Jatindramohan Bagchi

Last updated
Jatindramohan Bagchi
JatindramohanBagchiPic.jpg
Born(1878-11-27)27 November 1878
Jamsherpur village in Nadia district, in rural Bengal
Died 2 January 1948(1948-01-02) (aged 69)
Nationality Indian
Occupation Poet, editor

Jatindramohan Bagchi (27 November 1878 in Nadia, West Bengal - 1 February 1948) was a Bengali poet and editor. [1] [2]

Nadia district District of West Bengal in India

Nadia district is a district in the state of West Bengal, in eastern India. It borders Bangladesh to the east, North 24 Parganas and Hooghly districts to the south, Purba Bardhaman to the west, and Murshidabad to the north.

West Bengal State in Eastern India

West Bengal is an Indian state, located in eastern region of the country on the Bay of Bengal. With over 91 million inhabitants, it is India's fourth-most populous state. It has an area of 88,752 km2 (34,267 sq mi). A part of the ethno-linguistic Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent, it borders Bangladesh in the east, and Nepal and Bhutan in the north. It also borders the Indian states of Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Sikkim, and Assam. The state capital is Kolkata (Calcutta), the seventh-largest city in India, and center of the third-largest metropolitan area in the country. As for geography, West Bengal includes the Darjeeling Himalayan hill region, the Ganges delta, the Rarh region, and the coastal Sundarbans. The main ethnic group are the Bengalis, with Bengali Hindus forming the demographic majority.

Contents

Early life

Birth place of Jatindramohan, Jamsherpur, Nadia House of Poet J.M. Bagchi.jpg
Birth place of Jatindramohan, Jamsherpur, Nadia

He was born at Jamsherpur village, in Nadia district in rural Bengal. He took his first degree from the Duff College (now Scottish Church College) in Calcutta. [1] [3]

Scottish Church College liberal arts college

Scottish Church College is the oldest continuously running Christian liberal arts and sciences college in India. It has been consistently highly rated (A) by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council, an autonomous organization that evaluates academic institutions in India. It is affiliated with the University of Calcutta for degree courses for graduates and postgraduates. It is a selective coeducational institution, known for its high academic standards. Students and alumni call themselves "Caledonians" in the name of the college festival, "Caledonia".

Professional career

He worked in varying capacities as secretary to Justice Saradacharan Mitra, and to the Maharaja of Natore. Later he would work as License Collector of the Kolkata Municipal Corporation, and as manager of FN Gupta Company. [1] [2]

Literary career

He was a prolific contributor to a number of literary journals. Between 1909 and 1913, he also edited the cultural journal Manasi. In 1921 and in 1922, he served as a joint editor of another cultural journal Jamuna. He would later become the owner and editor of the journal Purvachal between 1947 and 1948. His poetry showed the influence of his intellectual contemporary Rabindranath Tagore. He is considered a major voice of the post-Rabindranath period in Bengali poetry. [1] His poetry conveyed the intricacies of life in rural Bengal, in all its joys and sorrows. He died on 1 February 1948. [4]

Rabindranath Tagore Bengali poet and philosopher

Rabindranath Tagore, also known by his sobriquets Gurudev, Kabiguru, and Biswakabi, was a Bengali polymath, poet, musician, and artist from the Indian subcontinent. He reshaped Bengali literature and music, as well as Indian art with Contextual Modernism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Author of the "profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse" of Gitanjali, he became in 1913 the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize in Literature. Tagore's poetic songs were viewed as spiritual and mercurial; however, his "elegant prose and magical poetry" remain largely unknown outside Bengal. He is sometimes referred to as "the Bard of Bengal".

Bengali poetry

Bengali poetry is a form that originated in Pāli and other Prakrit socio-cultural traditions. It is antagonistic towards Vedic rituals and laws as opposed to the shramanic traditions such as Buddhism and Jainism. During the Medieval Ages, puthis also played an important role and much Persian and Arabic influence came along. However the modern Bengali owes much to Sanskrit.

Works

Poems

Collected poems

Criticism

Related Research Articles

Kazi Nazrul Islam Bengali poet

Kazi Nazrul Islam was a Bangladeshi poet, writer, musician, and revolutionary from Bengal. He is the national poet of Bangladesh. Popularly known as Nazrul, he produced a large body of poetry and music with themes that included religious devotion and rebellion against oppression. Nazrul's activism for political and social justice earned him the title of "Rebel Poet". His compositions form the avant-garde genre of Nazrul Sangeet. Nazrul and his works are equally commemorated and celebrated in Bangladesh and India, particularly in India's Bengali-speaking states such as West Bengal, parts of Assam, and Tripura.

Music of Bengal

Bengali music comprises a long tradition of religious and secular song-writing over a period of almost a millennium. Composed with lyrics in the Bengali language, Bengali music spans a wide variety of styles.

Rabindra Sangeet songs composed by Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindra Sangeet, also known as Tagore Songs, are songs from the Indian subcontinent written and composed by the Bengali polymath Rabindranath Tagore, winner of the 1913 Nobel Prize in Literature. Tagore was a prolific composer with around 2,230 songs to his credit. The songs have distinctive characteristics in the music of Bengal, popular in India and Bangladesh.

Samar Sen Marxist poet

Samar Sen (10 October 1916 – 23 August 1987) was a prominent Bengali-speaking Indian poet and journalist in the post-Independence era.

Bengali literature literature in Bengali language

Bengali literature denotes the body of writings in the Bengali language. The earliest extant work in Bengali literature is the Charyapada, a collection of Buddhist mystic songs dating back to the 10th and 11th centuries. Thereafter, the timeline of Bengali literature is divided into two periods − medieval (1360-1800) and modern.

Annada Shankar Ray Writer, poet, essayist

Annada Shankar Ray was a Bengali poet and essayist. He also wrote some Odia poetry.

Nabinchandra Sen Bengali poet and writer

Nabinchandra Sen was a Bengali poet and writer, often considered as one of the greatest poets prior to the arrival of Rabindranath Tagore.

Bengali theatre

Bengali theatre primarily refers to theatre performed in the Bengali language. Bengali theatre is produced mainly in West Bengal, and in Bangladesh. The term may also refer to some Hindi theatres which are accepted by the Bengali people.

Suniti Kumar Chatterji Bengali linguist

Suniti Kumar Chatterji was an Indian linguist, educationist and litterateur. He was a recipient of the third-highest Indian civilian honour of Padma Bhushan.

Gurusaday Dutt Indian writer, folk literature researcher and civil servant

Gurusaday Dutt was a civil servant, folklorist, and writer. He was the founder of the Bratachari Movement in the 1930s.

Bengali nationalism

Bengali nationalism is a form of nationalism that focuses on Bengalis as a singular nation. It is one of the four fundamental principles according to the original Constitution of Bangladesh. It was the main driving force behind the creation of the Independent nation state of Bangladesh through the 1971 liberation war. The people of Bengali ethnicity speak Bengali Language. Apart from Bangladesh, people of Bengali ethnicity live across the Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura, Assam and some parts of Jharkhand known as united Bengal during the British period. After the 19th century's Bengal Renaissance occurred in Bengal, it then was the four decades long Bengali Nationalist Movement that shook the region which included the Bengali Language Movement, the Bangladesh Liberation War and the creation of Bangladesh in 1971.

Santidev Ghosh Indian singer

Santidev Ghose was an Indian author, singer, actor, dancer and maestro of Rabindra Sangeet.

Haridas Bhattacharyya (1891–1956) was a Bengali Indian philosopher, author and educationist, known for his works on comparative religion.

Maitreyi Devi poet and novelist

Maitreyi Devi was a Bengali-born Indian poet and novelist.

Anil Acharya is an Indian Bengali essayist, short story writer and poet. In 1966, he founded the Bengali literary quarterly and little magazine Anustup.

Rabindra Jayanti

Rabindra Jayanti is an annually celebrated cultural festival, prevalent among Bengalis around the world, in the remembrance of Rabindranath Tagore's birthday anniversary. It is celebrated in early May, on the 25th day of the Bengali month of Boishakh, since Tagore was born on this day of the year 1268 of the Bengali calendar. Every year, numerous cultural programmes & events, such as : Kabipranam (কবিপ্রণাম) – the songs, poetries, dances and dramas, written and composed by Tagore, are organised in this particular day, by various schools, colleges & universities of Bengal, and also celebrated by different groups abroad, as a tribute to Tagore and his works. Throughout the globe, Tagore's birth anniversary is largely celebrated at Santiniketan, Birbhum in West Bengal, chiefly in Visva-Bharati University, the institution founded by Tagore himself for the cultural, social and educational upliftment of the students as well as the society. Government of India Issued 5 Rupees coin in 2011 to mark the 150 Birth Anniversary in the honor of Rabindranath Tagore.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Bagchi, Tapan (2012). "Bagchi, Jatindramohan". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  2. 1 2 Ishita Bhaduri Archived 2011-10-08 at the Wayback Machine .
  3. Some Alumni of Scottish Church College in 175th Year Commemoration Volume. Scottish Church College, April 2008, page 589
  4. 1 2 Jatindramohan Bagchi 125 by Ishita Bhaduri