Japan National Route 20

Last updated

Japanese National Route Sign 0020.svg

National Route 20
国道20号
Japan National Route 20 Map.png
Route information
Length225.0 km [1] (139.8 mi)
Major junctions
South endJapanese National Route Sign 0001.svgJapanese National Route Sign 0004.svgJapanese National Route Sign 0006.svgJapanese National Route Sign 0014.svgJapanese National Route Sign 0015.svgJapanese National Route Sign 0017.svg National Route 1 / National Route 4 / National Route 6 / National Route 14 / National Route 15 / National Route 17 in Nihonbashi, Chūō
North endJapanese National Route Sign 0019.svgJapanese National Route Sign 0153.svg National Route 19 / National Route 153 in Shiojiri, Nagano
Location
Major cities Hachiōji
Kofu
Highway system
National highways of Japan
Expressways of Japan
Japanese National Route Sign 0019.svg National Route 19 National Route 21 Japanese National Route Sign 0021.svg
The Sakurada Gate of the Imperial Palace. Ii Naosuke was assassinated outside this gate. SakuradaGate.jpg
The Sakurada Gate of the Imperial Palace. Ii Naosuke was assassinated outside this gate.

National Route 20 (国道20号, Kokudō nijū-gō) is a national highway connecting Tokyo and Shiojiri, Nagano prefecture in Japan. Originating at Nihonbashi in Chūō, Tokyo, it passes through Shinjuku and four other wards, and then seven cities, including Hachiōji in Tokyo. It follows a westward route into Kanagawa Prefecture, passing through the city of Sagamihara and one town. Continuing into Yamanashi Prefecture, the highway passes through nine cities and towns, among them the prefectural capital of Kofu. In Nagano Prefecture, National Route 20 passes through five cities and towns before entering Shiojiri, where it terminates at the intersection of National Routes 19 and 153. The highway is 225.0 km long. [2]

Contents

National Route 20 is the successor to the Kōshū Kaidō, an Edo period highway connecting the shogunal capital of Edo and Kofu, then the principal city in Kai Province (or Kōshū, as it was also known). Parts of it still bear the old name.

The highway's course passes the Sakurada Gate of the Tokyo Imperial Palace. Shinjuku Station is on National Route 20. The marathon course of the Tokyo Olympics included parts of National Route 20.

History

Overlapping sections

Intersects with

Related Research Articles

Nagano Prefecture Prefecture of Japan

Nagano Prefecture is a landlocked prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region of Honshū. Nagano Prefecture has a population of 2,052,493 and has a geographic area of 13,561 square kilometres (5,236 sq mi). Nagano Prefecture borders Niigata Prefecture to the north, Gunma Prefecture to the northeast, Saitama Prefecture to the east, Yamanashi Prefecture to the southeast, Shizuoka Prefecture and Aichi Prefecture to the south, and Gifu Prefecture and Toyama Prefecture to the west.

Yamanashi Prefecture Prefecture of Japan

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Nirasaki, Yamanashi City in Chūbu, Japan

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Hachiōji Core city in Kantō, Japan

Hachiōji is a city located in the western portion of Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. As of 1 February 2016, the city had an estimated population of 579,330, and a population density of 3110 persons per km2 in an area totaling 186.38 km2 (71.96 sq mi).

Fuchū, Tokyo City in Kantō, Japan

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Kunitachi, Tokyo City in Kantō, Japan

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Nakasendō One of the five routes of the Edo period (in Japan)

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Chūō Main Line Railway line in Japan

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Sagamihara Designated city in Kantō, Japan

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Chūō Expressway

The Chūō Expressway is a national expressway in Japan. It is owned and operated by NEXCO Central.

Japan National Route 1

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Japan National Route 6

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Japan National Route 17

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Uenohara City in Chūbu, Japan

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69 Stations of the Nakasendō

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Chūō Kōsoku Bus is a group of Japanese highway bus lines managed by Keio Bus. It connects Tokyo with the areas along the Chūō Expressway, especially Yamanashi Prefecture and Nagano Prefecture.

Kōshū Kaidō

The Kōshū Kaidō (甲州街道) was one of the five routes of the Edo period. It was built to connect Edo with Kai Province in modern-day Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan. The route continues from there to connect with the Nakasendō's Shimosuwa-shuku in Nagano Prefecture. Many feudal lords from Shinano Province made use of the road during sankin-kōtai, including those from the Takatō, Suwa and Iida domains.

Japan National Route 14

National Route 14 is a national highway connecting Tokyo and Chiba in Japan.

Keio Dentetsu Bus

Keio Dentetsu Bus Co., Ltd. is a core bus-operating company of the Keio Group which was established on February 1, 2002, inherited business all of the Keio Electric Railway automobile operation division and started business on August 1 of the same year. It has four subsidiaries, Keio Bus Higashi Co., Ltd., Keio Bus Chuo Co., Ltd., Keio Bus Minami Co., Ltd. and Keio Bus Koganei Co., Ltd.. The head office of these companies is located in Fuchu, Tokyo, Japan. The operating area of a general bus on a regular route is mainly the Tokyo Tama area and if the management commission route to each subsidiary company is included, the operating area is reached mostly whole region along all areas along the Keio railroad lines. Moreover, it operates around the expressway bus routes to Nagano Prefecture, Hida-Takayama, Miyagi Prefecture, etc. from Shinjuku.

Holiday Rapid View Yamanashi

The Holiday Rapid View Yamanashi (ホリデー快速ビューやまなし) is a Holiday Rapid service train operated by East Japan Railway Company from Shinjuku to Kobuchizawa on the Chūō Main Line.

References

  1. "一般国道の路線別、都道府県別道路現況" [Road statistics by General National Highway route and prefecture](PDF) (in Japanese). Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. Retrieved 19 February 2020.
  2. 一般国道20号 (in Japanese). Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. Kanto Regional Development Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 December 2010. Retrieved 29 November 2010.