JFL|
|Ventforet Kofu||1994||5||All cities/towns in Yamanashi||1972||25||1994–1998||—||J2|
|Vissel Kobe||1994||2||Kobe, Hyōgo||1986/87||9||1994–1995||—||J1|
|Yamaha Motors||1992||2||Iwata, Shizuoka||1979||4||1992–1993||1992||J2|
|Club name||First season|
in JFL D2
in JFL D2
|Home town(s)||Last spell|
in JFL D2
|Fukuoka Blux||1992||1||Fujieda, Shizuoka||1992||J1|
|Cosmo Oil Yokkaichi||1992||2||Yokkaichi, Mie||1992–1993||Defunct|
|Honda Motors||1993||1||Hamamatsu, Shizuoka||1993||New JFL|
|Kawasaki Steel||1992||2||Kurashiki, Okayama||1992–1993||J1 (as Vissel Kobe)|
|Kofu SC||1992||2||All cities/towns in Yamanashi||1992–1993||J2|
|Kyoto Shiko||1992||1||Southwestern cities/towns in Kyoto||1992||J2|
|NKK SC||1993||1||Kawasaki, Kanagawa||1993||Defunct|
|Osaka Gas||1992||1||Osaka, Osaka||1992||Osaka League D1|
|PJM Futures||1993||1||Hamamatsu, Shizuoka||1993||Defunct|
|Seino Transportation||1992||2||All cities/towns in Gifu||1992–1993||Defunct|
|Tanabe Pharmaceuticals||1992||1||Osaka, Osaka||1992||Defunct|
|Toho Titanium||1992||2||Chigasaki, Kanagawa||1992–1993||Kantō League D2|
|Season||Champions||Runners-up||Promoted to J.League after the season||Promoted from Regional Leagues before the season||Relegated to Regional Leagues after the season|
|1992||Div. 1-Yamaha |
Div. 2-Chuo Bohan Fujieda
|Div. 1-Hitachi |
Div. 2-Kyoto Shiko Club
|None|| Osaka Gas |
|Tanabe Pharmaceutical S.C.|
Osaka Gas S.C.
|1993||Div. 1-Bellmare Hiratsuka |
Div. 2-Honda FC
|Div. 1-Júbilo Iwata |
|Toho Titanium SC|
NKK F.C. (disbanded)
Toyota Higashifuji (disbanded)
|1994||Cerezo Osaka||Kashiwa Reysol||Cerezo|
|1995||Fukuoka Blux||Kyoto Purple Sanga||Fukuoka|
| Brummell Sendai |
|1996||Honda FC||Vissel Kobe||Kobe|| Nippon Denso |
|Cosmo Oil Yokkaichi (disbanded)|
Tosu Futures (disbanded)
|1997||Consadole Sapporo||Tokyo Gas||Sapporo|| Prima Ham FC Tsuchiura |
Sagan Tosu (new club, replaces Tosu Futures)
|Fukushima FC (disbanded)|
Seino Transportation F.C. (disbanded)
|1998||Tokyo Gas||Kawasaki Frontale||None|| Albirex Niigata |
Sony Sendai FC,
Kokushikan Univ. S.C. (recommended by Univ. Assoc.)
|*The following clubs were admitted to the new J.League Division 2: Brummell Sendai (Vegalta Sendai), Montedio Yamagata, Omiya Ardija, Tokyo Gas F.C. (FC Tokyo), Kawasaki Frontale, Ventforet Kofu, Albirex Niigata, Sagan Tosu, Ōita F.C. (Oita Trinita)|
|Club||Winners||Runners-up||Winning seasons||Runners-up seasons|
|Kashiwa Reysol||1992, 1994|
|Kyoto Purple Sanga||1995|
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Japan Soccer League Second Division
| Second tier of Japanese football |
J.League Division 2