Jardine's Lookout

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Jardine's Lookout
Jardine's Lookout Tai Hang.jpg
View of Jardine's Lookout and Tai Hang
Chinese 渣甸山

Jardine's Lookout (Chinese :渣甸山) is a mountain and a residential area on the Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong. It is located Southeast of the Wan Chai district and South of the Tai Hang area, at an altitude of about 433 metres. [1] Nearby hills include Mount Nicholson, Violet Hill and Mount Butler etc.

Traditional Chinese characters Traditional Chinese characters

Traditional Chinese characters are Chinese characters in any character set that does not contain newly created characters or character substitutions performed after 1946. They are most commonly the characters in the standardized character sets of Taiwan, of Hong Kong and Macau, and in the Kangxi Dictionary. The modern shapes of traditional Chinese characters first appeared with the emergence of the clerical script during the Han Dynasty, and have been more or less stable since the 5th century.

Hong Kong Island second largest island in Hong Kong

Hong Kong Island is an island in the southern part of Hong Kong. It has a population of 1,289,500 and its population density is 16,390/km², as of 2008. The island had a population of about 3,000 inhabitants scattered in a dozen fishing villages when it was occupied by the United Kingdom in the First Opium War. In 1842, the island was formally ceded in perpetuity to the UK under the Treaty of Nanking and the City of Victoria was then established on the island by the British Force in honour of Queen Victoria.

Wan Chai metropolitan area in Hong Kong

Wan Chai is a metropolitan area situated at the western part of the Wan Chai District on the northern shore of Hong Kong Island, in Hong Kong. Its other boundaries are Canal Road to the east, Arsenal Street to the west and Bowen Road to the south. The area north of Gloucester Road is often referred to as Wan Chai North.

Contents

It is named after William Jardine, founder of Jardine Matheson. It was from here, in the days of the sailing ships, that a watch was kept for the first glimpse of the sails of the firm's clippers coming from India and London. As soon as a vessel was signalled, a fast whaleboat was sent out to collect Jardines' mails. The correspondence was rushed back to the office so that the directors could have the first possible information on the world's markets. (This practice saved the company on at least one occasion, in 1866, when it learnt of the collapse of the discount house Overend, Gurney and Company, about one hour before others did, and quickly withdrew its balances at a local bank before anyone else had heard of the news.)

The Panic of 1866 was an international financial downturn that accompanied the failure of Overend, Gurney and Company in London, and the corso forzoso abandonment of the silver standard in Italy.

Overend, Gurney & Company was a London wholesale discount bank, known as "the bankers' bank", which collapsed in 1866 owing about £11 million, equivalent to £1,001 million in 2018.

Jardine's Lookout was the sight of fierce conflict in the Battle of Hong Kong and particularly, the Battle of Wong Nai Chung Gap. The Hong Kong Volunteer Defense Corps and Middlesex Machine gunners manned two pillboxes and other areas defending the pass around Jardine's Catchwater, as well as Canadian Winnipeg Grenadiers defending the adjacent Mount Butler. Japanese forces, after landing on the North Shore of Hong Kong Island; used Sir Cecils Ride and moved up to this pass midway up the lookout and were engaged by Commonwealth forces. The fighting was the preliminary conflict in the Battle of Wong Nai Chung Gap.

Battle of Hong Kong One of the first battles of the Pacific campaign of World War II

The Battle of Hong Kong, also known as the Defence of Hong Kong and the Fall of Hong Kong, was one of the first battles of the Pacific War in World War II. On the same morning as the attack on Pearl Harbor, forces of the Empire of Japan attacked the British Crown colony of Hong Kong. The attack was in violation of international law as Japan had not declared war against the British Empire. The Hong Kong garrison consisted of British, Indian and Canadian units besides Chinese soldiers and conscripts from both within and outside Hong Kong.

Mount Butler hill on Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong

Mount Butler is a 436 m high hill on Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong.

Due to its scenic view and low population density, it has been considered an upper-class neighbourhood in Hong Kong; residences situated there are amongst the most expensive of Hong Kong, and the population mainly consists of highly placed expatriates, government officials and successful businesspeople. In addition, it is also home to numerous Hong Kong socialites, such as Joey Yung. It is also known as the Mid-Levels East. The area is a localised gated community with large detached houses in private lots and more moderate townhouses. Low-rise and high-rise apartments make up the rest of the community. In 2011, the area had a population of 15,533. [2] This community is conveniently linked with public transportation and well-equipped with facilities. Jardine's Lookout is only a 10-minute drive to Central and 5 to Causeway Bay, where the Cross Harbor Tunnel is located, making travel to the Kowloon side easy.

Central, Hong Kong central business district in Hong Kong

Central is the central business district of Hong Kong. It is located in Central and Western District, on the north shore of Hong Kong Island, across Victoria Harbour from Tsim Sha Tsui, the southernmost point of Kowloon Peninsula. The area was the heart of Victoria City, although that name is rarely used today.

Causeway Bay area in Hong Kong

Causeway Bay is a heavily built-up area of Hong Kong, located on Hong Kong Island, and covering parts of Wan Chai District. The Cantonese name is also romanised as Tung Lo Wan as in Tung Lo Wan Road (銅鑼灣道). The rent in the shopping areas of Causeway Bay was ranked as the world's most expensive for the second year in a row, after overtaking New York City's Fifth Avenue in 2012.

Cross-Harbour Tunnel tunnel in Hong Kong

The Cross-Harbour Tunnel is the first tunnel in Hong Kong built underwater. It consists of two steel road tunnels each with two lanes constructed using the single shell immersed tube method.

Jardine's Lookout has its own supermarket, deli, florists, post office and many small provisions stores. French and Japanese International Schools are nearby. The German Swiss International School and Chinese International School are also not far away.

Famous residents

Stanley Ho Chinese entrepreneur

Dato' Sri Stanley Ho Hung-sun is the founder and Chairman of SJM Holdings, which owns nineteen casinos in Macau including the Grand Lisboa. Ho has been nicknamed variously Godfather and King of Gambling, reflecting the government-granted monopoly he held on the Macau gambling industry for 75 years. His wealth is divided amongst his daughter Pansy Ho who owns MGM Macau, fourth wife Angela Leong who is managing director of SJM Holdings, and son Lawrence Ho who owns City of Dreams.

Joseph Lau Luen Hung is a Hong Kong billionaire, convicted felon and fugitive. He owns a 61% stake in Chinese Estates Holdings. His fortune is estimated by Forbes at $15.1 billion as of April 2017.

Michelle Monique Reis is a Hong Kong actress of Portuguese and Chinese descent. She is the winner of Miss Chinese International Pageant 1988 and Miss Hong Kong 1988 Beauty pageants.

In June 2016 the Government of Canada sold the official residence of the Consul General located at 6 Goldsmith Road. [3]

Transport

There are taxis and buses that can bring residents to main districts in Hong Kong.

Education

French International School of Hong Kong Jardine's Lookout Campus Lycee francais international, Hong Kong.JPG
French International School of Hong Kong Jardine's Lookout Campus

French International School of Hong Kong houses primary school classes at its Jardine's Lookout campus. [4]

See also

Names related to Jardine:

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Wong Nai Chung Gap

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Tai Hang Road street

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Jardine's Lookout is one of the 13 constituencies in the Wan Chai District of Hong Kong which was created in 1982.

References

  1. Bernie Owen; Raynor Shaw (2007). Hong Kong Landscapes: Shaping the Barren Rock. Hong Kong University Press. p. 189. ISBN   978-962-209-847-3.
  2. "2011 Population Census – Fact Sheet for Wan Chai District Council Jardine's Lookout (B06)". Census and Statistics Department . Retrieved 17 October 2012.
  3. http://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/economy/article/1980373/canadian-consulate-sells-luxury-hong-kong-home-not-fugitive
  4. "Campuses – Jardine's Lookout." Lycée Français International Victor Segalen . Retrieved 25 January 2015. "34 Price Road, Jardine's Lookout"

Coordinates: 22°16′06″N114°11′33″E / 22.26827°N 114.19244°E / 22.26827; 114.19244 https://homewise.hk/perkins-road-sold/