Jaroslava Muchová

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Jaroslava Muchova in a sketch by her father, Alphonse Mucha, c. 1920s Jaroslava Mucha by Alfons Mucha.jpg
Jaroslava Muchová in a sketch by her father, Alphonse Mucha, c. 1920s

Jaroslava Muchová Syllabová (15 March 1909, New York, United States [1] - 9 November 1986, Prague, Czechoslovakia [1] ) was a Czech painter, the daughter of painter Alphonse Mucha and the sister of writer and translator Jiří Mucha.

Alphonse Mucha Czechoslovak photographer, painter and illustrator

Alfons Maria Mucha, known in English and French as Alphonse Mucha, was a Czech painter, illustrator and graphic artist, living in Paris during the Art Nouveau period, best known for his distinctly stylized and decorative theatrical posters of Sarah Bernhardt. He produced illustrations, advertisements, decorative panels, and designs, which became among the best-known images of the period.

Jiří Mucha Czech writer

Jiří Mucha was a Czech journalist, writer, screenwriter, author of autobiographical novels and studies of the works of his father, the Art Nouveau painter Alphonse Mucha.

Contents

Biography

Muchová was born in New York on 15 March 1909; her parents were in the United States while her father tried unsuccessfully to raise funds to support his project The Slav Epic (Czech : Slovanská epopej).

<i>The Slav Epic</i> Cycle of paintings by Alphonse Mucha

The Slav Epic is a cycle of 20 large canvases painted by Czech Art Nouveau painter Alfons Mucha between 1910 and 1928. The cycle depicts the mythology and history of Czechs and other Slavic peoples. In 1928, after finishing his monumental work, Mucha bestowed the cycle upon the city of Prague on condition that the city build a special pavilion for it. Prior to 2012, the work was a part of the permanent exhibition at the chateau in the town of Moravský Krumlov in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic. In 2012, all 20 works were moved and displayed together on the ground floor of the Veletržní Palace till 2016, in an exhibition organized by the National Gallery in Prague.

Czech language West Slavic language spoken in the Czech Republic

Czech, historically also Bohemian, is a West Slavic language of the Czech–Slovak group. Spoken by over 10 million people, it serves as the official language of the Czech Republic. Czech is closely related to Slovak, to the point of mutual intelligibility to a very high degree. Like other Slavic languages, Czech is a fusional language with a rich system of morphology and relatively flexible word order. Its vocabulary has been extensively influenced by Latin and German.

As a child she studied ballet, but eventually followed in the footsteps of her father: she assisted in the creation of the Slav Epic by mixing colours and tracing detail studies onto the giant canvases ready for painting. She was responsible for painting the entire starry sky of Slavs in their Original Homeland: Between the Turanian Whip and the sword of the Goths (Czech : Slované v pravlasti: Mezi turanskou knutou a mečem Gótů). She also modelled for several of the figures that appear in the series. After World War II, she took on the restoration of works from the Slav Epic that had been damaged by frost and water when they were stored away to hide them from the Nazis. [2]

CZE-22-Czechoslovak National Bank-50 Korun (1929).jpg

Jaroslava Muchová (by Alphonse Mucha) depicted on the 1929 50 koruna banknote.

Alphonse Mucha pictured her on the reverse of the first Czechoslovak ten koruna banknote from 1919, [3] and later on the 1929 50 koruna banknote. [4] [5]

Czechoslovak koruna currency

The Czechoslovak koruna was the currency of Czechoslovakia from April 10, 1919, to March 14, 1939, and from November 1, 1945, to February 7, 1993. For a brief time in 1939 and again in 1993, it was also the currency in separate Czech and Slovak republics.

Banknotes of the Czechoslovak koruna (1919)

The first banknotes in First Czechoslovak Republic were issues of the Austro-Hungarian Bank to which adhesive stamps were affixed. Denominations were of 10, 20, 50, 100 and 1000 korun. Regular banknotes of Czechoslovak koruna were subsequently issued by the Republic of Czechoslovakia between 1919 and 1926, in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500, 1000 and 5000 korun. The Czechoslovak National Bank took over production in 1926, issuing notes for 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 korun. The new designs were made by Alfons Mucha, one of the founders of Art Nouveau and a Slavic nationalist. The urgency of the task led him to reuse a previous portrait of Josephine Crane Bradley as Slavia for the 100 koruna bill.

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References

  1. 1 2 "Vstupní stránka - Dvořák, Filip, Stretti, Web Site - MyHeritage". myheritage.cz. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
  2. "Muchova rodina :: Seniorweb". webnode.cz. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
  3. Cuhaj 2010, p. 415.
  4. Cuhaj 2010, p. 417.
  5. Mucha p.267

Sources

International Standard Book Number Unique numeric book identifier

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