Japan Freight Railway Company

Last updated
Japan Freight Railway Company
Native name
日本貨物鉄道株式会社
Romanized name
Nippon Kamotsu Tetsudō kabushiki gaisha
Type State-owned KK
Predecessor Japanese National Railways (JNR)
FoundedApril 1, 1987 (privatization of JNR)
Headquarters
5-33-8, Sendagaya, Shibuya, Tokyo
,
Japan
Servicesfreight services
other related services
Owner Japan Railway Construction, Transport and Technology Agency (100%)
Number of employees
5,472 (as of April 1, 2021) [1]
Website www.jrfreight.co.jp/en OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
The unique 12-feet intermodal container used by JR Freight JRHuo Wu [( Tie Dao Dai Xing Chuan Bo Shu Song  )] Gang Shan Xin Gang Gao Dao Bu Tou --3.jpg
The unique 12-feet intermodal container used by JR Freight

Japan Freight Railway Company (日本貨物鉄道株式会社, Nippon Kamotsu Tetsudō Kabushiki-gaisha), or JR Freight (JR貨物, Jeiāru Kamotsu), is one of the seven constituent companies of Japan Railways Group (JR Group). It provides transportation of cargo nationwide throughout Japan. Its headquarters are in Shibuya, Tokyo near Shinjuku Station. [1]

Contents

The Japan Railways Group was founded on April 1, 1987, when Japanese National Railways (JNR) was privatized. Japanese National Railways was divided into six regional passenger rail companies and a single freight railway company, Japan Freight Railway Company.

The company has only about fifty kilometers of track of its own, and therefore operates on track owned by the six JR passenger railways as well as other companies which provide rail transport in Japan.

Economics

In 2017, only about 5% of all freight in Japan is carried by rail but nearly all of that, 99%, is carried by JR Freight. [2] Trucks carry about 50% and ships about 44%. [2] JR Freight has seen its share of the freight market gradually decrease since 1993.[ citation needed ] In the 2010s JR Freight has been carrying more freight because of the decrease in the number of available truck drivers due to age as well as government policy to reduce carbon dioxide. [2] JR Freight has run a deficit for many years. [3]

Lines

Umeda Freight Terminal in Osaka in June 2011 JR-Freight Umeda st.002.JPG
Umeda Freight Terminal in Osaka in June 2011

While major part of the operation of JR Freight is on the tracks owned and maintained by other JR companies, JR Freight owns the railway lines (as Category-1 railway business) as follows:

LineEndpointsLocale
(Prefecture)
Distance
(km)
Hokuriku Main Line Tsuruga Station - Tsuruga-Minato Freight Terminal Fukui 2.7
Kagoshima Main Line Mojikō Station - Sotohama Freight Terminal Fukuoka 0.9
Chihaya Yard - Fukuoka Freight Terminal Fukuoka2.2
Kansai Main Line Yokkaichi Station - Shiohama Station Mie 3.3
Hirano Station - Kudara Freight Terminal Osaka 1.4
Nippō Main Line Obase-Nishikōdai-mae Station - Kandakō Freight Terminal Fukuoka4.6
Ōu Main Line Tsuchizaki Station - Akitakō Freight Terminal Akita 1.8
Senseki Line Rikuzen-Yamashita Station - Ishinomakikō Freight Terminal Miyagi 1.8
Shin'etsu Main Line Kami-Nuttari Junction - Nuttari Freight Terminal Niigata 1.8
Kami-Nuttari Junction - Higashi-Niigatakō Freight Terminal Niigata3.8
Shinminato Line Nōmachi Station - Takaoka Freight Terminal Toyama 1.9
Tohoku Main Line Tabata Freight Terminal - Kita-Ōji Freight Terminal Tokyo 4.0
Tōkaidō Main Line Sannō Junction - Nagoya-Minato Freight Terminal Aichi 6.2
Suita Freight Terminal - Osaka Freight Terminal Osaka8.7
Uetsu Main Line Sakata Station - Sakatakō Freight Terminal Yamagata 2.7

Rolling stock

As of 1 March 2017, JR Freight owns and operates the following rolling stock, [4] with most of the newer motive stock being exclusively built by Toshiba Infrastructure Systems & Solutions:

Diesel locomotives

Electric locomotives

Electric multiple units

Former rolling stock

See also

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JNR Class DD51 Japanese diesel-hydraulic locomotive

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JR Freight Class EH200 Japanese electric locomotive type

The Class EH200 (EH200形) is a Bo′Bo′+Bo′Bo′ wheel arrangement twin unit DC electric freight locomotive operated by JR Freight in Japan since 2001.

JNR Class ED62 Japanese locomotive class

The Class ED62 (ED62形) is a Bo-1-Bo wheel arrangement DC electric locomotive type formerly operated in Japan from 1974 until 2002 by Japanese National Railways (JNR) and later by JR Freight.

JR Freight Class EH500 Japanese electric locomotive type

The Class EH500 (EH500形) is a Bo′Bo′+Bo′Bo′ wheel arrangement multi-system AC/DC two-unit electric locomotive type operated by JR Freight in Japan since 1997.

This page explains the numbering and classification schemes for locomotives employed by the Japanese Government Railways, the Japanese National Railways and the Japan Railways Group.

JR Freight Class EF510 Japanese electric locomotive type

The Class EF510 (EF510形) is a Bo-Bo-Bo wheel arrangement multi-voltage AC/DC electric locomotive type operated by JR Freight and East Japan Railway Company in Japan since 2002. As of 1 April 2016, the fleet consists of 38 locomotives, all based at Toyama Depot.

JR Freight Class EF210 Japanese Bo-Bo-Bo wheel arrangement DC freight locomotive type

The Class EF210 (EF210形) is a Bo-Bo-Bo wheel arrangement DC electric locomotive type operated by Japan Freight Railway Company on freight services in Japan.

JNR Class EF65 Japanese electric locomotive class

The Class EF65 (EF65形) is a 6-axle DC electric locomotive type operated on passenger and freight services in Japan since 1965. A total of 308 locomotives were built between 1965 and 1979, with 52 still in service as of 1 April 2016.

JR Freight Class EF200 Japanese electric locomotive class

The Class EF200 (EF200形) was a Bo-Bo-Bo wheel arrangement DC electric locomotive operated by JR Freight on freight services in Japan from 1992 until its retirement on 28 March 2019.

JNR Class EF81 Japanese electric locomotive class

The Class EF81 is a six-axle Bo-Bo-Bo wheel arrangement multi-voltage AC/DC electric locomotive type operated on passenger and freight services in Japan since 1968. As of 1 April 2016, 44 locomotives remained in service, operated by JR Freight, JR East, and JR West.

JR Freight Class EF500 Japanese electric locomotive

The Class EF500 (EF500形) was a prototype Bo-Bo-Bo wheel arrangement multi-voltage AC/DC electric locomotive formerly operated by JR Freight in Japan.

JR Freight Class ED500 Japanese electric locomotive

The Class ED500 was a single Bo-Bo wheel arrangement dual voltage AC/DC electric locomotive built experimentally by Hitachi in Japan in 1992. The design was derived from the DC Bo-Bo-Bo wheel arrangement Class EF200 also built by Hitachi, and was intended to replace Class ED75 locomotives on Tohoku Main Line freight services. The locomotive was loaned to JR Freight for testing until 1994, but the design was not selected for full production due to problems with restarting a single Bo-Bo wheel arrangement locomotive on the 25‰, 2.5%, gradients of the Tohoku Main Line and in the Seikan Tunnel. The Class EH500 articulated Bo-Bo+Bo-Bo design was ultimately chosen instead.

JNR Class ED76 Japanese electric locomotive class

The Class ED76 (ED76形) is a Bo-2-Bo wheel arrangement AC electric locomotive type operated on passenger and freight services in Japan since 1965, originally by Japanese National Railways (JNR), and later by Hokkaido Railway Company, Kyushu Railway Company and Japan Freight Railway Company. As of 1 April 2016, just 10 locomotives remained in service, all operated by JR Freight.

JNR Class EF67 Japanese electric locomotive class

The Class EF67 is a class of electric locomotives operated by Japan Freight Railway Company as dedicated banking locomotives on the steeply-graded "Senohachi" section of the Sanyo Main Line between Seno and Hachihonmatsu. The class is subdivided into three EF67-0 locomotives converted between 1982 and 1984 from former Class EF60 locomotives, and five EF67-100 locomotives converted in 1990 from former Class EF65 locomotives.

JR Freight Class EH800 Japanese electric locomotive type

The Class EH800 (EH800形) is a Bo′Bo′+Bo′Bo′ wheel arrangement multi-voltage AC two-unit electric locomotive type operated by Japan Freight Railway Company in Japan hauling freight trains on the Kaikyō Line through the Seikan Tunnel separating mainland Honshu with the northern island of Hokkaido. A prototype locomotive was delivered in January 2013 for evaluation and testing, with full-production locomotives delivered from June 2014, entering service from July 2014.

JNR Class DD16 Class of diesel locomotives operated in Japan

The Class DD16 (DD16形) is a four-axle Bo-Bo wheel arrangement diesel-hydraulic locomotive type operated in Japan since 1972. A total of 65 locomotives were built between 1971 and 1975, and as of 1 April 2016, one locomotive remains in service, operated by East Japan Railway Company.

JNR Class DD15 Diesel snowplough locomotive type operated in Japan

The Class DD15 (DD15形) is a four-axle Bo-Bo wheel arrangement diesel-hydraulic locomotive type operated in Japan as a self-propelled snowplough unit since 1961 by the national railway company Japanese National Railways (JNR), and later by East Japan Railway Company and West Japan Railway Company. A total of 50 locomotives were built between 1961 and 1966, and as of 1 April 2016, 6 locomotives remain in service.

JR Freight Class DD200 Japanese diesel locomotive type

The Class DD200 (DD200形) is a Bo-Bo wheel arrangement diesel-electric locomotive type on order by Japan Freight Railway for use on freight and shunting duties in Japan. A prototype locomotive was delivered in late June 2017 for testing and evaluation in the Tokyo area.

References

  1. 1 2 Japan Freight Railway Company. "Corporate Overview" . Retrieved October 21, 2021.
  2. 1 2 3 "Japan firms shifting to trains to move freight amid dearth of new truckers". The Japan Times Online. 17 January 2017. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
  3. WISETJINDAWAT, W.; et al. (2015). "Rare Mode Choice in Freight Transport: Modal Shift from Road to Rail". Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies. 11: 774–787. doi:10.11175/easts.11.774.
  4. JR貨物 機関車配置表[JR Freight locomotive allocation list]. Tetsudo Daiya Joho Magazine (in Japanese). Vol. 46 no. 400. Japan: Kotsu Shimbun. August 2017. p. 42.